Rights, Freedoms and Responsibilities of the Individual in Great Britain

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Rights, Freedoms and Responsibilities of the Individual in Great Britain
Chapter 1 Historical Development of System of Human Rights in United Kingdom
1.1. Development of Human Rights in Kingdom of England from Manga Carta to Bill of Rights
1.2. Development of System of Human Rights in XVIII – XX Centuries

Historical Development of System of Human Rights in United Kingdom

The origin of human rights law extends back to the beginning of Western civilization, to the Greeks and the Romans. Much of what we now consider modern human rights law can be found in the basis of fundamental rights widely recognized by Greek and Roman lawyers. Natural law, or what the Romans called “ius natural”, was a central theme of Roman political and legal thinking. When Saint Paul said, “Yes, I am [a Roman citizen],” he was insisting on those fundamental rights to which, as a Roman citizen, he was entitled. One distinction between Saint Paul’s statement and human rights today, of course, is that in Saint Paul’s time, only Roman citizens could enjoy fundamental human rights. It is important to be aware, however, that these ideas were not all concocted in the twenty-first century. They have been around a long time and have been elaborated on over the centuries by critical notions of Christian, Islamic, and Judaic teaching. In the times since the Greeks and the Romans, major developments in human rights law have also had an enormous impact on human rights in England. Thus, began the dawn of development of human rights.
Almost 800 years ago, on 15 June 1215, in a field close to the River Thames at Runnymede, King John I of England attached his Great Seal to a document drawn up by a group of the country’s leading noblemen, collectively unhappy that their rights were being ignored by the monarch. It was the first draft of one of the most important and…...

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