Taman Islam Spanyol (Andalusia): Generalife, Granada

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“…dan Allah menyediakan bagi mereka surga-surga yang mengalir sungai-sungai di bawahnya; mereka kekal di dalamnya selama-lamanya. Itulah kemenangan yang besar.”

“…Untuk orang-orang yang bertaqwa (kepada Alllah), pada sisi Tuhan mereka ada surga yang mengalir di bawahnya sungai-sungai; mereka kekal di dalamnya…”
(Ali Imran:15)

“Dan sampaikanlah berita gembira kepada mereka yang beriman dan berbuat baik bahwa bagi mereka disediakan surga-surga yang mengalir sungai-sungai di bawahnya. Setiap mereka diberi rezeki buah-buahan dalam surga-surga itu, mereka mengatakan, “Inilah yang pernah diberikan kepada kami dahulu”. Mereka diberi buah-buahan yang serupa dan untuk mereka di dalamnya ada istri-istri yang suci dan mereka kekal di dalamnya.”

Taman Islam Spanyol (Andalusia)

Selama berabad-abad, Islam memberikan kontribusi dan pengaruh besar terhadap berbagai disiplin ilmu tidak terkecuali dalam hal arsitektur lansekap. Taman Islam cukup menjamur di seluruh dunia dan merupakan salah satu arsitektur lansekap terindah di dunia.

Desain taman Islam berasal dari Arab kemudian menyebar ke berbagai negara seperti Persia, Spanyol, dan India. Taman tersebut dibuat oleh orang-orang Arab yang memiliki wilayah taklukan lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan orang-orang Eropa. Meskipun arsitektur taman Islam muncul bersamaan dengan bangkitnya pembuatan taman di Eropa, orang-orang Arab menambahkan ciri khas tersendiri yang kemudian justru mempengaruhi gaya taman di Eropa.

Inspirasi desain taman Islam berasal dari kepercayaan umat Islam dan impian mereka tentang surga. Pada beberapa ayat Al-Quran dijelaskan bahwa umat Islam yang beriman akan mendapatkan suatu penghargaan pada saat hari kiamat. Di dalam Quran juga dikatakan bahwa orang-orang beriman akan mendapatkan surga yang sangat indah dan megah yang dideskripsikan sebagai taman firdaus.…...

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