In: English and Literature

Submitted By magalidc
Words 900
Pages 4
French and Indian war DBQ Essay
The French and Indian war was fought to end conflict in America. When it ended it might have appeared that the relations between Great Britain and the English colonists in America would now be put more firmly than ever. They both fought together in a war against the French and its Indian allies, and won very important victories that would allow them to expand the size of the British Empire; but at the end of the war it would alter the relationship between them. As a result of the French and Indian war the relations between Britain and its American colonies were altered in many ways, politically, economic and ideologically.

Even though the British and the American colonists had many amazing victories against the French and its Indian allies and was therefore going to bring good to the colonies, but it actually did the opposite. This war altered the economical relations between American colonists and Britain. It was very costly for Britain, even if it brought to its power more land and power, and to cover the costs something had to be done to do so. British of course had to do something to get money to pay its huge war debt and it started directly taxing the colonist, it was doing so by passing several acts.(doc. F). To do so, Britain started passing several acts that made American colonists angry. One of those acts was the stamp act (doc G); it was a law that stated that you had to buy stamps for ships’ papers and legal documents. A lot of people disagreed and were against this because it was a form of ‘taxation without representation’ (doc. H). Another taxation form was the quartering act; this would help Britain save the money they would have to spend to sustain its army. The quartering act was forcing people to provide food and shelter to troops, before this becoming an official law people were already doing it voluntarily, but…...

Similar Documents

Super Bowl

...Super Bowl - Every year it's the biggest sport event in the world. With 800 million TV viewers in 2012 the Super Bowl makes television history. The first Super Bowl in the history dates from 1967, even though the National Football League (NFL) had existed since 1920 . Why in 1967 and not earlier or later? Because it was not until 1966, that the American Football League and National Football League, rivals during the 60’s, decided to merge together. After this merger, they decided to divide the leagues in two conferences: the American Football Conference and the National Football Conference. During the regular season, no distinction of conference is done, but when the regular season is over, each conference has its own Playoffs where the fourth best teams collide. There is one champion from each conference, and both play one last match for determining the champion of the National Football League. This last match is the Super Bowl. The merger of the two largest football leagues at that time, made necessary the invention of a huge event for ending each season, since the number of teams and fans had duplicated with it. And Super Bowl was the answer the NFL Board of Directors decided to give. Outcome they got? They created one of the most important events worldwide, not only as a sport event, but as the biggest media event of the year. And now we should ask us: how do you manage an event this big? That is what we are going to explain in this article. 2. Background The Super...

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Super Bakery

...Super Bakery's ABC system Accounting 561 February 18, 2013 Dr. McDonald Super Bakery's ABC system Super Bakery is a company founded by former Pittsburgh Steelers, Franco Harris. The company makes mineral-, vitamin-, and protein-enriched doughnuts. This paper will explain the strategies they used and why management found necessary to use Activity-Based-Cost system. The opinion of this writer will explain if agrees or disagrees the implementation. This paper will recommend a costing system and will explain if it will work or not. Super Bakery is a virtual corporation which according to Kimmel, (2008), “a virtual corporation [is] one that consist of a core unit that is supported by a network of outsource activities. A virtual corporation minimizes investments in human resources, fixed assets, and working capital” (p.910). Super Bakery performs strategic functions inside the company. Super Bakery decided to bring together the companies that perform the outsource services. These companies provided the selling, manufacturing, warehousing, and shipping. Super Bakery correlated the work overflow with them. Super Bakery goal is to minimize the spending in fixed assets, permanent staff and working capital and at the same time add value to the company. Bringing these companies together Super Bakery saw an increase of 20% sales since the implementation. Super Bakery challenges was to have control of the outsource services. Management noticed differences of the services......

Words: 766 - Pages: 4

Super Soldiers

...talking about one of science fictions classic conspiracy theories, Super Soldiers. When I say Super Soldiers, I mean the kinds that were genetically enhance. I have found that when someone hears “super soldiers’ their minds automatically go to Captain America or Master Chief from the Halo game series. Captain America started as a small lanky soldier that gotten injected with some type of serum that turns him in to the perfect solider. Master Chief taken from his family as a child and was train for eight years before scientist started their genetic testing. Is the military trying to make their own Captain America and Master Chief with a few extra abilities? If so, who is leading the testing and what types of powers are they trying to give to our soldiers? To try to answer these questions I had to start with where did this conspiracy stemmed from. The Beginning of the End by Micheal T. Snyder has led me to the DARPA (the defense advanced research projects agency). Let us have a quick insight into this agency. The DARPA is an agency of the United States Department of Defense that is responsible for the development of new technologies for military use. Established in 1958 their original mission was to prevent technological surprises for example the launch of Sputnik. Over the years, the mission has expanded from preventing surprises to making technological surprises of our own. Could they be talking about super soldiers? Is it possible that this agency is not just working......

Words: 1443 - Pages: 6

Super Project though, he could not have been more wrong. The sunk costs are lost once they are spent, and should definitely not be used to evaluate the Super Project. General Foods is a large company with various divisions in both domestic and foreign operations. One account executive states that they want to grow more rapidly than the GDP, and develop projects accordingly. The Super Project will allow them to reach that goal. The NPV in the base is $2,196.30, with an IRR of 25.6%. Even in the worst case scenario, which includes change in net working capital as well as after tax erosion, the NPV is $232.70 with an IRR of 10.3%, far outpacing national GDP growth. General Foods enjoys a significantly large market share in the food business. They face many risks from competitors, and they actively seek the opportunity to fill out their product line whenever possible. As of the moment the company lacks a large share of the dessert market. Super would offer the company a chance to develop a larger share of that market, and even with the serious risk of erosion present, the larger risk is losing leadership throughout the food industry. P.D.C. Consulting highly recommends that management actively seeks to develop the Super Project. QUESTIONS 1. The relevant cash flows for General Foods used in evaluating the Super Project (SP) are overhead expenses, erosion of Jell-O-Contribution margin and the opportunity costs from allocation of charges for the use......

Words: 1565 - Pages: 7

Super Project

...The Super Project Tobey Overview • Case Summary • Problem Statement • ROFE & Capital Budgeting • Incredible Incremental • Analysis Options • Cash Flows • Recommendations Case Summary • General Foods is a large corporation organized by Product Lines. • Super is a proposed new instant desert, based on a “flavored, water-soluble, agglomerated powder.” • General Foods has numerous projects with strict criteria to judge worthiness. • There are basically three types of Capital Investment proposals at General Foods: Safety, Quality, Increased Profit • Increased Profit: Cost Reduction, Capacity, New Product • Max 10 years payback: as low as 20% PBT • … if expected to be permanent product addition • … if facilities highly reconfigurable • Three analysis types: Incremental, Facilities-based and Fully Allocated. Problem Statement • Above all, Super’s worthiness as a capital investment must be evaluated according to General Foods’ accepted criteria. • Memos indicate that General Foods’ finance personnel are questioning the same criteria’s ability to accurately reflect the value of the Super project. • This is not an accounting exercise. In accounting, one tries to track and attribute all sources of costs. Also, one alters transaction timings to match expenses with income. • This is a capital budgeting exercise. We’re interested in cash flows to judge the value of a project, and when those cash flows occur. • Therefore, our team must 1) evaluate the pertinence of each of......

Words: 1233 - Pages: 5

Super Project

...Analysis of Super Project Case Quandaries of incremental analysis Quick Overview In 1966-67, General Foods Corporation was considering introducing a new product called Super, “a new instant dessert based on a flavored, water-soluble, agglomerated powder,” to U.S. and foreign markets. The proposed capital investment for the project was $200,000, and its production would take place in an existing building in which Jell-O was manufactured using the available capacity of a pre-existing Jell-O agglomerator. Once introduced into the market, Super was expected to capture a 10% market share, 8% of which would come from growth in the dessert market and 2% of which would come from the erosion of Jell-O sales. In evaluating whether Super would be a good investment or not, the problem of evaluating projects based on only incremental cash flows was brought up. Crosby Sanberg, a manager of financial analysis at General Foods presented three different ways of evaluating the return on Super. The first was an incremental basis that was regularly used by General Foods in evaluating projects. It projected that Super would have an attractive return of 63%. The second was a facilities-used basis, which took into account the opportunity cost of using available, pre-existing Jell-O equipment. This method projected that Super would have a return of 34%. The last approach was a fully allocated basis that included the opportunity cost and overhead costs. This method projected that Super would......

Words: 1197 - Pages: 5

Super Powers

...* Imagine that you could have one super power. What would it be and how would you use it? What would be your kryptonite? The super power I would love to have is teleportation (transfer of matter or energy from one point to another without traversing the physical space between them). Having this kind of power will allow me to think about where I want to be, get dress and be get there in little time. My professors and my parents will never have to worry about me being late to class because it only takes me a split second of a time to arrive. My Kryptonite would be thinking of two places at one time and getting stuck in between walls and dying. As a freshman in college it is so hard to adjust to the college lifestyle so teleportation would be a perfect super power for me. I can imagine myself being in situations like having a 9:00am class, sleeping through the alarm clock, it’s now 8:45am and having little time to get to class. I could jump out of bed, take a quick shower, brush my teeth, and get dress by 8:59am. I would then use my super power teleportation, think about my Finance class and still made it to class at 8:59am… on time! When I get older, complete my college education and retire from my career field in Finance, I would love to start traveling around the world. I would have no more stress about transportation deciding on whether to drive, take the train or taking the plane. Whether I want to go to Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, etc., I can save on my......

Words: 424 - Pages: 2


...MAESTRÍA EN ADMINISTRACION A TIEMPO PARCIAL 54 ASIGNATURA: | Finanzas Corporativas – Un enfoque práctico | | | PROFESOR: | Luis A. Piazzon, Ph.D | | | El Proyecto Super | | El presente trabajo ha sido realizado de acuerdo a los reglamentos De la Universidad ESAN por: | GRUPO N° | | 1300842 | Gaspar Huauya, Alfredo | ____________________ | 0905447 | Ortiz Zárate, Mónica | ____________________ | 1005317 | Salirrosas Llanos, Karina | ____________________ | 1005317 | Viacava Salguero, Israel | ____________________ | Surco, 15 de Noviembre del 2014 INTRODUCCIÓN En 1968, General Foods Corporation consideró introducir en el mercado un producto nuevo llamado SUPER. Un postre de preparación instantánea basado en polvos comprimidos y solubles al agua. La solicitud de fondos inicial del proyecto requería de USD 200,000 dólares, de los cuales USD 80,000 se utilizarían para modificaciones en el edificio actual y USD 120,000 serían destinados para maquinaria y equipo para el empaquetado. El proyecto usaría dos tercios del edificio del producto Jell-O y el 50% de la capacidad no utilizada del aglomerador (maquinaria principal usada en el proceso de producción de Jell-O). El estudio de mercado previo, dio como resultado que SUPER alcanzaría una participación de 10%, de los cuales el 80% corresponderían al aumento de su propia cuota de mercado y el 20% de la erosión de las ventas del producto......

Words: 1291 - Pages: 6

The Super Bowl

...The Super Bowl Asia McCann Eng/147 September 29th, 2014 Annie Oakes Sports is a big part of the entertainment world. The National Football League is one of the biggest sports franchises in the world. Every year the NFL hosts a championship game called the Super Bowl. 32 teams compete in 16 games, and the best move on into the playoffs. For the last 48 years two teams battle it out for bragging right as the best team in the NFL. The Super Bowl has gone down in history as the best championship game ever assembled in the history of any sport. Did you know that the Super Bowl started 49 years ago? On January 15th, 1967 was the debut of the first ever Super Bowl in Los Angeles, CA. The Green Bay Packers took on the Kansas City Chiefs. During this time the NFL had a rival league called the American Football League. The Chiefs were a part of the AFL and the Packers were a part of the NFL. This is the first and only Super Bowl where it was the AFL vs. NFL before both leagues merged into one. The Packers beat the Chiefs 35-10 and were the fans favorite. NBC and CBS both televised the game collectively racking in 51.18 million viewers (Unknown, 2014). This was the first and last time that two networks televised a Super Bowl game at......

Words: 779 - Pages: 4

Super Project

...Spring 2003 Professor Kose John The Super Project Case – Questions and Hints I have digested the data in Exhibit 6 to produce Modified-Exhibit#6, in the Excel Spreadsheet on my website.The management analysis in Exhibit 6 does not deduct depreciation from the project’s taxable income. I have done that in Modified-Exhibit#6. - In Exhibit 6, the first change in Net Working Capital occurs in period 1. I have kept that assumption in Modified-Exhibit#6. It is ok to move all changes in NWC back one period, if you prefer to do so. - The depreciation calculation uses an old formula that is no longer used in practice. I have explained the formula and derived depreciation and book values in Modified-Exhibit#6. Suppose you are responsible for making the final decision about the Super Project, on March 1967, and you have read all the data and the analysis in “The Super Project”. Should you go ahead with the project or not? I will help you out by asking a few specific questions, the type of questions you would have to ask yourself in a real world situations. Specific questions 1) Are the cash flows in Exhibit 6 or Modified-Exhibit#6 correct? Notice that the reason for including the cash flows in Exhibit 6 is explained in detail in the “The Super Project”. In particular, should General Foods include the following or not? Discuss briefly. a) Test market expenses; b) Charges for the use of Jell-O agglomerator capacity; c) Charges for erosion of Jell-O......

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Super Project

...Powered by TCPDF ( OLIN BUSINESS SCHOOL Summer 2015 Advanced Corporate Finance IIIFrontiers of Valuation B62 FIN 534C Professor Todd Milbourn B62 MGT 534C Advanced Corporate Finance III – Frontiers of Valuation Summer 2015 Professor Todd Milbourn The Olin Business School Table of Contents 1. Valmont Industries HBP Case # UVA-F-1191 ............................................................................... 1 2. Super Project HBP Case # 9-112-034 ........................................................................................... 21 3. Calaveras Vineyards HBP Case # UVA-F-1094 ........................................................................... 37 4. Paginas Amarelas HBP Case # UVA-F-1210 ............................................................................... 63 5. Using Crystal Ball HBP Case # UVA-QA-0561 .......................................................................... 89 6. Valuation in Emerging Markets HBP Case # UVA-F-1455 ......................................................... 95 7. Project Valuation in Emerging Markets HBP Case # 9-702-077 ............................................... 113 8. Valuing Companies in Corporate Restructurings HBP Case # 9-201-073 ................................. 131 UVA-F-1191 Rev. Feb. 1, 2011 VALMONT INDUSTRI V IES, INC. Forty years ago, we made our fi F m irst center p pivot irriga ation system It was m. es ssentially a long steel pipe...

Words: 49316 - Pages: 198

The Super Project

...Finance MBA − Cases in Corporate Finance The Super Project (HBS) Instructor: Pål E. Korsvold BI Norwegian School of Management McGraw-Hill/Irwin abc McGraw−Hill Primis ISBN: 0−390−68861−4 Text: Harvard Business School Negotiation Cases This book was printed on recycled paper. Finance Copyright ©2006 by The McGraw−Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher. This McGraw−Hill Primis text may include materials submitted to McGraw−Hill for publication by the instructor of this course. The instructor is solely responsible for the editorial content of such materials. 111 FINAGEN ISBN: 0−390−68861−4 Finance Contents Harvard Business School Negotiation Cases Super Project 1 1 Case iii Harvard Business School Negotiation Cases The Super Project Case © The McGraw−Hill Companies, 2005 1 9-112-034 REV: MAY 27, 2004 The Super Project In March 1967, Crosby Sanberg, manager-financial analysis at General Foods Corporation, told a casewriter, “What I learned about incremental analysis at the Business School doesn’t always work.” He was convinced that under some circumstances sunk costs were relevant to......

Words: 7275 - Pages: 30

Super Project

...Super Project 1.What are the relevant cash flows for General Foods to use in evaluating the Super project? In particular, how should management deal with such issues as: a)Test-market expenses? The test market expense should not be included in the cash flow analysis since it is a sunk cost. Since the cost of the test market have already been made before the Super project had started. So regardless of this project being accepted or rejected, the cost must be taken as a sunk cost. b)Overhead expenses? The overhead expenses will not be taken into account in the FCF because it have been justified earlier in the Jello-O project. In addition to that, the data available in the exhibits does not provide specific information on incremental overhead expenses. OR it can be included if the expansion of super project will require extra capital and labour force to sustain the increasing demand for the product. c)Erosion of Jell-O contribution margin? It should not be included because it is directly related to the rest of the firm. When an economic obstacle happened to Jell -O sales due to erosion, it will leave a significant effect. It can be considered that the erosion might occur due to competition and by judging from Table A, it seems that the erosion due to competition is irrelevant and assumes a very low profitability. However, if we assume that Super project will get into the Jell –O sales and this must be taken as the cost for the project.......

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Super Pacs

...Super PACs is good for the citizens because it allows people to be in control of their representatives of whom they are discontent with. It is irrational that people need to spend hundreds of thousands of dollars to defeat house members that were previously selected in a relatively fair manner.Since a super PAC collects and spends unlimited amounts of money, which may be worse for the government. With so much money, it is hard to trust that the government’s motives are as pure as they claim to be. A group of individuals could pool their money in the form of unlimited contributions into a PAC, so long as it remained independent from political parties or candidates, which prevents corruption of the government. Since it is possible for anyone to make a donation of any amount of money, it may be possible for companies or other people to take advantage of this. In 1999 in Peru, Alberto Fujimori’s campaign needed money, so Fujimori bribed his chief advisor, Vladmir Montesinos in exchange for being promoted to head of the Supreme Council of Military Justice.There is not much difference in this bribing and donating large sums of money to super PACs except for the fact that the super PACs are legal, and the other is not.Nobody gives money away and expects nothing in return. There are people who complain that super PACs spend "secret" money. This is just not true because by law, super PACs are required to disclose their donors.There is no possible way for money to go through......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Super Baker

...a) What unique strategies and tactics did Super Bakery’s management implement that caused sales to take off and continue to grow at an average rate of 20%? There were basically four strategies implemented that helped sales to grow annually at a 20-30% rate. The first was targeting school systems and creating a healthier product that met government guidelines. The second was keeping the product fresher; longer by refrigeration and vacuum sealing thus allowing for national distribution. The third strategy involved a variety of ways to support customers. According to Davis and Darling (1996), “ …helping customers obtain lower prices by acquiring government-supported commodities, cooperating with noncompeting suppliers by providing complete prepackaged meals to schools, and helping distributors reduce inventory carrying costs and avoid stock outs through reliable, just-in-time delivery” (p. 20). The fourth strategy is becoming a virtual corporation which does not manufacture, sell, or distribute the company’s product (Davis & Darling, 1996). This helps to reduce expenses and capital investments, keeping internal staff to a minimum. b) Why did Super Bakery’s management feel that it was necessary to install an ABC system? A major hurdle Super Bakery’s management had to face was controlling the functions outside of the company. Quality and cost were of major concern when outsourcing sections of the manufacturing and distribution process. A standard costing system......

Words: 496 - Pages: 2

Karl Lagerfeld Classic XXL 150 ml (keine 125 ml oder 100ml) Eau de Toilette EDT | 434 مسلسلات عربية مسلسل الفرصة الاخيرة الحلقة 17 السابعة عشر مشاهدة وتحميل الحلقة 17 السابعة عشر من مسلسل الفرصة الأخيرة 2018 بطولة محمد الأحمد و دارين حمزة بجودة HD الحلقة... | 284 افلام هندية DVDSCR مشاهدة فيلم Race 3 2018 مترجم اون لاين مشاهدة فيلم Race 3 2018 مترجم اون لاين مشاهدة تحميل فيلم Race 3 2018 مترجم اون لاين 2.8