Systemic Thingking

In: Business and Management

Submitted By ranggaraditha
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Cara Berpikir Sistem dan Penerapannya dalam Analisis Permasalahan-Permasalahan Sosial | Oleh: Any Sulistyowati, Ketua Yayasan ELSPPAT | Di awal millenium ini dunia sedang menghadapi beberapa persoalan besar yang saling terkait satu sama lain dalam satu jalinan permasalahan yang kompleks. Persoalan-persoalan tersebut tidak dapat diselesaikan hanya dengan mengandalkan satu bidang keahlian saja, tanpa mengubah secara mendasar cara kita memandang persoalan tersebut. Cara berpikir sistem adalah salah satu pendekatan yang dapat digunakan untuk memandang persoalan secara lebih holistik.

Latar Belakang
Setelah duaribu tahun yang tercatat dalam penanggalan, dunia ini telah mengalami perubahan besar di segala bidang kehidupan. Kemajuan teknologi secara signifikan telah menjadikan dunia terhubung dalam suatu jaringan informasi yang memungkinkan orang berkomunikasi dengan orang di belahan dunia yang lain dalam hitungan detik, memberikan pemahaman bahwa bumi hanyalah setiik air di tengah lautan tata surya yang maha luas, memungkinkan orang tahu bahwa di dalam segenggam tanah di hutan tropis Amazon terkandung beraneka ragam spesies bakteri yang jumlahnya jauh lebih banyak daripada populasi seluruh umat manusia di dunia ini.

Kemajuan ini bukannya tidak berdampak. Kemiskinan sebagai ekspresi dari kesenjangan dan ketidakadilan sosial dan kerusakan lingkungan besar-besaran adalah salah satu potret umum yang terjadi di negara-negara yang melakukan pembangunan. Setelah melakukan pembangunan dengan sukses yang tampak dalam GNP dan GDP, ternyata pembangunan menyisakan berbagai persoalan seperti hutang luar negeri yang tak terbayar, kerusakan hutan, berkurangnya sumber daya alam yang tak dapat diperbaharui, berkurangnya kualitas sumber daya alam yang dapat diperbaharui, meningkatnya kesenjangan sosial, meningkatnya kemiskinan, pelanggaran HAM, perang, dan akumulasi kapital…...

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