Overweight and Obesity and Eating Habits

In: Social Issues

Submitted By AngelinaGps
Words 2938
Pages 12
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Background
Obesity is the accumulation of adipose tissues inside the body with the Body Mass Index (BMI) more than 30kg/m2. While people with the BMI between 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2 are characterized as overweight (WHO, 2016). According to WHO, over the past 30 years mean the three decades, obesity occurrences have doubled up with the total amount of 1.4 billion people are overweight and 500 million obese worldwide (Bank of America Merril Lynch, 2012). With an estimation, the incidence of obesity will reach 50-60% of the population are obese in many countries by the year 2030. From National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS, 2011), the obese adult with aged 18 and above, has accounted 27.2% which equal to 4.4 million.

Contradiction to the conventional wisdom, the epidemic obesity has threatened not only developed but developing country, which the obesity-related illness have marked approximately 115 million (WHO, 2016). Obesity increases risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart diseases, high blood pressure, cancer and sleeping apnea (National Institutes of Health (NIH), 2012). Obesity has ranked as the fifth global leading death (Al-Rethaiaa, Fahmy & Al-Shwaiyat, 2010). In addition, a report about Globesity done by Bank of America Merril Lynch (2012) stated the number of adult death is reported with minimum 2.8 million per year is contributed by obesity which need extra 40% of total health care cost than normal people. The numbers of obesity have escalating over the decades and have become an epidemic disease which affect the quality of life. It increases the mortality rate and burden on government health care system in term of cost, sources and workforce. We eat to obtain energy and nutrients for survival and growth. Healthy eating is vital to obtain sufficient nutrition and health throughout life. However food…...

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