Plastic Cups as Additives to Garden Tiles

In: Other Topics

Submitted By jirehjan06
Words 1601
Pages 7
A Research Study on the Effectiveness of Shredded Plastic Cups as an Additive in Making Decorative Garden Tiles

CHAPTER I A. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY B. RESEARCH PROBLEM
General Problem: How effective are shredded plastic cups as additives in making decorative garden tiles?
Specific Problems: 1. How effective are shredded plastic cups as additives in making decorative garden tiles in terms of compressive strength? 2. How effective are shredded plastic cups as additives in making decorative garden tiles in terms of durability? 3. How effective are shredded plastic cups as additives in making decorative garden tiles in terms of load bearing capacity? C. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE
General Objective: The primary concern of this study is to determine the effectiveness of compressed plastic bottles as fillers for pathways.
Specific Objectives: 1. To determine the effectiveness of shredded plastic cups as additives in making decorative garden tiles in terms of compressive strength. 2. To determine the effectiveness of shredded plastic cups as additives in making decorative garden tiles in terms of durability. D. To determine the effectiveness of shredded plastic cups as additives in making decorative garden tiles in terms of load bearing capacity. E. HYPOTHESES It is hypothesized that: 1. The shredded plastic cups have no significant effect as additives in making decorative garden tiles in terms of compressive strength. 2. The shredded plastic cups have no significant effect as additives in making decorative garden tiles in terms of durability. 3. The shredded plastic cups have no significant effect as additives in making decorative garden tiles in terms of load bearing capacity.

F. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY G. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS H. Decorative Garden Tiles with Shredded Plastic Cups
RESEARCH…...

Similar Documents

Plastic Industry Brazil

...Potential of Brazilian plastic industry for investment Assignment 02 ECON 5100 Report Objective The main objective of the report is to assuage the potential for investment in the plastics industry in Brazil by GE. To get a better understanding, the report has been broken down into four parts – 1. Evaluation of the Brazilian plastic industry, market structure and demand 2. GE and Brazil 3. The current health of the Brazilian economy measured by the major macro economic factors 4. Strengths and Weaknesses Brazilian plastic industry The Brazilian plastics industry comprises resin manufacturers, machine manufacturers, additives suppliers, tool makers and more than 11,000 converters and plastics recyclers. The major Brazilian resin manufacturers supply a wide profile of grades of plastics resins, such as Polyethylene (LLDPE and HDPE), EVA, Polypropylene, PP compounds, PVC (flexible, rigid and compounds), Polystyrene, PET, SAN, ABS, Polycarbonate and others. Additives, master batches and other basic chemicals are also provided by a number of other raw material suppliers. The industry offers a broad range of products for the automotive, electrical, electronics, IT, packaging, medical, household appliances, agricultural and construction industries. Having a strong manufacturing base with more than 11,000 companies, the Brazilian conversion industry operates with a variety of production processes, such as injection moulding, extrusion, blow moulding,......

Words: 2702 - Pages: 11

Garden

...you how to prepare your home garden for growing crops and preserving these crops. If you follow these guidelines and tips I share with you today I assure you that you will be very pleased with the turn-out of your garden. To start off with you will need to choose what crop you would prefer to grow. This is actually a lot harder than you may think it is. If you are a beginner or you want to start small then I would advise you not to grow a lot of crops at one time. When my grandpa and I started growing crops in his garden we started by growing potatoes, we then went to growing corn, and now we grow different varieties of crops. With a little practice you too can increase the amount of crops you grow. You will need to determine what crops you can grow in your certain land location. Certain crops can be affected by soil, rainfall, climate, or the space available. These all play a huge roll in what crops that you decide to grow. Be sure to choose a location with the requirements for the crops that you plan to grow; they will need good direct sunlight for at least six hours each day. It may be better to work within a fenced area, for this will cut down on some animals getting into your crops. You will also need to become familiar with different types of food crops. If you plan to grow your own crops for your own needs, than you will need to consider your whole diet, along with your family’s diet as well. You need to plan the layout of your garden and be sure to allow room......

Words: 828 - Pages: 4

Vifon Cup Noodles-Marketing

...31/08/2011 Group 2 – Kieran Tierney Marketing Plan: Vifon Cup Noodles Contents 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3 2. CURRENT MARKETING SITUATION 4 2.1. Introduction 4 2.2. Situation analysis 4 2.2.1. Microenvironment 4 2.2.2. Macroenvironment 6 3. SWOT ANALYSIS 9 4. OBJECTIVES 10 4.1. Corporate objectives 10 4.2. Financial objectives 10 4.3. Marketing objectives 10 5. SEGMENTING, TARGETING AND POSITIONING 11 5.1. Segmentation table 11 5.2. Targeting 11 5.2.1. Evaluating Market Segment 11 5.2.2. Target marketing strategy 12 5.3. Positioning 12 5.3.1. Positioning map 12 5.3.2. Possible value different and competitive advantage 12 5.3.3. Choosing the right competitive advantages 13 5.3.4. Overall positioning strategy 13 5.3.5. Positioning statement 14 6. MARKETING MIX STRATEGIES 14 6.1. Product strategy 14 6.1.1. Brand Life cycle stage 14 6.1.2. Levels of Products and Product strategy 15 6.1.3. Brand Development Strategies – Line extension 16 6.2. Price Strategy 16 6.2.1. Product Mix Pricing Strategies 16 6.2.2. Price-Adjustment Strategies 17 6.3. Place strategy 17 6.3.1. Administered Vertical Marketing System 17 6.3.2. Multiple distribution channels 18 6.3.3. Channel design 19 6.4. Promotion 19 6.4.1. Promotion mix strategies 19 6.4.2. Promotion tools 20 7. ACTION PROGRAM 23 8. CONTROL PROGRAM 25 REFERENCES 26 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Vifon (Vietnam Food Industries Joinstock Company) seeks to provide a...

Words: 7534 - Pages: 31

Additive Mnaufacturing

...1007/s11465-013-0248-8 REVIEW ARTICLE Nannan GUO, Ming C. LEU Additive manufacturing: technology, applications and research needs © Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013 Abstract Additive manufacturing (AM) technology has been researched and developed for more than 20 years. Rather than removing materials, AM processes make three-dimensional parts directly from CAD models by adding materials layer by layer, offering the beneficial ability to build parts with geometric and material complexities that could not be produced by subtractive manufacturing processes. Through intensive research over the past two decades, significant progress has been made in the development and commercialization of new and innovative AM processes, as well as numerous practical applications in aerospace, automotive, biomedical, energy and other fields. This paper reviews the main processes, materials and applications of the current AM technology and presents future research needs for this technology. Keywords additive manufacturing (AM), AM processes, AM materials, AM applications 1 Introduction The ASTM F42 Technical Committee defines additive manufacturing (AM) as the “process of joining materials to make objects from three-dimensional (3D) model data, usually layer upon layer, as opposed to subtractive manufacturing methodologies” [1]. It is also known as additive fabrication, additive processes, direct digital manufacturing, rapid prototyping, rapid......

Words: 18612 - Pages: 75

Plastic Packaging Resin Identification Codes

...RAHMAN UDEC3304 Polymer Chemistry ASSIGNMENT Title | Plastic Packaging Resin Identification Codes | Name | CHONG LING MIN | Student ID | 1103206 | Lecturer’s name | Dr. Chee Swee Yong | Date | 28th June 2013 | Table contents 1. Background…………………………………………….pg.1 2. Resin identification coding system…………………….pg.2 3. Symbols and polymer names…………………………..pg.2 4. Classification of polymer type…………………………pg.2 5. Applications before and after recycling……………..pg.3-5 6. Molecular formula and hazards……………………...pg.3-5 7. Conclusion……………………………………………pg.5 8. References……………………………………………pg.6 Background In modern science and technology, most of the plastic packaging is made with different codes of resin. The Resin Identification Codes assigns these resins with a number from 1 to 6, which are polyethylene terephthalate (PETE); high density polyethylene (HDPE); polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl); low density polyethylene (LDPE); polypropylene (PP); or polystyrene (PS). The coding system also includes a seventh code which is labeled as "other." The principal roles of coding system for these resins are to provide a consistent national system to help consumers and manufacturers efficiently identify and sort plastics for recycling. The coding system is also enable individuals to maintain and perform quality control before recycling, which help to make sure the recycled plastic is as homogenous as possible. Hence, all these seven codes......

Words: 1172 - Pages: 5

Garden Edging

...In simple words, edging refers to separation between lawn, garden, and pavements. But there’s a lot more to edging than just separating parts of ground. It is an important part of landscaping that serves to keep the garden neat, separate it into regions and provide a better appearance to the land. The choice of material used in edging depends on the budget, available time and whether it suits the requirement and looks of your garden. Below is a brief account of some materials used in edging. Metal borders Simple to install, durable and flexible to use are the strips of steel, aluminium, copper or plastic. They are sleek, durable and their top can be covered within grass or soil making them almost invisible and allowing us to mow over the top. They can be easily bent to give shapes of beautiful curves. Aluminium being the lightest and durable is more in use these days. However they are only best used for level ground without much undulation, and their sharp top edge can easily cut bare feet. So, the top should be rounded off after installation. Log edging Log and Bamboo edging can be laid by keeping logs that are well seasoned upright and driven into the ground like piles. Combined with gravel backing, they not only help to retain the lawn soil that may be on the ground or raised, but also gives a seaside appearance to the garden. They can be modified or cut on the top portion to give a wavy appearance, and coloured varyingly to create pleasing looks. Brick and concrete...

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

Additive Manufacturing

...Jeremy Breland Jenica Draney English 101-003 6-23-2014 Print the World of Tomorrow 3D Printing is the manufacturing process of the future brought to your home today. It all begins with acquiring the printing device, it comes in kits, complete devices, or even your buddy with their own printer could “print you off” a copy of their device. All you would need after getting your printer set up would extra polymer spools, a computer with the program to translate the instructions of the build, and the digital instructions for your build. 3D Printing is the process of using a computer controlled printing head that travels along the X,Y, and Z axis that leave layers of molten plastic or bio organic material on a flat surface or The prices of 3D Printers vary by model, make and the company who makes it. The cheapest home built device may cost between 150-300 dollars to professional built devices ranging from 6000 to 48,000 dollars. The process of selecting which device is right for your needs depends on a lot of factors; your price range, type of computer, what you will be manufacturing, how big the item is you would like to make, availability of resources, and your mind, the sky is the limit. Currently 3D Printing is only available in most 1st World Nations as the price, materials, technology, and power are present. However as power sources and materials become more available in poorer regions this technology will spread, making it available to print and manufacture......

Words: 1191 - Pages: 5

The Cup

...Lloyd Williams Geoffrey Agnor 7/12/14 Humanities The Cup Khyentse Norbu’s “The Cup” (Comedy, 1999) the World Cup is being held in France while two young refugees arrive at a monastery in India. While the setting and feel of the monastery would usually be serene and peaceful, it is disrupted by the excitement and hype about the world cup. The main anticipator of the World Cup is a young and mischievous student named Orgyen. Orgyen nows that the World Cup is very important to him, as do many other young boys in the monastery, and he will do anything it takes to be able to watch as much of the games as he can. As this occurs, the head of the monastery contemplates on the changes of the world and how this greatly is affecting the young boys in the monastery. Although technology and tradition and this undying difference, they can ultimately come together and create something great for both the students and the Abbot. The students, particularly Orgyen, idolize soccer and the World Cup. The fascination and wonders of other cultures bring them into a deeper love for the sport and the thrill that comes with the World Cup. These students are willing to do almost anything to be able to experience the World Cup, especially Orgyen. He goes over the line, bringing other students along, and sneaks out to watch one of the games at a place they paid money for. However, the Geko and Abbot are not at all concerned with this idea of soccer and other cultures. They only wish that the......

Words: 600 - Pages: 3

Plastic Pens Boon or Bane

...A BANE? MADE BY: TEAM: NATURE LOVERS HANISHA SHARMA RAJAT KHURANA NMIMS, MUMBAI INTRODUCTION: Did you know that by reusing and recycling plastic, product manufacturers could save enough energy each year to power a city of 1 million homes for 3 and a half years? yet we are using plastic prodcuts more than ever before. We cover our food in plastic wrap, drink coffee from Styrofoam cup, wear clothes made from man made fibres like rayon, nylon and polyeseter, and even buy our plastic things with plastic credit cards! Plastic is a versatile product. It can be flexible or rigid, transparent or opaque. The basic raw materials for plastic are petroleum and/or natural gas. These fossil fuel are sometimes combine d with other elements such as Oxygen and Chlorine to make different types of plastic. What all things made of plastic are we as students employees and managers adding to the environment? Pens, which are made of plastic and are the day to day requirements are being used by students. These days “USE AND THROW” policy is the trend. So everybody likes to buy a plastic disposable pen costing Rs. 5 or 10 and easily using It for maximum 2-3 days and discarding it. Have we ever thought that where these all added pollutants are going to be or how can we reduce this all? From the Stone Age to the Metallic Age and now to the Plastic Age! The world is spinning at a wink of an eye. The motto f today’s generation is “Be quick and get way”. So they want everything in life and of......

Words: 3014 - Pages: 13

Prepaid Card as an Additive in Roof Making

...Introduction: Prepaid cards are made out of plastic and other synthetic materials chosen from a variety of cardboard, PVC, PET and Polystyrene. It can be plenty found everywhere especially at present because of the cell phone and as a need of the people especially in their cell phones. Because of the growing population, moreandmore make use of cell phones and the domino effect is the high quantity of used prepaid cards trashed in the environment, which is bad and has no good effect on us. Thickness Because it is made of such materials stated above, it is said to be durable and a good insulator. IV: Prepaid cards are made out of plastic and other synthetic materials chosen from a variety of cardboard, PVC, PET and Polystyrene. DV: Roof serves as support, outer layer of any building, serves as insulation, and drainage. In most countries, a roof protects primarily against rain. Depending upon the nature of the building, the roof may also protect against wind. Roof cannot provide the enough insulation to keep a room free from the heat from the sun. That is why the used of thatch, a natural fibrous material have excellent in… Synthesis of the review: Prepaid cards are made out of plastic and other synthetic materials chosen from a variety of cardboard, PVC, PET and Polystyrene, which is a good insulator. Plastic on the other hand is strong like the containers made out of it. Prepaid card as an Additive in Roof Making Background of the......

Words: 1202 - Pages: 5

Plastics

...Ban Plastic! Reduce, Reuse and Recycle, the three R’s plays a significant role in protection of the environment. Plastics add to litter and landfills. My opinion is to eliminate the plastic bag because it contaminates the water, badly affects the human health and destroys the environment. First, without water no one sustains for long. Plastic bag plays significant role in contamination of water bodies such as ocean, sea, lakes and rivers. For example, 90% of industrial wastes are dumped into water every year. Plastic stands at the top list of industrial wastes. In addition to that plastic bag act as a carrier of food waste as well as electronic waste to the water. Eventually end up in destroying the aquatic life system. Second, large disposal of plastics lead to create various disease which poses serious threat to the human health. For instance, a recent study conducted by Cathy Cirko, President of Canadian Plastics Industry Association revealed that reused plastic bags even showed higher levels of bacteria and toxins. Therefore the foods we carry from different stores in these bags are exposed to contamination. Moreover, a disease pop up and distracts the health of a normal person. Landfills, considered as the storage place of plastics named the critics for development of crucial diseases. Finally, plastic bags destroy the environment by making it as its dumb yard. Recycling of plastic bags increases the pollution. Air and water which are the functional part of a living......

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Plastic

...BLOW MOLDING Introduction Blow molding is defined as a plastic process whereby a thermoplastic material is heated to its forming temperature, which is below that of the plastic materials being used; at its melting point it is made to form a hollow tube called a parison or preform. This heated homogeneous plastic material is then placed between two female molds that are cooled through some medium. The two female molds close on the heated parison or preform and a gas, usually air, enters via an open end of the parison via a blow pin or needle; the gas is blown into the closed female mold halves, taking the shape of the internal female closed mold, allow to cool, and is then sent out through an exhaust. The two female molds are then separated and the cooled, shaped hollow part is then ejected or allowed to drop out for the cycle to repeat. In the first attempt over 100 years ago, to blow-mold hollow objects, two sheets of cellulose nitrate were clamped between two female mold halves. Steam injected between the sheets softened the material, sealed the edges, and expanded the heated sheets to form the inside shape of the two female mold halves. The high flammability of cellulose nitrate, however, limited the usefulness of this technique. In the early 1930s, more suitable materials, such as cellulose acetate and polystyrene (PS), were developed; these led to the introduction, by Plax Corp. and Owens-Illinois, of automated equipment based on glass-blowing......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Tiles

...Tiles 陶質磚 由陶土製造後,面層再上釉,有防水及保護作用 Because of its durability and smooth, clean look, ceramic tile is commonly used for wet areas in and around showers, regardless of what other materials are specified for the remainder of the locker room - although those surfaces are often tile, too. Unfortunately, smoothness can lead to slipperiness, and grout can attract large amounts of mold and bacteria. Still, allegiance among architects to ceramic tile remains strong. "If a client were to ask me what I would recommend, it would be ceramic tile," Kastelic says. "The maintenance issues are minimal compared to the benefits. It's a durable finish, it has good slip resistance if you use unglazed one-by-one- or two-by-two-inch tiles, and it provides lots of options with colors and designs, which we as architects love. If you go with medium- to dark-colored tiles and use deeper-colored grouts and appropriate sealers, you won't have to deal with as many of the mold and staining issues as you might otherwise. Tiles are a popular option for changing room flooring because there are a wide variety meaning you can customise the look to suit. Tiles need little maintenance because they are waterproof and easy to keep clean. Tiles are hard wearing so last a long time under regular use meaning they are a good long term solutions. antibacterial agent and configured so that the squares snap together to form mats that are laid directly over concrete, ceramic tile and other wet area surfaces.......

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Garden

...1. Complete the 1992 columns of Tables 3 through 6, disregarding for now the projected data in the 1993 and 1994 columns. If you are using the Lotus model, use it to complete the tables. Be sure you understand all the numbers, as it would be most embarrassing if you were asked how you got a particular number, and could not give a meaningful response. 2. Based on the information in the case and on the results of your calculations in Question 1. prepare a list of Garden State’s strengths and weaknesses. In essence, you should look at the commonsized statements and each group of key ratios (for example, the liquidity ratios) and see what those ratios indicate about the company’s operations and financial condition. As part of your answer, use the extended Du Pont equation to highlight the key relationships. 3. Recognizing that you might want to revive your opinion later, does it appear, based on your analysis to this point, that the bank should lend the requested money to Garden State? Explain. Table 3 CommonSized Balance Sheets for Years Ended December 31 1990 1991 1992 Assets: Cash and marketable securities Accounts receivable Inventory 8.82% 5.13% 30.39 35. 36 3.37 % 30.9 1 50.3 9 83.9 5 22.9 3 6.88 16.0 5% 100. 00% 25.72 48.32 Current Assets Land, buildings, plant, and equipment 74.55% 79.18% 30.78% 27.31% Accumulated depreciation 5.32% 6.48% Net fixed assets 25.45% ...

Words: 2548 - Pages: 11

Plastics

...types of plastics can be recycled by most municipal governments. The fraction that does get recycled still requires a lot of energy and water which just isn’t a good proposition when it comes to single-use items. Plastic garbage that ends up in landfills and oceans take hundreds of years to degrade, and there’s increasing concern about the toxins they release into the environment. But in our modern lives, plastic surrounds us and cutting it out can seem daunting. Below are some super easy ways to get started. Bring your own shopping bag Stop buying bottled water Choose cardboard over plastic bottles and bags Say no to straw Re-think your food storage Shop in bulk    Stop using plastic straws, even in restaurants. If a straw is a must, purchase a reusable stainless steel or glass straw Use a reusable produce bag. A single plastic bag can take 1,000 years to degrade. Purchase or make your own reusable produce bag and be sure to wash them often!  Give up gum. Gum is made of a synthetic rubber, aka plastic.  Buy boxes instead of bottles. Often, products like laundry detergent come in cardboard which is more easily recycled than plastic. Purchase food, like cereal, pasta, and rice from bulk bins and fill a reusable bag or container. You save money and unnecessary packaging.  Reuse containers for storing leftovers or shopping in bulk. Use a reusable bottle or mug for your beverages, even when ordering from a to-go shop .  Use matches instead of disposable plastic......

Words: 1100 - Pages: 5

Inclusion: Education the Exceptional Child | Watch Movie | You Look Good - Lady Antebellum