The Analytical Difference in Conceptualising the Russia-Ukraine Crises in Realist and Materialist Terms

In: Social Issues

Submitted By StrykerTinto
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University of Kassel
Governance of the World Market:
Institutions, Instruments and Experiences (MCC III)
Prof. Christoph Scherrer
Winter Semester 2015/2016

The Analytical difference in Conceptualising the Russia-Ukraine Conflict in Realist and Materialist Terms

Kofi Adu Frimpong Kholmati Kholik
Global Political Economy Global Political Economy
33423968 33420343 kadfrimpong@yahoo.com kkholik@gmail.com

15/03/2016

Abstract
The so called Euromaidan revolution – Ukraine’s struggle to move one step further to closer ties with Europe by liberating itself from the Russian orbit, have created the Russia-Ukraine Crisis. It has re-established and heightened the tensions between Russia and West. Realism has been on the fore front of the academic discussion in explaining the crisis as the power competition between Russia and the West. Alternatively, Materialism has provided a different yet deeper analytical perspective on the conflict by attributing it to the broadening of the transnational class capitalism. This paper will seek to explain and scrutinize the analytical differences in conceptualizing this crisis in Realist and Materialist terms.

Keywords: Ukraine crisis, Realism, Security, Materialism, Lockean heartland, Contender states

Table of Contents 1 Introduction 4 2 Theoretical framework 5
2.1 Theoretical underpinnings of the Realist school of thought 5
2.2 Theoretical underpinnings of Materialism: Amsterdam School Approach 7 2.2.1 The Lockean Heartland 8 2.2.2 Contender States 9 2.2.3 Ex-contender states, aspirant states, and capitalist class fraction 10 3 The Russia-Ukraine conflict 12
3.1 Russia-Ukraine conflict in Realist terms 12 3.1.1 NATO expansion 13 3.1.2 European Union (EU) expansion eastward 15 3.1.3 Spread of Democracy 16
3.2 Russia’s containment policies to the Western affront 17…...

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