In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By davetancredi
Words 1283
Pages 6
David Tancredi
Monday, May 23, 2016
Cheryl Fracasso

The Psychoanalytic theory explains behavior in terms of the interaction of various components of personality. It was founded and established by the big man himself - Sigmund Freud (Lahey, 2009; Larsen & Buss, 2012).
In Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, the model of human nature is relied on the notion of psychic energy. The psychic energy is a wellspring of motivation that motivates people to do, or not to do a particular thing. Freud believed that there were strong forces that provided all the energy required in the psychic system, naming them, instincts. He then brought together the self-preservation and sexual instincts into one, and he called it as libido, meaning, life instincts. In the beginning, Freud taught that the human mind consists of three parts the conscious, preconscious and unconscious. According to Freud, the conscious mind is the part that contains all our present thoughts, feelings and perceptions. The preconscious mind exists to store memories and information that we are not presently thinking about, but could be easily retrieved and made conscious. Freud also defined the unconscious mind as the largest part of our mind, where unacceptable thoughts and information are stored (Larsen & Buss, 2012). Freud maintained that nothing would happen by chance or by accident. He stressed that every perception, behaviors and feelings are the expression of the mind conscious, preconscious and unconscious all together He later developed the three elements of psychic apparatus to explain how the human mind works on creating and satisfying our urges. Those three elements were termed, the id, ego and superego (Snowden, 2006).
The Humanistic approach in psychology was a reaction towards the Psychoanalytic theory. Humanistic psychologist criticized Freud’s theory…...

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