Police Studies

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jeyla
Words 1188
Pages 5
PLTS 2200
Assignment I
Dzejla Elezovic (201234416)

In Canada there are two types of incarceration; provincial and federal. The major difference between the two is the lenght of time served. Provincial term of incarceration is the one which is between one day and two years less one day. Federal term of imprisonment is any term which is two years or greater. Federal prisons are home to offenders who are convicted of more serious crimes than those serving in the provincial prisons. Therefore, federal prisons tend to have more recreational facilities and rehab programs. Many prisoners who have been serving their time in both federal and provincial prisons say that they had more "freedom" in federal prisons than in provincial. Prisoners in provincial prisoners are not given the opportunity of programs which are offered in federal prisons. Those opportunities include gym facilities, rehab programs, leisure and work opportunities, longer visit hours. Inmates serving sentences in federal prisons are usually convicted of more serious crimes than those serving in provincial prisons. Those crimes include homicide, offences involving serious violence or damage, serious drugs offences, sexual offences, etc. Inmates serving their sentence in provincial prisons are usally convicted of less serious offences such as, minor drugs offences, violation of probations, fraud, etc. Provincial prisons hold people who are awaiting trial and those who are serving a provincial custody sentence. Those on "remand" are individuals who are being held in custody while awaiting a further court appearance (John Howard Society of Ontario, 2005). Those individuals have not been found guilty of an offence, and who are therefore not under any sentence from the court. Provincial incarceration system present some challenges in addition to those found in the federal prison system. This is usually…...

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