Physical Networking Assignment 1

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By Vulpe
Words 258
Pages 2
Cellular phones use both voice and data communication. Until recently voice has been more common for obvious reasons, but data has surpassed it due to the large number of applications that our phones now use.

Landline phones also use both as your voice is sent through the line like a data packet. This can have an effect on the quality depending on your phone type as it may drop these, leading to issues with call quality.

Texting and SMS are both forms of data transfer, not using voice at all. They operate by sending small packets of data usually restricted to a certain number of characters to other devices.

Fax machines use data transfer, not using voice. Using an analogue signal they digitize work as soon as they receive it.

Pagers utilize data to receive messages or notices. They respond by usually giving off a tone or vibrating to get the user’s attention, and then displaying a message.

VOIP phones use both voice and data to operate. The voice is turned into a data packet and sent down the line through the network or internet. This allows it to call normal phones, as well as other computers.

Skype and Facetime use both voice and data in much the same way as a VOIP phone, except they also pack up video footage and send it alongside the audio. These can contact other devices capable of running the program, and must have internet connection to do so.…...

Similar Documents

Physical Networking Unit 2 Assignment

...Physical Networking Unit 2 Assignment 1. The American National Standards Institute is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. The organization also coordinates U.S. standards with international standards so that American products can be used worldwide. For example, standards ensure that people who own cameras can find the film they need for that camera anywhere around the globe. ANSI accredits standards that are developed by representatives of standards developing organizations, government agencies, consumer groups, companies, and others. These standards ensure that the characteristics and performance of products are consistent, that people use the same definitions and terms, and that products are tested the same way. ANSI also accredits organizations that carry out product or personnel certification in accordance with requirements defined in international standards. 2. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE, read I-Triple-E) is a non-profit professional association headquartered in New York City that is dedicated to advancing technological innovation and excellence. It has more than 400,000 members in more than 160 countries, about 51.4% of whom reside in the United States. IEEE is one of the leading standards-making organizations in the world. IEEE performs its standards making and maintaining functions through the...

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

Nt1310 Physical Networking Unit 2

...NT1310 Physical Networking Unit 2: Assignments and Homework Lab 1: Cloud Computing Research Amazon: Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web service that provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud. It is designed to make web-scale computing easier for developers. Amazon EC2’s simple web service interface allows you to obtain and configure capacity with minimal friction. It provides you with complete control of your computing resources and lets you run on Amazon’s proven computing environment. Amazon EC2 reduces the time required to obtain and boot new server instances to minutes, allowing you to quickly scale capacity, both up and down, as your computing requirements change. Amazon EC2 changes the economics of computing by allowing you to pay only for capacity that you actually use. Amazon EC2 provides developers the tools to build failure resilient applications and isolate themselves from common failure scenarios. Cost - Inexpensive – Amazon EC2 passes on to you the financial benefits of Amazon’s scale. You pay a very low rate for the compute capacity you actually consume. See Amazon EC2 Instance Purchasing Options for a more detailed description. Amazon EC2 Instance Purchasing Options In addition to providing the flexibility to easily choose the number, the size and the configuration of the compute instances you need for your application, Amazon EC2 provides customers three different purchasing models that give you the flexibility to......

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

Physical Networking

...Activity 1: Assignment 1. Voice vs. Data * Cell phones: is a phone that can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link while moving around in a wide geographic area. It does so by connecting to a cellular network provider by a mobile phone operator, allowing access to the public telephone network. * Landline phones: (also known as home phone, fixed-line, and wire line) refers to a phone that uses a solid medium telephone line such as a metal wire or fiber optic cable for transmission as distinguished from a mobile cellular line, which uses radio waves for transmission. * SMS / Text Messaging: is a text messaging service component of phone, Web, or mobile communication systems. It uses standardized communications protocols to allow fixed line or mobile phone devices to exchange short text messages. * Fax Machines: it’s a telephonic transmission of scanned printed material, normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device. The original document is scanned with a fax machine, which processes the contents as a single fixed graphic image, converting it into a bitmap, and then transmitting it through the telephone system. * Pagers: is a wireless telecommunications device that receives and displays numeric or text messages, or receives and announces voice messages. One-way pagers can only receive messages, while response pagers and two-way pagers can also acknowledge, reply to, and originate messages using an......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Networking 204 Assignment 1

...NETW204: Assignment 1 (50 points) Each answer is worth 1 point each, 50 questions = 50 total points. Type answers in the appropriate cell; text will automatically wrap. Post your completed assignment to the dropbox. NAME | Diana Carter | Router Configuration Exercise (5 points) When configuring a router, there are certain basic tasks performed, * Naming the router * Setting passwords * Configuring interfaces * Configuring a banner * Saving changes on a router * Verifying basic configuration and router operations | Question | Answer | 1 | The first prompt is _______ mode and will allow you to view the state of the router. | user | 2 | What major limitation does this mode have? | Does not allow you to view Global Configuration | 3 | What does the router prompt look like for this mode? | Router> | 4 | The enable command is used to enter the privileged mode. What is the major difference between this mode and user mode? | The enable command allows you to make changes, while user mode allows you only to view statistics. | 5 | What does the router prompt look like for this mode? | Router# | Basic Configuration Tasks (18 points) The table below lists the basic router configuration tasks in the left column. Fill in the blanks in the right column with the correct command syntax for each of the tasks. | Configuration Task | Command Syntax | Answer | 6 | Naming the router | Router(config)# | hostname name | 7 |......

Words: 1085 - Pages: 5

Unit 3 Assignment 1 Networking Models Review

...Networking Models Review (Unit 3) 1. Which of the following is true about a TCP/IP network? B 2. Which of the following terms is not a common synonym for TCP/IP model? (Choose two answers.) C & D 3. Think generically about the idea of a networking standard, ignoring any particular standard or standards group. Which of the following is typically true of a standard? (Choose two answers.) A & C 4. Contrast an international standard as compared to a de facto standard. (Choose two answers.) B & D 5. Which of the following are true about the commonly used version of the TCP/IP model as shown in this chapter? (Choose two answers.) C & D 6. The TCP/IP model refers to standards other than those the IETF defines in RFCs. Which of these standards groups is typically the source of external LAN standards? (Choose two answers.) B & C 7. Which of the following is not a typical reason for a group of ten companies to start a vendor group, for the purpose of pushing a new networking technology? D 8. The TCP/IP and OSI models have some obvious differences, like the number of layers. Think about the more commonly used version of the TCP/IP model discussed in this chapter, and then think about how to talk about TCP/IP using OSI terms. Which of the following is a correctly phrased statement for how to use OSI terminology? B 9. Historically, which of the following models were the earliest models used in corporate networks? A 10. Which of......

Words: 599 - Pages: 3

Nt1310 Physical Networking

...NT1310 Physical Networking Assignment 1: Voice vs. Data Cell Phones – Cellular phones are used for both voice and data communications. A person talking on a cellular phone uses voice communications and then gets sent back to the base station. Data technology is also used on smartphones which allow the user to browse the internet and download files. Landline Phones – Landline phones typically only use voice communications. Some newer landline phones can use what is called a NCID (Network Caller ID) which uses data sent over a TCP connection. SMS/Text Messaging – The SMS (Short Message Service) can be used in a variety of ways. Some examples include: cellular phones, GPRS systems, and web texting. SMS does not use any kind of voice technology and therefore is sent over data networks. Fax Machines – Fax machines contain analog modems. This type of modem technology uses the voice network technology. When the receiving end handles a fax connection it listens for a digital connection that has been converted from an analog signal using a voice network. Pagers – Pagers also known as beepers were primarily used over data networks by sending numerical short messages similar to the SMS service. Since the introduction of data pagers, voice pagers have also emerged. These types of pagers use a voice network to transmit a short audio message that the user can then retrieve. VOIP Phones – VOIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) is a technology that can transmit audio......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Nt1310 Physical Networking

...NT1310, Physical Networking Activity 1 – Data on Fixed Line vs. Cellular Device Nick Conforti Mr. Hafet 09/15/2014 There are two main types of broadband connection, a fixed line or its mobile alternative. Both have their strengths and potential weaknesses so you need to consider what suits your needs before you sign up on a lengthy contract. Fixed line broadband is what most people have at home. It's a fast internet connection delivered by telephone wire (ADSL) or fiber optic cable. As the latter is now capable of speeds in excess of 100Mb, an increasing number of British homes have "superfast". Mobile broadband uses the same technology as mobile phones to give you internet access wherever you go with your laptop, netbook, tablet or iPad. It's slower and usually comes with a relatively low download limit, but allows you greater flexibility away from home. The Pros of having a mobile broadband is that you can take your broadband wherever you go - A mobile broadband connection is exactly that, which means that you can access your emails, check the sports results or watch YouTube videos no matter where you are, provided you have 3G receptions. Stop paying for line rental - Millions of people continue to pay for line rental on a home phone landline that they rarely use, just so that they can get broadband at home, with mobile broadband, there's no need to pay line rental - potentially saving you over $100 a year. The Cons of have a mobile broadband is Low......

Words: 592 - Pages: 3

Physical Networking

...edition include the adoption of revised temperature and humidity requirements to harmonize with ASHRAE class 1, 2, 3 and 4 requirements and the addition of power separation guidelines and lighting requirements. ANSI/TIA-569-C Content * Environmental Compatibility * Diversity of Telecommunications Facilities * Building Spaces * Access Provider and Service Provider Spaces * Multi-Tenant Building Spaces * Building Pathways * Annex on Firestopping and Electromagnetic Noise Reduction Guidelines for Balanced Twisted-Pair Cabling ANSI/TIA-606-B “Administration Standard Telecommunications Infrastructure” was developed by the TIA TR-42.6 Infrastructure Administration Subcommittee and published in June, 2012. This Standard specifies four classes of administration based upon the complexity of the cabling plant being administered. An administration system for telecommunications infrastructure within buildings and between buildings may include: * assigning identifiers to components of the infrastructure * specifying elements of information that make up records for each identifier * specifying relationships between these records to access the information they contain * specifying reports presenting information on groups of records, and * specifying graphical and symbolic requirements ANSI/TIA-606-B Content * Classes of Administration * Class 1 Administration * Class 2 Administration * Class 3 Administration * Class 4......

Words: 2980 - Pages: 12

Physical Networking

...Max Haney NT 1310 Unit 1 Assignment 1 Voice vs. Data 9/16/2014 Unit 1 Assignment 1 Voice vs. Data * Cell Phones – Cell phones use both voice and data networks. Both of these networks can actually use the same antenna. In most cases you can’t talk on the phone and access the internet at the same time. Although they are trying to come out with phones that will allow you to talk and access the internet at the same time. * Landline phone also uses both of these networks. You’re using both of these networks because your voice is being transferred through the wires as packets that are essentially data. * SMS / Text Messaging – Short message services also known as SMS. Text messages are a way to send and receive messages over mobile networks. SMS / text messages can only contain 160 characters. * Fax Machines – Fax machines work similar to VOIP. But rather than a fax line you plug your fax into a FTA. An FTA is a Fax Terminal Adapter. The FTA then plugs in to your network connection. When a fax is sent it immediately gets digitized and packaged in secure TCP packets and sent to natural data Inc. and then secure networks operation center for final delivery to its specified destination. * Pagers – Pagers are a way to notify individuals of incoming calls by a tone. The number is showed on the little screen. Then the user would return the call when they were by a phone. * VOIP (voice over IP) phones – A VoIP phone uses digital technology to make phone...

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

Physical Geology Written Assignment 1

...1. What are the relationships among Earth's mantle, crust, astheno¬sphere, and lithosphere? The Earth’s mantle, crust, asthenosphere and lithosphere are all related. The Earth’s crust is the layer on the Earth’s surface. It is an outer layer of rock. Geologists believe that the Earth’s crust is thinner in the areas underneath of the oceans than it is under land masses (Carlson, Plummer & Hammersley, 2009). The Earth’s mantle is below the crust. It is the thick layer of rock that separates the crust from the Earth’s core. Geologists believe that the core may be metallic, and is the most likely source of Earth’s magnetic fields (Carlson, Plummer & Hammersley, 2009) . The Earth’s crust, the Earth’s mantle, and the lithosphere are all related because the Earth’s crust and mantle together form the lithosphere. The lithosphere is the Earth’s crust and the upper part of the Earth’s mantle. In the plate-tectonic theory, the lithosphere is the plates (Carlson, Plummer & Hammersley, 2009). The zone in the lithosphere where seismic waves slowdown is called the asthenosphere. This zone is approximately one hundred and twenty four miles deep. The rocks in the asthenosphere are closer to their melting point than other zones, and may move more freely. It is important to note that these rocks may not be hotter than in other areas, but that melting point is related to pressure. It is believed that magna is generated in the asthenosphere (Carlson, Plummer &...

Words: 757 - Pages: 4

Networking Assignment

...1. People network for many reasons; outline and explain five (5) different possible objectives that you might hope to achieve as part of networking as it relates to either your short or long-term career goals. Answer: Five possible objectives that I would like to achieve as part of networking to help me with my short or long-term career goals are the following: Firstly, I am most interested in finding out what skills I need to get a particular job. Though skills are included in a job descriptions, but I would talk about how my past experiences and skills could relate to an entry level position in the networking contact’s company. This conversation may lead me to realize that I am a great candidate for the job, or that I need to gain more skills and experience for that particular job. I would discuss with him how I can get those necessary skills related to the job or industry. Secondly, I will find out the strengths and type of personality that an employer is looking for. I will specifically ask about the mental and physical strength necessary for the job. While I may have the strengths that a position or company requires, I need to ensure that I fit in the company. Different personalities often have difficulties getting along, so this is a big factor. While I consider myself a team member and friendly person, I still need to figure out the culture of the company. Then, I would like to know the prospects for the industry and the areas that are expanding and recruiting.......

Words: 1672 - Pages: 7

Physical Networking

...1. Crosstalk - Unwanted transfer of signals between communication channels. 2. Waveguides – A metal tube or other device confining and conveying microwaves. 3. FTTH – Fiber to the x is a generic term for any broadband network architecture using optical fiber to provide all or part of the local loop used for last mile telecommunications. 4. Simplex – A fiber-optic cable or cord carrying a single fiber. 5. Half Duplex – Allowing the transmission of signals in both directions but not simultaneously. 6. Full Duplex – Refers to the transmission of data in two directions simultaneously. 7. Photodiode – A semiconductor diode that, when exposed to light, generates a potential difference or changes its electrical resistance. 8. Amplitude Modulation – The modulation of a wave by varying its amplitude, used chiefly as a means of radio broadcasting, in which an audio signal is combined with a carrier wave. 9. Analog Transmission – A transmission method of conveying voice, data, image, signal or video information using a continuous signal which varies in amplitude, phase, or some other property in proportion to that of a variable. 10. Digital Transmission – The use of discrete electrical pulses, light pulses, or other discrete signals to create binary codes for data communications. 11. Sample Rate – The sampling rate, sample rate, or sampling frequency defines the number of samples per unit of time taken from a continuous signal to make a discrete signal. 12.......

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

Physical Networking

...In this Lab, you will explain the pros and cons to having a purely cellular network vs. having a purely fixed line network. Conduct research on both using the ITT Tech Virtual Library and the Internet. You will report on data speed, network security, equipment cost, troubleshooting, failover solutions, and any other relevant topics that emerge from your readings and research. Summarize the pros and cons of using either a purely cellular network or a purely fixed line network in a 2-4 page paper. At the end of your paper, write 1-2 paragraphs making a recommendation for a new company offering a "Skype"-style service. Recommend whether they should go with a fixed line or cellular solution. Cite all sources used. Unit1: Lab1: Data on Fixed Line vs. Cellular Debate In: Computers and Technology Unit1: Lab1: Data on Fixed Line vs. Cellular Debate Physical Networking Unit 1: Lab1: Data on Fixed Line vs. Cellular Debate There are many benefits to both a fixed line network and a purely cellular network. Depending on what you need your network to do or don’t do it would be very important to explore both options. While cell phones, Ipads and tablets seem to run the world now many businesses and homes need and still use fixed line networks. This essay will highlight the pros and cons of having a purely cellular network vs. having a purely fixed line network. Although we as a people could not imagine life without our cell phones or laptops, fixed line networks were the......

Words: 494 - Pages: 2

Linux Networking Unit 1 Assignment

...Unit 1 Assignment Chapter 1 ex 1. What is free software? List three characteristics of free software. Free software is software that is available for anyone to use and modify however they like. 3 characteristics of free software are that, you are free to study, redistribute, and modify it free of cost. Chapter 2 ex 1. Briefly, what does the process of installing an operating system such as Fedora/RHEL involve? Installing the Fedora/RHEL OS is copying the OS files from a CD, DVD, or Flash drive on to the hard drives of the system then setting up the config files so the Linux runs properly on the hardware. Chapter 3 ex 1. What is a live system? What advantages does it have over an installed system? A live session is a Linux session that is running on your computer without you actually installing Linux on your computer. The advantages you have by running a live session is you can preview the system without installing it and your computer will not be changed. 4. Where on the disk should you put your /boot partition or the root (/) partition if you do not use a /boot partition? Default layout 8. When does a Fedora/RHEL system start X by default? To start X by default you need to set run level 5 to be the default and it will start when the system boots. Chapter 11 ex 1. How does single-user mode differ from multiuser mode In single user mode, only the console user may be logged in, though the user can edit files and execute multiple programs simultaneousl 3. What......

Words: 426 - Pages: 2

Computer Networking Assignment 1

...Unit 1 Assignment Dan SItkowski 1. Cell phones uses both voice and data networks. It uses data to get information and to also be allowed to access the internet. It also uses voice when you make a call. 2. Land phones use both networks. It uses data for caller ID and to send the information to find out where the call will be going. It also uses voice to transmit back and forth so that you can have a convocation. 3. SMS/Text messaging uses data networks. It only uses data networks because you are sending a message to another person. And in that message you can have files attached to the message as well. 4. Fax machines uses a data network. It uses this network because you put a document or photo threw the machine and it takes the image of that and creates a file. It then takes that file and sends it to another location. Then that location opens and prints or views the file. 5. Pagers use only data networks. It only uses data networks because when you send a file containing only text and then send it to a pager. The pager then takes that file and opens it showing the text for that person to read. 6. VOIP (voice over IP) uses data networks. VOIP uses data networks only because It uses the internet to talk to people instead of the traditional voice network. This allows someone to bypass the phone company. It works by taking the conversation and converts it to a file that is sent to the other location where it is opened. The problem with this is that if......

Words: 307 - Pages: 2

Calendar | 12 Monkeys | The Adventurers