The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society

In: Business and Management

Submitted By llindenmuth
Words 544
Pages 3
Income statement – The purpose of an income statement is to provide investors with the most accurate description of the company’s profits over a period of time. It also shows how revenues and expenses result in a net income or net loss for a specific period of time.
Owner’s equity statement – The purpose of the Owner’s equity statement is the changes in retained earning that appear on the balance sheet and is most commonly influenced by income and dividends.
Balance sheet – The purpose of the balance sheet tells investors and/or banks how a company is doing financially. A balance sheet shows the big picture of a company’s Assets, Liabilities and any Owner’s equity that the company has at that particular time.
Statement of cash flow – The purpose of the statement of cash flow is, so a business owner is aware of any financial events that could have a reverse effect on the company’s ability to meet their obligations.
A balance sheet is most effective in communicating the financial health of an organization because it shows the financial transactions of a company front one point to another.
Questions: 2
A public accountants duties include preparing and verifying important financial documents, analyzing budgets and planning finances as well as bookkeeping, and auditing tasks. Public accountants can give advice and provide basic financial information from clients to corporations. Certified public accountants can do the same things that public accountant due as well as overseeing budget and financial management, create and analyze budgets, and advise management on tax ramifications of business decisions.
Accounting is an important part of any business. It records the way a business grows, and makes any suggestions on how to improve. Accounting has become one of the fastest growing careers because it expands even more each time a new business starts up. In today’s…...

Similar Documents

Business and It's Role in Today's Society

...Business--It's Role in Today's Society Bus 100 In today's fast paced and technology driven society business is changing by the minute; as well as how we conduct and do business on foreign and a domestic level. A business is defined as any activity that provides goods and services in an effort to earn a profit. The role of business in the economy is huge especially when analyzing its impact when there is a lack of job availibity and household revenue. Lets take the economic breakdown in 2008 when we were in a recession as an example. During the economic downfall of 2008, the economy took a huge hit and from that came a rise in the loss of homes, jobs, and income. A decline in each of these critical areas resulted in a loss for the nation because if people are unable to find work then in turn they are reluctant to spend money; decreasing the flow of revenue into the economy. This all ties into business. If businesses are successful then there is a positive trend in the economy and the same can be said of the opposite. All was not lost though, in 2008 with the economy in a downward spiral we still had 19% of american adults who were involved in entreprenur activity by managing or starting their own company. Alot can be learned about entrepreneurs by studying the entrepreneurship era, one the four eras of business. During this time individuals were "self-starters", working and promoting themselves. The production era which was in......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4

Assignment #1- the Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society

...Assignment #1- The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society ACC 100 March 2, 2014 Financial Statements There are three financial statements that are used in the accounting process; Income statement, Statement of Owners Equity and Balance Sheet. The purpose of the income statement is to report a firm’s earnings over a period of time which is usually their previous fiscal year. Statement of owners’ equity reports the changes of the company’s transactions for a particular time period, all changes and edits can be reviewed in a detailed view. The balance sheet list the three major accounting equation within a detailed time period; assets, liabilities and owner’s equity. The most effective way to communicate the financial stability of a company is through the balance sheet summary. The balance sheet allows the company to keep a steady track of their spending and what is outstanding on their books; this can eliminate financial surprises and allows the company to make preparations to recover in a positive way. Major Functions of an Accountant and Certified Public Accountant An accountant and certified public accountant plays a vital role to a company’s financial success, their main duty is to monitor and keep track of the company’s financial records. The role of an accountant is slightly different than a certified public accountant, an accountant for a corporation will manage the finances, purchasing and business transactions with outside firms. They are the......

Words: 861 - Pages: 4

The Changing Role of Managerial Accounting in a Dynamic Business Environment

...CHAPTER 1 THE CHANGING ROLE OF MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING IN A DYNAMIC BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT Learning Objectives 1. Define managerial accounting and describe its role in the management process. 2. Explain four fundamental management processes that help organizations attain their goals. 3. List and describe five objectives of managerial accounting activity. 4. Explain the major differences between managerial and financial accounting. 5. Explain where managerial accountants are located in an organization, in terms of formal organization, deployment in cross-functional teams, and physical location. 6. Describe the roles of an organization's chief financial officer (CFO) or controller, treasurer, and internal auditor. 7. Briefly describe some of the major contemporary themes in managerial accounting. 8. Understand and explain the concepts of strategic cost management and the value chain. 9. Understand the ethical responsibilities of a managerial accountant. 10. Discuss the professional organizations, certification process, and ethical standards in the field of managerial accounting. Chapter Overview I. The Management Process in Organizations A. What is managerial accounting? B. Management activities 1. Decision making 2. Planning 3. Directing operational activities 4. Controlling II. How Managerial Accounting Adds Value to the Organization A. Provides......

Words: 2206 - Pages: 9

The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society

...The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society Angel Ramos Professor Darlene Green-Connor ACC 100: Accounting I March 2, 2014 The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society There are many decisions that companies make every day in order to be in business as well as to ensure it continues to stay in business. If in retail, such examples would be to extend its inventory or cut back on an item, place certain product on sale or on clearance, or even if it would be better to relocate or sell the company. Before making any of these decisions, management and the decision makers need to know how the company is doing. There are valuable key point indicators that can help in the ultimate direction but no other report is more commonly used than the financial statement. The financial statement of a company tells the story of where the company stands in regards to their financial position, business strategy and future earnings. “As businesses have expanded internationally, so has the need for consistency and comparability in the financial reporting of events and transactions in the financial statements” (Ward, p.78). They are commonly standardized in a format that can be viewed and translated by financial and non-financial people alike. The four major components are the Income Statement, the Owner’s Equity Statement, the Balance Sheet and the Statement of Cash Flows. Financial Statements Income Statement The Income Statement is gathered within a specific time period...

Words: 1261 - Pages: 6

The Functions and Role of Law in Business and Society

...The Functions and Role of Law in Business and Society Henry David Thoreau once said, “If the machine of government is of such a nature that it requires you to be the agent of injustice to another, then, I say, break the law.” (Henry David Thoreau, n.d.) Mr. Thoreau was perceptive in that he knew in government, sometimes a person may have to do something that is not favorable in the eyes of the majority, but the right thing to do for a minority group of people. In the proceeding pages, I will attempt to define the functions and role of law in business and society. I will discuss the functions and role of law as it pertains to a previous job. The Functions and Role of Law in Business and Society Cipollone brought suit against Liggett for violation of several New Jersey consumer protection statutes alleging that Liggett (and other cigarette manufacturers) were liable for his mother’s death because they engaged in a course of conduct including false advertising, fraudulently misrepresenting the hazards of smoking, and conspiracy to deprive the public of medical and scientific information about smoking. Liggett urged the court to dismiss the state law claims contending that the claims related to the manufacturer’s advertising and promotional activities were preempted by two federal laws: (1) the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act of 1965, and (2) the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act of 1969. (Melvin, p. 33, 2011) It can be said that......

Words: 833 - Pages: 4

Functions and Role of Laws in Business and Society

... Privacy Our Guarantee Popular Essays Excellent Essays Free Essays A-F Free Essays G-L Free Essays M-Q Free Essays R-Z Essay Topics Plagiarism Donate a Paper <a href=';wi.728;hi.90/01/81007445'>target='_blank'><img src=';wi.728;hi.90/01/81007445'/></a>'> Roles And Functions Of Law In Business And Society Rate This Paper: 1 2 3 4 5 Length: 897 words (2.6 double-spaced pages) Rating: Red (FREE) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Roles and Functions of Law in Business and Society Introduction William O. Douglas said, "Common sense often makes good law." Well that is what laws essentially are, rules and regulations that make sure common sense is followed. One could even say that laws are enforced ethics. Laws serve several roles and functions in business and society, and this paper will discuss those roles and functions. What is law? According to (2007), law is defined as: "rules of conduct of any organized society, however......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Functions and Roles of Law in Business and Society

...Functions and Roles of Law in Business and Society xxxxxxx LAW/421 xxxxxxx Functions and roles of law in business and society The governance of business through state and federal laws is a very complex system. Many laws, statutes, and regulations are in place to protect the consumer and the business. These laws stem from city ordinances in local municipalities to Congress’s broad commerce powers that have the final say. Each of these laws and regulations have specific roles and are designed to function in certain ways. Roles The regulation of interstate commerce is governed by Congress’s Commerce Clause. This clause is designed to give the unrivaled power to Congress to have the supreme rule over interstate commerce. “Congress exercises its commerce powers in various forms. However, the direct and broad power to regulate all persons and products related to the flow of interstate commerce is the fundamental source of its authority” (Melvin, 2011, p. 32). Functions In the case of Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc., where Cipollone is pursuing suit against Ligget for restitution in the death of his mother due to violations of New Jersey consumer laws. However, Congress utilized the Supremacy Clause and ruled against Cipollone because federal law contradicted the consumer protection put in place by New Jersey. This is a great example of the function of Congress’s broad power to step in when necessary, provided there is legal ground for their action. If...

Words: 705 - Pages: 3

Role of Accounting on Business

...Financial statements are the basic statements that summarize the financial activities of a business and are prepared by businesses to indicate the financial steadiness of the business to investors, creditors, and other external entities (McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2009). The income statement is a representation of the revenues and expenses for a specific period of time in a business. Its purpose is to detail the revenues, expenses, and net income or loss. A net income is the result of revenues exceeding expenses and a net loss is the result of expenses exceeding revenues. The income statement does not include investment and withdrawal transactions between the owner and the business in measuring net income. The investment and withdrawal transactions of the owner are not included on the income statement when measuring net income (Weygandt, Kieso, and Kimmel, p. 23). The owner's equity statement summarizes the changes in owner's equity for the same time period that the income statement covers and indicates why the owner’s equity has increased or decreased during that time period. The data included in the owner’s equity statement is derived from the income statement. It shows the owner’s beginning equity, investments, net income or loss, and the drawings of the owner (Weygandt, Kieso, and Kimmel, p. 23). The purpose of the statement of cash flows is to provide information on the cash receipts and payments for a specific period of time. It reports the effects of a company’s......

Words: 1346 - Pages: 6

The Role of Accounting to Business and Society

...The Role of Accounting to Business and Society Justin A. Case Strayer University Introduction to Accounting ACC101 Professor Jose Martinez August 27, 2013 Introduction In today’s economy Accounting plays a huge role, as it points or refers to accountability and transparency in the business environment and paints a picture of any business. Also, it enables business managers and corporate leaders to make better comprehensive decisions regarding the financial shape of their business. Accounting is fundamentally described as a mathematical discipline in which allow companies to universally record, analyze and retrieve financial information that is critical to them. This information is then used to determine the companies’ financial positions consequently enabling the management team to make sound decisions depending on the information at hand. The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society Financial statements are snapshots of a business's economic or cash flow condition. These are mainly formal financial activities, which are written to measure the performance, financial strength and the liquidity of the business. These financial reports include the balance sheet, income or profit and loss statements, and cash flow statement which are used to represent the businesses’ economic position. The income statement which reports the company’s financial status in terms of profits or losses made during a given period. It comprises of income and expenses, from which......

Words: 980 - Pages: 4

The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society

...Assignment 1: The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society Professor ACC 100 – Accounting   The Role of Accounting on Business and our Society Accounting is an essential part of modern business. From the smallest start-up to the largest fortune 500 hundred company, accounting is how business growth, contraction, or direction is determined. When entering the accounting world you will be required to deal with the four financial statements, the balance sheet, the income statement, the statement of cash flows, and the owner’s equity statement. The purpose of the balance sheet is to reveal the economic/financial position of the company at a set point in time. The balance sheet follows the basic accounting equation, assets = liabilities + owner’s equity. The income statement is what an accountant uses to determine the operation of a business. You would take the revenues minus the expenses to determine the net income for the business. The statement of cash flow is useful in determining a business’s capability to pay its bills. It represents a breakdown of all transactions, and show how the company acquired its cash and what it is doing with it. Lastly there is the statement of owner’s equity. This statement shows the variations in retained earnings. While all of the financial statements are needed the most important would have to be the cash flows statement. Cash flows is most important because it provides you with the information needed to see if a......

Words: 780 - Pages: 4

The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society

...The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society Stephanie R. Phillips Professor Cedano Accounting 100 February 27, 2014 When most people think of accounting, they think taxes, but accounting is so much more than that. Accountants are responsible for maintaining the financial health of our businesses. They also practice with an ethical standard that protects the public from unfair and one sided business and government practices. So next time you take your box of unsorted receipts to your tax preparer be sure to thank them for what they do the rest of the year. The four financial statements in the accounting process are an income statement; owner’s equity statement; balance sheet; and statement of cash flow (Weygandt, Kimmel, & Keiso, 2013, p. 21). Each of these statements is vital to internal and external users in order to provide relevant financial data. An income statement lists revenues and expenses that result in the net loss or income of a company during a given time frame, usually at the end of the month and the end of an accounting cycle. The owner’s equity statement accounts for any change in equity, it also records all investments and drawings made by the owner. The balance sheet shows a company’s assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity. In essence, the balance sheet shows what a company has and what a company owes. The statement of cash flow accounts for any cash in, out, or invested during the designated time period. The statement of cash flow must......

Words: 1150 - Pages: 5

The Role of Accounting in Business & Society

...The Role of Accounting in Business and Society According to Merriam-Webster the full definition of accounting is the system of recording and summarizing business and financial transactions and analyzing, verifying, and reporting the results. An accountant is one who is skilled in the practice of accounting or who is in charge of public or private accounts. (, n.d.) Someone who has obtained a bachelor’s degree in accounting can pursue many different accounting career fields. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics the median annual wage for accountants and auditors was $63,550 in May 2012. Employment of accountants and auditors is projected to grow 13 percent from 2012 to 2022, about as fast as the average for all occupations. (Bureau of Labor Statistics, n.d.) Many start out in entry level accounting positions or they may take the Uniform Certified Public Accountant Examination administered by the NASBA (National Association of State Boards of Accountancy) to become a Certified Public Accountant. CPA’s must also complete certifications and educational requirements as required by their individual states. A CPA is capable of handling many job functions in accounting from auditing and reporting to tax preparations for corporations and individuals. A CPA also assists clients with other financial functions, including asset management, risk assessment, and internal reviews. A CPA may also choose to work for himself as a public accountant or......

Words: 617 - Pages: 3

Define the Functions and Role of Law in Business and Society

...also be covering about what external pressures on the outside of the workplace could affect organizational ethics that are in place, Weather or not such external issues would carry any weight inside of the organization and impact personal decisions. And lastly what is the relationship between ethics and the legal system. The organization that I choose to discuss will be on my experience in working in the United States Navy. During my tenure with the military there were very few external pressures that were present at that time. The primary pressure was that of good sailors were being forced out of their military contacts to overall save our government money. This stemmed from pressures from the senate to cut personnel that were not making advancements in rank and lowering manning capabilities around the fleet. And inside of the military it is our duty to always be ready to get deployed at any given time but due to the lack of manning it forced smaller ships to miss deadlines, and not be as effective cause lack of personnel to run certain equipment that are vital for maritime operations. Another external pressure was that of the high suicide rate due to sailors not having the proper channels to cope with massive amounts of stress. I feel that these issues are very relevant to the organization due to the fact they are losing droves of good sailors from self-inflicting deaths from not getting the proper care, and more sailors from being forced out of something they have been......

Words: 371 - Pages: 2

Accounting and Its Role in Society

...Accounting and its role in society Accounting is concerned with collecting, analysing and communicating economic information (Atrill & McLaney, 2004, p1). However in order to develop a broader understanding of accounting and the central role it plays in society, we need to consider it from a social perspective. Individuals in society coexist by establishing relationships with each other. Another way of viewing society is by segmenting it into different groups or arenas, for example the social, economic, organizational and political arenas (Kyriacou, 2007, Lecture 1, p4). In order to function effectively, these different arenas need to communicate and it is accounting information that facilitates this communication. According to Kyriacou (2007, Lecture 1, p5) accounting information serves many important purposes, for example assisting users in making informed decisions, in relation to the effective allocation of scarce resources. Therefore accounting information can be seen to be a potent influence in society, which affects everybody. This is illustrated by the National Coal Board case (Cooper et al, 1985, p10) were the measurement of accounting profit was used to justify the closure of coal pits, causing an impact on electricity prices, jobs and taxes. Accounting has a long history and as demonstrated by Hines (1988, p251-261) it is seen as being socially constructed i.e. it is practised by people for people and therefore it is more of an art rather than a science.......

Words: 2244 - Pages: 9

Functions and Role of Law in Business and Society

...Functions and Role of Law in Business and Society Introduction Law has a huge role in both business and society. It has evolved from basic morality and society cannot exist properly without it. Law most often is aligned with customs and that which society has deemed to be right or wrong (Emerson, 2009). In business, companies would have a free- for- all without it. The result would be that no business would actually be achieved. Law in Business Laws govern every aspect of business. They keep businesses running smoothly and keep them from hurting each other and the consumers. There are laws that control interstate, intrastate, e-business and, international business. They control manufacturing, distribution, shipping and employment. Patents, trademarks, and copyrights are all protected by the law. Companies can be held to product safety laws concerning product liability. Product liability is the responsibility of people, sellers and manufacturers concerning death, damages or injuries due to defective products (Wild, 2010). Another type of business law is an antitrust law that keeps companies from market sharing, price fixing, and monopolizing an industry. There are many government agencies that control business law. Some examples are the Federal Trade Commission, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and the U.S., and the International Trade Commission. Law in Society Laws touch every aspect of social behavior across all walks of......

Words: 798 - Pages: 4

Download APK | Life Below Zero - Season 11 Episode 7... | GraphicRiver - Haze CS4+ Photoshop Action 21346065