Spanish Conquerd

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jbanana
Words 570
Pages 3
The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (begun February 1519) was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

The conquest must be understood within the context of Spanish patterns on the Iberian Peninsula during the Reconquista by Christians, defeating the Muslims, who had ruled the peninsula since 711. These patterns extended to the Caribbean following Christopher Columbus' establishment of permanent European settlement in the Caribbean. The Spanish authorized expeditions or entradas for the discovery, conquest, and colonization of new territory, using existing Spanish settlements as a base. Many of those on the Cortés expedition of 1519 had never seen combat before. In fact, Cortés had never commanded men in battle before. However, there was a whole generation of Spaniards who participated in expeditions in the Caribbean and Tierra Firme (Central America), learning strategy and tactics of successful enterprises. The Spanish conquest of Mexico had antecedents with established practices.[2]

The Spanish campaign began in February 1519, and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan warriors led by Hernán Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger captured the emperor Cuauhtemoc and Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire.

During the campaign, Cortés was given support from a number of tributaries and rivals of the Aztecs, including the Totonacs, and the Tlaxcaltecas, Texcocans, and other city-states particularly bordering Lake Texcoco. In their advance, the allies were tricked and ambushed several times by the people they encountered. After eight months of battles and negotiations, which overcame the diplomatic resistance of the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II to his visit, Cortés arrived in Tenochtitlan on November 8, 1519, where he took up residence, welcomed by…...

Similar Documents

Spanish

...Conversation in Spanish In many continents in the world, such as Europe, Northern Africa, Central and South America, Spanish is primarily spoken. In these various regions of the world, Spanish has a unique style, and is expressed in a plethora of dialects. In many ways the culture is incorporated into the language and it exhaust a lot of emotion in its morphological and phonological structure. Furthermore to clearly outline the Spanish language I will be comparing it with the English language. I will also like to focus in the region of Central America, in the country of Mexico. To generalize how diverse and complex Spanish can be, in this essay I will discuss, the six commonly used Speech Acts and give some examples, Language and gender, and cross cultural significance. In various aspects Spanish is very similar to Spanish. When we refer to speech acts we primarily focus on the ones we use daily. “Among the various kinds of speech acts, six have received particular attention:” Representatives, Commissives, Directives, Declarations, Expressives, and Verdictives. (Finegan 2008) Representatives in Spanish a.k.a. Representativos are quite often used in the language. For example: “Pienzo que esa camisa esta muy grande para ti.” (I think that shirt is too big for you) Another Speech act that is used is the Commissives. Por exemplo: “Si no te sales de mi tiera te prometo que te saco a balasos!” (If you don’t get out of my land I will shoot you) I may seem like an aggressive......

Words: 440 - Pages: 2

Spanish

...vocabGCSE 09 Spanish Vocabulary book Version- Draft 1 GCSE Spanish Edexcel GCSE in Spanish Edexcel GCSE 2009 Spanish Vocabulary Book Edexcel are pleased to oprovide this free vocabulary book freely to support learners following the the Edexcel GCSE 2009 Specification in Spanish. Please note: the most up to date version of this document is available on the Edexcel website and a definitive list of core vocabulary is available in the Edexcel Specification. Introduction This bilingual glossary has been produced to support you in your language learning and to help you prepare for the Edexcel GCSE. It features a revised minimum core vocabulary foundation level vocabulary (this has been expanded from the original one in the specification) as well as higher level vocabulary. English meanings, genders and irregular word endings are given and the vocabulary is listed both alphabetically and under the following Edexcel headings: High Frequency Language Verbs Adjectives Colours Adverbs Numbers Quantities Connecting Words Time Expressions Times Days of the Week Months of the Year Question Words Countries Continents Nationalities Areas/Mountains/Cities/Rivers Acronyms and Abbreviations Social Conventions Prepositions Listening and Reading Topics Out and About - Visitor Information, Basic Weather, Local Amenities, Accommodation, Public Transport, Directions Customer Services and Transactions - Cafes and Restaurants, Shops, Dealing with Problems Personal Information -......

Words: 22359 - Pages: 90

Spanish

...socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought” (Culture, 2010, pg. 5) Culture of Spain Spain’s culture includes the personal beliefs of religion, the practices of the society, and the attitudes of the people. The Spanish culture has made adjustments to meet the demands of the international and the way of doing business in Europe, but retains much of its older, more comfortable traditions as well.  Spain is relatively consistent in its population ethnicity, unlike Germany in which one must bear a German family name to be a citizen. Spain’s ethnicity varies in itself because the different regions within the country. The influence of the Moors from centuries ago still plays a part in the architecture and beliefs of some people. Spain embraces its art and architecture that consists of aqueducts, castles, historic churches, and housing.  The largest cities, such as Barcelona, still maintain buildings that are both traditional in style and features.  The cities also maintain their small and narrow streets.  Various Elements of the Spanish Culture Spain has a rich linguistic heritage. Spain has four official languages; “Castilian Spanish (the most commonly spoken), Catalan (used in Cataluña and the Balearics), Basque (spoken in the Basque regions of both France and Spain) and, finally, Galician. There are also a number of local dialects such as Valéncian and Andulucian” (Spain culture- guide, 2008).   These......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4

Spanish

...S310: Spanish Grammar and Composition Spring 2005 Instructor: ________________________________ Email: _______________________ Office: ____________ Office Hours: ______________________ Phone: __________________ Required materials: 1. Repase y escriba: Curso avanzado de gramática y composición, 4th edition, María Canteli Dominicis and John J. Reynolds. John Wiley and Sons, 2003 2. Workbook for Repase y escriba,4th edition 3. Coursepack: Spanish Grammar: A Quick Reference, David Wren 4. A good Spanish/English dictionary Course objectives: To review and strengthen your understanding and use of major concepts of Spanish grammar including grammatical tenses, the subjunctive, pronominal verbs, passive forms, prepositions, and subordination, among other grammatical points. In addition, culture-related readings in Spanish will provide you with opportunities to learn new vocabulary in context and to practice conversation by means of in-class discussions. You will also learn and practice the general guidelines of how to write a composition, including organization and structure, coherence, sentence structure, word choice, accentuation, etc. The class will be conducted in Spanish. Pre-requisite: S275, placement exam, or departmental permission. Note: This class is the equivalent of S311. If you have already taken S311, see your instructor. Daily preparation: Before class, carefully read and study the......

Words: 3596 - Pages: 15

Spanish

...SPANISH I Unidad I ¡İHola! ____________________________________________________________________________ A. Presentaciones Lee y Escucha. Un grupo de turista esta en el Zocalo, en Ciudad de Mexico, esperando para comenzar la vista a la Cathedral Diego: ¡Hola! Me llamo Diego Ramirez.Elvira: ¡Hola!, ¿que tal?Diego: ¿Como te llamas?Elvira: Elvira.Diego: ¿De donde eres, Elvira?Elvira: Soy española. Y tu, ¿eres mexicano?Diego: Si, soy de Veracruz.Elvira: ¿Y donde vives? ¿Vives en Veracruz?Diego: No, vivo en Ciudad de Mexico. | Para ayudarte * Decir tu nombre y preguntar a alguien el suyoA. ¿Como te llamas?B. Me llamo Laura | * El lugar de residenciaA. ¿Donde vives?B. En Bogota. | * Origen / nacionalidadA. ¿De donde eres?B. Soy colombiano/a. Soy Veracruz. | | Masculino | Femenino | * | | El es | Ella es | * | Mexico | mexicano | mexicana | Lee y Escucha Al terminar la vista Elvira: Diego, ye present a una amiga. Se llama Carla.Diego: Hola, Carla. ¿Que tal?Carla: Hola, Diego.Diego: ¿Eres argentina?Carla: No, soy brasileña.Diego: ¡Hablas español muy bien!Carla: Bueno, soy profesora de español.Diego: ¡Ah claro! | Para ayudarte * Presentar a amigos A. Te present a Carla B. Encantada, Carla * Confirmar y corregir infarmacionA. ¿Eres colombiana? A. ¿Vives en Caracas?A. Si, soy colombiano B. No, vivo en Bogota | B. ¿Estudias o trabajas? Lee y Escucha Diego habla con Janet, una turista canadiense. ......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Spanish

...Spanish 2010 :Intermediate Spanish I Semester: Fall 2013 Instructor: Dora Berry Office: Jones 217 e-mail: aberry@memphis.edu Office Hours: MWF from 7:15am to 7:45am or MW from 11:30am to 12:30 by appointment TR from 7:15am to 8:30am or TR from 1pm to 1:30pm by appointment SCHEDULE OF CLASSES (Classes meet 2x a week (T TH) for 1 hr. 25 minutes) Día T 8/27 Objetivos  Learn terms for rooms in a house, common household objects, and chores  Make recommendations, make polite requests & organize work  Learn rules for capitalization in Spanish  Combine sentences using relative pronouns  Give orders or advice to people you address with tú En clase  First day of classes (Drop/Refund Deadlines)  Introduction to course / Syllabus overview  Lección 12: Introduction, p. 403  Contextos, pp. pp. 404– 407  Fotonovela, pp. 408–410  Ortografía, p. 411  Estructura 12.1 Relative pronouns, pp. 414–417  Estructura 11.1 Familiar commands, pp. 378–381 Tarea para la próxima clase -Supersite: Lección 12  Estructura 12.1 Practice, Workbook, and Lab Manual activities  Estructura 11.1 Practice, Workbook, and Lab Manual activities TH 8/29 -Supersite: Lección 12  Estructura 12.2 Practice, Workbook, and Lab Manual activities  Estructura 12.3 Practice, Workbook, and Lab Manual activities [Flash cultura: Practice activities] M 9/2 T 9/3 LABOR DAY: NO CLASS  Give orders or advice to people you address with usted or ustedes  Express attitude towards hypothetical or......

Words: 1839 - Pages: 8

Spanish

... Spanish 101-04: 5-units course CRN: 11555 Department: Modern Languages, Literatures & Phil. Term: Fall 2010 DISCLAIMER: The syllabus and calendar are a work in progress. Keep in close contact, by attending class regularly and checking Blackboard on a daily basis. Required texts: -- Donley, Benavides, Márquez. Aventuras Primer curso de lengua española, 3rd edition, Vista Higher Learning -- Aventuras Lab Manual/ Workbook/Video Manual. Vista Higher Learning, 3rd edition -- Supersite, Aventuras 3a edition, Vista Higher Learning (pass code comes with new textbook) Also recommended: www.wordreference.com (on line bilingual dictionary & thesaurus); www.studyspanish.com (extra practice) Course Description: This course offers a beginning level of Spanish and forms a part of the SPAN 101, 102, and 103. SPAN 101 introduces Spanish language grammar, vocabulary, cultural information, oral practice, and writing. The weekly requirements include class meetings (Monday—Friday, or Monday/Wednesday/Friday), a visit to the language lab, daily homework and workbook and lab book assignments. You are allowed to bring food and beverages to class. Attendance is mandatory. Course objectives: During this quarter, the goal is for you to… -- Begin to talk in Spanish about yourself, your preferences, and interests; -- Read, write and understand enough Spanish to handle basic social situations and......

Words: 2108 - Pages: 9

Spanish Essay

...progressive writing which is used in many different Spanish-speaking countries to tell exact activities at exact times. Almost all verbs have the present progressive except for two verbs. Those verbs are venir, which means to come and ir, which means to go. To put those present progressive, you must put it into simple present tense verbs. For every verb that ends in a vowel, you must change it into “-yendo” instead of “-iendo” because of the present participle. An example of the present progressive is with cantar. Since this verb ends in with “-ar”, you must change the verb from cantar to cantando, but with the correct form of estar before it. The participles of stem-changing verbs like pedir, dormir, and servir change the “o” to “u” and the “e” to “i” then add the “-iendo” to the end. An example of this is that dormir changes to durmiendo and servir changes to sirviendo. Direct object and reflexive pronouns can go before the form of estar or can be attached to the end of the present participle. When it is attached, you must put an accent mark over the stressed vowel. For example, la estoy haciendo changes to estoy haciendola. Lastly, the present progressive cannot be used for what is going to happen; instead, the simple present tense is used. As you can see, the present progressive is only used to say what is happening, not to tell what is going to happen because there are other words in Spanish used to describe that. Spanish is a very complex language to......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Spanish

...(formal) are from (place of origin). ¿Cuál es tu teléfono?—What is your phone number? ¿Cuál es su teléfono?—What is his/her/your (formal) phone number? Mi teléfono es ____. My number is ___. Su teléfono es ___. His/Her/Your(formal) number is____. ¿Cómo te llamas?—What is your name? (informal) ¿Cómo se llama él/ella/Ud.? What is his/her/your (formal) name? Me llamo ___. My name is ___. El/Ella/ Ud. se llama ___. His/ her/ Your (formal) name is _____. There are four ways to express “ NICE TO MEET YOU”: 1. Encantado (a) 2. Mucho Gusto 3. Es un placer. 4. El gusto es mío. Punctuation Questions: Spanish requires 2 question marks; one at the beginning of the question upside down and one the end right-side up (¿Question?) Exclamation Points: Spanish requires 2 exclamation marks; one at the beginning upside down and one at the end right-side up. Periods/commas/quotation marks—follow the same rules as English. 3. Subjects & Verbs Subject-tells who is doing the action (María es mi amigo.) Verb- is the action (It’s what you do.) (María es mi amigo.) Subject Pronouns | |Singular |Plural | |1st person |I Yo |We nosotros (masculine) | | | ......

Words: 11113 - Pages: 45

Spanish

...Hola. Me nombre es Keia Blair. Soy de Seymour, Indiana. Mi numero de telefono es cinco- veintiocho-sesenta-cero y siete. Mi direccion es veintiocho y cuarenta y tres High Forest Lane. Mi clase de Espanol es a las once de la mañana. Hay dieciocho estudiantes en la clase. This first chapter of Spanish was easy for me to learn and understand. It became a basic review for me, although I did learn how to tell time a little better. I took two years of Spanish in high school and have some experience from visiting the Dominican Republic each summer. I also took two years of latin in high school. In past foreign language classes, I have used a variety of strategies to learn. For me, repetition works easily for me. I learn to associate Spanish words with words I am familiar with in English. Sometimes, flashcards and pictures have made it easy to learn vocabulary words. At the beginning of the semester, I was hoping to work extra hard to learn the basics of Spanish, and to be able to have simple conversations with people. Throughout chapter one, I learned how to correctly tell time. The rest of the chapter was review for my Spanish speaking abilities. I learned some interesting facts about culture in this chapter. Each week, I spent 3-4 hours studying and working on homework assignments. For quizzes, I spent an hour studying. With the exam being worth much more, I spent an hour and a half studying for the exam. I particularly liked doing the pre homework because I was introduced......

Words: 508 - Pages: 3

Spanish

...Spanish Skit Robyn: (Calls Chris) Chris: Hola! Que tal? Robyn: Hola! Bien. Yo hago una fiesta. Vienes a mi casa para la fiesta. Chris: Claro que si! ¿Puedo traer a mi amigo? Robyn: Sí, nos vemos pronto. Chris and Macro walk in Robyn: Hola amigos, este es mi amiga Kenzi. Chris: Encantado. Kenzi: Igualmente. ¿Quién es tu amigo? Chris: Este es mi amigo Marco Kenzi and Robyn: Marco, encantado. Marco: Que tal? Kenzi: Nada. Hace mucho frío hoy. ¿Te gusta el invierno? Marco: No, no me gusta el frío. Marco: Mi estación favorito es el verano. Kenzi: (Face Chris) ¿Qué equipo es tu favorito? Chris: Nos gustan Patriots. Marco: ¿Quién es tu favorito? Robyn: Nos gustan Seahawks. Marco: Quien es tu jugador favorito? Kenzi: Mi favorito es Marshawn Lynch Chris: A mi me encanta Tom Brandy Kenzi: Por que Chris: Mi numero favorito es doce. Marco: Tengo hambre. Robyn: Qué comida le gusta? Kenzi: A mi me gusta Salsa. Marco: A mi me gusta guacamole. Robyn: Bueno, yo tengo los chips y salsa en la mesa en la sala de estar Everybody “walks” into the living room” Kenzi:Que sabías viajo a México? Marco: Que te gusta mas en Mexico? Kenzi: La biblioteca de la Universidad de Mexico. Marco: Que significa? Kenzi: La fachada tiene un mosaic porque yo studio arte. Marco: Simpatico. Quien viaja con usted? Kenzi: Sí. Viajo con mi hermana. Ella comica. Robyn:Viajo con mi hermano. El alto y inteligente. Marco: Son las doce the game starts in trienta minutos. Kenzi: Yo alegro de ser......

Words: 362 - Pages: 2

Spanish War

...Spanish American war At the time of the Spanish American war the United States went from relative isolation to increased global involvement were innovative headways, and President Reactions to US undertakings, and the passageway into World War 1 and World War II. The outcomes of this expanded worldwide inclusion on American culture were new open door in American work compel that brought about various migrants to move and debilitated occupations of Americans, the considered utopianism, furthermore another thought of positions in the public arena for African Americans and ladies. Amid the Spanish American war, American strategy producers got to be committed to consider more worldwide inclusion on account of new innovative progressions. Rosenberg clarifies "Americans, guided and legitimized by religions of liberal-developmentalism, looked to expand their innovation based economy and mass society to almost all aspects of the world." In this quote, Emily Rosenberg imaginatively clarifies how the advancement of new innovation made the United States a power through whatever remains of the world. America demonstrated whatever is left of the world how they could assemble an innovatively propelled country. Next, as Doctor MaGee Explains, "A large portion of the towns were the same, and rivalry in provincial ranges was high on the grounds that everybody knew everybody." This was a noteworthy point in the mechanical advancement of the United States on the grounds that the nearby......

Words: 1484 - Pages: 6

Spanish

...My Two Best Friends Donald Towles Marvin Paul Skinner, MA Lan 111-Spanish 1 September 5, 2011 Un mejor amigo es uno que adora la verdad en usted, y dirá la verdad a pesar de todo más. Hay muchas personas que usted hace amistad con, pero es muy duro encontrar un a amigo verdadero y honesto. Pero tengo mucha suerte que tengo a un mejor amigo con con quien puedo compartir mis sentimientos y dividir pena. Su nombre es Nikia. Es muy amistosa, y soy muy feliz de tenerla como mi mejor amigo. Es muy bien respetuosa, trabajadora, y una persona honesta. Mi mejor amigo es mi esposa. Nosotros sólo hemos estado casados por aproximadamente tres meses, pero han sido juntos durante siete años. Nikia es de Omaha, Nebraska y yo son de Tennessee. Encontramos en un súper partido de tazón y yo supe entonces que fue el uno para mí. Fechamos durante tres años antes de ser comprometidos. Fuimos tan en amor que hicimos todo juntos. Disfrutamos de baloncesto que mira, las películas y trabaja afuera en nuestro jardín. Nikia tiene todas las características que personas buscan en amigos; como conducta amistosa, como la respetuosidad, y como la honradez. Aunque fuéramos levantados millas y millas aparte, nuestra relación continúa florecer y crecer a causa de los valores que nuestros padres instalaron en nosotros como crecimos, que ayuda a mantener nuestra amistad en el sendero correcto. La conducta amistosa de Nikia es vista sus donativos...

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Spanish

...Spanish Is A Romantic Language. Almost Everything Sounds More Romantic In Spanish Than In English, Don't You Think? On This Page You Can Learn The Vocabulary Of Love And Romance. Try Them Out On Someone Special. How To Say "Sweetheart" In Spanish In English We Call Our Loved Ones "Dear", "Honey" Or "Sweetheart". Here Are Spanish Words You Can Use To Express The Same Idea. Cariño - Dear Mi Amor - My Love Mi Vida - My Life Corazón - Heart Mi Reina/Rey - My Queen/King Tesoro - Treasure Querida/Querido - Dear Nena/Nene - Baby Muñeca - Doll Guapa/Guapo - Gorgeous Bonita - Pretty Novia/Novio - Girlfriend/Boyfriend Esposa/Marido - Wife/Husband Expressions Of Love Now That You Know How To Address Your Loved Ones, You Will Need A Few Handy Phrases To Make Them Feel Special. Spanish Has Two Verbs That Express Love: Amar And Querer. Generally Speaking, Amar Is Stronger And You Will Probably Only Use It With Your Spouse Or With Whomever You Are Romantically Involved. Querer Is More Affectionate And Less Passionate. You Can Use It With Your Friends And Family. There's A Famous Song By El Príncipe De La Cancion, José José, Called "Amar Y Querer" Which Explains The Difference Between The Two In A Highly Romanticized Way. Here Are The Lyrics. By The Way, Listening To Latin Songs And Studying The Lyrics Is A Great Way To Improve Your Spanish. I Love You - Te Quiero, Te Amo You're Beautiful - Eres Muy Bonita You're Handsome - Eres Guapo I'm Crazy......

Words: 3280 - Pages: 14

Spanish

...The Taino and the Spanish Cristóbal Colón landed on an unknown island in the Caribbean on October 10, 1492. He planted banners in the beach claiming the land for the Spanish throne. Colón’s perceptions and interactions with the indigenous people, the Taino, sparked the events that lead to the colonization of the Americas. Colón’s perceptions of the Taino were misinterpreted by him. His misconceptions about the Taino were built from a compilation of his own expectations, readings of other explorers, and strong religious influence in Western Europe. The Taino also misunderstood the Spanish as well. Their false beliefs about the Spanish were driven by their religious beliefs as well as their mythology. Through misunderstandings backed by the religions, physical appearances, and the histories of both the Taino and the Spanish, the Taino believed that the Spanish were god-like figures that fell from the sky, while the Taino were perceived by the Spanish as simplistic, uncultured natives, that would be easily converted to Christianity and used as servants (Wilson, Hispanola p. 48-49).1 To better comprehend these events one must look at the preceeding events in both the lives of the Taino and The Spanish. Before the time of Cristóbal Colón, Spain had recently had several encounters with colonization. They had taken over the kingdom of Granada and the Canary Islands. These colonizations gave Spain their model for subsequent colonizations. The dominance of Christianity in the......

Words: 1233 - Pages: 5

Permalink | Download | 1x80 Dragon Ball Super