The Terrorist New-Battlefield

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By ROSESTLOUIS
Words 1227
Pages 5
Cyber: The Terrorist New-Battlefield
Sparkle Grayson
American Military University

“American military superiority on the conventional battlefield pushes its adversaries toward unconventional alternatives.” - Carter, Ashton B., John Deutch, and Philip Zelikow Terrorism is not a new phenomenon. The use of terror tactics as a means of coercion, dates back to the 1st and 14th centuries AD. The first documented instance of terrorism that most resembled modern day terrorist tactics is attributed to the Zealots of Judea. This “terrorist” group showed many if not all the characteristics of modern day terrorists; being politically/religiously motivated, the organization of their group, and ultimately their goal, which was to strike fear into not only the current leaders or governing authority but into anyone who they felt agreed with the current state of politics. In short, though, their endeavor was ultimately unsuccessful, “the fact that they are remembered hundreds of years later, demonstrates the deep psychological impact they caused” (terrorism-research, 2013, n.p).
Though terrorism is often associated with physical acts of violence, the ever increasing globalization of the world, and the increasing dependency on technology has given way to a new tactic that can be destructive to property, finances, and media. Cyber-terrorism is a new occurrence but is highly effective, and until recently the United States had no formal “cyber-protection” in the private sector.
The beginning of the cyber-defense initiative is debatable. However, there is one event in recent history that often been described as the beginning of cyber warfare. The US/Chinese Spy Plane incident was not an event that garnered much media attention. However, this singular event maintains its’ position of, historical ground marker. The event occurred on April 1, 2001.The event itself…...

Similar Documents

Terrorists Tried in Military Courts

...response: "Should Suspected Terrorists Be Tried in Military Courts or Ordinary Criminal Courts?" Give your reasons for your opinion. From a human-rights perspective, I believe it is perverse to reward alien mass murderers with the enhanced due process of civilian courts. This would afford them with the same rights as the Americans they kill. Our jihadist enemies are not entitled to the rights that U.S. Citizens are entitled to under our Constitution that was designed to protect our civilians. Also, these terrorists plot their mayhem in their overseas hide-outs where American law does not apply and American law-enforcement cannot operate. I think there are terrible downsides to using the U.S. civilian justice system to prosecute our wartime enemies because of the above issues. As a statutory matter, Congress has enacted military commissions for enemy combatants. But I think in many cases, they seem to be more lenient than federal courts. One case and point was when a military commission’s handling of Salim Hamdan, a bodyguard and confidant of Osama bin Laden. After years of helping the al-Qaeda chief run his network, Hamdan was captured in possession of missiles intended for use against American troops. Military prosecutors asked for a 30 year term. The commission instead, handed down a stunning five and a half year sentence that resulted in Hamdan’s release and repatriation, since he had already spent more than five years in custody. In the news yesterday, Omar......

Words: 397 - Pages: 2

Angel of the Battlefields

...ways in which she could provide help to them guided her throughout her life. (www.nahc.org) She had always wanted to improve the health standards of the military. (www25.uua.org) Clara prodded leaders in the government and army until she was given passes to help on the battlefields. (www25.uua.org) She became one of the first women to gain employment in the federal government. (www25.uua.org) However she remained unaffiliated with both the army and other soldiers’ relief organizations. It wasn’t until the soldiers came to her that she realized the battlefields were where she was meant to be. 1861 was when the first federal troops poured into Washington D.C. (www.civilwarhome.com) Clara was working as a recording clerk in the U.S. Patent Office. She bought supplies to the young men of the Sixth Massachusetts Infantry. (www.civilwarhome.com) They had been attacked in Baltimore, Maryland and were housed in the unfinished Capitol Building. She knew where she was needed most was not behind the lines in Washington, but on the battlefields where the suffering was greatest. (www.redcross.org) Most of Clara’s early work consisted of working as a nurse on the battlefields. She opened paths to the new field of volunteer service. (Steele) She would call some of the men “her boys” because she had either grown up with them or taught them in school. (www.redcross.org) She risked her life at the age of forty to bring supplies and clothing to soldiers in the field......

Words: 1330 - Pages: 6

The Ultimate Battlefield Is Mind

...  THE ULTIMATE BATTLEFIELD IS THE MIND A Commentary By Jane M. Estrella CSR or Corporate Social Responsibility has become the latest catchword not only among the companies but also in schools. Students tend to scrutinize what particular CSR to implement in order to provide the needs of community and its people. Actually, it has been tackled under the financial management subject and among students taking the topic there is an ongoing debate arises over whether a firm should exist solely for making profits or whether it should pay heed to the social and environmental concerns that accompany the practice of Corporate Social Responsibility or CSR. The proponents of the view that a firm exists solely for making profit argue about the market being the final arbiter of allocating resources and point to the market as the place where incentives for allocating resources for social and environmental causes is to be found. The opponents of this view take the stand that everything cannot be left to the market and there needs to be a mechanism in place whereby the environmental and social causes need to be taken care of.If we examine both sides of the debate as well as take into account superficial attempts by businesses to pay lip service to CSR, the first strand of thought that comes to mind is about the need for businesses to invest in CSR as a way of mitigating the deleterious effects of the industrial paradigm on the environment. The practice of CSR by industrial companies......

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Terrorist Organization the Kkk

...Terrorist Organization the Ku Klux Klan 1 Terrorist Organization the Ku Klux Klan Excelsior College January 10, 2008 Terrorist Organization the Ku Klux Klan 2 Terrorist Organization the Ku Klux Klan The actions of this group have taught many lessons through out the United States, especially in the deep southern states. We will discuss particular cases that created fear and intimidation to an entire race of people. I feel the KKK from it’s beginning to the present preaches violence and hatred. This is a group that doesn’t believe that another race should have any civil or human rights now in the 21st century and have caused tough race relations within our society. The Klan has even committed murder at times to use as a display of power and control, together at meetings often dressed up in their white robes to be intimidating to others. Blacks have won the struggle for freedom from slavery, but now face a new struggle against racism and terrorism from the KKK. The number of incidents involving the Klan has since tapered off from the late 1960’s, but it still hasn’t vanished. I’ll address the beginning of the KKK along with hate crimes, effect of human relations and examples of violence used from past and present. It will be clear that the KKK organization is a terrorist activity no different from other known terrorist groups today. “Around 1865 in Pulaski,...

Words: 2521 - Pages: 11

Battlefield of Intenet

...1. Compare the business models and areas of strength of Apple, Google and Microsoft. Apple: Unlike Google and Microsoft, Apple has made unique hardware devices such as iPhone, iPod and etc, with application like iTunes, Apple’s online store. Also one of greatest challenge became one of their strength as well, which was advancing new technology such as iPhone and Ipad. It was one of the conventional technologies that changed into new era of technologies. We also can see that Apple has always been trying new technologies like iMac, although, it was not successful like iPhone and iPad. Apple has always tried to provide elegant design and its feature, which also attracted to customer. To be honest, who thought that, phone can be used like a computer before smart phone was out. Steve Job used to say “I am selling my dream”, and I also do believe that his dream and believe changed into new era, which became one of the strength in Apple as well. Google: Apple and Microsoft have always determined to prevent Google from extending beyond its dominance in search engine and advertising. Google always provided free access to web information through its search engine to internet users. Its business model has always focused on the Internet and the Web. It also has developed extensive online advertising services for businesses of all sizes. Microsoft: dominates computer technology with its operation systems Window and many business software especially office, Exchange and etc. However,......

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Battlefield of the Mind

...Battlefield of the Mind “Is it impossible? Is it going to be hard?” These are the dilemmas that Joyce Meyer gave to the reader, when it came to letting God into our personal worlds. Would these questions make any difference in the way we think and guard our thoughts from an unseen enemy? Like a soldier on the front line, our minds do so much for us; just like the soldier on the frontline, it’s important to guard and protect our minds as well. As neurons fire and dopamine travels an atomic distance from receptor to receptor, the proof can be seen in our everyday actions; from the smallest twitch to the words we speak, our brain… our mind play’s a central role in every action we make. The assigned article, “Battlefield of the Mind”, provided a shock to my outlook on the mind and made me reflect on what I really let into the space between my ears. The mind is a window into my inner spirit man. If someone pours oil into water you can see the instant separation and the distinct difference; the same goes for our mind and what we let influence our thoughts and thought process’. Just like what’s read in Genesis, everything God had created “was good.” Just like in Genesis, man has found a way to pervert and mold the mind into something that is more fitting for himself, instead of God. The great thing that comes from this article is the fact that even though all of the aforementioned “bad” things fermenting inside our brain from not protecting it can ruin us, we also have a......

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

What Is a Terrorist

...Cheryl Brown Professor Jackson English 401-13058 6 Nov 2012 What Is a Terrorist? The dictionary definition of a terrorist is someone who creates terror through violent action in order to achieve a goal. A terrorist is a dangerous person with weapons and has the motive to kill people. We, as an American, may view a terrorist as unthinking, immoral, brutal, murderous and in a way, not a human; but a monster. How could we view a terrorist in any other way? A moral American would never think of acting in such a way as a terrorist would, right? But a terrorist is indeed a human. A terrorist could be a man, woman or even a child. A living, breathing person with views that may be quite different than that of our own views. A person who may not see what we view as a terrorist act, but as a belief that may have been taught from birth. One of these terrorists you will be learning about is Ayaan Hirsi Ali, “Somali-Dutch feminist and atheist activist, writer and politician who is known for her views critical of Islam. She wrote the screenplay for Theo van Gogh's movie Submission, for which she criticized the treatment of women in the Islamic society and “Juxtaposed with passages from the Qur'an were scenes of actresses portraying Muslim women suffering abuse.” (Voices on Antisemtisim). After which she and the director both received death threats, and the director was murdered by an Islamic extremist. The daughter of the Somali politician and opposition leader Hirsi Magan Isse,......

Words: 2610 - Pages: 11

Enemy Combatant or Terrorist?: a Designation Makeover

...October2013 Enemy Combatant or Terrorist?: A Designation Makeover This current “War on Terror” is not a familiar feat for the United States of America. For the past 12 years The U.S has had to constantly adapt and develop new operating procedures. The difficulty of this war derives from it not being a conventional war. We are fighting an enemy (Al Qaeda, Taliban, etc.) that has taken guerilla warfare to a whole new level. This enemy has gone from crashing planes into the Twin Towers to placing I.E.D’s (improvised explosive devices) in the streets of Baghdad without any regard to the welfare of its own civilians. There is no doubt this is a complicated war, so complicated that our nation has even struggled with the finer designation of those we are combating. “Enemy combatants” and “Terrorists” are classes we are battling with every day yet still struggling to justly categorize them in legal terms. The vagueness on the definition of “Enemy Combatant” and “Terrorist” has led to voids and abuse of these terms. This in turn has produced an inconsistency on combat operations and legal categorizations. It is often said old men declare wars and young men fight them. This is even more the case in our present conflict with there being over ten significant court cases that have shaped our rules of engagement in fighting on the battlefield (Garrison 449). It can be strongly argued that the fights in the court room are becoming as important as the ones on the battlefield. The court......

Words: 2655 - Pages: 11

Terrorists!

...sentences are real life sentences so I need go no further. This is the sentence that is provided for by our statutes. It is a fair and just sentence. It is a righteous sentence. Now, let me explain this to you. We are not afraid of you or any of your terrorist co-conspirators, Mr. Reid. We are Americans. We have been through the fire before. There is too much war talk here and I say that to everyone with the utmost respect. Here in this court, we deal with individuals as individuals and care for individuals as individuals. As human beings, we reach out for justice. You are not an enemy combatant. You are a terrorist. You are not a soldier in any war. You are a terrorist. To give you that reference, to call you a soldier, gives you far too much stature. Whether the officers of government do it, or your attorney does it, or if you think you are a soldier, you are not-----, you are a terrorist. And we do not negotiate with terrorists. We do not meet with terrorists. We do not sign documents with terrorists. We hunt them down one by one and bring them to justice. So war talk is way out of line in this court. You are a big fellow. But you are not that big. You're no warrior. I've known warriors. You are a terrorist. A species of criminal that is guilty of multiple attempted murders. In a very real sense, State Trooper Santiago had it right when you first were taken off that plane and into custody and you wondered where the press and the TV crews were, and he said:......

Words: 1099 - Pages: 5

Case Study of Terrorist Group

... Case study of terrorist group “Egyptian Islamic Al-Jihad” Name Course Instructor Paper due date Abstract The Egyptian Islamic Jihad, commonly abbreviated as EIJ is an Islamic terror group seeking to overthrow the Egyptian government and install an Islamic state. More recently, the EIJ has broadened its goals to debilitating and attacking the capabilities and interests of U.S and Israel, in Egypt and in other countries. EIJ is led by Ayman al-Zawahiri since 1991, and the group has carried out numerous terror attacks through its militant cells. EIJ’s most prominent attack is the assassination of former Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat in 1981. EIJ is considered a foreign terrorist group by the U.N. In the late nineties, EIJ had largely been eradicated from Egypt, but in 2001, the group merged with al-Qaeda, and it is now known as Qaeda al-Jihad. The command structure of al-Qaeda Jihad is centered on nine leadership seats. EIJ’s former leader al-Zawahiri is an acting commander of al-Qaeda. The group has been behind some of the most horrific terror attacks of the last two decades; the group has engineered many bombings and assassinations, which have killed many, most of them innocent people. The EIJ, in its turbulent wake leaves behind a legacy of wrath, pain and bloodshed. Main Body The Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ) is also known as al-Gihad al-Islamic and Tanzim al-Jihad. Mhuammad Abd al-Salam Farraj founded EIJ in 1979 in Cairo,......

Words: 3391 - Pages: 14

Terrorists

...how Al Qaeda directs its operatives concerning cover and cover operations Illicit organizations and movements seek cover so as to operate effectively. Some organizations are thus partly covert while others, particularly criminals and revolutionaries, are entirely covert. Al-Qaeda’s need for cover deepened with the destruction of the Afghanistan camps the quality of al-Qaida's information on targets in New York City and Washington, D.C., indicates a covert intelligence-collection capability on par with some of the world's best spy services.4th generation warfare is highly irregular, unconventional and decentralized in approach. Al-Qaida employs symmetrical operations to bypass the superior military power of nation-states by attacking and exploiting vulnerable political, economic, population, and symbolic targets, thus demoralizing both government and its populace. Al-Qaeda uses cover and related techniques of intelligence and counterintelligence tradecraft. Al-Qaeda is a radical network organisation within the broader Islamist Salafi movement, legitimizing its terrorist operations as a global Islamist jihad whose raison d’être and modus operandi are inextricably embedded in disturbing the conglomerate of international Western diplomatic, financial, military and intelligence policies today. Gunaratna (2002, p. 296) offers a detailed description of al-Qaeda as an Islamist organization full of vitality” It has a “politically clandestine structure” inspired by......

Words: 4342 - Pages: 18

1968 Terrorist Attack

...internationalisation of terrorism that began on the 22nd July 1968 be regarded as the key turning point? The 1968 hijacking proved to be significant as a turning point as it laid a framework for the internationalisation of terrorism as its aims and objectives shifted beyond its borders. The operation being the first to investigate fear through the trade of hostages, served as a catalyst for terrorist actions to be involved on an international scale. Through the immense media generated from the terrorist attack as well as the new form of approach as Zehdi Habib stated the “hijacking aroused the consciousness of the world and awakened the media and world opinion much more- and more efficiently…” The 1968 redefinition of a legitimate target and the implementation of their objectives beyond their frontiers could be seen as “the advent of what is considered Modern international terrorism” as depicted by Hoffman. However other significant terrorist groups did massively contribute to the development of terrorism such as Anarchist through the adoption of the principle “propaganda by deeds” in carrying out their terrorist acts in the mid-80s, the IRA which made excellent use of martyrdom to attract foreign aid and generate diaspora support, likewise the suffragette movement. Nevertheless the 1968 hijacking targets of civilians was a significant turning point in the nature of terrorism. The success of propaganda by deeds in awakening popular consciousness was well use by the......

Words: 1143 - Pages: 5

Reasons Leading to a Terrorist Behavior

...Reasons Leading to a Terrorist Behaviour Name: Stefan Karagiozov ID:500735804 Instructor: Terry Roswell Course: CRIM102 November 24th ,2015 Introduction In their article “ Modern Gangsters and the Patriot Act”, Gregory P. Orvis and Jeffery P. Rush’s thesis is focused on demonstrating how certain street gangs that have been affiliated in criminal behaviour are also involved in terrorist activity, and how some criminals convert to a terrorist behaviour while they are doing their sentence in prison. They also put their focus on the effectiveness of the Patriotic Act and how this Act has helped to capture terrorists over a certain period of years. To this end, the authors’ analysis is dichotic, focusing on the pros and cons of the Patriotic Act and the potential danger to the rights of privacy of American citizens, and the association of the American gangs with terroristic activity. Yet ,Orvis and Rush’s analysis insufficiently addresses the complex psychological traits that are a key factor in the developing of the criminal mind in gang members and later on the conversion of these criminals to a terrorist- like behaviour. For instance , their discussion about the arrest of the Chicago street gang, El Rukn, fails to addresses the development of this criminal thinking and behaviour that led to their affiliation with terrorist activity, which is grounded deep in themselves .Moreover, the authors scratch only the surface of these individuals’ ...

Words: 1543 - Pages: 7

9/11 the Terrorist Attacks

... morning, the United States of America was viciously attacked by terrorists, resulting in thousands of lives being lost. Both the Twin Towers in New York and the Pentagon in Washington DC were destroyed. The tragic events of September 11, 2001, forever transformed American society by implementing new defense mechanisms and combating terrorism, as well as igniting the patriotism of US citizens. In the wake of 9/11, the United States of America was no longer seen as the untouchable superpower. America’s weakness was exposed and the country’s vulnerability was seen worldwide; thereby making the US an international target. Terrorist attacks rapidly increased both from outside adversaries and even some home grown terrorists’ cells. Case in point, the Boston Marathon Bombing was a terrorist attack orchestrated by two Russian American brothers, which resulted in a few fatalities and numerous injuries. Because Al Qaeda, an Islamic anti-American group, is responsible for the majority of these terrorist attacks, many Muslims faced incited racial profiling and bullying. In an effort to curtail terrorism, the United States government overhauled its defense operations. A new agency, Department of Homeland Security, dedicated to safeguarding the country was created. A five level color coded system, ranging from low to severe, was created to convey the country’s current terror threat status level. New rules dealing with airport security, entertainment venues, and privacy...

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Terrorist

...http://nyti.ms/1S53E59 AFRICA Boko Haram Ranked Ahead of ISIS for Deadliest Terror Group By DIONNE SEARCEY and MARC SANTORA NOV. 18, 2015 DAKAR, Senegal — As much of the world remains focused on the Islamic State and its horrific attacks in Paris, another radical band of extremists has, by one account, captured the infamous title of the world’s deadliest terrorist group: Boko Haram. Boko Haram, the militant group that has tortured Nigeria and its neighbors for years, was responsible for 6,664 deaths last year, more than any other terrorist group in the world, including the Islamic State, which killed 6,073 people in 2014, according to a report released Wednesday tracking terrorist attacks globally. The death toll in Nigeria mounted on Wednesday, with a bombing in Kano State in northern Nigeria, not even a full day after Boko Haram was suspected in an explosion that killed and injured dozens in another nearby region. In Kano, the authorities said that two female suicide bombers detonated vests at a cellphone market at about 4 p.m., killing at least 12 people and wounding dozens. Witnesses and Red Cross officials said that as many as 50 or 60 people died, though the number could not be independently confirmed. Officials accused Boko Haram in the attacks. In a statement Wednesday, President Muhammadu Buhari called for Nigerians to stay vigilant, saying that even his recently intensified military operation against Boko Haram could not prevent every attack. “President Buhari......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Dream Corp Llc: ... | Gay Marriage | Access this essay