Psychology a Social Science or a Natural Science

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By sociology5680
Words 623
Pages 3
Scope of Psychology - Natural Science or Social Science

Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Sociology, and Psychology, are amongst the most important sciences on planet Earth. Based on their field of study these branches of science are broadly categorised as Natural and Social sciences. At first glance one can tell that Sociology is categorised as a Social Science and subjects like Physics and Chemistry are categorised under the Physical science category of Natural Sciences, whilst Biology is categorised under the Life Science category of Natural Sciences.

To keep this essay as relevant as possible I shall only be focussing on the Life Science division of Natural Sciences.

Like Botany and Zoology, Biology studies living organisms such as plants, animals and several microorganisms. On the contrary, being a Social Science, Sociology studies the working, functioning and the behaviour of society as a whole. So what about Psychology? Is it a Social Science or a Life Science. To get a clear idea we must first define Psychology. Psychology is the study of behaviour and mind, embracing all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as thought.

To my utter disappointment, simply defining psychology will not resolve our dilemma, but it does give a clear idea of things. Psychology as a science is interested in what people think, what they feel and how they behave, the subject studies everything from the human brain to consciousness, memory and mental health ,whilst studying the same, as a subject, psychology is interested in the reasoning behind several phenomena and hence studies the working and functioning of complex organs and complex systems in an organism.

Most natural sciences like biology and botany use an empirical approach, that is they use objectivity and empirical evidence. As a science psychology does exactly this, it refers to data being…...

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