The Symbols of the Allegory of the Cave

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The Symbols of The Allegory of the cave
“The Allegory of the Cave”, is a kind of theory by Plato. In the story, there are three prisoners, sitting in a cave facing the back wall. They are chained at the neck and cannot turn their heads. Behind them is a fire. Between the fire and the cave wall there is a ridge in which puppets of sorts move along and cast shadows on the wall. None of this can be seen by the prisoners. At the opposite end of the cave, behind them, is the exit which leads up to the outside world. Then, one of the prisoner gets free. It's painful to leave the cave physically as he hasn't moved in years and has never seen real light of the sun, but once he gets used to it, he sees the world for what it really is. Later, he goes back to the cave and tells the rest of them that they should escape as well but they're too scared. But there are symbols which play an important role to this story and to prisoners.
The cave is reality for the prisoners who stay inside the cave are common people, and prisoner who see outside world in the story is the philosopher. “How could they see anything but the shadows if they were never allowed to move their heads?”(Plato) The people in the cave are everyday people who think they are seeing real things when they are only seeing the shadows of things. The philosopher turns from the senses and begins to investigate the realm of ideas. The realm of appearance only contains opinion and error. Knowledge is only possible in the realm of ideas. The Philosopher does not remain in the world of ideas.
The sun is one of these symbols. The sun symbolizes different things to different cultures and it in the god of some cultures. Basically, most think of it as the power that produces life. Without the sun, nothing could grow and this world would be a frozen, barren, lifeless planet, just like the others in our solar system that are…...

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