Reading Across Disciplines

In: Science

Submitted By janice55
Words 806
Pages 4
Drug Research: Heroin
1.History and original purpose of drug.
Heroin, also known as diacetylmorphine, was first synthesized from morphine by a British chemist in 1874. It was then produced and commercialized as a product to alleviate pain by the Bayer Company in 1898. However, the narcotic’s primary effect to reduce pain was outweighed by undesirable side-effects. This made way for the banning of the drug. It is now illegal in a majority of countries in the world. Heroin is still reproduced and distributed illegally all around the world. High drug trafficking areas of the world includes the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Mexico. 3.8 million People say they have tried heroin at least once in their lifetimes. 560,000 people used heroin last year. 38,000 people used heroin last month. The rate of lifetime heroin use is higher among those in prison. Even though heroin use isn't terribly widespread, it still represents a threat. The devastating effects of heroin overdose and prolonged heroin use, along with its addicting nature, can be very damaging and put strain on loved ones of someone involved in heroin substance abuse.
2. The effects on the body and mind while under the influence of the drug: Heroin produces a feeling of euphoria, in which the user has a warm flushing of the skin, a dry mouth and feeling of having “heavy” arms and legs. After the initial rush, users will go into an alternately wakeful and drowsy state sometimes called “on the nod,” some will report itching of their skin that is quite intense. Because heroin suppresses the central nervous system, the user experiences “cloudy” mental function due to the depression of the central nervous system. Response is non-existent. The user begins to breathe at a slower rate which could lead to respiratory failure. Other effects are: slowed and slurred speech, slow gait, constricted pupils, droopy eyelids,…...

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