Sudan

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Conflict and the Environment

The African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) military escort for UNEP fieldwork near El Geneina, Western Darfur. Intense competition over declining natural resources is one of the underlying causes of the ongoing conflict.

SUDAN POST-CONFLICT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

Conflict and the Environment
4.1 Introduction and assessment activities

2. an overview of the role of natural resources in the instigation and continuation of historical and current conflicts, listing the major resources of concern and focusing specifically on conflicts involving rangelands and rain-fed agricultural land; and 3. a brief environmental impact assessment of the various conflicts, evaluating the direct and indirect impacts of conflict on Sudan’s environment. Chronic environmental problems are covered in other chapters, though it should be noted that at the local level, the boundary between chronic and conflict-related environmental issues is often unclear. Assessment activities The assessment of conflict-related issues was an integral part of fieldwork throughout the country. In addition, UNEP carried out a number of specific activities, including:

Introduction Sudan has been wracked by civil war and regional strife for most of the past fifty years, and at the time of finalizing this report, in June 2007, a major conflict rages on in Darfur. At the same time, Sudan suffers from a number of severe environmental problems, both within and outside current and historical conflict-affected areas. UNEP’s assessment has found that the connections between conflict and environment in Sudan are both complex and pervasive: while many of the conflicts have been initiated partly by tension over the use of shared natural resources, those same resources have often been damaged by conflict. This chapter is divided into three main sections: 1. a conflict overview, presenting a summary…...

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