The Carter Doctrine

In: Historical Events

Submitted By adreion1
Words 1194
Pages 5
The Carter Doctrine and the Effects in Afghanistan
POL 300
July 28, 2013
Professor Koltochnik
Adreion Rice
Assignment 2

As recorded, The Carter Doctrine was a policy proclaimed by the president of the United States Jimmy Carter in his State of the Union address on January 23, 1980, which stated that United States would use military force if necessary to defend its national interest in the Persian Gulf region. The doctrine was a response to the 1979 invasion of Afghanistan by Soviet Union, and was intended to deter the Soviet Union-the Cold war adversary of the United States-from seeking hegemony in the Gulf. After stating that Soviet troops in Afghanistan posed “a grave threat to the free movement of middle east oil,” Carter proclaimed:
The region which is now threatened by Soviet troops in Afghanistan is of great strategic importance: It contains more than two-thirds of the world's exportable oil. The Soviet effort to dominate Afghanistan has brought Soviet military forces to within 300 miles of the Indian Ocean and close to the Straits of Hormuz, a waterway through which most of the world's oil must flow. The Soviet Union is now attempting to consolidate a strategic position, therefore, that poses a grave threat to the free movement of Middle East oil. When Carter assumed office in 1977, he was a tabula rasa, the perfect American innocent in a world set in its ways. Predictions of how he would behave were few, and those that were attempted were based on Carter’s membership in the Trilateral Commission, as if a general staff existed to give the orders that Lieutenant Carter would follow. It turns out, in retrospect, that believers in the omnipotence of Trilateralism gave Carter too much credit, for they assumed that when presented with a coherent program, the President would respond. Actually, Carter never developed a foreign policy. To Jimmy Carter,…...

Similar Documents

Doctrine of Reagan

...Doctrine of Reagan Mrs. J. Y. Baker Prof. Thomas Payne Jr. – POL 300 February 4, 2012 Doctrine of Reagan With the threat of The Cold War, U.S. Presidents beginning with Truman had to create doctrines to find remedies for the problem of communism and its expansion. The doctrine of Ronald W. Reagan was especially noteworthy because it initiated a revolutionized foreign policy after World War II. The Cold War brought trepidation of nuclear bombing that sent panic through the U.S. government. This is why previously the U.S. chose not to challenge the Soviet Union head-on. Officials felt American’s weren’t ready to send their loved ones to fight another war on foreign soil after Vietnam listed so many casualties. However with the risk of communism spreading further and possibly encompassing the globe, the U.S. just couldn’t take a backseat and keep quiet. In 1983, Reagan dubbed the Soviet Union an “evil empire” using a speech written by Dolan for the opposite purpose. As Diggins put it “Reagan dubbed the Soviet Union ‘the focus of evil’ of the entire world” (2007, pg. 29). Following the footsteps of his predecessor, President Carter, Reagan developed a way to fight the war on communism and make the people happy by preventing our military from suffering anymore casualties. President Carter got the ball rolling when the Soviet Union tried to invade Afghanistan in 1979. That’s when the U.S. supplied secret military aid to mujahideen fighters to assist in driving out......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Reagan Doctrine

...Reagan Doctrine 1981 – 1989 By: Naomi Reid Professor Muhammad Sohna Pol 300 Sunday, July 29, 2012 “The "Reagan Doctrine" was used to characterize the Reagan administration's (1981-1988) policy of supporting anti-Communist insurgents wherever they might be. In his 1985 State of the Union address, President Ronald Reagan called upon Congress and the American people to stand up to the Soviet Union, what he had previously called the "Evil Empire": "We must stand by all our democratic allies. And we must not break faith with those who are risking their lives--on every continent, from Afghanistan to Nicaragua--to defy Soviet-supported aggression and secure rights which have been ours from birth." (Reagan Doctrine) To the naked eye the Reagan Doctrine appears to corresponds with the United States’ 40-year mission for containment of the Soviet Union. The doctrine however is very different. As carried out by Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Nixon and Carter, containment is a defensive theory referring to efforts to limit the further spread of Soviet power. During the initial years of the Cold War, the United States’ official policy towards communism was containment. With the creation of the Reagan Doctrine the focus shifted from keeping communism from spreading to eliminating existing communist governments. In addition to the rollback of these communist governments, the United States also wanted to encourage capitalism and democracy in those places. The Reagan Doctrine goes......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Carter

...Administrator Challenges Paper Eric A. Carter CJA/454 Instructor: Ryn Fenner Corrections is believed by many people that work in its field of correctional officers to be the most challenging and frustrating component of criminal justice. There is the challenge of managing the inmates daily as well as the frustrations of inevitable mismanagement at attempting to accomplish multiple goals. New challenges present themselves every day. In a very real sense, employees in a correctional system are doing time the same as the inmates are doing time. It's easy to conduct a trial and sentence somebody (Alighieri, 2004). What corrections find more difficult is what to do with these inmates after they have been sentenced for five, ten and life in prison. Much of corrections is completed is a big range because of its endless amount of prisoners that are sentenced to prison each day. An issue that also occurs in corrections is the cost of operating a correctional facility. To operate a prison each year it can cost approximately thirty billion dollars. This includes correctional officer workers, administrations that work in the correctional facility. Housing, feeding, and clothing an inmate can start from twenty thousand dollars a year and the number can grow to almost thirty thousand, all of the funds are provided from tax payers. Therefore with all of these numbers in place to pay workers and take care...

Words: 803 - Pages: 4

Carter

...Carter Racing by Jack Brittain & Sim Sitkin DELTA LEADERSHIP BJ Carter was not sure. Chris Carter (a sibling and business partner) was on the phone and needed a decision. Should they run in the race or not? It had been a successful season so far, but the Pocono race was important because of the prize money and TV exposure it promised. This first year was hard because the team was trying to make a name for itself. They had run in a lot of small races to get this shot at "the big time". A successful ~w..Kcould mean more spons,ors, a chanceto start m~i~,g _ ~l'lle profit fo!~ange, and the luxury of r:,!g.ing..only the major ~nts. But if they suffered another engine failure on national television ... . was an important element in success . "In racing, you are pushing the limits of what is known," Robin argued, " and that means some things are not going to be under control. If you want to win, you have to take risks . Everybody in racing knows it. The drivers have their lives on the line, I have a career that hangs on every race , and you have every dime tied up in the business. That's the thrill : beating the odds and winning." Last night over dinner Robin had added to this argument forcefully with Burns ' Fir st Law of Racing: "Nobody ever won a race sitting in the pits." BJ, Chris and Robin had discussed Carter Racing's situation the previous evening. This first season was a success from a racing standpoint, with the team' s car finishing "in the money" (one of the......

Words: 2185 - Pages: 9

Reagan Doctrine

...The Reagan Doctrine Ronald Reagan is best known for his speech at the Brandenburg Gate near the Berlin Wall where he stated “Mister Gorbachev, Tear down this wall!” That was his challenge to the Soviet leader. Like presidents before him present Reagan had established a doctrine to eradicate the Soviet influence on the world. Ronald Reagan was not the first to propose a doctrine to fight the Soviet nation. In fact, he was just following in the footsteps of his predecessors. The Reagan doctrine was similar to of Truman, Eisenhower, Nixon and Carter in that they all wanted containment of the Soviet Union, but were as they used a more defensive method Reagan deployed a more Offensive style to dealing communist-controlled countries. Reagan laid out his interpretation of his doctrine at his State of the Union Address on February 6, 1985. "We must not break faith with those who are risking their lives on every continent from Afghanistan to Nicaragua to defy Soviet-supported aggression and secure rights which have been ours from birth . . . Support for freedom fighters is self-defense." He went on to explain how he thought that Truman’s version of containment, originally designed to halt Stalin in Europe was now obsolete. President Reagan’s doctrine facilitated the use of US involvement in places like Angola where the Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) fought against the Soviet and Cuban backed Angolan government. US involvement was also present in......

Words: 937 - Pages: 4

Carter

...Statements like this place his company at risk and show that he obviously needs a human resource manager who knows about current laws and regulations. Being the owner, he should have at least a basic knowledge of discriminatory employment policies and procedures. Regardless who he hires (even if it is “mostly women and minorities”), if he violates the equal employment law, he can definitely be accused of discrimination. The employees or applicants only need valid evidence to charge him for discrimination. In this case the EEO may take action. 2. How should Monica and her company address the sexual harassment charges and problems? Investigate with both of the women who confront Monica with the claim and the managers Monica and Carter Cleaning should immediately address the situation and allegations. Start an investigation to see whether such violations really occurred. Address the situation with care to also protect the privacy of everyone involved and to avoid disruption in the work place. Advise victim to inform harasser directly that conduct is unwelcomed. Issue a strong policy to ensure all employees know the severity and guidelines with sexual harassment and harassment and what is expected and what is not tolerated in the workplace. Inform all employees of their rights under the policy, this is critical for the human resource to take steps to prevent such workplace misconduct. And having updates often issue a strong policy statement condemning......

Words: 13372 - Pages: 54

At Will Doctrine

...Assignment 2: Employment at Will Doctrine LEG500 Legal, Ethics and Corporate Governance August 3, 2014 Referring to the Employment-At-Will doctrine, which states that both employer and employee can terminate their relationship as employee and employer for good cause, for no cause, for cause morally wrong or for no cause at all, some of these employees seems to have crossed the line that gives all the possible reason for the company to fire them (Halbert & Inguilli, 2012, pg 46). Considering that the company operates, as any at will employer it can be assessed that it has the full authority to terminate most of these employees since they have committed a breach of contract with their actions. However, even though the doctrine gives the absolute right for both stakeholders to terminate their contract for a cause or for no cause at all, there are still some limitations to the law that companies need to consider before firing an employee if they wish to minimize their liabilities and litigation costs. If there's no contract covering termination, you're free to fire an employee at any time, for any reason or for no reason at all. That law still applies today, but the "at-will" rule is subject to many limitations. For example, despite the "at-will" rule, a fired employee may claim one or more of the following grounds in a wrongful-discharge case (Steingold, 1997, para 4)). In light of this I will try to assess the actions of these employees one by one to determine the......

Words: 1123 - Pages: 5

Will at Doctrine

...Assignment Two: Employment-at-Will Doctrine Linda M Zaccarillo LEG500 Law, Ethics and Corporate Governance Note: This assignment is submitted on July 31, 2014 to Professor Sliben in fulfillment of a requirement for successful course completion. Assignment One: Employment-at-Will Doctrin In this paper I will be acting as a recently-hired Chief Operating Officer in a midsize company preparing for an Initial Public Offering. I will also I will analyze the emoloyment-at-will doctrine, determine if any exceptions and liabilities exist, and give a brief definition. I will also discuss Pennsylvania employement-at-will doctrine. Employment-at-Will Doctrine Employment-at-will doctrine means the common law rule that holds that whenever an employment relationship is of an indefinate duration, either party- the employer or the employee-may terminate the relationship at any time,for good cause or bad, in good faith or with malice(Halbert & Ingulli, 2012. p 46). John John is not protected by the employment-at will doctrine. The reason that I can fire him is because his interent blasting is a direct violation of company policy. There is no privacy when posting on the internet. When you post things on the interent you are posting for the whole world to see. John is not covered by any laws to protect him from being fired. There is also no way that he ccan contest the firing because he is violatiating......

Words: 1931 - Pages: 8

The Reagan Doctrine

...The Reagan Doctrine The Reagan Doctrine popularized during the two-term presidency of Ronald Wilson Reagan was one which he hinted to in his 1985 State of the Union Address. He affirmed to the American public and the world that “We must not break faith with those who are risking their lives--on every continent from Afghanistan to Nicaragua--to defy Soviet aggression and secure rights which have been ours from birth. Support for freedom fighters is self-defense.” (Reagan, 1985, Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 21, no. 6). This theme was expanded upon afterwards by then Secretary of State George Shultz, and picked up by journalists, most notably Charles Krauthammer who was first to give the Reagan Doctrine its name in his column in the April 1, 1985 issue of Time magazine. The Reagan Doctrine contended that the United States had a duty to oppose the spread of communist dictatorships and to support the freedom fighters that were part of insurgencies defying Soviet aggression. Its policies were rooted in the 1950s anti-communist doctrines long supported by Americans; however it differed in that “containment” was no longer its only goal. Under the Reagan doctrinal policy it was now permissible to support freedom fighters seeking to throw off governments in counties suffering under communist domination. The rhetorical outpouring of the Reagan Doctrine was much more universal than its actual enactment of policy. This was attributed largely to the impact on U.S.......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Doctrine

...LII. An Essay towards solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances. By the late Rev. Mr. Bayes, communicated by Mr. Price, in a letter to John Canton, M. A. and F. R. S. Dear Sir, Read Dec. 23, 1763. I now send you an essay which I have found among the papers of our deceased friend Mr. Bayes, and which, in my opinion, has great merit, and well deserves to be preserved. Experimental philosophy, you will find, is nearly interested in the subject of it; and on this account there seems to be particular reason for thinking that a communication of it to the Royal Society cannot be improper. He had, you know, the honour of being a member of that illustrious Society, and was much esteemed by many as a very able mathematician. In an introduction which he has writ to this Essay, he says, that his design at first in thinking on the subject of it was, to find out a method by which we might judge concerning the probability that an event has to happen, in given circumstances, upon supposition that we know nothing concerning it but that, under the same circumstances, it has happened a certain number of times, and failed a certain other number of times. He adds, that he soon perceived that it would not be very difficult to do this, provided some rule could be found, according to which we ought to estimate the chance that the probability for the happening of an event perfectly unknown, should lie between any two named degrees of probability, antecedently to any experiments made about it; and......

Words: 14334 - Pages: 58

Carter

...more than 15 employees may be discriminated against due to his or her race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” Today, organizations and companies are also creating a safe work environment for those of different sexual orientation and gender identification. Discrimination occurs when an employee feels that they're being specifically targeted based on the criteria mentioned above. Although Carter Cleaning company has hired minorities and females, Jack is still participating in discrimination. He's practicing age discrimination and gender discrimination. Gender discrimination is noted when the female canidate is asked on the interview “who's going to take care of your child while you are at work?” A potential employees family life and structure of raising a child is of no concern and should not be brought up in an interview. It should also never be assumed that the female candidate has children. Asking a female this question and not a male is what makes it discriminatory. Work and family matters are two separate identities and should never be brought up in an interview. Carter also practices age discrimination by allowing his recent hires to be paid more than a man who has “50 years of experience.” The employee is treated less favorable based on his age. Not that he/she cannot due the job anymore, but solely on the fact that he/she happens to be older than those currently working. What I would recommend for Jack would be he reviews and attends seminars regarding how to...

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Doctrine

...UNIVERSITATEA “DUNĂREA DE JOS”, GALAȚI FACULTATEA DE ECONOMIE ȘI ADMINISTRAREA AFACERILOR SPECIALIZAREA: AFACERI INTERNAȚIONALE REFERAT LA DISCIPLINA „DOCTRINE ECONOMICE CONTEMPORANE” tEMĂ: Modelul economic creat de J. M. Keynes pentru explicarea dezechilibrelor din economia de piață contemporană tEMĂ: Modelul economic creat de J. M. Keynes pentru explicarea dezechilibrelor din economia de piață contemporană Cadru didactic coordonator: Lect. dr. Ludmila Daniela MANEA Student: Genoveva Virginia GROSU Anul III 2015 Cuprins Introducere 2 1. Modelul economic creat de J.M. Keynes 3 1.1. Caracteristicile modelului creat de Keynes 3 2. Componentele definitorii ale modelului economico-matematic al lui J. M. Keynes 4 2.1. Variabilele 4 2.1.1. Variabilele endogene 4 2.1.2. Variabile exogene 5 2.2. Relațiile dintre variabile 7 2.3. Parametrul, “multiplicatorul investițonal” (K) 8 Bibliografie 10 Introducere De-a lungul evoluţiei sale istorice, ştiinţa a căutat să analizeze fenomenele complexe cu ajutorul modelelor abstracte. Natura umană şi variaţia relaţiilor care se stabilesc într-o societate formează un câmp de cercetare întins şi pasionant, propice declanşării unor multiple controverse. Utilizarea matematicii pentru rezolvarea unor probleme economice suscită reticenţe profunde şi nejustificate. Mulţi teoreticieni sau practicieni economişti ignoră noile descoperiri din teoria matematică care le-ar putea fi utile. Pe de......

Words: 3065 - Pages: 13

Carter

...receives training in “how to train.” There are no outcome measures to determine if the training was successful. 2. What role do job descriptions play in training? Job descriptions set the boundaries of jobs in terms of required knowledge and skills. By understanding the job description, a trainer can define the learning requirements for a new or transitioning employee. 3. Explain in detail what you would do to improve the training process at Apex. Make sure to provide specific suggestions, please. Every position would have a formal (written) description. Training procedures would be documented for each position. Supervisors would be formally accountable for training. Running Case: Carter Cleaning Company; The New Training Program 1. Specifically, what should the Carters cover in their new employee orientation program, and how should we convey this information? The students should refer to the orientation checklist in Figure 7.1 and the section on orienting employees in the chapter. 2. In the HR management course Jennifer took, the book suggested using a task analysis record form to identify tasks performed by an employee. Should we use a form like this for the counterperson’s job, and if so what would the filled-in form look like? The students should refer to the section on the training needs of new employees. This section discusses a task analysis form, which includes: task analysis record form can also be used. It contains the following......

Words: 5074 - Pages: 21

The Reagan Doctrine

...The Reagan Doctrine: Assisting the Overthrow of Pro-Soviet Regimes. Jonathan Burton November 2nd 2011 Strayer University POL300 Professor Popova-Nowak In April of 1978 the pro-Soviet People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) overthrew a corrupted Afghan Republic and would begin a domino effect that would culminate on September 11th 2001 in the New York skyline. Jimmy Carter had put into effect a doctrine of stating out loud that the Persian Gulf was vital to United States foreign political interest but showed no open displays of force. Behind the scenes the CIA had be involved with the movement to oust the PDPA. This forced the Russian government to send in 5,000 troops. Their aim was to place a Soviet chosen leader into power and after twelve hours of intense fighting, Barbrak Karmal was put in a plane and flown back to Moscow. This would begin a decade long occupation by the Russians and the United States got what it wanted; A Soviet Vietnam. The United States went to great lengths to supply this war against Communism and the hatred of the Soviets. China, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and others poured in money, weapons, and military advisors to aid the Mujahideen, the new name of the resistance fighters the CIA was backing. This covert operation was run out of the CIA until March of 1985. February 6th of 1985, President Ronald Reagan laid out his doctrine in the State of the Union Address. “WE must not break faith with those who are risking their lives on every......

Words: 2293 - Pages: 10

The Carter Doctrine and the Cold War

...Running Head: The Carter Doctrine and the Cold War The Carter Doctrine and the Cold War United States Diplomatic Efforts During James L. Carter’s Presidential Time in Office In 1976 Americans chose James L. Carter versus Gerald Ford as their new president. The former governor of Georgia was appointed in hopes of defending American interests in the midst of the Cold War. Of President Carters’ administration, one of its most resilient adversities was faced Iran. Former President Dwight D. Eisenhower overthrew the leader of Iran in the 1953 Iranian coup d'etat, and used nuclear threats to conclude the Korean War with China. The New Look policy, the national security policy of the United States during his administration, called the New Look policy gave priority to inexpensive nuclear weapons while reducing the funding for the other military forces; the goal was to keep pressure on the Soviet Union and reduce federal deficits. Carter collaborated in this conquest. In response, Iran installed oppression of fanatical Moslem ayatollahs. This new government seized the American embassy in violation of the diplomatic law, withholding 66 hostages for the rest of the Carter administration. On November 14, 1979 President Carter immobilized the sale of weapons to Iran, banned all oil imports from them, and froze Iranian assets in the United States. The following year conditions for the release of the hostages were announced by the Shah but only in January 20th, 1981 when Ronald......

Words: 1642 - Pages: 7

Télécharger ! | Safe House | Warehouses