The Real Manager

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jatinguglani
Words 349
Pages 2
Management is a process of giving an order to the activities of planning, organizing, actuating and controlling, performed to determine and accomplish stated objectives with the use of human beings and other resources. It is an activity that converts disorganized human and physical resources into useful and effective results. It is most challenging, comprehensive, demanding, crucial and subtle of all human activities. Every type of human organization needs the process of management. All of us are affected by good or bad management practices. Managers affect the establishment and accomplishment of many social, economic and political goals in any country. Management makes human efforts more productive. By combining isolated events and disjointed information into meaningful relationships, Management, brings order to endeavors. These relationships then work to solve problems and accomplish goals. There is no substitute for good judgment. Determining worthwhile goals and carefully selecting and utilizing resources efficiently and effectively by planning organizing, actuating and controlling required time, good judgment determination and lots of practice. 1. Direction and Command: Direction and command are the two basic principles of management. Unity of direction and unity of command are required so that people receive direction from only one supervisor. 2. Subordination of Individual Interest: In order to manage an organisation, subordination of individual interests must occur so that the general interest is best served. 3. Centralization: In the process of management, centralization is desirable, especially centralization of decision-making. 4. Order: Order is supreme of management. Order is essential for everything, and an orderly process and orderly appearance are required. 5. Turnover Reduction: Employees should be…...

Similar Documents

Manager

...d'application permettant de vérifier l'acquisition du savoir-faire et pas seulement le transfert d'un savoir. ESSENTIAL Outil pédagogique à part entière, les Essentials sont des supports écrits permettant d'appréhender en quelques minutes l'essentiel d'une technique ou d'un concept de management. Fiches pratiques de 2 à 4 pages (format A4), consultables en ligne ou imprimables, les Essentials présentent la synthèse des concepts, techniques et best practices, développés dans le cadre des modules de formation e-learning CrossKnowledge Sessions. • • ils permettent d'ancrer les fondamentaux de management appréhendés durant la session. Ils servent également de rappel dans le temps. ils s'adressent également à des dirigeants et des managers expérimentés ayant besoin, à un niveau individuel, d'un renfort d'efficacité immédiat sur des situations, enjeux ou comportements nécessaires à leur fonction, sans pour autant avoir le temps et le besoin de passer par une formation. Les CrossKnowledge Essentials sont consultables à partir de l'onglet « Ressources » dans une CrossKnowledge Session. ACTION TIPS Ce sont des supports écrits destinés à accompagner les apprenants au-delà de la formation, au plus proche de l'action sur le terrain. Il s'agit d'un outil pédagogique à part entière qui se présente sous la forme de fiches-outils de 1 à 2 pages (format A4), téléchargeables et imprimables. Orientés action, ce sont de véritables outils au service de l'efficacité......

Words: 1790 - Pages: 8

It for Managers

... * Directive IF the car is dead AND the ‘fuel tank’ is empty THEN the action is ‘refuel the car’ Rules can represent strategies * Strategy IF the car is dead THEN the action is ‘check the fuel tank’; step1 is complete IF step1 is complete AND the ‘fuel tank’ is full THEN the action is ‘check the battery’; step2 is complete Rules can represent heuristics * Heuristic IF the spill is liquid AND the ‘spill pH’ < 6 AND the ‘spill smell’ is vinegar THEN the ‘spill material’ is ‘acetic acid’ Development of ES * The main players in the development team * There are five members of the expert system development team: the domain expert, the knowledge engineer, the programmer, the project manager and the end-user. * The success of their expert system entirely depends on how well the members work together. Domain expert * A knowledgeable and skilled person capable of solving problems in a specific area or domain. * This person has the greatest expertise in a given domain. This expertise is to be captured in the expert system. * The expert must be able to communicate his or her knowledge, be willing to participate in the expert system development and commit a substantial amount of time to the project. * The domain expert is the most important player in the expert system development team. Knowledge engineer * To be capable of designing, building and testing an expert system. * To......

Words: 3631 - Pages: 15

A Manager

...side business while on company time. At first glance, this ethical dilemma is fairly clear: It is an abuse of your employer to conduct personal business on company time. But there are shades of gray here. What if your spouse calls to tell you that your children are ill? Is it OK for you to schedule a doctor's appointment? A good rule of thumb is for an employee to check with his manager or human resources supervisors to clarify what counts as an actionable offense in the company. Taking Credit for Others' Work Employees often work in teams to create marketing campaigns, develop new products or fine-tune services, yet rarely does everyone in a group contribute equally to the final product. If three members of a five-person team did all the work, do those three members demand to receive proper credit while pointing out that two members of the team did not pull their weight? This is a thorny question. If employees single out their co-workers in a negative light, it could foment resentment. The same thing could happen, however, if all employees accept equal praise even though only a select few did the real work. The best way to resolve this ethical dilemma is to not let it happen. Team members should insist that all employees perform specific tasks to help complete a project. Harassing Behavior Employees often don't know what to do if they see one of their co-workers harassing another employee, either mentally, sexually or physically. Employees may worry for their jobs if they......

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Manager

...Date: May 22th , 2013--- Work Teams and Effective Managers This paper will discuss groups and work-teams, and how can managers be effective in their roles accordingly. Global market competition is so fierce that Taylorism, Fordism and the approaches of lean organizations are not anymore enough, to maintain a substantial competence. Workgroups, a number exceeds two employees interact closely, with the awareness of their positive interdependence, whilst thriving to achieve common work-objectives. Team, a sophisticated group where every member interacts with and influences other members; all of them consider themselves a social entity in an organization, bearing a mutual accountability to achieve shared goals. Self-Managed-work team (SMWT), differs from a workgroup. SMWT, an employees’ cross-functional group who conducts technical tasks, to produce an output to serve internal/external clients; associated at higher levels of productivity and interdependence, and longer longevity in time span than those in workgroup. They exist in three types: Senior-level (plan, run), Middle-level (monitor), Lower-level (make). Team efficiency, requires a sound balance between both behavior processes, task-oriented (well-being within the group) and maintenance-oriented (getting job done). Many factors have potential impacts on social interrelations in teams/groups. Clarity and homogeneous role structure, gender, hierarchical status, norms, values, size and diversity will define the creativity...

Words: 1721 - Pages: 7

Manager

...project candidates 1 (Schindler & Eppler, 2003). Scientists who work as drug developers present new avenues for future products that business unit managers must assess. Market researchers present their statistical analyses of recent consumer surveys to the head of marketing (Boland et al., 2001). Strategy consultants present the findings of their strategic company assessment to the board of directors in order to devise adequate measures (Creplet et al., 2001). What these diverse situations all have in common is the problem of knowledge asymmetry (Sharma, 1997) that has to be resolved through interpersonal communication. While the manager typically has the authority to make strategic or tactical decisions, he or she often lacks the specialized expertise required to make an informed decision on a complex issue (Watson, 2004). Because of the wide scope of decisions that need to be made, a manager frequently has to delegate the decision preparation to experts who – based on their professional training and previous experience – can analyze complex situations or technological options in a more reliable manner. The results of such analyses then need to be communicated back to the manager, often under considerable time constraints. The knowledge communication challenge, however, begins long before that, at the time when the manager has to convey his or her knowledge needs and decision constraints to the experts in order to delegate the analysis task effectively. 2. BACKGROUND:......

Words: 5631 - Pages: 23

Manager

...wants, and interests of target markets and to deliver the desired satisfactions more effectively and efficiently than competitors in a way that preserves or enhances the consumer’s and the society’s well-being. a. customer-centered business b. focused business model c. societal marketing concept d. ethically responsible marketing manager e. production-centered business Answer: c Page: 22 Level of difficulty: Medium 41. Companies see ________ as an opportunity to enhance their corporate reputation, raise brand awareness, increase customer loyalty, build sales, and increase press coverage. a. cause-related marketing b. brand marketing c. equity marketing d. direct marketing e. recognition marketing Answer: a Page: 23 Level of difficulty: Medium 42. When a customer has a(n) ________ need he/she wants a car whose operating cost, not its initial price, is low. a. stated b. real c. unstated d. delight e. secret Answer: b Page: 24 Level of difficulty: Hard 43. When a customer has a(n) ________ need the customer wants to be seen by friends as a savvy consumer. a. real b. unstated c. delight d. secret e. stated Answer: d Page: 24 Level of difficulty: Hard 44. During market segmentation analysis, the marketer identifies which segments present the greatest opportunity. These segments are called ________. a. target markets b. primary markets c. tertiary markets d.......

Words: 8502 - Pages: 35

Manager

...reports • In Cognos 8 BI, Model is built using Framework Manager which is published as package to Cognos Connection portal to develop reports. 1 Security Set up in Framework Manager In Framework Manager, security is a way of restricting access to metadata and data Types of security in Framework Manager: • Data Security Creating a security filter and applying it to a specific query subject controls the data that is shown to the users when they build reports • Object Security Object can be secured directly by allowing users access to the object or denying users access to the object or keeping it hidden from all the users • Package Security Security to a package can be set after identifying who should and who should not have access to the package 2 Reporting Tools available in Cognos 8 BI • Query Studio It is used by report users for creating self-service business intelligence reports • Report Studio It is a Web-based tool that professional report authors use to build sophisticated, multiple-page, multiple-query reports against multiple databases • Analysis Studio It is used for Exploring, analyzing, and comparing dimensional data by report users • Event Studio It contains actions based agents to notify decision makers as events happen Migration of Business Object Universe to Cognos Framework Manager Model The following steps outline how to import DB2 Cubes into Framework Manager. 1. Open the universe in designer, which......

Words: 2384 - Pages: 10

Manager

...Review article: 1 Article Summary The Idea in Brief—the core idea The Idea in Practice—putting the idea to work 2 The Competitive Imperative of Learning 10 Further Reading A list of related materials, with annotations to guide further exploration of the article’s ideas and applications This document is authorized for use only by Suzi Tack (ST@STRATHSPEYCROWN.COM). Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. Please contact customerservice@harvardbusiness.org or 800-988-0886 for additional copies. Reprint R0807E The Competitive Imperative of Learning The Idea in Brief Most managers believe that relentless execution—the efficient, timely production and delivery of offerings—is vital to corporate performance. Execution-as-efficiency is important. But focusing too narrowly on it can prevent your company from adapting effectively to change. Consider General Motors: Managers’ confidence in GM’s famously efficient control systems blinded them to big shifts in the market, including customers’ preferences for fuel-efficient cars. GM posted a $38.7 billion loss in 2007. Edmondson recommends widening your lens to include execution-as-learning. Companies that use this approach focus not just on carrying out key processes more efficiently than rivals—but also on learning faster. To foster execution-as-learning, make it safe for employees to ask questions and fail. Then: • Provide process guidelines, using the best available knowledge. COPYRIGHT © 2008 HARVARD......

Words: 6178 - Pages: 25

Manager

...Introduction Great managers have some characters in common which can be learnt by upcoming and young managers through simulation, that is, the imitation of the leadership styles of great managers to achieve results. Some criteria is required which is predictable from the simple aggregation of individual characteristics of the agents (Gilbert, 1996). If novices can painstakingly learn from and imitate characters of experts, they will surely develop their skills. Managing a team with more than two people is not an easy task because of the fact that sub-teams will emerge from the bigger team and this existence of smaller teams in a team have its challenges and opportunities if well managed. Nobody is an island on his or her own and projects are easier to execute where there is more than one collaborators, especially with mutual understanding and team spirit. Synergy is the factor that helps teams to do what individual members will not do. The whole team performance is more than the sum of the perormances of individual members of the team. This is due to the geling of the team members and the dynamism therein. Great leaders have exhibited different kinds of leadership styles. All these leadership styles are beneficial depending on how they are used. Great leaders are visionary people who are able to achieve results using people. They exhibits authority in themselves and exhume confidence in their team members. Circustances make men, just as much as men make circumstances (Marx...

Words: 5110 - Pages: 21

Manager

...papers, sweet potatoes and many other foods that are produced by farmers in Uganda. The company exports these products to the European market because it has many customers there. For the local market the company produces tomato source and mineral water. It is located in Naalya plot 156 Kampala-Uganda. The company has to handle a lot of inventory of which some is perishable and therefore to have reasonable profits the company has to put much emphasis on inventory management. 1.2 Statement of the Problem KK fresh produce ltd needs a reasonable amount of profits from its activities to ensure sustainability and the profits in this organization majorly are generated from the inventory that it holds. According to Patience Penelope, the marketing manager, KK Fresh produce ltd, there are seasons when there is a decline in the supply of the products from the local farmers and also other times there is plenty of foods that are supplied of which some are perishable and therefore the company’s profits are affected by this problem regarding inventory handling and management. The researcher has therefore based on this problem to seek mechanisms that would improve on the profitability of the organization through proper inventory management. 1.3 Purpose of the study The purpose of the study was to establish the relationship between inventory management and the profitability of a company, case KK fresh produce ltd 1.4 Objectives The researcher was guided by the following objectives to get......

Words: 10590 - Pages: 43

It Manager

...to broadcasters at local, regional and national level. The Group supports changes in society that are based as much on economic growth as on, social progress and the preservation of natural resources. It also develops solutions in the field of “smart city” projects that optimise services to the citizen via networks and services that facilitate municipal management. In this area, Abertis Telecom is deploying a network of intelligent communications that permits a connection between objects, and therefore the development of a solid ecosystem for the Internet of Things (IoT) in Spain. The economics of buildings in the city of tomorrow, the free flow of networks in the sustainable city, the security and sharing of urban spaces, real-time management of connected cities… and many other topics. GDF SUEZ uses its specialist expertise to consider major urban projects at the earliest-possible stage, and provide practical support for city authorities. www.gdfsuez.com www.abertistelecom.com Helping Cities Envision the New Global Urban Services Industry. Cities everywhere are reinventing themselves. The vision for smart cities offered by Cisco is of an integrated urban information and communication technology (ICT) overlay on a city that can support delivery of connected urban services and allow for efficient management of those services on a global scale. They are reimagining essential systems, infrastructure and service delivery to promote......

Words: 20230 - Pages: 81

Manager

...Expert Reference Series of White Papers Tips and Techniques to ® Pass the PMP Exam 1-800-COURSESwww.globalknowledge.com Tips and Techniques to Pass the PMP® Exam Dan Stober, PMP Introduction Passing the Project Management Professional (PMP)® certification exam can seem like a daunting task when project managers first decide to take the leap. Just like a project management plan, if you carefully map out your study plan, you will be successful. You must understand several key concepts, be intimately familiar with the five process groups and ten knowledge areas, understand project management terminology, and learn to think like PMI. It is also important to set study goals, create a schedule for success, and commit fully to passing the exam in order to obtain your PMP® credential. Following the best practices outlined here can put you on the road to certification and will have you prepared for your PMP® Boot Camp. Everything that you need to understand prior to Boot Camp is listed here. Terminology There is a large volume of terminology associated with project management, but there are some key terms that you must be aware of as you are preparing for your exam. Learning these terms before your PMP® Boot Camp will have you ahead of the game and not playing catch-up (these definitions are not taken word for word from the PMBOK Guide®, 5th Edition): Analogous Estimating: Estimating based on a previous, similar activity or project. Think of it as......

Words: 5329 - Pages: 22

Manager

...crystallize the most important concepts in brief passages so you can learn and remember them without losing interest. From my interviews with graduates from Wharton, Harvard, Northwestern, and other top schools, I learned that all of their programs serve up the same MBA meal. Only the spices and presentations of the business banquets vary. The basics of MBA knowledge fall into nine disciplines. Some schools have carefully crafted their own exalted names for each subject, but their unglorified names are: Marketing Ethics Accounting Organizational Behavior Quantitative Analysis Finance Operations Economics Strategy The synthesis of knowledge from all of these disciplines is what makes the MBA valuable. In the case of a new product manager with an MBA, she can not only see her business challenges from a marketing perspective, but she can recognize and deal with the financial and manufacturing demands created by her new product. This coordinated, multidisciplinary approach is usually missing in undergraduate business curricula. By learning about all the MBA disciplines at once, in one book, you have the opportunity to synthesize MBA knowledge the way you would at the best schools. When MBAs congregate, we tend to engage in “MBA babble.” Our use of mystical abbreviations like NPV, SPC, and MBO is only a ruse to justify our lofty salaries and quick promotions. Please do not be intimidated. MBA jargon is easy to learn! As you read this book, you too will begin to think......

Words: 97445 - Pages: 390

Manager

...standing for that load of old bollocks you've another think coming…" (And that's just the amenable types - the other more recalcitrant types will be well on the way to making their own particular transition from gamekeepers to poachers.) Instead, change needs to be understood and managed in a way that people can cope effectively with it. Change can be unsettling, so the manager logically needs to be a settling influence. Check that people affected by the change agree with, or at least understand, the need for change, and have a chance to decide how the change will be managed, and to be involved in the planning and implementation of the change. Use face-to-face communications to handle sensitive aspects of organisational change management (see Mehrabian's research on conveying meaning and understanding). Encourage your managers to communicate face-to-face with their people too if they are helping you manage an organizational change. Email and written notices are extremely weak at conveying and developing understanding. If you think that you need to make a change quickly, probe the reasons - is the urgency real? Will the effects of agreeing a more sensible time-frame really be more disastrous than presiding over a disastrous change? Quick change prevents proper consultation and involvement, which leads to difficulties that take time to resolve. For complex changes, refer to the process of project management, and ensure that you augment this with consultative......

Words: 5641 - Pages: 23

Manager

... Copyright ©2006 Mendota House, Inc. Herbert G. Heneman III President Telephone: 608-233-4417 E-mail: hheneman@bus.wisc.edu |INTRODUCTION TO THE CASE CONCEPT | Rationale for the Tanglewood Case Many of the most important lessons in business education involve learning how to place academic concepts in a work setting. For applied topics, like staffing, learning how concepts are applied in the world of work also allow us see how the course is relevant to our own lives. The use of these cases will serve as a bridge between the major themes in the textbook Staffing Organizations and the problems faced by managers on a daily basis. The Tanglewood case is closely intertwined with textbook concepts. Most assignments in the case require reference to specific tables and examples in the book. After completing these cases, you will be much more able to understand and apply the material in the textbook. With this in mind, it should be noted that the cases are designed to correspond with the types of information found in work environments. This means that for many important decisions, the right answers will not always be easy to detect, there will be more than one correct solution, and often the very information that would make decisions easy is missing. Remember that ambiguity in any case corresponds to reality; although it may......

Words: 18766 - Pages: 76

看了又看 第一部 | Download | Flowers for My Life