Personality Overview

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Personality Overview

PSY/405

Personality Overview
Personality is observed in many ways. Many elements can have an effect on how an individual adapts and uses his or her personality to control a situation. Two very different theories come to mind when understanding the variations in a person’s personality. Although many people may have similar traits, there are underlying specifications to why people behave the way they do. As both Karen Horney, and Sigmund Freud have some interesting and similar theories on personality, both are independently different.

Karen Horney’s psychoanalytical theory was built on the assumption social and cultural conditions, especially childhood experiences are largely responsible for shaping personality (Feist & Feist, 2009). People have displayed basic hostility (or anxiety) toward people based on unsatisfied emotions of love and affection as a child, therefore adopting one of three different fundamental styles of anxiety; moving toward people, moving against people, or moving away from people. Some strengths of the psychoanalytical theory include the ability to change behavior, and modify behavior to life problem free with others. Limitations are far and few with the vision of oneself, he or she can visualize life the way it can be, and put truth or consequence of adding value to a way of life. Both strengths and limitation can be addressed both consciously and unconsciously. Typically dreams, goals, or ambitions can manifest in the mind causing room for interpretation and eagerness to achieve a wholesome life. Horney also suggested both neurotic and normal personality development is based on cultural dependency but is also based on completion among individuals (Feist, & Feist, 2009). Freud would claim a different perspective on psychoanalysis on personalities.

Freud had a very different way of thinking of…...

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