The 11 Founders

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By mchava1991
Words 535
Pages 3
Psychology is not something that came over night. Through the years and centuries psychology has grown from simple ideals of philosophers into its own kind of science. Today, psychology is largely defined as "the study of behavior and mental processes".
The eleven founders of psychology all had great ideas and theories that developed throughout the years. John Watson was inspired by Ivan Pavlov’s work but instead of studying the digestive and blood circulation system like Ivan Pavlov he was more intrigued by the idea of behaviorism. Watson first began the study on animals and later on children. He discovered that children and animals will act a certain way depending on the situation. Watson was not amused by Sigmund Freud theories of heredity being a part of how someone would act, but Freud did not only specialize in heredity but also in the nervous and brain system. He tried hypnotism but realized that patients will talk by just being in a comfortable atmosphere.
B.F Skinner like John Watson studied behaviorism. “He believed everything we do and are is shaped by the by our own experience of punishment and reward.” Abraham Maslow was sure that feeling love, belonging, and acceptance would only lead you to something greater in life but he question those who did not feel love, belonging, and acceptance he wondered how did they fulfill their life with happiness.
Like Abraham Maslow, Harry Harlow was intrigued by the idea of feeling love. He wondered how one begins to feel love then discovers that at birth when children are unable to take care of their own they begin to depend on their mother, they begin to feel love because they have to depend on them.
Roger Sperry who studied the brain discovered that the brain had two sides. The right side of the brain was visual and the left specialized in language process. Roger Sperry ‘s discovery led him to win a Noble…...

Similar Documents

Case 11

...Trueblood case 11-3: Masters of the Universe 1. Statement of the problem: Applying key concepts of the VIE model in ASC 810-10 (Statement 167), in order to perform a consolidation analysis for a Variable Interest Entity (VIE). 2. Summary of relevant (key) facts As the case depicts, ‘Jupiter’ is a joint venture formed by 2 unrelated parties, Saturn Inc. and Venus Inc. Jupiter has been created with the purpose of owning and operating organic clothing manufacturing and design facilities and selling the output to unrelated retailers. The key facts highlighted in the case are as follows: * The proportion of Saturn’s and Venus’s ownership interest( as determined by their capital contribution) in Jupiter is 51 percent and 49 percent respectively; same is the ratio in which Jupiter’s profit and losses are shared between the two parties * From Saturn’s viewpoint, Jupiter fails to qualify for joint venture scope exception stated in ASC 810-10-15-17(d) * In accordance with ASC 810-10-25-42 and 25-43, Saturn and Venus cannot be considered as related parties * As pursued by ASC 810-10-15-14(a), Jupiter is viewed as a Variable Interest Entity due to the entity’s nature and the amount of equity investment at risk * Jupiter’s Articles of Incorporation requires a majority vote for approval of most of the Board’s decisions, with the exception of decisions concerning the CEO’s appointment or removal, mergers or acquisitions, admitting new members into the joint......

Words: 1959 - Pages: 8

Learning from Founders

...Suits do not help people to think better. I bet most executives at big companies do their best thinking when they wake up on Sunday morning and go downstairs in their bathrobe to make a cup of coffee. That's when you have ideas. Just imagine what a company would be like if people could think that well at work. People do in startups, at least some of the time. (Half the time you're in a panic because your servers are on fire, but the other half you're thinking as deeply as most people only get to sitting alone on a Sunday morning.) Ditto for most of the other differences between startups and what passes for productivity in big companies. And yet conventional ideas of professionalism have such an iron grip on our minds that even startup founders are affected by them. In our startup, when outsiders came to visit we tried hard to seem "professional." We'd clean up our offices, wear better clothes, try to arrange that a lot of people were there during conventional office hours. In fact, programming didn't get done by well-dressed people at clean desks during office hours. It got done by badly dressed people (I was notorious for programmming wearing just a towel) in offices strewn with junk at 2 in the morning. But no visitor would understand that. Not even investors, who are supposed to be able to recognize real productivity when they see it. Even we were affected by the conventional wisdom. We thought of ourselves as impostors, succeeding despite being totally unprofessional.......

Words: 766 - Pages: 4

Jollibee Founder

...Tony Tan Caktiong is the founder, CEO and Chairman of the 2nd largest fast-food chain in the Philippines (next to McDonald's), Jollibee. He is the recipient of the 2004 Entrepreneur of the Year, Philippines and Ernst and Young Entrepreneur of the Year, World. In 2010, Forbes listed Tan Cakationg as the sixth richest Filipino with a net worth of USD 980 million. Tony Tan Caktiong’s Jollibee has been one of the most admired, most copied, most innovative and most professionally-run company here in the Philippines. Tony Tan Caktiong’s Life and his Jollibee Company is another rags to riches story of an entrepreneur that truly inspires me a lot. He was the third of seven siblings born to poor parents who migrated from the Fujian province in China to look for a better life here in the Philippines. Grace Ang Tan Caktiong said, "We had to do everything by ourselves in the beginning! Pati janitorial services--I even cleaned the toilet." This is the manifestation that everyone starts from scratch and experienced ups and downs before they become successful. Grace and Tony Tan Caktiong put up an ice cream parlor two months after graduating from college. That ice cream parlor eventually offered sandwiches to patrons until the couple decided on adding the store's popular Yum burger and Chicken Joy to the menu. When customers began to ask for more than just ice cream, the two decided to add sandwiches to their menu. Eventually, they found out that more people were ordering hamburgers more......

Words: 613 - Pages: 3

Chapter 11

...GEB2112 Module 6 Chapter 11 1. Why is developing a financial plan so important to an entrepreneur about to launch a business? A financial plan is like a road map to success. Using one will help keep you on track, help you from over spending, and maximize revenue 2. How should a small business manager use the 12 ratios discussed in this chapter? They should use the right mix of ratio’s that will give the best picture of the business’s health. Looking at each ratio will help to determine which set or grouping of the 12 ratios are the best for the business 3. Outline the key points of the twelve ratios discussed in this chapter. What signals does each give a business owner? a) Current ratio b) Quick ratio c) Leverage ratio d) Debt to net worth ratio e) Times interest earned f) Average Inventory turnover g) Average collection period Ratio h) Average payable period ratio i) Net sales to Total assets j) Net profit on sales k) Net profit to assets l) Net profit to Equity 4. Describe the method for building a projected income statement and a projected balance sheet for a beginning business. The method to build a pro forma for beginning a business can be done in many ways. In order to get the most accurate projections you will need statistics from like types of businesses and from neighboring businesses. You can do this by purchasing published information or you might be able to use public information from a......

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Founders Accents

...The case I was talking about is when founders have accents so strong that people can't understand what they're saying. I.e. the problem is not the cultural signal accents send, but the practical difficulty of getting a startup off the ground when people can't understand you. I'd already explained that when I talked about this issue with a New York Times reporter: But after ranking every Y.C. company by its valuation, Graham discovered a more significant correlation. "You have to go far down the list to find a C.E.O. with a strong foreign accent," Graham told me. "Alarmingly far down—like 100th place." I asked him to clarify. "You can sound like you're from Russia," he said, in the voice of an evil Soviet henchman. "It's just fine, as long as everyone can understand you." Everyone got that? We all agree accents are fine? The problem is when people can't understand you. We have a lot of empirical evidence that there's a threshold beyond which the difficulty of understanding the CEO harms a company's prospects. And while we don't know exactly how, I'm pretty sure the problem is not merely that investors have trouble understanding the company's Demo Day presentation. Demo Day presentations are only 2 minutes and 30 seconds. With a presentation that short, you can just memorize it at the level of individual phonemes. Most batches we have groups that do this. Conversations are more of a problem, as I know from my own experience doing office hours. We talk about a lot of......

Words: 536 - Pages: 3

Female Founders

...programmers and startup founders. So I thought I'd explain what I actually do believe. Some accused me of being sexist—of being biased against female founders. To anyone who knows Y Combinator that would seem a pretty implausible claim. It's hard to argue I'm biased against female founders when I have a female cofounder myself. And with 3 female partners out of 12, YC has slightly over 3x the venture industry average. While 3 out of 12 is not 50-50, it would be very hard to find another firm of our size in the venture business where women run the show to the degree they do at YC. I may be the public face of the company, but it's impossible to imagine YC doing something that Jessica, Kirsty, and Carolynn were against. More thoughtful people were willing to concede YC wasn't biased against women, but thought we should be actively working to increase the number of female founders. As one put it, instead of being a gatekeeper, we should be a gateway. But that is exactly what Y Combinator is. The people who caricature us as being only interested in funding young hotshots forget that when we started, in 2005, young founders were not a privileged group but a marginalized one. VCs didn't want to fund them, and when they did they often as not tried to replace them with "adult supervision." The fact that young founders seem a privileged group now is partly due to our efforts. We attacked the problem not by advocacy but by action—by funding more young founders than VCs would,......

Words: 2052 - Pages: 9

Cp 11

...the friction and the controversy that comes with public affairs. It is easier to fall in step with the slogans of others than to march to the beat of the internal drummer – to make and stand on judgments of our own. And it is far easier to accept and stand on the past, than to fight for the answers of the future There is always room at the top * Daniel Webster 1. This quote from Daniel Webster is a prime example of how it is very easy to become mediocre and average but to become great you need to make uncomfortable decisions. I think this highlights American culture because Americans are known to have great ingenuity. We find a way to be at the top in the world in all aspects ( military, sports, business, etc.). Pg. 11 All of us, from the wealthiest to the young children that I have seen in this country, in this year, bloated by starvation – we all share one precious possession, and that is the name American. It is not easy to know what that means. But in part to be an American means to have been an outcast and a stranger, to have come to the exiles’ country, and to know that he who denies the outcast and stranger still amongst us, he also denies America. “History has placed us all, Northerner and Southerner, black and white, within a common border and under a common law. All of us, from the wealthiest and most powerful of men, to the weakest and hungriest of children, share one precious possession: the name American.” - John F.......

Words: 744 - Pages: 3

Why It's Safe for Founders to Be Nice

...I recently got an email from a founder that helped me understand something important: why it's safe for startup founders to be nice people. I grew up with a cartoon idea of a very successful businessman (in the cartoon it was always a man): a rapacious, cigar-smoking, table-thumping guy in his fifties who wins by exercising power, and isn't too fussy about how. As I've written before, one of the things that has surprised me most about startups is how few of the most successful founders are like that. Maybe successful people in other industries are; I don't know; but not startup founders. [1] I knew this empirically, but I never saw the math of why till I got this founder's email. In it he said he worried that he was fundamentally soft-hearted and tended to give away too much for free. He thought perhaps he needed "a little dose of sociopath-ness." I told him not to worry about it, because so long as he built something good enough to spread by word of mouth, he'd have a hyperlinear growth curve. If he was bad at extracting money from people, at worst this curve would be some constant multiple less than 1 of what it might have been. But a constant multiple of any curve is exactly the same shape. The numbers on the Y axis are smaller, but the curve is just as steep, and when anything grows at the rate of a successful startup, the Y axis will take care of itself. Some examples will make this clear. Suppose your company is making $1000 a month now, and you've made......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

Founder Message

...for a forever family. We hope that you enjoy these articles, but more importantly we hope that they will empower and motivate you to take action and do what you can to be part of the solution. We at Hands Anonymous Project dream about happy children and happy productive families. Together, we can make it happen. We are honored to share the work of so many committed and thoughtful people and organizations, such as St John Lutheran Church who provided us a place for our beginnings. We also want to give special thanks to our wonderful contributors, volunteers, and family who believe in this project. We appreciate your support and are so happy to have you as a reader of Horizons the Bilingual Magazine. With warmest thanks, Founder...

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Sept 11

...and many people can still not accept having a black president in the White House. It’s interesting to see in the article how the event of 9/11 is attributed to the decline of America. No matter how you measure it, the United States remains the single most influential country economically, politically, diplomatically and militarily. For most of the past years, the U.S. economy has grown at a steady, generating higher incomes and wealth for American people. But since 2000 there has been a sharp decline in that trend of growth. The past decade has been the worst for the U.S. The U.S has been faced with high unemployment, stagnant wages, the protracted debate over raising the government debt ceiling and the downgrade of U.S. The problem of America’s decline is worsened by the rise of other power countries. There are other countries that have the potential towards achieving superpower status within the 21st century such as China, Brazil, the European Union, India and Russia. These countries are doing something right. In addition, rather than the beginning of the decline of America, 9/11 only triggered what was already underway, albeit slowly. The good thing for America was that it had some time (like 3 to 5 decades) to transition from the sole power of the world to one which would to have share power with the 'rest'. But the bad thing is that 9/11 evoked the animal spirit in the leadership and their response precipitated this otherwise slow process.And the error of judgement was......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Comparison and Contrast Paper Founder(S) of the Religion

...Comparison and Contrast Paper Founder(s) of the religion There are five major religions of Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism have a different origins. The founder of Christianity was Jesus Christ. He was born in Bethlehem around 6-4BC. He was the son of Joseph and the Virgin Mary and in his early years most like trained as a carpenter under his father. Around the age of 30 he was baptized by John the Baptist and at the moment it was said the heavens opened up and God proclaimed that Jesus was his son and resulted in the beginning of his ministry and established a group that he called the twelve apostles. It was around this time where Jesus spent forty days and nights wandering the desert avoiding three temptations from Satan; hunger, power and faith. On Passover, he shared the last supper with his disciples when Jesus was arrested and condemned to death. On the third day, he resurrected from the dead and on the fortieth day after his resurrection, Jesus appeared, told to spread His word and ascended into heaven. The founder of Islam is the prophet Muhammad. Muhammad was born in 570 AD in Makah. In this early life, he was raised by his grandfather and after he died, his uncle. He later wed Khadija and lived a prosperous life. While making a retreat to a mountain cave, he was visited by a presence which left him in awe and was instructed to recite words which would be the foundation of the Qur’an. After a number of years,......

Words: 2485 - Pages: 10

Founders Dilemma - Reflection Paper

...highlights the struggles encountered by entrepreneur founders who inevitably walk the gauntlet in an effort to make a decision about their own future within a venture they founded. Do I want to get rich (wealth) or run the company (power)? The answer to this seemingly either/ or question has far reaching implications about their role in the venture they created. The “get rich” option (wealth) favors increasing the value of a smaller piece of the pie. Why smaller? The founder leverages equity slices of the pie to attract qualified co-founders, critical executives and valuable investors. The outside resources have critical skills required to make the venture a success but are not inherent to the founder. As such the founder is left with a smaller stake in the venture they founded, al-be-it a potentially more lucrative slice. The “run the company” option (power) suggests a founder does not offer equity to entice outside support but rather bootstrap’s their company with their own funds thus keeping their slice of the pie large. In this scenario a founder might be limited to ventures that don’t require large amounts of capital and/or limits the scope of the business to area’s where the founder has vast experience themselves. The article described a seemly binary scenario where the founder inevitably has to make an absolute either/or decision; however, the motivations of the founder are noticeably void. I assume for a founder who is completely motivated by money, there is no......

Words: 584 - Pages: 3

Five Founders

...Five Founders Inc recently asked me who I thought were the 5 most interesting startup founders of the last 30 years. How do you decide who's the most interesting? The best test seemed to be influence: who are the 5 who've influenced me most? Who do I use as examples when I'm talking to companies we fund? Who do I find myself quoting? 1. Steve Jobs I'd guess Steve is the most influential founder not just for me but for most people you could ask. A lot of startup culture is Apple culture. He was the original young founder. And while the concept of "insanely great" already existed in the arts, it was a novel idea to introduce into a company in the 1980s. More remarkable still, he's stayed interesting for 30 years. People await new Apple products the way they'd await new books by a popular novelist. Steve may not literally design them, but they wouldn't happen if he weren't CEO. Steve is clever and driven, but so are a lot of people in the Valley. What makes him unique is his sense of design. Before him, most companies treated design as a frivolous extra. Apple's competitors now know better. 2. TJ Rodgers TJ Rodgers isn't as famous as Steve Jobs, but he may be the best writer among Silicon Valley CEOs. I've probably learned more from him about the startup way of thinking than from anyone else. Not so much from specific things he's written as by reconstructing the mind that produced them: brutally candid; aggressively garbage-collecting outdated ideas; and yet...

Words: 788 - Pages: 4

Our Founders, What We Look for

...1. Determination This has turned out to be the most important quality in startup founders. We thought when we started Y Combinator that the most important quality would be intelligence. That's the myth in the Valley. And certainly you don't want founders to be stupid. But as long as you're over a certain threshold of intelligence, what matters most is determination. You're going to hit a lot of obstacles. You can't be the sort of person who gets demoralized easily. Bill Clerico and Rich Aberman of WePay are a good example. They're doing a finance startup, which means endless negotiations with big, bureaucratic companies. When you're starting a startup that depends on deals with big companies to exist, it often feels like they're trying to ignore you out of existence. But when Bill Clerico starts calling you, you may as well do what he asks, because he is not going away. 2. Flexibility You do not however want the sort of determination implied by phrases like "don't give up on your dreams." The world of startups is so unpredictable that you need to be able to modify your dreams on the fly. The best metaphor I've found for the combination of determination and flexibility you need is a running back. He's determined to get downfield, but at any given moment he may need to go sideways or even backwards to get there. The current record holder for flexibility may be Daniel Gross of Greplin. He applied to YC with some bad ecommerce idea. We told him we'd fund him if he......

Words: 744 - Pages: 3

Succeeding the Founder

...Succeeding the Founder How to Lead a Successful Transition as the Successor Photo Copyright © 2012 Judd Patterson Photo Copyright © 2012 Judd Patterson Reprinted by permission from The CEO Advantage Journal, a publication of CEO Advisors, LLC. Visit w w by Ben Anderson-Ray and John Kobasic N AUGUST 24, 2011, Steve Jobs resigned his role as Apple CEO and was replaced by Tim Cook. This followed a seven-month period in which Cook was already functioning O O as CEO while Jobs focused on fighting the health problems that ultimately took his life on October 5. Many are watching to see how this unique leadership transition will work out for Apple, but it is not the first unique leadership transition they have faced. Jobs, of course, was the cofounder of Apple, but organizational infighting led to his ouster when John Sculley took over in the mid-1980s. Sculley oversaw the growth of the Macintosh and thus the company, but when that growth slowed and new internal issues arose, a series of CEOs failed to get the company back on track. In 1997, a more experienced Jobs returned and drove tremendous growth. The leadership history of Apple is a good reminder that a leadership transition–particularly one involving the founder– presents both risk and opportunity to any organization. If done poorly, it spawns uncertainty, conflict, and stress, stalling growth and exacerbating misalignment that may or may not have already been there. If done......

Words: 2328 - Pages: 10

Watch Now | Anthony Russo | S For Sex, S For Secrets