Offshore Drilling

In: Science

Submitted By ranger42
Words 2690
Pages 11
Si Peng
Professor Sellmer
English 123
6 Aug. 2010
Offshore Drilling: A Bad Idea Crude oil is one of the three kinds of fossil fuel (coal, crude oil, and natural gas) that are widely used by humanity. It plays a very important role in our world, as it is one of our primary energy sources. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the United States is the biggest oil consumption country in the world, which consumes 19.5 million barrels of oil per day (EIA, “Country Energy Profiles: Oil Consumption”). Crude oil can not only be found on the continent, but also in the ocean. The activity that people discover and extract oil from the ocean is called offshore drilling. Offshore drilling has a long history in the United States. The first offshore well was drilled in 1896, in California (“History of Offshore Oil” 163). Oil soon became the primary energy source of the United States by 1910, as the internal combustion engine, which requires gasoline to power, was invented (“History of Offshore Oil” 163). In the next few decades, offshore drilling industry in the U.S. was going up quickly (“History of Offshore Oil” 163-64). Along with the development of the industry, the government regulation came up. To pursue offshore drilling in the U.S. OCS (Outer Continental Shelf) lands, oil companies need to acquire the lease from the U.S. federal government (“History of Offshore Oil” 164). The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA) passed in 1953 ensured federal government’s control of the OCS (“History of Offshore Oil” 164). However, the offshore drilling regulation didn’t stop right there. On Jan. 28, 1969, a drilling platform belongs to Union Oil exploded near Santa Barbara, CA, and plenty of oil was leaked (“History of Offshore Oil” 164). After this oil spill, Congress passed a series of laws, for instance, the National Environmental Policy Act and the…...

Similar Documents


...Recently the United States had the worst oil spills ever in history, and yet we continue to keep drilling and harming human life, animal life and nature as we know it. I do however understand that accidents do happen, but this was a 100% preventable accident. I am curious what the government and British Petroleum are doing to prevent a further situation like this from happening. I do understand that unfortunately this country is so depend on crude oil. However, I think that is the problem to begin with, we rely too much on crude oil. There are many other alternatives in the environment that can be further researched but I think the government is more worried about the dollar figure than our eco system. The United States is one of the biggest and most dependent countries to oil. History itself has shown us the affects of drilling offshore, yes they are rare but, they are very deadly. Oil spills can kill within a matter of minutes. It can take years or even decades to clean up and see rebuilding of its affects. We could put a man on the moon, make cell phones which talk, watch 3D television, but yet we cannot find another source or way to free ourselves from the dependency on oil. My viewpoint on life has always been the same, human life, animal life or even plant life deserves a chance to survive. As a child I was always worried about the environment and our eco system, what will happen to the next generation? If we don’t take care of it now what will it be like when I......

Words: 422 - Pages: 2

Offshore Drilling

...It is not a recent discovery that mankind has realized that extracting petroleum from the seas has been extremely efficient and economically successful. In the late 1800s, citizens in California realized that wells drilled near the ocean were the best sources of crude oil and natural gas. In 1887, H.L. Williams decided to drill wells offshore and his first well went about three hundred feet into the Pacific. As expected, the extraction was abundant and extremely productive. During this time, the combustion engine was also being created which increased America’s demands for gasoline. The first well drilled from a fixed platform offshore was not created until 1947 by the Kerr-McGee Corporation and also marked the beginning of the modern offshore drilling industry. As a result, oil production was known as the second largest revenue generator for the United States. Creating offshore oil platforms entails more than three billion dollars. For some companies this could be a great investment, as for others it could signify a great loss. On March 23, 1989, Exxon Valdez had its first most tragic oil spill in U.S. history. Irresponsibility and carelessness led to the spilling of approximately 10.8 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound affecting fisheries, the livelihood of citizens in Alaska, wildlife, and those who found Prince William Sound a sacred and pure place was now degraded. On April 20, 2010, British Petroleum (BP) reported a leakage of five thousand barrels of......

Words: 1487 - Pages: 6


...on drilling offshore in regions along the North Atlantic coast, most of the Pacific coast, parts of the Alaskan coast, and most of the eastern Gulf of Mexico (When a science fiction nightmare becomes a reality). The areas under the ban are estimated to hold over 18 billion barrels of oil but after recent estimates have increased the previous estimates of untapped oil in Gulf of Mexico from 9 billion to 45 billion barrels, there could be much more oil under the sea than previously thought. Environmentalists have argued against all types of drilling. They do not approve offshore drilling because of danger to marine life. They do not also approve onshore drilling because of the pollution risks involved to the extent of opposing oil pipelines. The recent oil spill in the Gulf has strengthened their argument further but they do not bring to the table adequate answers to American energy needs. Whereas the oil spill in the Gulf was a serious matter, it was just an accident and accidents happen all the time. The perception that oil pollution is a result of drilling is wrong. Equipment failure and human error are the causes. We do not stop flying just because there has been a plane crash somewhere. We identify the problems and fix them. The advantages of drilling far outweigh the disadvantages. We can still drill in a way that protects the world’s oceans and our coastal communities. I found some articles in the University Library for and against drilling (Should Offshore Drilling Be...

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Noble Drilling

...independent energy company engaged in worldwide oil and gas exploration and was one of the first independent producers to explore in the Gulf of Mexico which has helped form the industry and its own success. Noble Energy was founded by Llyod Noble after he purchased a drilling rig with Arthur Olson in 1921 when oil was struck on his family farm. After acquiring 38 rigs in 1930 Noble and Olson decided to dissolve their partnership and form separate companies. In 1932, Lloyd Noble formed another company, naming it Samedan Oil Corporation in tribute to his three children Sam, Ed and Ann to expand into oil production to go hand and hand the drilling side of the industry. That company is known today as Noble Energy Inc. Upon Lloyd Noble’s death in 1950 the companies interest was transferred to a charitable foundation he had formed several years before his death, the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, where both companies operated as wholly owned subsidiaries. The relationship between Noble Drilling and Samedan strengthened when the Noble Foundation purchased an oil field trucking company named B.F. Walker, Inc., this provided Noble Foundation with a fleet of vehicles to move the drilling and production equipment utilized by Noble Drilling and Samedan. In 1969, the U.S. congress passed a tax reform provision that stipulated that charitable foundation could no longer own more than 20 percent of any corporation or commercial enterprise. This led to the Noble Foundation divesting......

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Offshore Drilling

...Aggressive Driving Should be Avoided (1)Aggressive driving is a phenomenon, which has only recently got the public worried. (2)The National Highway Traffic Safety Council (NHTSC) defines aggressive driving as “the operation of a motor vehicle in a manner that endangers or is likely to endanger persons or property”. (3)Actions such as running red lights, improper passing, overtaking on the left, improper lane change, failing to yield, improper turns, running stop signs, tailgaiting, careless driving and speeding are examples of aggressive driving.. (4)Such actions are dangerous to other road users. (5)Aggressive driving should be avoided because it causes crashes, injuries and fatalities.             (6)The first reason why aggressive driving should be avoided is it causes crashes. (7)According to NHTSC between 78 percent (excessive speed) and 100 percent (improper passing) of the cases of aggressive driving resulted in traffic crashes and 96 percent of the drivers cited for “following too closely” or tailgaitng caused crashes as a result of their aggressive driving. (8)Moreover, “running red light”, “improper passing”, and “overtaking on the left” topped other categories of aggressive driving in contributing to traffic crashes.             (9)Another reason why aggressive driving should be avoided is it causes injuries.(10) NHTSC states that the percentages of the injuries caused by aggressive driving are, in almost all categories of aggressive driving, above 100......

Words: 416 - Pages: 2


...1. Case Summary Northern Drilling (“Northern”), an exploratory diamond drilling contractor, was invited to submit a request for proposal from Mond Nickel Company (“Mond”), one of the largest players in the Canadian mining industry. Northern only has three weeks before the proposal deadline. However, Northern currently does not have a drill or the crew necessary to work on the contract, which requires experienced drillers. Northern needs to consider whether the contract is financially feasible for the company; whether the contract is worth the risk of spoiling Northern’s relationship with their current biggest customer, Noranda Nickel (Noranda); whether the contract would help in strengthening the business; and if it would aid the growth of the business as a whole. Would Northern be able to handle these issues? 2. Problem Definition (1) How to respond to Mond’s request for proposal? Bid high or low? (2) How to secure necessary resources to implement the job? (3) How to maintain the relationship with Noranda, and a reputation in the closed mining guild? 3. Criteria Selection (1) ROI (%): Will Northern be able to generate profit in line with management requirement? (2) Labor availability: Does Northern have enough labor to handle the contract or not? (3) Noranda: How does Northern’s decision affect its relationship with Noranda? (4) Future growth: Is Mond’s contract essential for Northern’s future growth or not? 4. Alternative Development (1) Will Northern......

Words: 1824 - Pages: 8

Oil Drilling

...Oil Drilling Jasmine A. Richardson Freshman Seminar Friday 10:20-11:20 Throughout the years the government has spent millions of dollars on oil drilling. But what is the actual purpose of oil drilling? Is it necessary? Are we spending too much money on this one project or is it useful in the end? These questions have been debated so much over and over again. But the question is am I for or against oil drilling? Oil drilling takes up too much time and money for one simple purpose. It takes time and a workload to even begin this process. In order to perform a normal oil drilling process you have to find a land that has to be cleared and leveled, water must be nearby, if there is no water the crews have to dig water well, and lastly the crews have to reserve a pit. All of this is very expensive and damaging to the land. In an article in Bloomberg Business week it was recorded that marathon oil spent 10 million on oil drilling and that was just for one time. If oil drilling is really purposeful for the country why make it so expensive? There aren’t any other resources to finding oil? And the main objective is if we’re spending so much money on oil drilling then why are we even fighting in the war anymore? The damages to the land are excruciating and the government always ends up paying for the damages so that’s double to money they’re spending. One expensive tool they use to capture the oil is the oil rig. They use it to drill into the ground so that they can confiscate...

Words: 2003 - Pages: 9

Effects of Offshore Drilling

...Effects of offshore drilling Offshore drilling also known as Seaward boring is a topic that has brought controversy for a few decades, the drilling in United States coast has been detrimental in helping the economy and political stand in the country; however this process is extremely dangerous to the environment, individuals and animals, Case in point, the oil slick in the Gulf a couple of years prior significantly harmed nature and marine life Boring ashore is an immense extend in itself in addition to endeavoring to penetrate a mile under unpleasant oceans in a dark pit. Seaward boring is a serious and perilous process that takes exactness and time. Oil wells are regularly high rise size articles many feet beneath the surface. They are greatly mind boggling structures and the scarcest misstep might be annihilating to nature's turf. When boring can start, exploratory wells are situated up to discover the accurate oil gushers. When a spot is found with a sufficient measure of oil, a subsea boring format is placed set up to guide out where the parts of the well ought to be spotted. In the following step, a drill string, which join from the beginning the stage, is utilized to make gaps in the sea depths. At the point when the opening is profound enough, metal channel packaging is situated up around the dividers of the gap to stabilize it. Finally, a conductor funnel is placed set up to keep spillage from the openings. When petroleum is hit, preparation packaging is......

Words: 1298 - Pages: 6


...Eric Newton 11/29/14 To Offshore or not to Offshore Outsourcing is a method that is becoming more of a normal business technique each and every year. The root definition of outsourcing is to transfer different operations of business to outside suppliers that provide lower costs. Examples of this would be companies giving an independent accounting firm the right to maintain their books because it may be cost beneficial as opposed to hiring an accounting department. A real life example would be Apple obtaining computer chips from their rival Samsung instead of making their own. In the last couple of decades, many more companies have been utilizing a different form of outsourcing, that is offshoring. Offshore outsourcing is essentially just outsourcing, in different countries where the quality of work may be better or cheaper. Larger companies typically use offshore outsourcing because the cost of transporting items or products overseas wouldn’t seem as material as would with a low-income company. Some different types of offshore outsourcing are manufacturing, research and development, accounting, human resources, and more (IWDRO). One of the more common types is manufacturing, and it is also one of the more controversial because some major companies such as Nike have been known to take advantage of the cheap labor overseas by not obliging to the human rights standards. Is it ethical for companies like Nike to overload all of the dirty work......

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Offshore Drilling

...Offshore Drilling Does anything out weigh the importance of our planet’s health? You would be surprised by the number of people who look the other way when it comes to keeping the planet clean. Offshore drilling is just one of the major environmental issues that has existed for many years and still continues to be a problem. The topic of offshore drilling not only touches on environmental issues but also political, economic, and ethical issues. All of these tie into the huge debate over offshore drilling and its impacts on the environment. But when the human race depends on oil, how can we ignore the fact of drilling for oil off the coast of our land. Investing in greenhouse energy is just one of several ways to help keep the environment clean and continue to get the energy we need. America needs to realize that offshore drilling is a leading factor in pollution and we can’t keep collecting oil like this forever, we need to discontinue this process of drilling off shore and expand our possible options of renewable energy. So you might be asking yourself “how does offshore drilling affect our environment?” It all starts with finding the oil. The oil companies use a system like sonar that sends out waves, these “Seismic waves used to locate oil can harm sea mammals and disorient whales. ExxonMobil recently had to suspend exploration efforts near Madagascar after more than 100 whales beached themselves” (HowStuffWorks). Just the thought of going to your local beach to......

Words: 1565 - Pages: 7

Offshore Drilling

...The History of Offshore Oil and Gas in the United States In looking at the history of offshore drilling for oil and gas, it has been a long and grueling process that has revolutionized the industry in its own. Beginning in the 1890s, oil companies have drilled wells in the ocean, but from wooden piers connected to shore. It wasn’t until the 1930’s, that Texaco and Shell Oil deployed moveable barges that were not considered ocean worthy to drill in the South Louisiana marshes. After years of trial and error, in 1938 the first offshore well was constructed by a construction company known as Brown & Foot for two independent oil firms known as Pure Oil and Superior Oil. The well was built in a field known as Creole Field and was considered the 1st offshore drilling site ever constructed. With this drilling site in operation, business opportunities for independent contractors and large oil companies developed with large research development programs in charge of finding new geological environments. With the vast amount of land being unused under the water, oil filled land would revolutionize the future of oil production, and flourish in record breaking profits. It is predicted that the largest hydrocarbon reserves and production during the next several decades will likely come from offshore drilling in deep water beyond 3,000-foot depths. With the offshore drilling and production industry just beginning it was unclear of just how successful it would be. In fact,......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5

Offshore Oil Drilling

...Stop Offshore Drilling The environmental impacts of offshore oil drilling greatly outweigh the economic benefits provided. Although it has been a continuous activity for more than a decade, One can not help but wonder why offshore drilling continues when considering the pollution caused, how it eliminates the supply of natural resources, murders innocent sea creatures, and actually damages the national economy. There are, however, solutions to this problem. Before solutions can be presented, it is important to discuss the various problems. First, offshore oil drilling results in both sea and land based pollution. The Environmental Protection Agency, or EPA, claims that "with offshore drilling comes substantial routine pollution in the forms of oil and gas." By routine, the EPA means "a near constant flow from oil rigs and derricks" (Sisskin). Nothing is ever done about the pollution, and until something is done about the oil being put into the sea, our oceans are at risk. So just how much oil is put in the oceans? According to a study conducted by the World Research Institute, "...between 3 and 6 million tons of oil are discharged into the oceans every year" (Gorman 48). To put this in perspective, that is approximately 4 football stadiums filled to the top with oil. That is just every year...and this has been going on for more than a decade. In total, 45 million tons of oil in the past ten years that have been put into the oceans. There are several ways that oil ends up......

Words: 1401 - Pages: 6

Offshore Drilling

...Offshore Oil Drilling Offshore oil drilling has been an ongoing battle for years. Being from Louisiana, I understand that offshore drilling is a big part of our lives and keeps most of our men employed, including my husband. Oil spills are not a very frequent occurrence but when it does happen it is devastating to our planet, animals, and businesses. When things like this happen it can have a very bad impact on other businesses in the area. It can start with the fisherman and then streamline to the restaurants and other businesses that depend on these fishermen. It can also impact other businesses that need to use the waterways. Some businesses have equipment that need to be moved in and out of the waterways and that is not possible if there is an oil spill. If I were to be directly impacted by an oil spill I would definitely be upset. It is a tough thing to debate because even though it is devastating when it happens, if offshore drilling were to be stopped completely there would be thousands of people out of jobs. President Nixon called for tougher regulations banning all use of DDT. He also founded the Environmental Protection Agency to help enforce the new laws. I am guessing that the oil spill in 1967 would have drawn attention away from the Cold War because Americans would have been more focused on the “new” happenings. References Davidson, Gienapp, Heyrman, Lytle, and Stoff. (2005). Nation of Nations: A Concise Narrative of the American Republic, 4th ed....

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Offshore Drilling

...Offshore Drilling – To Drill or Not to Drill The Effects of Drilling on the Environment and Business Lydia M. Wityk Strayer University Abstract This paper will explore the business of oil companies drilling off the coast line of the United States. It will explore the benefits from the business of oil companies to the detrimental effects of the oil spills from the offshore drilling. Should we continue to drill for oil off the coast with the possibility of additional spillage into the oceans. We know that oil spills damage the environment, and the social and economic welfare of the residents in the area. At the same time the oil companies can positively affect the economy and the United State’s welfare. In comparing both sides of the argument I will look at the past and current oil companies to determine if they acted morally in their everyday business practice. At this post-BP disaster era, the United States is questioning whether we should continue to drill and expand our drilling. I will utilize the consequentialist theory to determine what would be the best next step for the U.S. to take. Using the current information gathered on BP’s business practice and the effects of the oil spill, I will weigh the ratio of good to bad to determine my opinion on whether to drill or not to drill. Off Shore Drilling – To Drill or Not to Drill The Effects of Drilling on the Environment and Business The United States has been offshore drilling for oil......

Words: 3209 - Pages: 13


...entrance side and the presence of burrs on the exit side (unless they have been removed). Also, the inside of the hole usually has helical feed marks.[3] Drilling may affect the mechanical properties of the workpiece by creating low residual stresses around the hole opening and a very thin layer of highly stressed and disturbed material on the newly formed surface. This causes the workpiece to become more susceptible to corrosion at the stressed surface. For fluted drill bits, any chips are removed via the flutes. Chips may be long spirals or small flakes, depending on the material, and process parameters.[3] The type of chips formed can be an indicator of the machinability of the material, with long gummy chips reducing machinability. When possible drilled holes should be located perpendicular to the workpiece surface. This minimizes the drill bit's tendency to "walk", that is, to be deflected, which causes the hole to be misplaced. The higher the length-to-diameter ratio of the drill bit, the higher the tendency to walk. The tendency to walk is also preempted in various other ways, which include: * Establishing a centering mark or feature before drilling, such as by: o Casting, molding, or forging a mark into the workpiece o Center punching o Spot drilling (i.e., center drilling) o Spot facing, which is facing a certain area on a rough casting or forging to establish, essentially, an island of precisely known......

Words: 920 - Pages: 4

Roles of Comparative Law to Legal Interpretation and Application | Yakeen Ka Safar | Idol Work Diary Good Job Season 2