State and Federal Prison System Paper

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Submitted By tmtcoffiel
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State and Federal Prison System Paper
Tashia Coffiel
CJS/230
July 22, 2012
Jason Skeens

State and federal governments maintain closed correctional facilities to house convicted felons. Prisons are usually categorized according to their level of security and inmate populations as maximum-, medium-, and minimum-security institutions. A state prison is where those that are convicted and are sentenced through the state court for crimes that they have committed.

State personnel man the state prison and federal government runs the federal prisons. Federal prisons are for those that commit federal crimes and are prosecuted by the federal government. Although they are built nearly the same the difference is what the two prisons are used for. The state prison is very similar to federal prisons that both incarcerate/rehabilitate and execute offenders. The states have areas of responsibility on enforcing criminal laws and then you have the federal government that there responsibility and enforcement of laws. Federal laws are more serious than crimes n the state courts. The penalties for federal crimes are harsher than state crimes. Federal crimes are usually geared towards immigrations, drugs, bombing, terrorism, money laundering, etc. while the state is geared towards state crimes like murder, rape, theft, etc.

The prison system for the state is devised of a network that holds most of the U.S. prison populations. The beginning of the penitentiaries in each state is growing and is growing very fast and this has been a big issue. There are many states that have to provide millions of dollars to their prison systems.
The state prison levels include level one minimum security, level two medium security, level three high security and a recently added in the last decade level four super maximum security. One type of institution is referred to as an open…...

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