The ‘Christianization’ Process of the London Missionary Society in 19th Century South Africa: a Case Study of Bethelsdorp and Thornberg

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Submitted By moniqueclassen
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Destruction of Cape San (Bushman) Society

The hunter-gatherer communities of the Cape Colony were almost entirely destroyed as a result of pervasive settler violence under both Dutch and British colonial rule. Some scholars argue that the land dispossession, enforced labour incorporation, periodic massacre, and suppression of their culture inflicted on the San constitute genocide. While developments through the 18th century have been reasonably thoroughly documented, our knowledge of the 19th century is patchy because little research has been done on this period.



The ‘Christianization’ process of the London Missionary Society in 19th century South Africa: A case study of Bethelsdorp and Thornberg

Contents PLAGIARISM DECLARATION 2 ABSTRACT 3 INTRODUCTION 4 THE LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY 7 Driving Ideologies Behind An Archetype of Civility and Modernity 9 THE ‘CHRISTIANIZATION’ STATIONS 11 The Institute of Bethelsdorp for the Khoekhoe 11 Thornberg Mission Station for the Heathen San 17 THE GROUNDWORK 21 CONCLUSION 26 BIBLIOGRAPHY 28

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 1. Village of Bethelsdorp (from John Philip: Researchers in South Africa, London 1828)

2. Church and Mission House at Bethelsdorp (from a watercolor by John Campbell, 1819.)
By courtesy of Africana Museum, Johannesburg

3. Map: Nineteenth-Century Mission Stations to Bushmen (from Tricksters and Trancers, 1999)

4. Erasmus Smith (from Christianity in South Africa: A Political, Social, and Cultural History, 1997)




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