Sarcophagi of Selene and Endymion

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mujaki
Words 389
Pages 2
Krista Ayala
CLA 2953.001
April 23, 2013
Sarcophagi of Selene and Endymion Roman remains such as art, architecture, and documents have offered and provided various details of their society, history, people, and way of life throughout the centuries leading up to the fall of Rome. Through their excavated remains we can discover and learn about their society and culture for instance their practices, functions, and activities. One such practice we can analyze is their practice of the burial of their dead. Romans traditionally would bury their dead outside of their cities or within a designated area much like a cemetery or a city for their dead. Romans in early times had cremated their dead like the Etruscans did and they would place their ashes within shrines and altars however this was until sometime within the first century and the second century. The change that rose within this time period was the knowledge of preserving the bodies of their dead. This led to Rome constructing sarcophagi and change to Roman traditions of burial. Romans, according to law were not permitted to bury their dead within two Roman miles of the city. Naturally, the rise of graveyards emerged within the countryside and the development of catacombs for the dead. Roman sarcophagi were constructed elaborately from marble and in some cases stone, wood, or lead. The usage of sarcophagi were traditions Etruscans and the Greek had practiced before Romans adopted the practice after some influence from Etruscan and Greek influences. Despite the popularity and emergence of the adopted tradition of sarcophagi for burial only those wealth and of high status that could afford to have the elaborate marble coffins to
Intro- introduce the tradition of burial for romans. How did romans go about burying their dead? Reason for decorating sarcophagi/urns. Did these decorations hold significant meaning?…...

Similar Documents

7th Grade Mythology Lesson Plan

...-7th Grade Lesson Plan- Greek and Roman Mythology Overview These lessons were designed to meet the global educational goals of making connections, individuality, inspiring creativity, self-awareness and comprehension through observation of the painting by Nicolas-Guy Benet, Sleeping Endymion. Strands and Standards Visual Arts The Arts Disciplines Students learn about and use the symbolic language of the visual arts. • PreK–12 STANDARD 3: Observation, Abstraction, Invention, and Expression Students will demonstrate their powers of observation, abstraction, invention, and expression in a variety of media, materials, and techniques. Connections: History, Criticism, and Links to Other Disciplines Students learn about the history and criticism of visual arts and architecture, their role in the community, and their links to other disciplines. • PreK–12 STANDARD 10: Interdisciplinary Connections Students will apply their knowledge of the arts to the study of English language arts, foreign languages, health, history and social science, mathematics, and science and technology/engineering. English Language Arts Language Strand • Standard 3: Oral Presentation Students will make oral presentations that demonstrate appropriate consideration of audience, purpose, and the information to be conveyed. • Standard 6: Formal and Informal English Students will describe, analyze, and use appropriately formal and informal English. Reading and Literature Strand • Standard...

Words: 1013 - Pages: 5

Ancient Art

...there as religious and symbolic base which was not meant to be resold but so that it was speak in to a person. One thing is not all art works from this time was salvageable. This brings me to my main focus point which is the burial art. The Etruscans art work was mainly burial art. The Etruscans were greatly influenced in religion and pottery by the Greeks long before Romans came into power. When the Romans turned into a Republic in which caused they to expand and conquer the Etruscans and the Greeks. This is where they took the customs of the land they took over. In other words they soaked in the cultures. Now with the Egyptians who were an older culture and much wiser than the others. They are known for over the top burials with gold sarcophagi, dead pets, dead slaves, and even food in urns in the tombs. Romans did what the Greeks could not do and that was taking over the Egyptian empire. In which the gods from both of the cultures were taken in with the burial customs. Now in an Islamic funeral there was a lot of contact from the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. I felt a need to focus on this piece right as the art work in which is related to burial. That is the common thing these cultures followed and had a major influence in. References The Metropolitan Museum of Art (2012) Bronze chariot inlaid with Ivory Retrieved from http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/130007494 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (2012) Bronze shield boss Retrieved from......

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

God and Goddesses

...Kronos, who ate Zeus's siblings but their mother managed to save baby Zeus. When Zeus grew up, he fed Kronos a mixture of wine and mustard to make him vomit his immortal siblings who had grown up in Kronos's stomach. Zeus is the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky, thunder and lightning. Though he is married more than once, his real queen is Hera. Zeus is the father of Hermes, Hephaestus, Hercules, Dionysus, Athena, Ares, Apollo, Artemis and Persephone. | | Hestia - goddess of the hearth, fireside, family, and home. Was one of the Olympians until she gave up her throne for Dionysus and occupies the fire on Olympus. Minor Gods * Eos - goddess of dawn and sister of Selene and Helios * Athena - goddess of wisdom and war strategy * Helios - god of the sun and brother of Selene and Eos * Selene - goddess of the moon and sister of Helios and Eos * Ariadne - goddess of passion and mazes (was a mortal princess engaged to Theseus, but was abandoned. Married the god Dionysus and was made immortal.) * Aeolus - god of winds (mortal at birth, but became immortal) * Asclepius - god of medicine. * Bia - goddess of force. * Cratos - god of strength and power. * Deimos - personification of terror; brother of Phobos. * Eris - goddess of discord. * Eros - god of love * Psyche goddess of compassion * Geras - god of old age. * Ganymede cupbearer of the Olympians. * Harmonia - goddess of harmony. * Hebe - goddess of youth. * Hecate -......

Words: 1361 - Pages: 6

Art History

...period. SARCOPHAGUS WITH RECLINING COUPLE (CH 6) The Etruscans were people who occupied the middle of Italy, centering between the Arno and Tiber rivers, just before the Romans. Unlike other civilizations of the time, the Etruscans never united their cities to form a state; they simply coexisted only united by common language, religion, and practices. Their art is influenced by Greek art and was an influence to Roman art. Although similar to Greek art, there are strong differences due to their different beliefs. One example of this is their funerary customs. The Etruscan funerary practices were unique. Although cremation was the common practice at the time, Etruscans built sarcophagi to hold the ashes. The Greeks, on the other hand, used simple graves and erected statues to mark them. The Etruscan sarcophagi were often elaborate works of art as seen in the sarcophagus with reclining couple. This terracotta sarcophagus was found in a Cerveteri tomb. It was cast in four sections and of great size. The man and woman are sharing a banquet couch, which is particular to Etruscan women who were allowed freedoms in society that other civilizations of the time did not allow. Unlike Greek emphasis on proportion, the shape of the man and woman is unnatural. The legs are flattened and the point between the legs and torso is twisted in an unnatural manner. The focus of the couple is on the upper half of their bodies and the neglect to their legs causes the top half to stand out even......

Words: 1529 - Pages: 7

Hello

...virgin goddess of wisdom and war; wears armor, including the aegis | owl, olive | Pallas | Apollo | Apollo | god of music, poetry, healing | bow, long hair, lyre, laurel | Phoebus, Delius, Cynthius | Artemis | Diana | twin of Apollo; goddess of hunt and childbirth | bow | Delia, Cynthia* | Ares | Mars | god of war |   |   | Aphrodite | Venus | goddess of love | sparrows, myrtle, doves | Cypris, Paphian, Dione | Hermes | Mercury | god of theft, commerce; messenger, escort of the dead | winged sandals and staff |   | Hephaestus | Vulcan | lame god of fire and metalwork |   |   | Hestia** | Vesta | goddess of the hearth |   |   | *Apollo and Artemis are also identified with the sun and moon (sometimes separate deities, Helios and Selene), and Artemis is further confused with the goddess Hecate, patroness of witches. **Later this twelfth place in the 'canon' of Olympians is given to Dionysus II. Other divinities Greek name | Roman name | Description | Attributes | Epithets | Dionysus | Bacchus | god of wine | vine, ivy, tigers/leopards | Bromius, Liber | Hades | Pluto | brother of Zeus; god of the underworld |   | Dis, Plutus | Persephone | Proserpina | daughter of Demeter; wife of Hades |   | Kore | Cybele | Rhea | Asian mother goddess | turreted crown | magna mater | Muses |   | daughters of Zeus and memory; goddesses of poetry | Traditional nine: Erato; Clio; Calliope; Terpsichore; Thalia; Melpomene; Euterpe; Polyhymnia; Urania. | Pierides;......

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Romantic Period

...was born November 28th 1757 in London England - Blake was a poet, painter, and printmaker - Most famous poem is “The Tyger” - Some other poems are “and did those feet”, “a cradle song”, “a dream”, “a song”, and many more. - He was said to see visions - One instance of this is when his brother died in 1787; he said he saw his brother’s soul ascend into heaven. This greatly influenced his later poetry. - In 1800 Blake moved Felpham to become a protégé of William Haley John Keats -Born in London, England on October 31st, 1795 – Just 25 years old -Wrote poems about vivid imagery, great sensuous appeal and an attempt to express a philosophy through classical legend. -Died from tuberculosis. -Studied at Enfield Academy -Wrote “Endymion” which is a four-thousand line poem based on the Greek myth of the same name. -Most famous doctrine – Negative Capability...

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Museum Report: Sarcophagus with Scenes from the Life of Achilles

...man did look taller than the central figure. III. The subject-matter of all three visible sides of the sarcophagi is the scenes from the Achilles' life. He is a Greek mythical hero of the Trojan War. The subject-matter of the relief on the right is the discovery of Achilles hiding among the daughters of Lykomedes. According to the myth, Achilles’ mother, Thetis, wants to prevent her son's death and sends him to the court of Lykomedes on the island of Skyros where Achilles is hidden among the young girls. Soon he is discovered by Odyssey (the bearded man on all three relieves) with whom he goes to Troy. On the relief in the front, Achilles mounts his chariot to drag Hector's body before the walls of Troy. Hector was the son of the Trojan king Priam. Hector mistakenly killed Achilles' friend Patroclus. Overwhelmed by his grief, Achilles kills Hector. The relief on the left side depicts Achilles putting on his armors with Odysseus' help. The relief in the back is unfinished and is not visible. Its subject-matter is the scene of the battle between the Greeks and the centaurs, which is unrelated to the Achilles' life. IV. Cremation was the most common funerary practice in Roman Empire. Under the influence of Christianity, inhumation became widespread by the third century CE. As a result of this shift, a sudden demand for sarcophagi and their decoration arose. Sarcophagi were subject of commerce in Roman Empire. Some of them were custom made, but the majority were......

Words: 955 - Pages: 4

Calcutta's Metro

...fortune told by the famed Oracle of Delphi and ran into the breathtaking and mesmerizing Selene. Sister to the famed Oracle, she was known as the maiden of the temple. Selene tended to the temple and took care of her sister while in an entranced state. And right on que they fell in love and on Ambrogio’s last night he asked her to be his wife and run away with him. Apollo, who was also smitten with Selene, was enraged with Ambrogio for taking his favorite maiden from his temple. Apollo then came to Ambrogio and cursed him from that day forward that the sunlight would burn the skin of Ambrogio. When he couldn’t leave in the morning with Selene he ran to the cave to ask Hades for help with the curse bestowed on him. Hades, god of the underworld, made him a deal - if he would trick and steal the sliver bow of Artemis, God of hunting and the moon, and bring it back, Hades would grant him and his true love protection in the underworld. All in all Ambrogio did trick and steal the silver bow of Artemis, but got caught and was cursed with silver burning his skin from that day forward. So now he could not return to Hades with the silver bow because now he could not touch it without great pain. He begged for her forgiveness and explained the whole story of the deal with Hades and the curse of Apollo and his undying love for Selene. Artemis took pity on him and made him a great hunter if he and Selene were to worship at her temple for all his days. She gave him great speed......

Words: 4038 - Pages: 17

Discuss the Nature of Love as Presented in Keats’ Endymion

...Discuss the nature of love as presented in Keats’ Endymion The poem “Endymion” by Keats presents multiple views about love. The plot itself is based off the quest of a mere mortal, Endymion, to find his love, the moon Goddess. Endymion decides to stop at nothing to find this love that he actually encountered in a dreamed. However, the reader is shown how loving a Goddess may very easily take a turn for the worst, as the author delivers examples of loved gods and goddesses from greek mythology such as Adonis and Venus and Glaucus and Circe. Putting the extreme presentation of sensual love in the plot aside, it is thought that Keats actually tried to express the need to accept physical love before spirituel love. It is believed that Keats saw love as the greatest form of happiness which he explains through “the pleasure thermometer”. “Endymion” progresses through a series of side stories and the main plot, linking them strategically to ensure the comprehension of the relevance of love. The first presentation of love in the poem is that of Endymion and Cynthia. This love seems almost impossible as the shepherd’s love emerges from a dream. When Endymion first “encounters” Cynthia, he gains the desire to find her as soon as possible, starting his notorious voyage. The journey can be analyzed as, not only physical but also, a mental journey to prepare him to attain his desire. From the beginning, the reader finds Endymion's quest for love far too imprudent, which in the......

Words: 1057 - Pages: 5

Ancient Egyptians Afterlife

...essence, did not exist as Egyptians believed the heart to be the center of reason and emotion as opposed to the brain which was removed and discarded during mummification. The body cavities were washed and packed with natron and the whole body was covered in natron (Sandison, 1967). The removed organs were stored in various jars which had stoppers designed in the shape of human heads. From the early New Kingdom (roughly 16th century BC) through the 20th dynasty, these jars were put in the canopic chest, which was later abandoned in favor of individual jars. The canopic chests were initially made of quartzite, like the king's sarcophagi, and later were made of calcite. The canopic chest took on many of the aspects of the sarcophagi, including decorations of protective goddesses. The canopic chest was sometimes placed into a niche at the foot of the sarcophagi, or could also be stored elsewhere within the tomb. Coffins were mostly anthropoid, taking the shape of the king’s body or having a feather pattern decorated on the lid, which represented the mummy as a bird ba, or soul of the deceased. In ancient Egypt, it was a “stonable” offence to harm the Pharaoh, even after death, thus the person who performed the incision and other operations in the mummification process, was ceremonially chased away and had rocks thrown at him, (Historical Egypt). During the Old Kingdom embalmment was reserved for a selected few, but with time it became available to wider sections of society.......

Words: 2273 - Pages: 10

Art Survey

...and I quote, "Outside the city walls of Rome, adjacent to major roads, catacombs were dug into the ground to bury the dead. Families would have chambers or cubicula dug to bury their members. Wealthy Romans would also have sarcophagi or marble tombs carved for their burial; The Christian converts wanted the same things. Christian catacombs were dug frequently adjacent to non-Christian ones, and sarcophagi with Christian imagery were apparently popular with the richer Christians." A conspicuous aspect of the Christian art, noted in the third century, is the leave of direct imagery; by that I mean during the early period there were no images based off of Christ's Resurrection or Crucifixion. However, the themes were still there in abundance; "For example the story of Jonah being swallowed by a great fish and then after spending three days and three nights in the belly of the beast is vomitted out on dry ground was seen by early Christians as an anticipation or prefiguration of the story of Christ's own death and resurrection. Images of Jonah along with those of Daniel in the Lion's Den, the Three Hebrews in the Firey Furnace, Moses Striking the Rock, among others are widely popular in the Christian art of the third century both in paintings and on sarcophagi." One can effortlessly visualize how empowering those images and works of art could be for those persecuted. Their faith and prayers must have been answered, because an event soon unfolded that changed everything in Rome......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Mythology

...neighborhood in which the story unfolds ironically being called Elysian Fields. Pygmalion, G.B. Shaw. This play tells the story of a misogynistic sculptor who creates his perfect woman and prays to Aphrodite for the statue to be brought to life. The musical My Fair Lady is loosely based on this play. Brand Names Ajax trademark [Gk, a hero in the Trojan War who rescued the body of Achilles] : a brand of cleaner Argonaut trademark [L Argonautes, fr. Gk Argonautes, fr. Argo, ship in which the Argonauts sailed + nautes sailor] : a computer software company Aurora trademark [L, dawn or the Roman goddess of dawn] : a make of automobile Hyperion trademark [fr. L, fr. Gk Hyperion, a Titan, the father of Helios, Selene, and Eos] : a book publishing company Janus trademark [fr. Janus Roman god of beginnings who is represented artistically with two opposite faces] : a brand name of watch Mars trademark [fr. Mart-, Mars Roman god of war] : a brand of candy bar Mercury trademark [L Mercurius Mercury, Roman god of merchandise, trade, and theft] 1 : a record production label 2 : a make of automobile Nike trademark [Gk Nike Goddess of victory] : a brand of athletic shoe Olympus trademark [L, fr. Gk Olympos, a mountain in Thessaly that in Greek mythology is the abode of the gods] : a photographic technology company Orion trademark [L, fr. Gk Orion, a giant hunter slain by Artemis in Greek mythology] : a......

Words: 5942 - Pages: 24

God and Goddesses

...islands and the sea. Nyx-The goddess of the night. Uranus-The god of the heavens (Father Sky); father of the Titans. The Ourea-The gods of mountains. Phanes-the gods of procreation The Twelve Titans Hyperion-Titan of light. With Theia, he is the father ofHelios (the sun), Selene (the moon), and Eos(the dawn). Iapetus-Titan of mortality and father of Prometheus,Epimetheus, Menoetius and Atlas. Coeus-Titan of intelligence and the axis of heaven. Crius-Father of Astraeus, Pallas and Perses. Not much is known about him.[8] Cronus-The leader of the Titans, who overthrew his father Uranus. He was later overthrown by his own son, Zeus. Not to be confused withChronos, the god of time. Mnemosyne-Titan of memory, and mother of the Nine Muses. Oceanus-Titan of the ocean, the great river that flows around the earth. Phoebe-Titan of prophecy, and consort of Coeus. Rhea-Titan of fertility and mothers. She is the sister and consort of Cronus, and mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter and Hestia. Tethys-Wife of Oceanus, and the mother of the rivers, fountains and clouds. Theia-Titan of sight and the light of the sky. She is the consort of Hyperion, and mother of Helios, Selene and Eos. Themis-Titan of divine law and order. Other Titans Asteria-Titan of oracles and falling stars. Astraeus-Titan of dusk, stars and planets and the art ofastrology. Atlas-Titan who was forced to carry the sky upon his shoulders by Zeus. Son of Iapetus. Aura-Titan of the......

Words: 9340 - Pages: 38

Ancient Greece

...Κρόνος (Crónos) | Cronus | The leader of the Titans, who overthrew his father Uranus only to be overthrown in turn by his son, Zeus. Not to be confused with Chronos, the god of time. | Ὑπερίων (Hyperíōn) | Hyperion | Titan of light. With Theia, he is the father of Helios (the sun), Selene (the moon), and Eos(the dawn). | Ἰαπετός (Iapetós) | Iapetus | Titan of mortality and father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, Menoetius, and Atlas. | Mνημοσύνη (Mnēmosýnē) | Mnemosyne | Titaness of memory and remembrance, and mother of the Nine Muses. | Ὠκεανός (Ōceanós) | Oceanus | Titan of the all-encircling river Oceans around the earth, the fount of all the Earth's fresh-water. | Φοίβη (Phoíbē) | Phoebe | Titaness of the "bright" intellect and prophecy, and consort of Koios. | Ῥέα (Rhéa) | Rhea | Titaness of fertility, motherhood and the mountain wilds. She is the sister and consort ofCronus, and mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia. | Τηθύς (Tēthýs) | Tethys | Titaness of fresh-water, and the mother of the rivers, springs, streams, fountains, and clouds. | Θεία (Theía) | Theia | Titaness of sight and the shining light of the clear blue sky. She is the consort of Hyperion, and mother of Helios, Selene, and Eos. | Θέμις (Thémis) | Themis | Titaness of divine law and order. | Other Titans | Ἀστερία (Astería) | Asteria | Titaness of nocturnal oracles and falling stars. | Ἀστραῖος (Astraîos) | Astraeus | Titan of dusk, stars, and planets, and the art......

Words: 17888 - Pages: 72

Segregation by Law

...Daniel that her name was Selene. Selene wondered the lands in search for Daniel for many a year. Yet he could not be found any where. Selene continued to look for him for another year, But still he could not be found. Selene knew if she did not complete the task that was appointed to her, that her father would be angry with her. So she again continued to look. Another year had come and gone. Selene was on the verge of giving up for all hope of finding him was lost. And at that one moment of weakness, had Daniel shown up out of no where. Why he had shown up then was still a mystery to Selene. But she rejoiced anyway. Her task was to have Daniel see her as nothing more than a woman who needed his help. And Selene had played her part well. She had felt her father’s happiness in her soul, and she was glad. Daniel was clueless of Darkness’s plan, and he was helpless agianst her beauty. He decided to take her with him, to where he had been hiding. His hiding place was in a high mountain, where he could be close to his God. So that he could worship him and get council from him when needed. God had told him of a girl that Darkness had created and warned him to be careful. But that she was still a woman that he could save if he so chose so. God told Daniel of her origin, how she came to be and how she could be saved. And ofcourse Daniel was over joyed, for even though he had his God, he longed for companionship. How he longed for his life to be shared. Selene had stayed......

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

EaseUS Partition Master 13.0 Technician Edition + Medicine[BabuPC] | La Guerra De Los Garm: El Ultimo Druida | Antechinus