The American Economy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By johnn5595
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EC 301 Intermediate economics | The American Economy | Keynesian and Monetary Theories, Budget Deficits, Trade Deficits, and Supply-side Economics | | Nathan Johnson | 5/5/2013 |


The past twenty years has seen a great shift in economics of this country. In the early 1990’s the U.S. economy was struggling and was a major topic of the previous presidential election. Fast forward twenty years and an economic boom and bust later, the presidential election again was based on a struggling economy. By taking a closer look at the policies and practices that took place in that span we might be able to find a better understanding of how our government can influence our economy. In the field of economics there are several varying sets of ideals of how policies should be implemented. Two of those groups are the Keynesian theorists and the monetary theorists. These two groups offer different perspectives of what is “right” in the world of economics. Each option provides its positives and negatives, but it is up to each economist to determine which negatives are worth giving up. The Keynesian theorists believe in correcting economic downturns with fiscal policy actions. Actions that would please Keynesian theorists would include changes in government spending, changes in the amount of taxes, and changes made to investments in long term productive growth. During the most recent fiscal crisis, these theorists were happy with the stimulus package that was created by the government. The government in 2009 introduced an economic stimulus package that increased government spending which caused the government deficit to increase and with the multiplier of government spending tried to increase demand. Keynes held the opinion that the state needed to play a larger role in the economy in order to eliminate some of the uncertainty involved in the classical economics…...

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