Osteosarcoma Cancer

In: Business and Management

Submitted By queenmary
Words 1592
Pages 7
Osteosarcoma Cancer
Definition of Disease
Osteosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of bone composed of a malignant connective tissue stroma with evidence of malignant osteoid, bone, or cartilage formation.
Epidemiology of Disease
Osteosarcoma is an early cancerous growth that usually occurs to adolescences even though it may appear on the elderly in some cases. Basic bone malignancy seems to be the most common form of cancer that strikes the long bones. However, this may differ with the difference in age (Savage, & Mirabello, 2011). It is not easy to detect osteosarcoma until puberty, even though it may appear at childhood. The osteosarcoma risk is high at the youth period and declines as at the age of 25. There is a smaller peak at and after the age of 80. Reports over time indicate increased osteosarcoma cases in the United States and Europe. The reports also show that there is a reduction of the condition in the elderly.
According to the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program, the prevalence of osteosarcoma vary by both age and race. For instance, in Asia the risk is high in children and adolescents. This is not the case with the Blacks as the risk is high between the ages of 25 and 59. The incidence is high at the age of 60 for Whites, and the childhood stage for Italians. The prevalence is higher in tall persons than the short ones (Savage, & Mirabello, 2011).
In terms of gender, osteosarcoma affects males more often than females. However, girls less than 15 years are more likely to be affected than their male counterparts. Black females have the high risk of getting the cancer at the elderly age, especially those that have had a previous cancer incidence. The increase in the occurrence at the age of 15 to 19 in the females suggests that growth and hormonal changes are linked to puberty are involved in the occurrence of…...

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