The Great Pyramid

In: Business and Management

Submitted By speedofit
Words 558
Pages 3
Duy Tran
SP 111
August 10, 2012

I. Introduction: Nowadays, when we look at the huge and modern builiding around us, we often admire to know the way architects created them. Each building has their own features and very diversified in their shapes. Looking at how beautiful they are, we can image that the constructions need a lot of efforts from the architects and workers, and they may use many advanced and modern facilities to bring them the best work. Besides, if we think about the past, without technology, there would be impossible for the ancient people build anything amazing like these. But that is not true, and you will be surprised when you see how mighty the pyramids are. Especially, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the only one of the seven ancient wonders still remaining to our days and one of the most famous tourist attractions in the modern world.

II. Body: 1) What is pyramid? + Pyramid is a structure whose shape is triangular and converges to a single point at the top. The base of a pyramid can be trilateral, quadrilateral, or any polygon shape, and the square pyramid is a common version. + Most of Pyramids represent for the tomb of Pharoahs, kings of acient Egypt, who believed that they could take their bodies and worldly possessions to the next world by burying inside the pyramid. Usually, they started construction on their pyramid many years before their death.

2) How to build a pyramid? + The estimate of the number of workers to build the pyramids range from a few thousand, twenty thousand. Especilly, It's believed to have taken 100,000 laborers about 20 years to build the the Great Pyramid of Giza, using an estimated 2.3 million blocks weighing around 2.5 tons went into the construction. (An article on website: + The interesting thing is until now we don’t know exactly how they was built completely,…...

Similar Documents

Bottom of the Pyramid

...Marketing to the Bottom of the Pyramid Until recently, the least important market segment has been the most poor, lower-income individuals and families. According to Professor C.K. Prahalad, the “bottom of the pyramid”, also referred to as the BOP, is made up of nearly 4 billion people who survive on $2 a day or less. Making up approximately a quarter of the world’s population, these four billion people hold $14 trillion in purchasing power and this group is growing each year. In the past, this market segment couldn’t afford to purchase most products and were definitely not looking at the latest and greatest technologies. However, with some markets becoming more and more competitive, potential for making more profit from bottom of the pyramid consumers began to grow. Today, more and more stores such as Wal-Mart specifically cater to low-income families, just as Sears Roebuck had. Companies such a Singer offering payment plans for consumers who purchased their sewing machine led the way in marketing to this group. It seems that as time goes on, the BOP seems to have access to more and more higher end products that they once couldn’t afford. While the process of marketing to the BOP has proven to turn a profit, marketers need to keep in mind the challenges that they face in regards to offering advanced technology, financing, distribution, and packaging. One challenge that many companies faced was being able to create technologically advanced products that could be made......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Pyramids of Giza

...of the Pyramids of Giza RUNNING HEAD: THE MYSTERY OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE PYRAMIDS 2 AT GIZA There are many mysteries surrounding our history, especially those of ancient times. It is my belief that a mystery is something that simply can’t be explained and is based off of phenomenon. In regards to the Pyramids at Giza, is it really a mystery or have we as a modern society over looked some things? Have we given our ancestors due credit for their work or do we continue to believe that since they were not as technologically advanced that somehow they weren’t as smart as we are today? The only mystery here is why we can’t fathom certain things of ancient times to have been accomplished. No one as of yet can come up with a viable explanation as to how the Pyramids of Giza were built. How could a structure so big, so wide, be built by men who had yet to advance by our definition of skill? The Great Pyramid at Giza was built for Pharaoh Khufu who ruled during the 4th Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. Such as was practice in the ancient times, Pharaoh Khufu was laid to rest in one of the greatest structures ever known to mankind, The Pyramid at Giza. Great......

Words: 719 - Pages: 3

The Pyramids of Egypt

...“Egypt is a great place for contrasts: splendid things gleam in the dust.” The moment I stepped onto the smooth sand, I remembered this quote by Gustave Flaubert. I could see nothing in front of me other than dust particles dancing in the air. And then, there they were; the Great Pyramids of Egypt lying on the Giza Plateau. At that moment, my adventure began. And today, my fellow classmates, we are going to relive this adventure together and discover the secrets of the Great Pyramid of Khufu. In 2007, I spent a month in Egypt and upon my visit to the Giza Plateau, the guide took us into that Great Pyramid and we toured it together. This is what encouraged me the most to share with you today the marvels of Khufu’s Pyramid. In the next few minutes, we will explore the outside of the pyramid as well as its interior including all its different chambers and pathways. Let us start by contemplating the exterior architecture of the pyramid and find out about its general characteristics. The Great Pyramid stood the tallest for more than 4,000 years, at 146.5 meters high. It could be seen from the mountains in Israel! But today, having lost 9.5 meters from the top, it stands at 137 meters. The base of the pyramid is quite large. Each of its faces measures up to 230 meters; almost 10 football fields can fit in to its base. Regarding its steepness, each of the sides rises at an angle of 51.5̊ sharp. Furthermore, each one of them is aligned with true north, south, east, and west! Later,......

Words: 1084 - Pages: 5


...(exercised) or alive (not yet exercised) and then using the higher of these two values. 3a. At the time of grant, the options are out of the money, therefore in order to profit from owning the options, managers would need the stock price to rise above strike price. If the stock price does not rise, their options become worthless and they lose the value of the grant. However, with RSUs, managers are not penalised if the stock price does not change. Also, we note that, due to the convexity of their payoffs (as opposed to the linear payoff of the RSUs), ESOs have a much higher upside potential. Therefore, at the time of the grant, ESOs provide managers with more incentives to raise the stock price than do RSUs. 3b. In the event that the Pyramid share price drops 50%, ESOs become almost worthless whereas RSUs will retain 50% of their value because they represent direct ownership in the company’s stock. In addition, holders of RSUs can benefit immediately from a recovery in the share price. However, holders of ESOs, can only benefit from their currently deep out-of-the-money options, if the price rises substantially. So in this case, the incentives of owning options are greatly reduced compared to holding RSUs. 3c. The incentive effect is directly linked to the extent to which employees will profit from a rise in the stock price. This can be quantified by the delta of the ESOs and the RSUs (100% for RSUs). As we can see from the graph below, the slope of the dotted......

Words: 591 - Pages: 3

The Pyramids

...The Pyramids at Giza Construction Julian Grant Humanities 111 Professor Emerick April 29, 2014 This is another unbelievable story, as there are many mysteries as it certainly is fascinating. The two particular theories as the “transport theory” which is presented by engineer and inventor, Andrzej Bochnacki, a Polish engineer as his book proposes very inventive technology for moving the pyramid blocks from the pits to the construction place. He presents the method from which the stones moved to making the entire pyramid. He said that they must have made the paper boats which were placed on the top of the blocks and knotted up with ropes (Bochnacki, 1994). These movable boats were in wait to raise the water of Nile and so they can be easily dragged to a chosen destination. The easiest way was to drag them to the west region of Nile where water flooded the fields. The second theory is the Limestone concrete theory by Materials scientist, Joseph Davidovits, that holds the spotlight of many historians and scientists, he is an International renown French Scientist, born in 1935, working in France, Europe, USA, Australia and China. Most Egyptologists reject the idea, put forth in the mid-1980s by French chemist Joseph Davidovits, that the pyramids contain concrete. Barsoum’s team took a fresh look at 15 samples using scanning- and transmission-electron microscopes. The samples contain......

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Pyramid Guide

...EGYPT BEYOND THE PYRAMIDS PAGE 1 THE HISTORY CHANNEL CLASSROOM PRESENTS EGYPT TEACHER’S GUIDE Egypt Beyond The Pyramids The mystifying world of ancient Egypt comes to life in this four-part miniseries, Egypt Beyond the Pyramids. Within the walls of recently excavated temples and tombs lie secrets that will challenge current ideas about ancient Egypt. Discoveries—from the enormous burial tomb called KV5 to the sacred temples of Karnak—show how ancient Egyptians lived, worked, worshipped, and honored their dead. To provide a deeper understanding of Egypt’s past, head archaeologist Dr. Kent Weeks, along with other Egyptologists, leads viewers into ancient temples and tombs—including the resting place of Pharaoh Ramesses II’s lost children—some recorded on film for the first time. Epic in scope, Egypt Beyond the Pyramids demonstrates that as archaeologists uncover more about the past, their discoveries yield more questions than answers. Curriculum Links Egypt Beyond the Pyramids is appropriate for middle and high school classes in world history, ancient history, and art history. National History Standards Egypt Beyond the Pyramids fulfills the following National Standards for History: Historical Thinking 1 (Chronological Thinking), 2 (Historical Comprehension), 3 (Historical Analysis and Interpretation), 4 (Historical Research Capabilities), World History, Era 2. EGYPT BEYOND THE PYRAMIDS THE HISTORY CHANNEL CLASSROOM PRESENTS EGYPT HOUR 1: MANSIONS OF THE......

Words: 4214 - Pages: 17


...The pyramids of Ancient Egypt are as entrancing and interesting, as they are amazing. Egyptologists and students of history have since a long time ago discussed the inquiry of who fabricated the pyramids, and for what reason. There are numerous distinctive and frequently clashing hypotheses concerning the development of the Great Pyramid of Giza. At the point when turning back the pages of history, it is found that various hypotheses have been produced to clarify the vicinity of such a huge chronicled milestone. "Hypotheses change from a tomb for a ruler, to an exceptional substance production line, a signal for extraterrestrial aircraft's, a stone manifestation of the Bible, a conceivable approach to contact a Higher Being and a stone publication of the second happening to Christ..." (Schillings, M. Such cases of changing disputable hypotheses have started various theories to the riddle of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Manufactured amid a period when Egypt was one of the wealthiest and most effective developments on the planet, the pyramids—especially the Great Pyramids of Giza—are the absolute most grand man-made structures ever. Their huge scale reflects the exceptional part that the pharaoh, or ruler, played in aged Egyptian culture. Despite the fact that pyramids were constructed from the earliest starting point of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Ptolemaic period in the fourth century A.D., the top of pyramid building started with the late third administration and......

Words: 657 - Pages: 3

Two Theories About the Constrction of the Great Pyramids

...Two Theories behind the Construction of the Pyramids of Giza Introduction The Egyptian empire which has been identified to have developed over the last three millennia BCE (Sayre, 2012), is known for several contributions to modern society to include: a formal irrigation system, a form of writing called hieroglyphics, their art and their architecture. The most significant of architectural structures are the Great Pyramids. The basis of the pyramid was the mastaba or mortuary compartment that was customary during the First Dynasty (Ruiz, 2001). Although the Egyptians were architectural geniuses when it came to the Great Pyramids, they did not put the same time and durability into the very homes they lived in. Although pyramids and temples from ancient Egypt still impress us thousands of years after they were built, all that remains of the homes where people were born, grew to adulthood and died are occasional low mounds of mud outlines. Temples and tombs endure because Egyptians made a sharp distinction between their religious architecture, constructed of permanent stone for eternity, and all other buildings, even palaces and fortresses, which were built of less durable adobe (Brier & Hobbs, 2008). Because a significant portion of the pyramids continue to stand today, the mystery behind how the Great Pyramids were actually constructed continues to be a significant topic of discussion for modern society aerologists, architects, engineers, and historians. Since......

Words: 1623 - Pages: 7

Botton of the Pyramid

...strategy+business The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid by C.K. Prahalad and Stuart L. Hart from strategy+business issue 26, first quarter 2002 © 2002 Booz Allen Hamilton Inc. All rights reserved. e-Doc The Fortune at the of the Bottom Pyramid by C.K. Prahalad and Stuart L. Hart SECURITY AND S T R AT E GY content strategy & competition Low-income markets present a prodigious opportunity for the world’s wealthiest companies — to seek their fortunes and bring prosperity to the aspiring poor. 1 With the end of the Cold War, the former Soviet Union and its allies, as well as China, India, and Latin America, opened their closed markets to foreign investment in a cascading fashion. Although this significant economic and social transformation has offered vast new growth opportunities for multinational corporations (MNCs), its promise has yet to be realized. First, the prospect of millions of “middle-class” consumers in developing countries, clamoring for products from MNCs, was wildly oversold. To make matters worse, the Asian and Latin American financial crises have greatly diminished the attractiveness of emerging markets. As a consequence, many MNCs worldwide slowed investments and began to rethink risk–reward structures for these markets. This retreat could become even more pronounced in the wake of the terrorist attacks in the United States last September. The lackluster nature of most MNCs’ emergingmarket strategies over the past......

Words: 8424 - Pages: 34

Pyramids at Gyza

...The Pyramid of Giza World Cultures I 3/1/15 The Pyramids of Giza There are many theories regarding how the pyramids at Giza were constructed. So many stories are told but there has been no known truth to who actually built the pyramids at Giza. Giza is one of the oldest and largest of three pyramids bordering El Giza, Egypt and is also the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and is known to be the only one still largely and fully intact. So what theories are true? The Pyramid of Giza is the most famous Egyptian monument. It is part of a family of pyramids both with symbolic purpose. There are three pyramids associated with Giza. The pyramids are called Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure for the kings of whom they were built. All three pyramids were plundered both internally and externally in ancient and medieval times. They were all created with unique design and symbolism and purpose to some. Many theories state that the pyramids were built from rock, stone, mud , limestone, cement and other materials. For the most part, it was all done and created uniquely. According to early historians and intense research instructed by archaeologist, the Great Pyramid took over 20 years to construct and required the labor of over 100,000 men. It is told to be questioned that one pyramid of such great statue took one lifetime to build. Archaeologist have tried to figure out for years where the possible 100,000 men lived while in the process ...

Words: 613 - Pages: 3

Egyptian Pyramids

...Many researchers have done their work to find out who built the Egyptian Pyramids, and how they were built. Did the slaves build the pyramids? Here, we are going to find out. “ The pyramids are remarkable not only for the great technical skill they demonstrate, but also for the concentration of resources they represent” (Craig 11). The pyramids were not all built and designed by the same people. The pyramids were built under the name of pharaoh, meaning the term “great house.” Djoser, a third dynasty king, was the first to build a monumental six-step pyramid of hard stone. Khufu was the son of Djoser was the leader in building the largest pyramid ever constructed, plateau of Giza. It is 481 feet high, 765 feet long on each side, and with the base covering 13.1 acrs. The pyramid is made of 2.3 million stone blocks averaging 2.5 tons each. Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure built the exact same three pyramids at Giza. Beyond that there are over 120 pyramids throughout Egypt. The workers who built the pyramids were Egyptians, not slaves, as many people do believe. Farmers lived in villages made for workers of the pyramids. They built the Pyramids while the nile was flooding. There are three burial chambers in or under the Great Pyramid. The first chamber was built under the Great Pyramid and it was no finish. This was then followed by the Queen's and Kings chambers. These pyramids were built to serve as tombs for kings and queens. After a ruler had passed away, his or her body......

Words: 459 - Pages: 2

Pyramids and Ziggurats

...Pyramids and ziggurats both provide archeologists with a great deal of information about the ancient cultures that constructed them. When comparing The Great Pyramids of Egypt with The Ziggurats of Mesopotamia, the differences between them are more apparent than the similarities that they share. The two structures actually only appear to be similar. Both have the general form of a pyramid. Some other similarities shared by these two types of structures can be interpreted from the context of the religions of those who had them erected and what role they served for the society. Among the differences are their intended usage, how they were decorated, their designs, and the materials used in their construction. In order to clearly describe how different these two structures are, I have summarized some information about their designs and the materials used to build them. Contrasts in the decorations of the two types of structures are then discussed. The intended uses of these structures then introduces some similarities in relation to the religious symbolism of the structures. Considered to be among the greatest wonders of the known world, The Pyramids of Egypt were built with exacting precision from granite blocks. The pyramids of the early dynasties were of a more stepped pyramid form, similar in appearance to the ziggurats of Mesopotamia. Advancements in available technologies and construction techniques in the later dynasties of ancient Egypt allowed for pyramids to be......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

The Great Pyramid of Giza

...Name; Subject; Date; Instructor; The great pyramid of Giza The pyramids of Ancient Egypt are as entrancing and interesting, as they are amazing. Egyptologists and history specialists have since quite a while ago faced off regarding the topic of who manufactured the pyramids, and for what reason. There are a wide range of and regularly clashing hypotheses as to the development of the Great Pyramid of Giza. At the point when turning back the pages of history, it is found that various speculations have been produced to clarify the nearness of such a critical authentic milestone. Speculations differ from a tomb for a lord, to an uncommon synthetic plant, a reference point for extraterrestrial aircraft's, a stone type of the Bible, a conceivable approach to contact a Higher Being and a stone declaration of the second happening to Christ. Such case of shifting questionable hypotheses has started various theories to the riddle of the Great Pyramid of Giza. As indicated by customary Egyptology, the Great Pyramid of Giza was worked by Egyptian pharaoh Khufu amid the Fourth Dynasty around .the year 2560 BCE Schillings, M. : 1999 : Sheet . It has been proposed that the Egyptian civilization succeeded in setting up an unpredictable and sorted out work power of individuals to make and manufacture an astounding entombment tomb for the pharaoh in help of his voyage to the great beyond. Be that as it may, in opposition to this recommendation, one must inquire as to why the present day...

Words: 1685 - Pages: 7

Bottom of the Pyramid

...CANSU DALKILIC MGMT 311 RESPONSE PAPER 2 32936 There is an ongoing debate on if it is possible to integrate dominant economies with the bottom of the pyramid which are the 4 billion people who have less than 2$ per day. It occurs questions like if it is possible for companies to compete by serving people who counted as bottom pyramid? Is it possible for those poor people to survive by being consumers of MNCs? Prahalad believes that it is a win win for both MNCs and tier 4 (bottom of the pyramid). In other words, he believes that it is possible to sell high quality products to mass number of poor people. Both Prahalad and Karnani want to find solution to alleviate poverty, but they have different approaches to this issue. Prahalad states that we should consider poors as consumers. In contrast to Prahalad, Karnani thinks that rather than viewing the poor primarily as consumers, an alternative approach is to focus on the poor as producers and to emphasize buying from the poor. The only way to alleviate poverty is to raise real income of the poor. Karnani quotes the example of Nirma, a demonstrably inferior product to some of the alternative detergents on the market, such as Surf. It was hard on the skin, and could sometimes cause blisters. And yet it retailed at a third of the price of its competitors, and achieved majority market share from consumers for whom the trade off between price and quality was one that they were happy to make. He concludes: "Insisting on not......

Words: 1147 - Pages: 5

Pyramid Scheme

...Pyramid schemes in albania essay 1- Introduction At the beginning of the year's 1990th, with the falling of the communism, many Albanians people went through the foreign embassy to left Albania and go abroad for a better life. They started to create a real income. In this time we have some mountebanks in the market which created the pyramid schemes and offered high interest rate. People invested in this scheme their savings. According to the data of the different official institutions, the number of the Albanian which invested in schemes is increased time after time. Deposits of these schemes take e big part of the GDP. This means that they have had an important role in our economy. Through this paper we want to give a general overview of phenomena of pyramid schemes and collapse that they afflicted. We will analyze the rise and favorite factors that encased prosperity of these companies for a long time and the way how they operated. Another point in our paper shows the impact and bankrupt causes that brought the fail of pyramid schemes. The last point shows the role of the institution that answered for minimization of crises effect. In our paper all the results will be accompanied with dates from different years. In the first chapter we will handle phenomena of schemes by focusing in three important cases a) we will give a short description for origin of schemes and the biggest schemes, b) in another case we are going to analyze the factor that took born of pyramid. c)......

Words: 3404 - Pages: 14

Dont Starve Hamlet v06 12 2018 rar | Holby City Season 20 Episode 50 s20e50 | School: Education and Mini Society