Present Day Challenges of Corrections

In: Other Topics

Submitted By slickgeek
Words 748
Pages 3
Present Day Challenges Of Corrections

In Today’s world of corrections there is a lot of talk about the effort, time and money that is put into parole. There are many that believe it is just a waste of our tax money and at the same time others truly believe that there are positive and life changing results.
The topic of “should parole be abolished” often comes up in our criminal justice classes; this question is usually followed by good debate of pros and cons. Some of the pros start off with the simple fact that it is cheaper to supervise a prisoner. It is known that the cost to have someone on parole is roughly between $7,000 and $15,000 per year and to hold someone in a cell is roughly $47,000 a year. Another important factor about Parole is that it helps control the institutional housing. Today there is just a little over 2.3 million people behind bars. The State of California has 33 prisons that should house 84,000 inmates but is currently holding more than 150,000. In 2009 a three-judge panel ordered California to reduce its overcrowded prisons by a third with a deadline of 2012.
Those that are for parole believe that everyone makes mistakes and should have another opportunity at life. Putting a prisoner on parole gives them the opportunity to feel like a human again and at the same time help contribute to society. A society that only the supervision of parole can guide them back into. Parole is probably the only method that a prisoner has to truly rehabilitate. Parole is used as a reward for behaving or showing significant interest in changing lifestyles and going down a positive road.
Present Day Challenges Of Corrections

On the other hand the public wants to know that when the judge says 10 years it is going to be 10 years, especially for dangerous criminals such as killers, rapist and violent offenders. It would be a great feeling…...

Similar Documents


...-Corrections is a booming business prisons + crime = profitable industry we have an Increasing number of people under correctional supervision 6 million people under the correctional system by the end of the century - Tough on Crime Political Stance popular public policy 20 million victimizations in 2009 repeat violent felons off of the streets treat minors as adults create mandatory sentencing laws reduce time-off-for-good-behavior - Shift in Public Opinion 4.3 million violent crimes 33 million personal theft crimes - 7.2 million 3% (1 in 33) of adults in the U.S. are under some sort of correctional supervision -Probation (community sentence) and parole are NOT the same thing -1.3% average annual increase from 2000 to 2009 But declined 1.3% in 2010 to 2009 “has the correctional population supervision increased or decreased from 2000 to 2009?” Answer: INCREASED - the majority of people in the corrections system are on PROBATION - Percentage breakdowns for types of offences: 9% Public Disorder (35% federal) DUI, indecent exposure, drunken disorderly, prostitution, etc. 18% Drug Offence (51% federal) 19% Property Offense (less than 10% federal) 53% Violent Offenses (less than 10% federal) - Regions highest to lowest South West Midwest Fed? North East - Top 5 States Federal Texas California Florida New York Notes From Ch. 1 in Textbook- - Penology the study of the use of punishment for criminal acts - Penitentiary typically......

Words: 4157 - Pages: 17

Crime to Corrections

...Crime to Corrections A guide to our Justice System By: Joseph Reagan   Abstract The following brief will be presented outside a federal courthouse to the public after a recent round up of local gang members by federal, state and local authorities. Included in the brief will be information on the process by which the suspects were taken into custody, booked and all information recorded. We will also give a detailed, step by step overview of the federal justice system as it pertains to the defendants as they work their way through the legal system. Our brief will conclude with the corrections process as it applies to a federal case. The brief is intended to make the public aware of how law enforcement, the judicial system, and corrections all work together to try to make the process through the legal system as smooth as possible to maintain due process while upholding the law.   Welcome, I understand this is a difficult and confusing time for you if you are here because of the recent arrests that occurred. I am going to explain in detail to you the steps that will be taken as each suspect is processed through the jail. I will then discuss the pretrial measures as required by law to protect the defendant as well as the victims in this case. Finally, I will discuss pretrial steps as well as what will occur should a federal trial take place for the defendant. Please hold any questions till the end of my briefing so we can get through all the information as......

Words: 1858 - Pages: 8

Challenge Day

...Manager project: Vifit, we are given the task to produce a report in which we explain the techniques , which we have been taught during the ‘Challenge day’, and how we have applied them throughout our ongoing project. The techniques we have been taught all are all tools to break away from the linear convergence thinking, to the more artistic and emotional divergence thinking. In the first paragraph a brief description of the product, chosen country, and the entry strategy will be given. In the second and third paragraph a description and explanation of the strategies, as well as, an explanation what we have learned/how we have used these different strategies/techniques in the progress of our project, will be given. Lastly, each group member will individually provide feedback on what they have learned from using these techniques. Table of Content: Product Description: 4 Strategies taught during the ‘Challenge Day’ 5 Applied techniques: 6 Individual Feedback/input: 7 Product Description: The product which we are going to export is Campina’s Yoghurt drink; Vifit. Vifit is a Yoghurt based breakfast replacement drink which contains the special compound LGG, a ‘friendly’ bacteria which aids the body’s natural resistance against viruses and harmful bacteria, in addition to providing all the nourishment needed for a healthy start of the day, or providing that little bit extra for people with an active lifestyle. Through our macro and market analysis we came to the......

Words: 1026 - Pages: 5

The Way of Life for an Indigenous Woman Raising a Family; 1940- Present Day

...subordination of women and a cause of lack of progression made. With all of the hard work women endure and go through to support their husband and family, they receive no recognition, just the degrading treatment to remind them that their husband rules over them, that they have no say, and no right to do anything without permission from their spouse. Luckily over time, Indigenous Andean women’s rights, roles, and health have developed greatly since the 1940’s due to the development of education, knowledge, empowerment, and opportunity growth for women in Latin America. In this paper I have brought to attention the rough and unfair circumstances that Latin American indigenous women of the Andes have had to endure since the 1940’s to present day. The first subject brought to attention is the topic of marriage and what it entails for a woman of the time. Also included is the role of them woman and how they are treated and disrespected by their husbands in the early decades of this century. The I continue to dicuss how in future years circumstances change, and how women become more independent and even the role’s of the household out more, if not totally turn them around. Finally, I discuss the matter of health care to indigenous women in the Andes and how their culture has affected many aspects of their decisions concerning their health and that of their family. In both aspects that I have brought to attention, over time do get better and improve with help from support of......

Words: 6767 - Pages: 28

Corrections integration. People believe juvenile offenders need discipline and support to prevent a return to crime when they get out. Juvenile incarceration facilities share some qualities in common with adult prisons, but inmates have access to education, incentive programs, and more social services and support. Drug treatment in such facilities, for example, tends to be more readily available. Inmates in a juvenile incarceration facility usually have a very tight schedule, set to impose discipline. Like adult inmates, they work around the facility on tasks like cleaning and maintenance and may also perform other tasks. Many nations require that juveniles receive an education behind bars, and people may have a set number of hours of class each day. They can pursue equivalency tests while in juvenile incarceration so they leave prison with a certificate allowing them to seek jobs requiring a high school diploma. Students may also be able to engage in correspondence courses with colleges, universities, and technical schools while they are incarcerated. The rehabilitation aspect of juvenile incarceration facilities provides more opportunities. Inmates may be able to participate in a variety of programs, ranging from religious ministries to community service. These programs teach social responsibility and also provide inmates with tools they can use upon graduation. The ex-offender might be able to seek work in the outside world, for example, rather than feel pressured to return......

Words: 1592 - Pages: 7

Managing Ethically with Global Stakeholders: a Present and Future Challenge

...Academy of Management Executive, 2004, Vol. 18, No. 2 ........................................................................................................................................................................ Managing ethically with global stakeholders: A present and future challenge Archie B. Carroll In the early 2000s, the era of corporate fraud and corruption defined by the ethical wrongdoing of Enron, WorldCom, Tyco, Arthur Andersen, and HealthSouth captured the world’s attention as never before. It soon became clear, however, that the U. S. had not cornered the market on questionable ethics. The Dutch firm Ahold and Italy’s Parmalat quickly shared center stage with scandals of their own. Domestic business ethics will continue to be a top priority. But global business ethics will demand cutting-edge thinking and practice as companies strive to expand their products, services, sales, and operations throughout the world. Regardless of what is happening in individual countries, whether at home or abroad, the primary venue for ethical debates in the future will more and more be the world stage. The primary venue for ethical debates in the future will more and more be the world stage. Globalization characterizes the international setting of business transactions in which U. S. and world multinational corporations (MNCs) will increasingly participate over the next several decades. Despite setbacks such as the attacks upon the World Trade Center in......

Words: 4322 - Pages: 18

Strategies for Community Corrections

...percent of the total adult population currently being under some form of correctional supervision, the role of community corrections is essential within the criminal justice field (Alarid & Del Carmen, 2011). Community corrections can best be described as “a nonincarcerative sanction in which offenders serve all or a portion of their sentence in the community” (Alarid & Del Carmen, 2011, p 3). With the number of offenders growing community corrections seeks to reduce recidivism, impose appropriate punishment upon offenders, as well as prepare offenders for re-entry into society. These missions or goals of probation and parole agencies are diminished due to an emergent amount of offenders with mental illnesses entering the community corrections system. “Within the context of the overall grown in community corrections populations, probation and parole officers are coming into contact with a disproportionately high number of people with mental illnesses (most of whom have co-occurring substance use disorders)” (Prins & Draper, 2009, p 1). Moreover research has found that offenders with mental illness are some of the most complex group to supervise within community corrections (Prins & Draper, 2009). “More than 60 percent of severely mentally ill offenders released from prison in 2005 returned to prison within two years” (Missouri Department of Corrections, 2011). In addition to higher recidivism rates than offenders without mental illness, offenders with mental illness......

Words: 2623 - Pages: 11

Present Day Court Case

...  For each selected law or issue, locate a present-day court case that has challenged your selected law or issue In September 2003, Dianne DeCesare filed a lawsuit against Niles City School district Board of Education stating that her Family and Medical Leave was violated. Dianne fell ill with Leukemia and asked the Superintenant that she be excused from teaching her first period class the board refused. She was forced to resign her teaching position. Dianne then filed a lawsuit against the school board stating that the Family and Medical Leave Act was violated. She filed two Family and Medical Leave Act violations in her case. 1. They failed to grant her request for leave when she fell ill. 2. The school failed to discuss her rights under the Family and Medical Leave Act. Dianne felt that her illness should have fell under the Family and Medical Leave Act and that her options should have been discussed to her prior to her resigning from her position. Though the school board did not feel that her illness qualified her to fall under the Family and Medical Leave Act the school board did fail to discuss her options under the Family and Medical Leave Act. The options under the Family and Medical Leave Act should have been discussed with Dianne when she first expressed interest in reducing her workload. In this case Dianne was granted motion for the violation of the school board not notifying Dianne of her rights under the Family and Medical Leave Act. She was also granted......

Words: 292 - Pages: 2


...Evolution of Corrections The history of punishment and the development of a system to detain offenders has evolved continuously over the centuries. The implementation of the Pennsylvania and Auburn system has set a foundation for the corrections system we use today. Having inmates perform labor during a prison sentence has contributed to the ongoing change over time of the prison system and in a way that has contributed to the rehabilitation of offenders. One might find it quite interesting to see how society and its evolution has greatly changed the system we use to punish offenders. History of Punishment Punishment for wrongful acts have dated back many centuries and could have began shortly after the beginning of the human race. One of the earliest know penal codes dates back to 1780 B.C. and is known as the Code of Hammurabi. This code was established by King Hammurabi during his reign of Old Babylon. The different types of punishment have changed greatly over the centuries. Punishments that were accepted by society in the early centuries are viewed as inhumane in our society today. The earliest responses to crime were brutal when compared to punishments in the society of the 20th century. Punishments such as torture, beatings, branding, and mutilation were accepted centuries ago. Although there are some countries that still accept some of these forms of punishment, most societies today would deem it inhumane. In today's society one is innocent until......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

90 Days Complete Body Challenge

...90 DAYS COMPLETE BODY CHALLENGE RULES 1. Must drink 3-4L of water EVERY DAY 2. Will eat every 2-3 hours 3. Workout 1 hour a day, 5-6x a week. (Follow monthly work out) 4. Use the meal plan. 5. Do not stray from the food. 6. Approved condiments: lite soy sauce, sriracha, tabasco, mustard, lemon, Mrs. Dash 7. Unsweetened tea and black coffee are okay. 8. No alcohol. Red wine once a week is okay. 9. MEAL PLAN (M, W, F, Sun) Breakfast (266 cals) * ½ cup oatmeal (150 cals) * ½ cup egg whites (63 cals) * ½ banana (53 cals) Snack 1 (115 cals) * 1 small-med apple (55 cals) * 10 unsalted almonds (60 cals) Lunch (487 cals; 477 cals (boiled eggs)) * 6 oz chicken breast (165 cals) OR 2 hard boiled eggs (155 cals) * 2 cups chopped romaine lettuce (20 cals) * 1 roma tomato (35 cals) * ½ cup unsalted shelled edamame (100 cals) * 2 tbs balsamic vinegar (23 cals) * ½ avocado (optional) (144 cals) Snack 2 * 1 serving Muscle Milk vanilla whey protein powder w/ water (130 cals) * OR * 1 serving Trader Joes vanilla soy protein powder w/ water (120 cals) Dinner (342 cals; 309 (tofu)) * 6 oz chicken breast (165 cals) OR 1/3 firm tofu package (132 cals) * 1 medium stalk broccoli (63 cals) * 1 small sweet potato (54 cals) * 10 unsalted almonds (60 cals) Snack 3 (167 cals) * ½ cup lowfat......

Words: 467 - Pages: 2


...Community corrections is a range of alternative punishments for nonviolent offenders. There are two basic community corrections models in the United States. In the first model, integrated community corrections programs combine sentencing guidelines and judicial discretion ("front-end") with a variety of alternative sanctions and parole and probation options. In the second model, some states have instituted programs in which correctional officials may direct already sentenced offenders into alternative sanction programs and parole and probation options ("back-end"). Both models are designed to help reduce prison overcrowding and are less expensive alternatives to prison. Widespread development of community correction programs in the United States began in the late 1970's as a way to offer offenders, especially those leaving jail or prison, residential services in halfway houses. The first state community correction programs began in Oregon, Colorado, and Minnesota as pilot projects with very little government-funded support. They diverted nonviolent offenders in selected pilot project areas from jails and state prisons into local alternative punishment programs. The programs were referred to as "front-end" sentencing because they allowed judges to sentence offenders to a community-based punishment rather than jail or prison. Rehabilitation programs were the preferred punishment option. In the late 1980's, prison systems across the country began experiencing serious......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5


...Dan Sullivan Criminal Justice November 25, 2013 Massachusetts Corrections “The Massachusetts Department of Correction is responsible for operating the prison system of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, US Massachusetts houses over 11,400 inmates (about 1,925 are serving life sentences) throughout 18 correctional facilities [2] and employs over 5,200 employees (about 4,000 of whom are correctional officers). The MA DOC also has a tactical unit, a fugitive apprehension unit, a gang intelligence unit, a K-9 team, a Special Reaction Team (SRT), and a Tactical Response Team (TRT). Both of these tactical units are highly trained and are paramilitary teams. The Massachusetts DOC is the largest law enforcement agency in the state of Massachusetts with a staff of 5,200, 4,000 of which are sworn officers. The agency is headquartered in Milford, Massachusetts and headed by Commissioner Luis S. Spencer” ("Massachusetts Department of Correction") “The Department provides a variety of religious services, which are supervised and coordinated by chaplain staff. Volunteer clergy and community churches assist chaplains in the provision of services. Chaplains provide regular religious services, religious education and pastoral care. In addition, chaplaincy services include Bible Study, Prayer Groups, Christian Fellowship, Christian Twelve Step, Parenting Groups, Family Religious Services, Religious Seminars and Holiday Observances. The Department recognizes that Chaplaincy Services are...

Words: 778 - Pages: 4


...goal of these programs is to prevent the individual from repeating the same crimes. If they were to commit further crimes, the individual would represent an additional cost to society. Recidivism incurs substantial courts fees and related costs. It also means that the ex-prisoner would fail to return to society as a functioning and productive individual (a net contributor) and instead continue to represent a severe drain on public resources (a burden on the nation’s finances). The benefits of reducing recidivism By reducing recidivism through prison treatment and rehabilitation programs, society sees a reduction in the overall crime rate. This drop in crime means that less money needs to be spent on building new prisons, employing more correction officers and police officers, and supporting the affiliated enforcement and legal systems. One difficulty is that, with many variables, it can be difficult to reliably quantify these savings. Cost-benefit analyses were attempted by S Aos et al (2001) in a study titled The Comparative Costs and Benefits of Programs to Reduce Crime. A key finding was that some good investment options exist to lower crime rates and related costs for taxpayers, especially programs for juvenile offenders. However, some investments are not so effective. Another key finding was that “even relatively small reductions in crime can be cost beneficial”; some of the best programs delivered a 20-30% reduction in recidivism. When deciding which prison......

Words: 1484 - Pages: 6


...Development of Corrections Women’s prisons before the 1800’s were just as bad as the men’s prisons. The women were often treated like servants and were abused just as the men prisoners were. The only exception to the abuse was pregnant women, but after the women gave birth, they were abused. The prisons were also monitored and watched over by male wards and the women prisoners were mixed in with the male prisoners. By being mixed with the male prisoners the women not only suffered from verbal abuse from the other prisoners and the wardens in the prison, they suffered from sexual abuse. Women prisons have changed since then. They have been separated from men’s prisons and are monitored by women wardens. These prisons were also changed from the traditional prison look to a look that comforts the women in the prisons. The three basic arguments that supported the separation of juvenile prisoners were “the penitentiary regimen was too hard on tender youth, juveniles would learn bad habits from older criminals and be embittered by the experience of confinement and adolescents could be reformed if they were diverted early enough into institutions designed specifically for people their age” (Foster, 2006). If there were no distinction between adult and juvenile prisons there would be children who would possibly get punished as adults and there could be adults who would receive lighter sentences due to the leniency towards juveniles. The purpose of prison......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Correction Trend

...Correction Trend Alfreda Jernigan CJA-394 02-15-2012 University of Phoenix Correction Trend Compare and Contrast- Past, Present, and Future trends pertaining to the development and operation of institutional and community based corrections Correctional programming today is at a level of effectiveness that exceeds previous expectations. Jurisdictions throughout the United States there are other programs that utilize research-based programs to educate, train and motivate offenders. Gone are the days of haphazard implementation of programs that sounded good, but often just occupied time for the offenders. The past evolution occurred for many reasons (Corrections Today, 2010). One of our biggest wake-up calls was the claim made about 30 years ago that, nothing works in corrections, in terms of rehabilitation. Although this widely publicized statement was removed from its context for some less-than-honorable purposes, it did in fact bring some attention to the conundrum that many prisons were not effective as change agents for offenders, but rather seemed only to serve the purpose of separating problems from society (Corrections Today, 2010). 7,225,800 adults were under correctional supervision (probation, parole, jail, or prison) in 2009 (U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2010). While this singular purpose was acceptable to many citizens, the more visionary leaders, both inside and outside of corrections, understood that the only good thing that could ever......

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

Shadow Fight Heroes Premium APK | Chap 737 | Kojak - Einsatz in Manhattan