Sociology Chapter 1

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CHAPTER 1

Sociology - scientific study of social structure

Social Structure - all humans live in structural societies

general value specific norms > rules specific roles > status

3 Questions
1) who created? how were they created? (norms)
2) normative behaviors > who rewards & how
3) who punishes normative behaviors & how

live our lives in a package of norms -- comes together as roles

diffusion - the process by which things spread

informal social norms > EDL (every day life) formal social norms > MSL (major social institutions) >>> Islam

ordinance - law/rule passed by small government body (town or city)

- Patterns of behaviors individuals share with others in their group or society
- Predictability & reassurance of social behavior

ex) students in a classroom may act different - different methods of studying, taking notes, acting. However the general structure is the same….Professors lecture, students listen. exams are given, students take them

**It is the recurrent patterned interaction of people and social structures created by such interactions that grabs the attention of sociologists

Group Behavior VS Individual Behavior

-People's behavior within a group setting can not be predicted from the characteristics of individual group members.
- Group members generally tend to act like each other even when their personal preferences are not the same as the rest of their group.

Conformity
- we live in groups ranging from size > family to maybe an entire society/community. all encouraged by conformity (promoted by social forces that individuals do not create and can not control)
- because of this….people who belong in similar groups tend to think, act, and feel the same way.

Why….
-because most of the members in a group believe that their group's way of thinking, feeling, and behaving are the best.
- some…...

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