The Effects of Dream Length on the Relationship Between Primary Process in Dreams and Creativity

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Dreaming, Vol. 1, No.4, 1991

The Effects of Dream Length on the Relationship
Between Primary Process in Dreams and Creativity
Glenn Livingston l and Ross Levin l ,2

The effects of dream length on the relationship between primaty process in dreams and a measure of creativity unconfounded by IQ was investigated in a sample of 93 graduate students using the Auld, Goldenberg, & Weiss (1968) Scale of Primary Process Thought
(SPPT) and a modified Wallach-Kogan (1965) creativity batte/yo Consistent with previous research, total and mean primary process were found to correlate significantly with creativity (r = .28, P < .01 and r = .23, P < .05, respectively). Both significant relationships disappeared, however, once the effects of dream length were partialled out, confirming Wood, Sebba, & Domino's (1989-90) contention that this relationship may be artifactual. It is suggested that dream length as an individual difference in and of itself may thus be a more fruitful variable to examine in future research investigating the relationship between creativity and dreams.
KEY WORDS: dreaming; dream length; primary process; creativity.

The contention that creativity and dreaming may reflect similar psychological processes has long been maintained by both the lay public and philosophers alike.
In support of this, both the anecdotal and empirical psychological literature contain numerous references suggesting both a direct and analogical relationship between dreams and creativity (Adelson, 1960; Dave, 1978; Domino, 1976, 1982; Sladeczek
& Domino, 1985; Dreistadt, 1971; Giovacchini, 1966; Krippner, 1981; Lewis, 1984;
Palombo, 1983, 1984;…...

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