Port Pricing & Port Tariff Analysis

In: Other Topics

Submitted By cortez1989
Words 1877
Pages 8
Port Pricing & Port Tariff Analysis

A chain of consecutive links, while the port as a whole may itself be seen as a link in a global logistics chain
Port costs account for only a fraction of the total costs associated with the logistics chain
The prototypical port does not exist.
Ports inevitably have an heterogeneous quality, e.g. the large number of possible market players involved (government, port management, shippers, forwarders, agents, shipping companies, trade unions, etc), each of which has specific objectives.

Generalized Port Price
Port Price per unit of throughput represents prices charged by the port for various port services, e.g. wharfage, berthing and cargo handling charges
Ocean Carrier Port Time Price per unit of throughput represents the time-related costs incurred by ocean carriers while their ships are in port, e.g. ship depreciation, fuel and labor costs
Inland Carrier Port Time Price per unit of throughput represents the time-related costs incurred by inland (rail and truck) carriers while their vehicles are in port, e.g., vehicle depreciation, fuel and labor costs
Shipper Port Time Price per unit of throughput represents the time-related costs incurred by shippers while their shipments are in port, e.g., inventory costs such as insurance and depreciation costs.

Port Profit
Profit = Port Price*Port Throughput – Minimum Port Costs Port operating objectives of the port operator will differ depending upon whether the operator is a public port in charge of the operations of a government-owned port or a private port. Public port regional economic development Private port maximizing profits

Port prices may be levied on the ship, cargo and passenger.
Port cargo prices are referred to as port rates.
Port prices are expected to compatible with its operating…...

Similar Documents

Port Policy

...Port Policy December 1995 Ports & Fisheries Department Government of Gujarat India INTRODUCTION Gujarat, situated on the western coast of India, is a principal Maritime State endowed with favourable strategic port locations. The prominence of Gujarat is by a virtue of having nearly 1600 kms long coastline, which accounts for 1/3rd of the coastline of India and being the nearest maritime outlet to Middle East, Africa and Europe. In 1991, Government of India initiated various economic, trade and industrial reforms, through the policy of liberalisation to enhance industrial and trading activities. The rationalisation of import duties and stress on export promotion have seen imports increasing by 24% and export by 25%. Gujarat State, is one of those frontline States that can take up the policy of liberalisation and privatisation, announced by the Govenment of India through a process of globalisation. Gujarat itself is experiencing a phenomenal interest in investment both from MegaIndustrial sectors within the country and also from top Multi Nationals abroad. Investment to the tune of $ 30 billion are already in the pipeline. From an analysis of the present investments and those that are flowing in, one can perceive a particular trend which is manifesting itself - investments are converging in and around potential port sites. Investments of over Rs. 16.000 crores are taking place at Hazira, Rs. 15,000 crores are planned at Vagra. Rs. 20,000 crores are planned in areas near......

Words: 5086 - Pages: 21


...There are many input/output ports in a computer; below I’m going to list the different types of ports and their functions. The back panel of a personal computer: PS/2 Mouse Port (also known as Min-Den): is used to plug in mice, and pointing devices PS/2 Keyboard Port: is used to plug in the keyboard Ethernet Ports: This port is used to connect computers to a LAN (Local Area Network) line. SPDIF coaxial digital ports: uses a shielded cable with an RCA connector that’s used to receive signals from broadcast and cable TV and radio. It allows you to listen to FM radio and watch TV broadcasts from the PC. Parallel port (LPT): It was originally designed for use of parallel printers. However this port the most versatile of the I/O ports in the system. You are able to connect CD-ROM, scanners, and zip drives. USB (Universal Serial Bus) Ports: you can connect up to 127 simultaneous devices, it’s hot swappable. USB ports come in different speeds, such as USB 1.1, 2.0 also known as Hi-speed USB, and 3.0 SuperSpeed. Serial port: Are used to connect external modems, serial printers, and PC to PC connections. They have from 9 or 25 pins generally used for streaming multi-media. 1/8-inch mini-jack audio ports: is used by sound cards and motherboard integrated sound for speakers, microphone, and line-in jacks. Most systems and sound cars use the PC99 color coding on the back of the panel * Pink: Microphone in *Light Blue: Line in *Lime Green: Stereo/Headphones out ......

Words: 715 - Pages: 3

Port Expander

...Port Expander A port expander is a device that allows one port on a computer system to connect to multiple devices. There are two basic forms of port expanders: Internal and External. An internal expander has a connection inside the computer, typically on the motherboard, and the only part the user sees in the expansion plate containing multiple ports. An external device plugs into the existing port and then has multiple places to connect. Now days there are no specific types of ports for different computers. Pretty much all computers from PC to Mac have all the same ports on them. One example of a port that was more specific just to Macs is the firewire, though these days firewire is rarely used. There are advantages and disadvantages of using a port expander. An advantage is that you get more ports to use. SAS takes one port and makes many out of them. A disadvantage is that a lot of the time they are external and can be annoying by being in the way. Also , if your power source isn’t good enough it could cause problems. When you add more devices it takes up more power, the power source can only handle so many extra ports. Hardware Expander Types: * Ethernet Port Expander Hardware * FireWire Port Expander Hardware * DB-25 Port Expander Hardware * Serial Port Expander Hardware * USB Port Expander Hardware * VGA Port Expander Hardware * DVI Port Expander Hardware * SCSI Port Expander Hardware * Audio Port Expander Hardware * Video Port Expander Hardware *......

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Port Expanders

...PORT EXPANDERS Kay Bey TB143p ITT Tech In this paper we will explore what port expanders do for your computer system. We will explain whether or not port expanders are specific to a computer or generic in nature. We will also analysis the advantages and disadvantages are when using port expanders for your computer. What is a port expander? A port expander is a device that allows your computer to be connected to many other devices at one time. (What is a port expander, 2014) There are two basic forms of port expanders; internal and external. The internal port expander is an expander the normal computer user cannot see. It is located inside of the computer and it is normally connected to the computer’s motherboard. The only identifier that this type of port expander is connected to your computer is the expansion plate displaying multiple ports. This plate is normally located on the back of your computer and allows you to pull in your external devices. The external port expander is an external device that is plugged into an existing port that allows you to connect multiple additional ports to your computer. Since these ports are not a part of the computer system itself, they can also be known or classified as splitter. Splitters are common in the world that is not filled with computer language; for instance an extension cord or cable boxes that us an A/B switch to convert from one set of channels to another. Port expanders work the same way; they allow your......

Words: 682 - Pages: 3


...Port Expander, NT1110 the motherboard: the nervous system of the pc. The motherboard holds data, software, hardware, and all the instructions of a computer. The four ports I will be discussing on the computer that can be used for the computer are the Mini hub splitter port, IEC port expander, Industrial USB 2.0 bus power hub, Display port to HDMI expander. HDMI display port with 4 expander ports, this expander works like a video wall function Works as a video splitter for your monitors. You can join many screens together to make one large picture. It has four port holes so you can add up to four monitors at a time it supports panoramic views. Max resolution of 3840x1024.The input transmission distance 5m and 15m for output. It can be used on any pc or mac. IEC Port expander input for a commodore’s computer and can control up to four other IEC devices, such as disk drives, printers etc. it has five different switches first switch turns on / off burst mode and controls the input reset. The second would be the button that can reset the ones that are on. The other four has two functions, first being an ATN line on / off. The second is the reset on / off for the respective port. Industrial USB 2.0 Bus powered hub port has seven USB 2.0 high speed peripheral devices to pc or mac. Also a USB 1.1 / 2.0 / plug and play specifications. Data speed of 1.5 / 12 / 480mbps. Each port supports a full 500mA current. It can connect......

Words: 420 - Pages: 2

Swot Analysis Bristol Port

...SWOT Analysis STRENGTHS 1. Private Limited Company – more freedom in investment, always been profitable 2. Britain’s most centrally located deep sea port – most economical location, closest to UK container markets 3. Heritage / history as dominant in Bristol City centre 4. Both docks have good access to main motorway and railway 5. Strong motor vehicles sector (import and export) (p. 8) 6. Critical point for entry of a quarter of UK aviation fuel 7. Cost-effective, efficient and sustainable service lead of marketing mix (p.11) 8. Diversity of services (shipping, distribution and logistics) and products offered in different sectors (containers, motor vehicles, bulk energy products, animal feed and grains, fresh product, cargo) 9. Large adjacent sites for industrial use allow multiple purposes and variety of clients + large product portfolio 10. They have the support of the local community, bring value to local environment – good perception 11. Also support of local community for the expansion plans 12. Above average warehousing + storage facilities + wholesale distribution space – cost effective and favour retail activity 13. Accredited ISO 9001:2000 – TQM 14. Diversity of services and products offered (containers, motor vehicles, bulk energy products, animal feeds and grains, fresh produce, cargo) 15. 5th on vehicle import and export [table 3], despite cars only being 4% of cargo type tonnage at BP [table 4] – double their total vehicles...

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

Freight Rates Have Remained Low and Volatile in the Various Market Segments (Container, Liquid and Dry Bulk). What Influences Freight Rates? How Has This Influenced the Demand for Port Services and the Setting of Port Charges and Tariffs?

...Assignments of Port Economics Topic Freight rates have remained low and volatile in the various market segments (container, liquid and dry bulk). What influences freight rates? How has this influenced the demand for port services and the setting of port charges and tariffs? Huda Mohammad Nazmul Student ID: 1120130936 Major: Master’s of Business Management Dalian Maritime University Dalian, China Abstract After the economic crisis in 2007-2008 fiscal years the freight market remained volatile and freight rate remained low in various market segments. The purpose of the study to determine the factors those influence the freight rate and how those influence the demand of port services and setting charges for the port. The depression in market segments affects the supply and demand of the freight of the shipping lines which also has an effect on the demand of port services and setting of port charges and tariffs. The research paper shows the factors that influence the freight rate as well as the influence on the port services and setting charges and tariffs which lead to a change in port operation, reform and regulation. To illustrate the relation among them international trade theory and other historical data has been considered as the evaluations of the paper. In the discussion of different market segments new demands for the port operation and setting charges has been illustrated. Fundamental......

Words: 6350 - Pages: 26

Efficiency Analysis of Container Port Terminals

...Efficiency Analysis of Container Ports and Terminals Qianwen Liu A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of University College London Centre for Transport Studies Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering University College London 2010 1 Declaration I, Qianwen Liu, confirm that the work presented in this thesis is my own. Where information has been derived from other sources, I confirm that this has been indicated in the thesis. Candidate’s signature ………………………………….. Qianwen Liu 2 Abstract In the past two decades the steady growth of seaborne trade has resulted in the increase of container ships, container ports and their terminals. The structure of the shipping market is, moreover, continuously evolving. On the carrier side, shipping companies form consortia and alliances; on the port side, global terminal operators and dedicated container terminals are emerging. The aim of this research is to evaluate the efficiency of container ports and terminals and to study how to improve the scale efficiency of any particular port/terminal. In particular we study how certain factors influence the efficiency of container ports and terminals. Regional container ports and global container terminals are examined based on the econometrics benchmarking method Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA). Two datasets are used, a panel dataset for 32 container ports in the North Mediterranean Sea over a nine-year period, and a......

Words: 65946 - Pages: 264

Port Expanders

...Makeba Dower Computer Structure and Logic Port Expander . By, definition on Wikipedia.com a port expander is considered a magician because it can be any device that exists or onboard port becomes two or more. It dwells inside and outside the pc allowing more than one device to connect to a single port a computer. There are two basic types internal and external; the internal is usually on the motherboard that is seen on the expansion plate of multiple ports, an external device plugs into the existing port and then has multiple places to connect. When not part of a computer system, these devices are commonly known as splitters. Types of ports that are available on expander hardware: USB, Ethernet, firewire,DB-25,Serial,VGA,DVI,SCSI,Audio,Video,Microphone,RS-422,SATA,SAS,SSD,Modbus Serial. SAS(Statistical Analysis System; not to be confused with SAP) is a software suite developed by SAS Institute for advanced analytics business intelligence, data management, and predictive analytics, RS-422 is a technical standard originated by Electronic Industries Alliances that specifies electrical characteristics of a digital signaling circuit. Differential signaling can transmit data at rates as high as 10Mb/s or may be sent on cables as longs as 15meters. SATA is the faster serial version of parallel ATA (PATA) interface. Both SATA and PATA are integrated drive electronics, which means the controller is in the drive, and only a simple circuit is required on the motherboard. USB......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Port Singapore

...A Resources-Based View of Competitive Advantage at The Port of Singapore Singapore has important natural resources include its large protected harbor, its location in major trade routes (Singapore is located where the ship traffic between Europe and South East Asia and the US West Coast and South East Asia must pass) , and the skills of its well-educated workforce. As shipping became containerized, a port required massive infrastucture development like berths, cranes, trucks, storage, and so on. In 1972 Singapore open its first container berth and in 1997 the Port of Singapore Authority was privatized and its name was changed to PSA Corpration eventhough the Singapore government still own 100% of the shares in this company. Moreover, Singapore was named as the best container port in Asia for the 14th time and thebest seaport for the 15th time in 2004 by the Asian freight industry. Performance Data Singapore is the busiest port in the world in terms of shipping tonnage and compares quite favorably on metrics of port operation. At any one time, there were more than 800 ships in port. In 2001 port recieved 146.265 vessels with a shipping tonnage of 960 million gross tons. Singapore is handling a throughput of 18,1 million TEUs in its four container terminals in 2003. PSA facilities can provide on average 100 container moves per hour. Recorded 280,4 container moves per hour with the ship AOL Sardonix in 2001. PSA Marine, a wholly-owned subsidiary, performed......

Words: 1155 - Pages: 5

Port Management

...Kumar Mundra Study Visit- Report Introduction-Mundra Port & SEZ MPSEZ Limited manages the largest privately developed port in the country. The company has also developed a multi-sector SEZ adjacent to this port area in Kutch area. The port project was initiated in 1998 by the Adani Group as o logistics base for the international trade operations when the sector was opened for private sector Today , Mundra Port handles close to 55 Million Tonnes of cargo ranging from Bulk Cargo,wheat,fertilizer,steel,edible oil,coal,chemicals,petroleum products to container cargo, Automobiles & Crude oil & targets 100 million by 2012-13 & 200 million by 2020. The port has been developed using state of the art technologies, facilities & services benchmarked to international standards, and making the most of its geographical & hydrological advantages. Positioned on the west coast of India, the port & SEZ is ideally situated for Exports to African, Middle Eastern & western countries besides being conveniently located to service the huge hinterland of Northern India, which account for two-thirds of India’s GDP. Mundra follows the following principle which has given them the edge over the other competitors:- We follow the principle “Berths should wait for the ships, not ships for berths Infrastructure Facilities Available At Mundra Port-: * MPT/T1 Terminal- consisting of four Multipurpose/Liquid......

Words: 1996 - Pages: 8

Port of Piraeus

...Paliouras-Margaritis and my presentation is about the Piraeus Port, which is the largest Greek Seaport. The Port of Piraeus, as the largest Greek seaport, is one of the largest seaports in the Mediterranean Sea basin and in the whole world. Also has been the port of Athens since Archaic times. The port plays a crucial role in the development of international trade as well as the local and national economy, with more than three thousand employees who provide services to more than forty thousand ships every year. SOME ANCIENT HISTORICAL FACTS ABOUT THE PORT Piraeus was the ancient port of Athens throughout the Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic periods and in fact consisted of three separate harbors - Kantharos, Zea, and Munichia. The first was the largest and used for commercial activity and the other two smaller harbors were reserved for military use. All three harbors are still used today and archaeological remains include the foundations of several ship sheds, fortifications and a Hellenistic theatre. As the sea level has risen two meters since antiquity many of the ancient installations of Piraeus are now underwater but they continue to be excavated. Notable finds at the site over the years have included several bronze statues, which are hosted in the National Archaeological Museum of Athens. Piraeus Port today has a range of activities concerning the Commercial and Central Ports, ship services and real estate development. Piraeus Port connects continental Greece with the......

Words: 816 - Pages: 4

Port of Galveston

...years later, the Port of Galveston was officially established as a port in 1825 by the Congress of Mexico making it the oldest port west of New Orleans. But its unofficial roots can be traced to 1817 when pirate Jean Lafitte landed on Galveston Island and made it the base for his operations. Through the 1800’s and into the 1900’s the Port of Galveston grew to be one of the busiest ports in the United States second only to New York City. Common cargoes handled during the boom years included cotton, wheat, cattle and rice. Today Fast forward to today and The Port of Galveston is an enterprise utility of the City of Galveston receiving no tax payer support. The port is overseen by a six person Board of Trustees appointed by the City Council. The Port Director is responsible for the day to day activity of the Port with the Board providing input on policy and direction. The port is essentially a landlord port and therefore not involved with the operations of its “tenants”, but structures leases and agreements so there is a return on its investments. But the port is not guided solely on attaining a ROI but also seeks to act as an economic driver for the region so job creation is a key component in decision making. Attributes The Port of Galveston is located on the northern shore of the barrier island of Galveston. The port benefits from a short one hour pilotage from the Gulf of Mexico and a channel that is dredged to a depth of 45 feet. The port has a total of......

Words: 1369 - Pages: 6

Swot Analysis for the Port of Singapore.

...Conduct a SWOT analysis for the Port of Singapore. Describe the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. Strengths There are a number of factors that have given the Port of Singapore its advantage in the business environment. These factors have resulted in businesses in Singapore’s maritime industry to be supported by a secure and pro-business government, that has created a conducive tax environment for businesses to prosper. This is due to the variety of tax incentives that are available for the maritime industry. Examples of these tax incentives includes the Approved International Shipping Enterprise (AIS) Scheme, Approved Shipping Logistic Enterprise (ASL) Scheme and tax benefits for ship registration. The AIS Scheme offers income tax exemption on qualifying income from the operation of foreign-flagged ships for international shipowners and operators who authorizes important operations in Singapore. The ASL Scheme offers concessionary income tax on qualifying incremental income for established ship management companies, ship agencies, international freight forwarders and international logistics operators. Tax benefits for ship registration includes the exemption from Singapore income tax for qualifying income derived from operation of a Singapore ship. On top of that, automatic exemption from withholding tax on interest payments relating to offshore loans taken to finance ships, are given to ships registered under the Maritime Port Authority of Singapore’s......

Words: 1983 - Pages: 8

Port Project

...MARA 416 PORT PROJECT 1 Prepare (1) a written report including a list of references (3-4 pages, not including the title page) and (2) a Power Point presentation (between 4 and 6 minutes) on your assigned port. Be prepared to make your presentation orally to the class if you are invited to do so. Include the following information: 1. Background information about the port: Location, geographical type, functional type, primary cargo(s) handled, description of sea approaches and inland transport connections, description of board or form of governance. 2. Identify the Port Authority (organization in charge.) Identify the port’s mission, vision, or strategic goals (this may take some digging but can usually be found.) 3. SWOT Analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) in relation to the port’s mission or strategic goals. a. What are the internal Strengths of the port? b. What are the internal Weaknesses of the port? c. What Opportunities exist for the port in the marketplace? d. What Threats does the port face in terms of competition? Format and Standards Written work will conform to APA format, with inline citations. Times New Roman 12-point font, double-spaced No additional spaces between paragraphs. Paragraphs will be indented (first line) Margins: Top/Bottom 1.0” Left/Right 1.25” Student name and page number in upper right-hand corner (e.g. Donelan 1) Carefully stapled in the upper left-hand corner. Writing Center......

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Descargar APK | Série D'Animation | Simulatore treno 5.02