Socialism and Liberalism

In: Social Issues

Submitted By t8075ag
Words 705
Pages 3
Socialism and Liberalism

For hundreds of years people have been developing ideas on how governments should function and interact with their citizens. These ideas have run the gamut of possibilities from governments that control every aspect of life to governments with limited power where individual liberty is encouraged. Two ideologies that gained prominence in the 17th and 18th centuries were Liberalism and Socialism. Socialism is an ideology where citizens are best served by policies focused on meeting the basic needs of the entire society rather than by policies focused on serving the needs of individuals as individuals. (Grigsby, 2011) Liberalism arose from the writings of John Locke who believed in a limited government and protection of the rights of individuals, this is known as Classical Liberalism. This theory was expanded on in the 19th century and became known as Modern Liberalism. Modern liberals believe in an interventionist government and expansive liberty. (Grigsby, 2011) In recent years in the United States, some have tried to make these two ideologies synonymous. While they may share some characteristics these two ideologies are not the same. Socialism is not Liberalism and Liberalism is not Socialism. Interventionist government and expansive liberty are the two main points of Modern Liberalism. An interventionist government is government that takes a role in regulating economic and social interactions. (Grigsby, 2011) Expansive liberty is defined as a form of liberty promoted by interventionist government where government acts to promote conditions in which human potential can be maximized. (Grigsby, 2011) The basic components of a liberalist government would include social welfare programs, individual civil rights, and economic equality. A Liberalist government will create programs to help the poor or disadvantaged. These…...

Similar Documents


...According to James Henslin, socialism is defined as an economic system with three main components that distinguish it from others systems such as capitalism. One component is the public ownership of the means of production, the second is central planning, and the third is the distribution of goods without a profit motive. (Henslin 386) In contrast to capitalism, with socialism, the public ownership of companies means that there is only one producer of goods and services, and prices are influenced by the cost of production not supply and demand or market competition. The government creates its own monopoly, but instead of controlling just one industry the government controls every industry. The central committee decides what the country will need, and how much they will charge for the products. There is no profit motive, only to produce the goods that will promote the general welfare. According to Henslin, these goods are then distributed according to people's needs rather than their ability to pay. (Henslin 386) In order for a government to do be able to produce goods in an effective manner they must own the land, factories, transportation and all other industries that support production. Such as the oil industry, the energy sector, minerals and forestry. The government also becomes the only employer, and all employees would be government employees. According to Henslin, this includes the central committee members, the factory workers, truck drivers, sales clerks, and even...

Words: 510 - Pages: 3


...On what grounds have liberals defended constitutionalism? Liberals see constitutionalism as the practice of a limited government brought about by the existence of a constitution. The liberal support for constitutionalism is separated into two forms; external and internal constraints. This is important within liberalism because it allows the individual to be free from restrictions and stop the threat on individual liberty. External constraints limit powers of the government bodies and politicians, usually through legal checks. The most notable of which is a written constitution, this codifies what the government institutions can and cannot do. A written constitutional is written down in one single document, for example the US constitution. Within liberalism protecting the individual is most important aspect. Therefore liberals defends constitutionalism because an external constraint entrenches individual right by providing legal definition about the relationship between the state and the individuals themselves. The US constitution refers to this as the “bill of rights”. If there are no legal constraints, the government could act to benefit themselves at the expense of others. Internal constraints disperse the power among a number of institutions. This in turn creates a network of “checks and balances”. Montesquieu stated that “power should be a check to power”. Liberals defend constitutionalism because it stops the development of absolute authority or dictatorial power......

Words: 356 - Pages: 2


...Socialism is a type of economic system, a political movement, and a social theory. Socialism is based on the idea that governments should own and control a nation's resources rather than individuals. Socialism was first used to describe opposition to the free enterprise and market economies. The Industrial Revolution was the cause of many social problems. Long work hours, low pay, and poor working conditions caused Americans to first consider socialism. With government involvement in business, fairer treatment for all was feasible. Most countries today have socialist parties, many have socialist governments, and others who are in between have adopted socialist ideas. Communism and socialism are often associated together. Socialism is a stage of government usually leading up to communism. Government must first control businesses if it is to be considered a communist nation. Democratic socialists believe some government control is necessary to force people to become good citizens, but too much can lead to not enough freedoms. Socialism is seen as an efficient form of government. Capitalism, on the other hand, leads to unemployment, poverty, business cycles, and conflict between owners. Through socialism a nations wealth can be distributed more equally. Socialism is therefore based on cooperation rather than competition. Socialist believe that by creating an economic plan, farmers, manufacturers, workers, and government officials can properly adjust the......

Words: 293 - Pages: 2

Liberalism vs Socialism

...When people think of liberalism and socialism, they tend to sometimes get the terms confused with one another. That is understandable considering our ever changing world of politics. While similar in some ways, there is a distinction between liberalism and socialism. However, in order to identify the differences between the two, one must analyze both side’s history and origin. The definition of liberalism has changed from its beginning to today. Liberalism consists of two types; classical liberalism and modern liberalism. Classical liberalism was based on ideas formed by John Locke and Adam Smith. Locke was known as the “originator of liberalism (Analyzing Politics, 5th ed.). In his book, Two Treatises of Government, Locke expressed that he agreed with the idea of limited government. He believed that as long as people followed the laws of nature, which are, preserve yourself, do not harm others, and help others if possible, then there would be little need for government intervention. Although Locke acknowledged that classes of rich and poor would be born through economic change, both him and Adam Smith believed that economic inequality was not necessarily “unjust or unfair (Analyzing Politics, 5th ed.). In the end, both Locke and Smith were in favor of limited government and Smith argued that government should be limited to security, roads, bridges, and schools. Modern liberalism was based on the ideas of English philosopher T.H. Green. Green argued against......

Words: 814 - Pages: 4


...Socialism High Point University ECO 207 Tony Benjamin Socialism Socialist government is not state government. It would not rule over people and places, but would empower the people to rule over things. Socialism means a government in which the people collectively own and democratically operate the industries and social services through an economic democracy (SLP 2006). Under socialism, it is his/her fellow citizens and co-workers who create the policies and conditions for its community and working environment. It is they who establish local criteria through local independent boards, commissions and councils, acting in a democratic fashion. It is the people who have the authority, the ownership and control of the communities and their workplaces, and not the government nor a small group of executives or military brass (SLP 2006). Historically, in the early 1900’s, it was the Socialists who advocated a 40-hour work week, and a six-day work week; plus, child labor laws, workers compensation, unemployment insurance, social security, Medicare, collective bargaining, woman’s suffrage, and civil rights(Moore 2009). Socialists solely opposed World War I, which was ultimately fought for gold, money and corporate greed. Neither the Republicans nor the Democrats embraced these concepts until much later in the century. The Socialist council directs regional, state and federal governments how to administer a national health system, a quality housing plan, full......

Words: 1271 - Pages: 6

Liberalism vs Socialism

...Political Science 330 March 23, 2014 Liberalism vs Socialism There have been many ways countries/colonies have been governed throughout history. Some forms of government were able to lead their people using peaceful means. Some were chaotic and involved massive bloodshed. Liberalism derived from the word liberty is a form of that has two forms, classical and modern. Classical liberalism heavily rooted from Jock Locke and Adam Smith of the seventeenth and eighteenth century. Modern liberalism introduced around the nineteenth century uses classical liberalism as a structured base with some modified theorists from Jane Adams and T. H. Green. Socialism introduced around the early nineteenth century is another form of government which is similar yet different than liberalism. Socialists deriving from the word society, believe in meeting basic needs of the entire society. Socialism has two types as well which include Marxism-Leninism and social democracy. Socialists and liberals share similar positions on many social issues such as civil rights, gay rights and gender equality. They oppose racism and sexism as well as keep religion out of the government. Both forms of government support Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, minimum wage as well as other laws and regulations aimed at helping poor and working people. Classical and modern liberalism differ in slight but significant ways. In classical liberalism, the people are more important than the state. The people have their......

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

Liberalism and Socialsim

...Comparing two Ideologies Liberalism and Socialism Danny Milla Political Science Modern Theory Professor James Stone May 10, 2014 Introduction During the 20th Century the old type of economic system Feudalism, became virtually extinct. At this time two powerful economic systems came to be. First the command economy, which involved more government control of the economy, and second was the market type which believed in free trade and no regulation. This led to a new economic world order which changed the ideologies at the time. Socialism is regarded as the more left wing radicalization of liberalism. Socialism starts on the normative principles that started the bourgeois revolution. Liberal society seeks to embody these ideals of freedom, free trade, and capitalism. Socialism is a more extreme way of pushing forward for liberalism. As Etienne Balibar would say Liberalism’s core values liberty and equality exist in a state of tension with their supposed intentions in the structure of liberal society. This results in a struggle that tends to outrun the limits of liberal capitalism. For Americans socialism and liberalism have a distinct relationship. That binds the economic power into a market, which allows for trade and profit. But after this the ideologies of liberalism and socialism come into effect. Yet for the Europeans especially the left wing for them the idea of a relationship between these two is scandalous. Liberals see socialists as......

Words: 627 - Pages: 3


...Socialism is the antithesis of individualism, which gave birth, to the capitalistic system of society. Socialism came as a countering force against the injustice and incompetence of capitalism, which involved exploitation of peasants and workers by those who own the instruments of production. The advocates of Socialism regard the State as the instrument of achieving the greatest good of the largest community. It does not minimise the importance of the individual but seeks to subordinate the individual to the community. Gandhiji also looks upon the state as an instrument of oppression of the common people. It attaches importance to such liberty only as may be necessary' for the fullest development of the personality of the individual, consistent with the total need of the community. It thinks that the interest of the individual can be best safeguarded and promoted by maximising the control of the State. But according to the latter, i.e. the democrats, the above end may be secured by curtailing the functions of the State to the lowest possible minimum. Thus, the two schools of thought differed more in their political methods than in the legitimacy of ends. Socialism is both an economic and a political doctrine. It seeks to abolish private ownership of the means of production on the ground that such ownership and management lead to social inequalities and incompetence. Hence, the socialists want to promote the common economic, political and moral interests of the people by......

Words: 936 - Pages: 4


...In The Jungle, Upton Sinclair describes the horrors of living in a capitalist society to make a compelling argument for socialism. Capitalism is where people compete to be higher than another. It is based on making a profit individually. Whereas Socialism is where things are discussed to meet everyones needs. In The Jungle, Sinclair uses examples of the living and working conditions, unfair wages, and the selfish people who trick the poor out of their money to show how capitalism is bad. The living and working conditions were not healthy or sanitary because the American corporations could afford to slack off on their responsibilities. The houses and working places were not being monitored by the state. Jurgis and his family were “foreign” to New York, and only heard good things of it. When they moved there, the living conditions were as bad, if not worse than where they came from. Jurgis and is family are forced to live in crowded boarding houses which had been built on land that was once a dump. Multiple families live together in crowded rooms in order the pay the high rents. They are easily swindled because of their naivety. Children have no place to play and end up playing in the dumps. The working conditions are also terrible. Jurgis works for a meat packing company and they are many workers hurt on the job. On top of that, the company is so unsanitary that some people died from these horrible conditions. Another terrible thing that goes on in the meat packing company...

Words: 679 - Pages: 3


...D’Andrea Coulter Traina Government 2305 09/10/10 Liberalism “If by a “liberal” they mean someone who looks ahead and not behind, someone who welcomes new ideas without ridged reactions, someone who cares about the welfare of the people – their health, their housing, their schools, their jobs, their civil rights, and their civil liberties- someone who believes we can break through the stalemate and suspicions that grip us in our policies abroad, if that is what they mean by a “liberal” then I’m proud to say I’m a liberal” – John F. Kennedy Liberalism “is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality.” (Girvetz). Liberals stand for the protection of individuals from being harmed by others and who better to protect these individuals then the government. However, they have their cons about government. Liberals notice it’s possible that the government can be a threat to liberty. They believe in the system that makes sure the government protect the citizens of America, but prevents those who governs the people not to abuse their power. The different schools of political thought that fall under the banner of liberalism are that liberals have many ideas that they support such as free and fair elections, private property, civil rights, religion, freedom of the press, sex education, paying taxes, social programs (like food stamps, social security and health care…etc.), and free trade. Liberalism and conservatism make the two major......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3


...In 19th century dramatic effects of Industrial Revolution prompted the rise of Classical or "Utilitarian" Liberalism throughout Europe and United States. The foundation of this new social philosophy was the rule of law designed for protecting the freedom of the individual, which required some restrictions placed on the power of the government. The idea of a limited government involvement led to the concept of a deregulated economy, which was supported by the emerging field of political economy, or classical economics. Eventually, by the end of the century, Liberalism evolved into so-called Social Darwinism, which took the principles of small government and economic liberty to their absolute. This new form of liberal thinking argued that the principle of "Survival of the Fittest" was applicable and in fact beneficial to the society as a whole. Apparent ruthlessness associated with such an approach was justified by claiming this to be the only way our society could progress. Overall, the deregulated economic environment of United States in early 20th century ultimately brought forward the Great Depression of 1930s. It was the Great Depression that made Franklin D. Roosevelt's the New Deal a reality. This vast and comprehensive set of policies was the first venture of United States government into the realm of Welfare State, which manifested in government-provided relief and aid targeted at unemployed and distressed citizens. In 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson built upon......

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Socialism vs Liberalism

...The terms ‘socialism’ and liberalism’ are used a lot nowadays, and many people often mistake one for the other. In order to differentiate between these two terms, one must keep in mind the clear-cut differences by defining the prevailing ideology of each term. The tenets of socialism assert that the state should wield total economic power by manipulating prices of goods and wages of workers. Furthermore, socialism requires people to submit to the rule of law. In return for their compliance, citizens are provided with resources rationed by the government. On the other hand, liberalism is more challenging to define since it is further divided into classical and modern liberalism. Classical liberalism states that the government should take control of an institution in order to ensure that it continues to be of service to the people, free of charge. Classical liberalism does not see any need for the government to enforce law and order and subjugate its citizens under the iron rule of law and order. However, modern liberalism veers away from this ideology by adding a new twist. Modern liberalism asserts that aside from ensuring economic and political security, it is also the government’s job to interfere with people’s day-to-day affairs in order to maintain social security. Modern liberalism, in effect, can be compared to socialism, because both of them assert that the government can effectively uplift its citizens not only by seizing control of the economy or private......

Words: 633 - Pages: 3


...Edberg Espinoza Writing Studies II Lindsey Wilson College 5/1/2015 Socialism in Cuba and Venezuela The Socialist ideology policy that titles those philosophies and political actions that protect an economic and political system founded on the organization of production systems and social control by an organized bottom-up workers' state, economic and political sectors to evade that a minority of citizens owning the means of to exercise the abuse of a majority that does not possess the means of production is enforced to sell their labor in exchange for a salary. This socialist ideology has been enforced in two countries for several years; Cuba and Venezuela, but this has not been solved yet, and it’s a topic that everybody should knew something. I will start with Cuba and then Venezuela, and then I will compare them so the reader can know the similarities between them. The first intentions to implement socialism in Cuba come with Fidel Castro and Ernesto "Che" Guevara and his attempts to overthrow the dictatorship of then-President Fulgencio Batista, the dictatorial president was unconditional ally of the United States . They had already had approaches with communist leaders especially from Mexico, there was brewing a plan for the dissemination of communist ideas and policies, especially at the head of Leon Trotsky. In the Cuban revolution that culminated in Batista fled and the establishment of Fidel Castro in power in 1959, who in four years as the island proclaimed......

Words: 2790 - Pages: 12


...promotion of constitutional reform. Discuss. (30) Individual rights are at both the centre of liberal philosophy and liberal party politics. From the days of classical liberalism, Locke discussed natural rights. The libertarian strand of liberalism with Nozick focuses on entitlement rights. The modern day Liberal Democrats state ‘the protection of civil liberties are at the heart of our purpose and philosophy’. Human rights help individuals gain freedom and liberty thus liberals must protect them. Also constitutional reform has been long connected to liberalism due to liberals fear of state power and want for individual freedom. Moreover, constitutional reform places balances and checks on government. The lib-dems have kept their loyalty to a more representative voting system within the coalition, shown through their instigation of the AV referendum in 2011. Human rights are rights that everyone is entitled to despite citizenship, for example freedom of speech. Lockes natural rights embodies human rights. Bentham dismissed natural rights as ‘nonsense on stilts’ stating that rights were but the child of law. The Lib-Dems support for Labours Human Rights Act shows protection of human rights/naturals rights but creating legislation. Modern liberals place rights to groups, not only individuals as the classical liberals promote, such as homosexuals in order to achieve equality of opportunity. The Liberals democrat party in the UK has shown its close association with the......

Words: 376 - Pages: 2


...Part of a series on Liberalism Development[show] Ideas[show] Variants[show] People[show] Organizations[show] • Liberalism portal • Politics portal • v • t • e • 1. • • • • • • • • • • Words such as liberal, liberty, libertarian, and libertine all trace their history to the Latin liber, which means "free". One of the first recorded instances of the word liberal occurs in 1375, when it was used to describe the liberal arts in the context of an education desirable for a free-born man.[13] The word's early connection with the classical education of a medieval university soon gave way to a proliferation of different denotations and connotations. Liberal could refer to "free in bestowing" as early as 1387, "made without stint" in 1433, "freely permitted" in 1530, and "free from restraint"—often as a pejorative remark—in the 16th and the 17th centuries.In 16th century England, liberal could have positive or negative attributes in referring to someone's generosity or indiscretion.[13] In Much Ado About Nothing, Shakespeare wrote of "a liberal villaine" who "hath...confest his vile encounters".[13] With the rise of the Enlightenment, the word acquired decisively more positive undertones, being defined as "free from narrow prejudice" in 1781 and "free from bigotry" in 1823.[13] In 1815, the first use of the word liberalism appeared in English.[14] In Spain, the Liberales, the first group to use the liberal label in a......

Words: 2991 - Pages: 12

افلام عربى 56 وثائقى HD مشاهدة وتحميل فيلم الوثائقى ناصر و زمن المجد الجزء الثانى اون لاين | Coppelion (0) | sungeorge