The Council of Europe

In: Social Issues

Submitted By oasemota1
Words 2371
Pages 10
Nicholas Asemota

Name of organization: The Council of Europe
Year founded:5 May 1949 by the Treaty of London.
Original Members: Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
Original objectives: In 1945, at the end of the second World War, Europe was marked by unprecedented devastation and human suffering. It faced new political challenges, in particular reconciliation among the peoples of Europe. This situation favored the long held idea of European integration through the creation of common institutions. In his famous speech at the University of Zurich on 19 September 1946, Sir Winston Churchill called for a United States of Europe and the creation of a Council of Europe. He had spoken of a Council of Europe as early as 1943 in a broadcast to the nation. The future structure of the Council of Europe was discussed at a specific congress of several hundred leading politicians, government representatives and civil society in The Hague, Netherlands in 1948. There were two schools of thought competing: some favored a classical international organization with representatives of governments, while others preferred a political forum with parliamentarians. Both approaches were finally combined through the creation of the Committee of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly under the Statute of the Council of Europe..This vision also led to the creation of the motto and the underlying objective of the Council of Europe which is to promote greater unity within Europe and to safeguard its political and cultural heritage by promoting human rights and democracy.

Original organizational structure and decision rules: The original structure of the Council of Europe consisted of these institutions , which are the Committee of Ministers comprising…...

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