Parental Involvements: This Is a General Term That Denotes the Participation of Parents in Academic Success of Their Children. It Is the Amount of Support That a Student Expects to Get from Parents During the Time When

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By bright448686
Words 37424
Pages 150
A review of the research literature relating to ICT and attainment

A review of the research literature relating to ICT and attainment

A report to the DfES by:
Editors: Margaret Cox and Chris Abbott; Authors: Margaret Cox, Chris Abbott, Mary Webb, Barry
Blakeley, Tony Beauchamp and Valerie Rhodes;
Project Administrator: Montanut Turnbull; Project Consultant: Deryn Watson
All members of the project team are based in the Department of Education and Professional Studies at
King’s College London.

Acknowledgements
The project team wishes to acknowledge the support of Becta (the British Educational Communications and Technology Agency) for initiating and funding this project on behalf of the Department for Education and Skills (DfES), and the ongoing advice, encouragement and support which we have received, in particular from Malcolm Hunt, Head of Evidence and Research, Becta, and from Andrew Jones and
Michael Harris, Education Officers, Becta.
The team would also like to acknowledge the support and advice received from academic and administrative colleagues at King’s College London and at the University of Leeds.

Version 1, January 2004
© Becta 2004

http://www.becta.org.uk

page 1 of 58

Becta | A review of the research literature relating to ICT and attainment

Contents
Executive Summary
1
2
3
4

Introduction
Evidence of the effects of ICT on attainment
Factors affecting attainment
Research methods to measure ICT and attainment

4
4
7
8

Main Report
1
2
3
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
5
6
6.1

Background
Introduction
Aims of the study
Methodology
Literature search procedures
Combining existing literature reviews and creating a framework
Deciding the criteria for the selection of the literature sources
Identifying and prioritising the range of journals to be reviewed
Literature Review Data Sources
Results of the…...

Similar Documents

Using Brain-Based Techniques to Increase Academic Achievement in Students with Learning Disabilities and General Education Students

...The objective of this action plan is to introduce researched based strategies into a fifth grade collaborative classroom to increase students with learning-disabilities academic performance by incorporating brain-based strategies into daily lessons and implementing parental involvement. These students display poor test scores, low motivation and behaviors that negatively impact their learning. The purpose of the plan is to determine if incorporating brain-based strategies would help raise test scores and improve student behaviors. Researched based strategies will be included through the following methods: teaching to the brains natural learning systems, and BrainSMART strategies to increase the students’ ability to retain information. The success of this plan will be measured through examination of students’ Georgia Criterion Reference Competency Test (GCRCT), Quarterly Benchmark Assessments (QBA), a teacher-developed observation checklist, and a parent survey. As a result of this plan students will show an increase in academic performance in reading and math and appropriate learning behaviors. Introduction Although research suggests that the specific teaching of thinking skills is proven to dramatically increase student achievement, these skills are seldom taught systematically in American schools. At the same time, studies suggest that IQ without such specific teaching may account for only 4% to 10% of life success (as cited in......

Words: 5645 - Pages: 23

Parents, Get Involved!

...key to a child's success is the positive involvement of parents” (Jane D.Hull). These words date back years ago, but are still relevant. For decades, parental involvement in the educational and social development of a child has been a topic of discussion, especially in elementary school, where children spent 70% of their time, including weekends and holidays, outside of school (Michigan). This is where parental involvement plays an important role, which, even though separation anxiety and unrealistic expectations could develop, positively influences children’s behavior and attitude, their grades and shows an immediate and significant increase in children’s IQ. Over the years, research has been conducted on this subject and results show that parents of high-achieving children set higher standards for their children’s educational activities than parents of low-achieving children (Michigan). Moreover, this means that consistent predictors of children’s achievements and developments are the parent expectations and the satisfaction with their child’s education at school. The more involved parents become with their child’s education, the better the child’s achievements will eventually be. These developments manifest a series of changes which positively influences several aspects of the child’s educational and social growth. First of all, research has shown an immediate and significant change in the child’s IQ. This can be explained by the fact that in case a parent takes on the......

Words: 680 - Pages: 3

Parents Involvement in There Children School Work

...Parents with a higher education level will have greater probability of being involved in their children’s school work could this be possible. Parent’s involvement as early as preschool suggests that it is vital in children’s formal schooling for academic success. The participation of the parents on a regular basis is a two way issue. In order for the child to do well in school the parent has to be involved entirely. Every parent would like to see his or her child succeed in life so parents’ that care make a conscious effort to be present in their life. It is obvious that parents who are more involved set positive outcome for their children. According to Hill et al. (2004) the higher parental education level, parent academic involvement was related to fewer problems and academic achievement. For example, more highly educated mothers were more likely to be actively in support of their children placement in honors courses, manage academic achievement and maintain contact with the school than less educated parents (Hill et al., 2004). This may be due to the fact of parents’ interest, and the children’s ability to succeed in school. Researchers consistently agree that SES Socioeconomic status can vary because of parent’s economic and social ranking and can be based on father’s education level, mother’s education level, father’s occupation, mother’s occupation, and family income (Hill et al., 2004). This demographic factor such as SES was associated with the achievement outcome...

Words: 1452 - Pages: 6

Parental Involvement in Education

...Parental Involvement   CM220-07 College Composition Unit 6: Rough Draft Professor Judith McNeely We need to establish nationwide programs like parent volunteer day so parents can understand the importance of attending school functions because “without parental involvement children will feel inadequate and under appreciated”. If Parents know their involvement is important, why aren't they more involved? Not surprisingly, for 2/3s of parents who believe they should be more involved it's lack of time:  38% identified work or a full-time job as a major obstacle and 26% said other demands on their time and scheduling conflicts interfered with their involvement. Parental involvement creates an environment of safety and confidence in a child, which allows them to imagine and maximize their potential. Rather than criticizing parents as unconcerned “slackers” perhaps we could all benefit from a thorough understanding of how we can find potential solutions to fix this problem. No school or teacher can ever substitute an engaged parent but we definitely need parents and teachers to work together so we can have a child succeed both academically and socially. “Statistics show that students whose parents are actively involved in their education do better at school, regardless of their family income and background. Specifically, students with involved parents have greater academic success, better attitudes about school, and fewer behavioral problems. This makes sense, since parents......

Words: 1551 - Pages: 7

When Parents Divroce

...When Parents Divorce The Effects on Children June 10, 2013 PSYCH 210 ABSTRACT When a couple makes the difficult decision to file for divorce, it not only impacts them, but it impacts their children. A child’s world is their family. In a child’s eye their mother and father together is a huge part of that. Today, 6.8 out of 1,000 marriages end in divorce (CDC, 2013). Some children deal with behavioral and emotional disorders from divorce. It is always in the interest of the children, for the parents to do absolutely everything they can to get along and stay together. The toll that a divorce can take on a child can be devastating. If the parents cannot be amicable and get along even after they are apart, the child may be put in the middle of the arguments. They feel unwanted, unloved, ignored and may even feel like a pawn in a chess game. The image of a failed marriage may give the child the false impression that marriage cannot last forever. When Parents Divorce When a couple decides to end their marriage with children involved, what impact does this have on their children? It is often thought of that children are resilient and will get past it, but it seems that may not be as true as everyone thinks. A child feels safe, secure and loved when their parents are together. Changing that family dynamic can affect the child’s feelings of safety, security, and the feeling of being loved. Some factors are more obvious than others. The affects can be different from......

Words: 1952 - Pages: 8

Parent Involvement

...significant research on how parental involvement affects students, explanations for why parents do not get involved, and what role both schools and teachers play in creating an atmosphere conducive to parents becoming actively involved in the educational process. Parental involvement refers to a parent or family members' participation and contribution to their child's schooling. These contributions can take place in or outside of the school, with the objective of improving a child’s learning. Parental involvement at home can include activities such as helping with homework or reading with the child. Involvement at school may include parents volunteering in the classroom or attending workshops. Parental involvement is vital to school reform. Although current educational policies and practices show a widespread support for parental involvement, how parents can become involved and the extent to which they should be involved has not always been made clear. However, one fact has remained certain; research on the effects of parental involvement has shown a consistent, positive relationship between parents' engagement in their child's education and student outcomes. Parental Involvement in Education Effects of Parental Involvement There are literally hundreds of books and journal articles available on the subject of parental involvement and the impact it has on a child’s education. I chose the issue of the effects of parent involvement on student achievement......

Words: 2703 - Pages: 11

Detrimental Impacts of Both Working Parents on Their Children

...DETRIMENTAL IMPACTS OF BOTH WORKING PARENTS ON THEIR CHILDREN A Thesis Presented in Fulfillment of the Requirements of the Psychology Course of BS(A&F) at FAST-NU, Lahore * * * * * Acknowledgement We have conducted a survey on the topic: “DETRIMENTAL IMPACTS OF BOTH WORKING PARENTS ON THEIR CHILDREN”. Before selecting this topic, we took instructions from our teachers and seniors. Under the supervision of or teacher, we prepared a questionnaire and conducted a survey. We are indebted to our teacher for her advice as we prepared this report. We are especially grateful to the students of FAST-NU, LUMS, LSE, GC University and Punjab University for giving their point of view regarding this topic and helping us with the survey. TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract | 03 | Statement of Problem | 04 | Purpose | 04 | Central Phenomenon | 04 | Literature Review | 05 | Limitations of Study | 05 | Key Question | 05 | Survey Method | 06 | Introduction to The Topic | 10 | Causes: Why Do Parents Work? | 12 | Child Development: The Critical Parent-Child Relationship | 14 | What Kids Think About Working Parents | 17 | Stress on Working Mother | 18 | Effects on the Children of Working Parents | 19 | Problems Faced by the Children | 22 | Solutions to the Problems | 24 | Conclusion | 27 | Questionnaire | 28 | Graphical Representation of Survey | 33 | References | 34 | ABSTRACT Ever since both the parents began entering the work force,......

Words: 10810 - Pages: 44

Parent Participation

...Parent Participation Assignment Parents know their children better than anyone. Parents have different kind of knowledge about their child than the child’s teacher. The parent knows information like the child’s medical history, how social their child is with others or their child’s learning style. These are all important information that the teacher can benefit from if accessible to them. Through the parent the teacher can learn about their student’s home life and cultural background which will help the teacher understand then child. Parent participation in schools can be crucial for a child’s success. There are a many parent can participate in their child’s classroom where it can be beneficial for everybody. One way parents participate can be beneficial is on a field trip. Parents can volunteers as a chaperon for a field trip. Chaperons are always needed for filed trips to help look after the children. This is a form of parent teacher interaction were every one benefits. The teacher gets extra help; every adult is an extra eye. I also think the teacher can benefit from the parent’s presents because the children are less likely to misbehave if there is a parent present. The parent will be able to be their on the trip with the child and therefore have a peace of mind about their child’s safety. The parent also gets to see their child in a different light then they do at home. They get the chance to see their child as they interact with......

Words: 803 - Pages: 4

Parental Involvement and Student's Engagement in School Activities

...duration and complexity, students’ engagement is never homogeneously high and productive, but rather it fluctuates depending on a number of factors (Mcwayne et al., 2012; Mattingly et al., 2013) such as parental involvement (Ho & Williams, 2008; McNeal, 2009; Jose et al., 2010;). Students engage better in school when parents play a positive role in their learning process (Jackson, 2010; 2011; Green et al., 2012). Students are more likely to make a personal commitment to engage in rigorous learning when they know parents care about how well they do (Kilgore, Snyder & Lentz, 2008; Keyes, 2010). However, despite the crucial role of parents, studies in relation to their involvement remain scarce. Students’ low engagement with academic activities is considered the main reason for dissatisfaction (Kuh, 2009), negative experience, and dropping out of school (Linnenbrink&Pintrich, 2009; Jimmerson, Campos & Greif, 2010). One of the contributory factors is the level of parents’ positive interference to the academic journey of the school (Brookmeyer, Fanti&Henrich, 2008). More significantly, most findings show positive relationship between parental involvement and students’ engagement in school and in the classroom (Dauber & Epstein, 2008; Gorard, Rees &Fevre, 2009;Cotton, 2011;Fantuzzo et al., 2012). Nevertheless, the understanding of parental involvement is largely limited to U.S. and Western studies. In the Philippines, poor student engagement and......

Words: 15379 - Pages: 62

Effects of Separated Parents to Their Children

...PREFACE A separation is a difficult time for both parents. But through the eyes of a child is not only difficult but traumatic and confusing. Anyone of us don’t want to be a victim of this situation, because it has a terrible effect The paper is future-focused; it will apply a social analytical perspective to the issues, and a focus on children’s needs and paternal / parental responsibilities to these needs. The research defined the point of physical parental separation, different effects to the children, the reason why they are affected, and access-related problems like dangers on their part which represent not only legal challenges, but also a “bio-psycho-social-spiritual” affliction for those who suffer the consequences. So, I invite everybody to read this research which can benefit in one way or another to the reader. I would also like to thank the people who inspire me to do this research namely: my classmates, friends, my beloved parents and family and teachers. TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………… 1 II. EFFECTS OF SEPARATION …………………………………………… 1 Psychological Problems…………………………………………… 1 B. Myths about Problems…………………………………………… 2 C. Effects of Relocation ……………………………………………… 2 III. WHY CHILDREN ARE IMPACTED BY SEPARATION……………… 8 • Fear of Change…………………………………………………… 8 • Fear of Being Abandoned………………………………………… 8 • Losing Attachment.......

Words: 3679 - Pages: 15

Effects of Parental Involvement in Home Economics: Case Study Some Selected Senior High School in the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (Ama)

...wanted with dedication and hard work, but for many in this country the big dream about the future is fading as the gap between rich and poor continues to grow. Children were told that if they studied hard they could “make something of themselves.” While this is still true, the rules have changed and the stakes are higher. Governments have decreased aid for public education and set spending caps. Students today are being faced with “high stakes” testing. We used to worry about scoring high enough on examinations to get into college, but now students take examinations to get out of high school. Some policy makers, during sometime, have suggested a school’s funding will be determined by how well their students perform on the tests. In theory it is wonderful, the schools that do well will be rewarded for their excellence. In practice it will most likely become another opportunity for the rich school districts to succeed and the poor school districts to fail. Revenue caps and high stakes testing appear to be an inevitable part of our future so we must find affordable, effective means for inspiring students and their families to improve student outcome. One way may be parental involvement. Another way might be to teach effective parenting skills which could in turn increase parental involvement in education particularly home economics. Numerous studies have been done to confirm the assumption that students do better when their parents are involved in their education especially in......

Words: 14906 - Pages: 60

Economic Status of Parents, a Determinant on Academic Performance of Senior Secondary Schools Students in Ibadan, Nigeria

...Status of Parents, a Determinant on Academic Performance of Senior Secondary Schools Students in Ibadan, Nigeria Osonwa, O.K1 Adejobi, A.O2 Iyam, M.A3 Osonwa, R.H4 ‘…‹‘Ž‘‰› ‡’ƒ”–‡– ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘ˆ ƒŽƒ„ƒ” ‹‰‡”‹ƒ †—…ƒ–‹‘ ‡’ƒ”–‡– ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘ˆ „ƒ†ƒ ‹‰‡”‹ƒ ‘…ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ †—…ƒ–‹‘ ‡’ƒ”–‡– ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘ˆ ƒŽƒ„ƒ” —‹†ƒ…‡ ƒ† ‘—•‡Ž‹‰ ‡’ƒ”–‡– ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘ˆ Calabar. Doi: 10.5901/jesr.2013.v3n1p115 Abstract Š‹• ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š ™ƒ• …ƒ””‹‡† ‘—– –‘ ‡šƒ‹‡ ‹ˆ ‡…‘‘‹… •–ƒ–—• ‘ˆ ’ƒ”‡–• ‹• ƒ †‡–‡”‹ƒ– –‘ –Š‡ ƒ…ƒ†‡‹… ’‡”ˆ‘”ƒ…‡ ‘ˆ •‡‹‘” ‡…‘†ƒ”› •…Š‘‘Ž –—†‡–• ‹ „ƒ†ƒ ‹‰‡”‹ƒ Š‡ —‡•–‹‘ƒ‹”‡ ™ƒ• —•‡† ˆ‘r the …‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ ‘ˆ †ƒ–ƒ ƒ†‹‹•–‡”‡† –‘ ˆ‹˜‡ Š—†”‡† ƒ† –™‡Ž˜‡ •–—†‡–• •‡Ž‡…–‡† ”ƒ†‘Ž› ‹ –™‘ Ž‘…ƒŽ ‰‘˜‡”‡– ƒ”‡ƒ• Š›’‘–Š‡•‹• –Šƒ– –Š‡”‡ ‹• ‘ •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ– ”‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ „‡–™‡‡ ‡…‘‘‹… •–ƒ–—• ‘ˆ ’ƒ”‡–• and the academic performance of their ch‹Ž†”‡ ™ƒ• ˆ‘”—Žƒ–‡† Š‹• ™ƒ• –‡•–‡† —•‹‰ …‘””‡Žƒ–‹‘ ƒƒŽ›•‹• ƒ† –Š‡ ”‡•—Ž– •Š‘™• –Šƒ– –Š‡”‡ ‹• •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ– ”‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ „‡–™‡‡ ‡…‘‘‹… •–ƒ–—• ƒ† ƒ…ƒ†‡‹… ’‡”ˆ‘”ƒ…‡ ‘ˆ •–—†‡–• Š‘•‡ ˆ”‘ Ž‘™‡” ‹…‘‡ ‰”‘—’• •…‘”‡† •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ–Ž› Ž‘™‡” –Šƒ …Š‹Ždren from higher income Š‘—•‡Š‘Ž†• – ‹• ”‡…‘‡†‡† –Šƒ– –Š‡ ‰‘˜‡”‡– …ƒ Š‡Ž’ –‘ ‡”ƒ•‡ –Š‹• ‹„ƒŽƒ…‡ „› •—„•‹†‹œ‹‰ –Š‡ ‡†—…ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ ‡š’‡•‡• ‘ˆ –Š‡ Ž‘™ ‹…‘‡ ‰”‘—’ Key Words: …‘‘‹… –ƒ–—• Ž‘™ ‹…‘‡ ƒ† ƒ…ƒ†‡‹… ’‡”ˆ‘”ƒ…‡ 1. Introduction Academic performance (most especially of senior secondary school students) has been largely associated with many factors. Most students......

Words: 4519 - Pages: 19

The Effect of Parent Socio Economic Status on Student Academic Performance.

...SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT A Thesis by Jennifer Barry Bachelor of Arts, Wichita State University, 2005 Submitted to the Department of Sociology And the faculty of the Graduate School of Wichita State University in partial fulfillment of The requirements for the degree of Master of Arts December 2006 THE EFFECT OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT I have examined the final copy of this thesis for form and content, and recommend that it be accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Arts with a major in Sociology. ___________________________________ Dr. David Wright, Committee Chair We have read this thesis and recommend its acceptance. ___________________________________ Dr. Kathleen Perez, Committee Member ___________________________________ Dr. Brien Bolin, Committee Member ii ABSTRACT This study addresses the increasing importance of student test scores by examining the different factors that influence test scores. Composite test scores of tenth grade students from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 are examined using a four-part model which includes student role performance, school, family, and peer factors. Ordinary Least Squares analysis indicates that the strongest predictor of student test scores is socioeconomic status, resulting in a statistically significant increase in the standardized coefficient of .224 points. These results support previous......

Words: 10197 - Pages: 41

The Effects of Parental Involvement on Academic Achievement

...Running Head: The Effects of Parental Involvement The Effects of Parental Involvement on Academic Achievement An Individual Research Project by Diane Higgins To Dr. Belinda Hartnett Research Methods – RES 531 Section 013 In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Education Strayer University Washington, D.C. June 19, 2011 Chapter One: Introduction I. Topic Selected: As a teacher, one of my passions is to make sure that all of my students are able to learn and understand what is being taught to them. Sometimes this process is hindered when the only learning for some students goes on at school. I am a strong believer that students need assistance when they get home from school, so I decided to research on how parental involvement can affect student achievement. II. Description of Topic: Parental involvement plays an important part in a child’s life, not only during the early years, but throughout the school years as well. Parents who play an active role in the education of their child will have greater opportunities to motivate their children to behave more and strive for greatness. Self- esteem may rise as a result of positive reinforcement. An involved parent will also know when his child is misbehaving and be able to correct the problem before it gets out of hand and becomes a regular habit. With proper parental involvement, a child is less likely to feel the need to lash out and misbehave for much needed attention;......

Words: 4484 - Pages: 18

Improving Parental Involvement

...Improving Parental Involvement in Early Childhood Education Through the Use of Technology A thesis submitted by Marilyn McNair to Full Sail University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE in Education Technology and Media Design December 23, 2008 Abstract This research paper was designed to give insight into the importance of parental involvement in early childhood education, and why there is a need to increase parental involvement. It examines the elements of parental involvement, and its effects on achievement and social development in children. It reviews traditional methods of parental involvement, and considers the need for change. It also highlights how technology can be implemented to increase parental participation, and student achievement and social development. Table of Contents Abstract 2 Improving Parental Involvement in Early Childhood Education 4 Educational Significance 10 Definition of Terms 11 Literature Review 12 Current/Past Solutions to the Problem in Practice 15 Proposed Solutions to the Problem 16 Integration of Proposed Solutions with Current/Past Solutions 17 Conclusion 18 Suggestions for Further Research 19 References 20 Improving Parental Involvement in Early Childhood Education Through the Use of Technology A growing......

Words: 4359 - Pages: 18

Compose 1.8.10 | CANON SERVICE TOOL V | Phantom in the Twilight