Psychology Erikson

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Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development is one of the best-known theories of personality in psychology. Much like Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. Unlike Freud's theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson's theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan (Dolgin, 37).

In each stage, Erikson believed people experience a conflict that serves as a turning point in development. In Erikson's view, these conflicts are centered on either developing a psychological quality or failing to develop that quality. During these times, the potential for personal growth is high, but so is the potential for failure (Dolgin, 38).

Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development has helped me understand the individual I am today. “Conflict” has served has a major turning point in my life. This conflict being the sudden illness of my father. This tragic event quickly helped me mature and really understand the meaning of life.

“That’s not fair” was my signature quotation as a little girl. A life full of Barbie’s, tea parties, and several rounds of Go-Fish card games was very demanding for a six year old. I could only assume the world revolved around which Barbie I wanted to be, what frilly dress I wanted to wear, and my pristine skills of winning every round of Go-Fish. As a little princess, fairness was vital to what made me happy. Being daddy’s little girl, I hate to say, I did acquire all the fairness a little princess could receive. For me, the essence of life revolved around such activities. It essentially revolved around me.

As I transitioned from child to pre-teen, I grew out of the Barbie’s and the typical childish endeavors. However, my perception of what was fair remained unaltered. Volleyball games, soccer games and gymnastic meets were all termed as ‘fun and games,’ but for me it was…...

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...Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development is one of the best-known theories of personality in psychology. Much like Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson’s theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. One of the main elements of Erikson’s psychosocial stage theory is the development of ego identity. Ego identity is the conscious sense of self that we develop through social interaction. Erikson believed people experience a conflict that serves as a turning point in development. In Erikson’s view, these conflicts are centered on either developing a psychological quality or failing to develop that quality. During these times, the potential for personal growth is high, but so is the potential for failure. The first stage of Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development (Trust vs. Mistrust) occurs between birth and one year of age and is the most fundamental stage in life. Because an infant is utterly dependent, the development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child’s caregivers. If a child successfully develops trust, he or she will feel safe and secure in the world. Caregivers who are inconsistent, emotionally unavailable, or rejecting contribute to feelings of mistrust in the children they care for. Failure to develop trust will result in fear and a belief that the world is inconsistent and unpredictable. The second......

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...Erik Erikson Table de matière * Biographie * Théorie * Les huit stades d’Érikson * Confiance vs. Méfiance * Autonomie vs. La honte et le doute * Initiative vs. Culpabilité * Travail vs. Infériorité * Identité vs. Confusion ou diffusion des rôles * Intimité vs. Isolement * Générativité vs. La stagnation * Intégrité vs. Désespoir * Bibliographie Biographie * Née à Frankfort le 15 Juin 1902 * Enfance en Allemagne et puis pays d’Europe * Études - Il étudia sous l’aile de Freud à Vienne - Peter Blow étais son mentor pendant le début de sa carrière comme psychanalyste Ses recherches - Ses première recherche se base sur les enfant d’une école américaine à Vienne. - Ses nombreuse recherche lui permet de rencontrer de grands anthropologues comme Mead, MeKeel, Benedict et Bateson. Diplôme - Il reçoit un diplôme du « Vienna Psychoanatytic Institute » en 1933 - Il vie presque toute sa vie sans recevoir une formation universitaire formelle. Emploie * Il devient un recherchiste et enseignant pour les universités de Harvard, Standfort et l’université de la Californie - Il continua par travailler avec des graduer de Harvard, des anciens combattants de la DGM, des défenseurs des droits civils et même des Indiens. * Il est un auteur respecter encore aujourd’hui par les gens qui s’intéresse dans son sujet dans sa théorie et ses recherches. * Il devient citoyens Américain en......

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Erik Erikson

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