The Trees of Middletown

In: English and Literature

Submitted By lynnscott
Words 1134
Pages 5
In Book VII of The Republic, Plato introduces his ‘Allegory of the Cave’ which presents itself in the form of a Socratic dialogue between Glaucon, the brother of Plato, and Plato’s teacher, Socrates. Plato’s initial focus in his ‘Allegory of the Cave’ is almost entirely transcendent; he is concerned not with knowledge, but rather with the nature of reality. Socrates, speaking to Glaucon, describes a group of prisoners chained to a wall in a cave who have been there since birth. Behind them is a fire, which lights the cave, and between this fire and the prisoners is a road where people carry all sorts of human, animal and other forms, which are then reflected onto the opposite wall of the cave. Unable to turn their heads, the prisoners are only able to see the shadows that these forms cast upon the wall and Socrates makes the point that such men hold that the truth is nothing other than the shadows of artificial things.

Plato makes an interesting point about human nature in this case, emphasizing the idea that human beings have a tendency to accept the reality that they are presented with. He goes on to say that, upon being introduced to the world outside of the cave, a man would be at a loss and believe that what was seen before is truer than what is now shown, a natural human reaction when facing the realization that one’s entire concept of reality has proven to be false. After his discovery of the world outside of the cave, the man would begin to adjust, first he’d most easily make out the shadows; and after that the phantoms of the human beings and the other things in water; and, later the things in water; and later, the things themselves…then finally I suppose he would be able to make out the sun.

Here, the process of adjusting to the light outside of the cave can be likened to the learning process in that it is a gradual process that builds upon itself…...

Similar Documents

Graphs and Trees

...Phase 3 Discussion Board Richard Libeau MATH215-1301B-01 March 4, 2013 Task Type: Discussion Board   Deliverable Length: 3 Parts: See Assignment Details    Points Possible: 75 Graphs and Trees Task Background: Graphs and trees provide you with ways to visualize data sets, and the opportunity to do analysis on the data (e.g., shortest path). Knowing the structure of a database enables you to choose a proper algorithm for searching for data within a database. Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write up to 3 paragraphs that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas. Part I (25 points – distributed as follows) Trees are somewhat less complicated than graphs, which makes things like data searching easier, when a data has the structure of a tree. However, not all data can be represented by a tree. Give an example of a data set that cannot be represented by a tree, but that can be represented by a more general graph. 1) Create, show, and describe your data set. (5 points) V = {Bill, John, Kim, James, Chris, Destiny, Noah, Paul} E = {(Bill, John), (Kim, James), (Chris, Destiny), (Noah, Paul),......

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

The Bean Trees

...Women can undertake a journey for many reasons: to escape, to seek a new way of life, to find adventure, to find love, to discover oneself or to simply keep moving. In the novel The Bean Trees by Barabara Kingsolver, Taylor the main character sets off on a journey for all these reasons. On her journey to self-discovery Taylor Greer manages to overcome her weaknesses The beans that are continually revealed throughout the novel represent Taylor’s life. The earliest mention of the beans took place when Taylor takes a close look at the reality of her life. “I had never done anything more interesting for a living than… picking bugs off somebody’s bean vines for a penny a piece.” (Pg 4) The beans so far are a symbol of Taylor’s weaknesses, as she and the beans are both of poor quality. Gradually, the beans are becoming of some significance in the novel, since they are truly beginning to echo Taylor’s life. Just as the beans did, Taylor begun her life without a great deal of impact on anyone, only to come plowing up and impact people where they did not expect it. At the end of the novel, the reader again encounters the beans for the last time. Although this time, the reader captures the complete significance of the beans. The beans, symbolism reflects Taylor’s development throughout her life perfectly. Taylor grew in poor soil and without the influence of the people, whom act like rhizobia that she encounters, she would have never been able to fight her weaknesses and realize......

Words: 1032 - Pages: 5

Three Trees

...Once upon a mountain top, three little trees stood and dreamed of what they wanted to become when they grew up. The first little tree looked up at the stars and said: " I want to hold treasure. I want to be covered with gold and filled with precious stones. I'll be the most beautiful treasure chest in the world!" The second little tree looked out at the small stream trickling by on it's way to the ocean. " I want to be traveling mighty waters and carrying powerful kings. I'll be the strongest ship in the world! The third little tree looked down into the valley below where busy men and women worked in a busy town. I don't want to leave the mountain top at all. I want to grow so tall that when people stop to look at me they'll raise their eyes to heaven and think of God. I will be the tallest tree in the world. Years, passed. The rain came, the sun shone and the little trees grew tall. One day three wood cutters climbed the mountain. The first wood cutter looked at the first tree and said, "This tree is beautiful. It is perfect for me." With a swoop of his shining ax, the first tree fell. "Now I shall make a beautiful chest, I shall hold wonderful treasure!" the first tree said. The second wood cutter looked at the second tree and said, "This tree is strong. It's perfect for me." With a swoop of his shining ax, the second tree fell. "Now I shall sail mighty waters!" thought the second tree. " I shall be a strong ship for mighty kings!" The third tree felt her heart......

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Decision Trees

...Decision trees http://www.alchemyformanagers.co.uk/topics/4qpj5es2SiaJVVXn.html Decision trees A decision tree is a visual tool for analysing decisions. In using it, you generate a tree-like graph of decisions and their consequences. In the simplest form of this technique Squares represent decisions Triangles represent end points. Jewish proverb When the graph is completed, you can then add probabilities for each of the individual branches and from the overall probabilities of the end points. If there are two courses of action, you should take the third. Using the technique As a simple example, let’s suppose that I decide that I want to travel from my home to a hotel in town A. So let’s draw the options in a decision tree: We can now add some percentages to reflect either our preferences or an estimate of some factor that we would like to consider (for example cost, estimated likelihood and so on). In this case, I will use personal preferences: I am assuming here that the train station is close to my home. For ‘walk’ I have added 0 per cent because it is a long distance to town A. The bus takes a long time, but it is quite cheap, so I have given it ten per cent. Notice that I have also added end points to ‘walk’ and ‘drive’ as they both get me to my destination. ‘Train’ and ‘bus’ however do not get me to my final destination, so I now extend my decision tree by adding more decision points, options and estimates: We can now see what the final end point......

Words: 720 - Pages: 3

Teaching the Trees Book Report

...Hannah Muller ENVR 102 Book Report For this book report, I read Teaching the Trees by Joan Maloof. Joan Maloof studied Plant Science at the University of Delaware, Environmental Science at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore, and Ecology at the University of Maryland College Park. Maloof is a professor at Salisbury University who teaches biology and environmental studies at Salisbury University. Aside from being a professor, Maloof is a biologist. She was always very interested in forests so from very early on Maloof has been exploring forests all over the eastern United States. She puts a lot of focus on the intertwined connections between specific tree species and the specific animals and insects that need to tree to live and in turn the tree needs them as well. Maloof possesses great enthusiasm for the woods and everything that they contain and is working on developing networking old growth forests across the United States. Teaching the Trees starts out with Joan Maloof saying how we would lose the “Magical Web” of relationships between organisms and trees (Maloof xiii). She begins talking about the services that trees provide for us. She also talks about how the benefits of trees equal healthier air for us to breathe. Japanese researchers have even found that there are 120 chemical compounds in mountain forest air that are good for us (Maloof 3). Inhaling this air can even be cancer preventing. Perhaps by trying to save the forests we are actually trying to......

Words: 1949 - Pages: 8

Trees

...Read this essay on the Importance of Trees ! Plants are very important for us. They provide us fresh fruits, wood, natural herbs and many things of professional value. They are home to numerous wildlife, bugs and creatures. They provide colour to men and creatures. They prevent famine and cause rain fall. They help in verifying polluting the environment. They provide us fresh air to take in and play essential role in the process of CO2. So, we should increase forestation. Wood is the most effective product that trees provide us with. We use wooden often. Wood is used as petrol and wood. Wood is used to make furnishings. Wood is also used to lay the paths of the railways. Plants are excellent sources of therapeutic natural herbs, ribbons and raw materials for many sectors. We get resins, organic gum area, etc. from the trees. The bamboo sheets bedding is an essential wide range of shrub which develops in large quantity. It is of excellent professional value. It is found everywhere. It is used as building content to make short-term shed. It is an essential resource of protection for the poor and financially sluggish individuals. Bamboo is used to make pads, barrier, bag and various products of the crafts. Bamboo is used as raw content to make paper. Cane is another wide range of shrub which is used in many things. Mats, rules and furnishings are created from the cane. Furniture created of cane is highly creative, wonderful and costly. Lac is one of the most......

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

Saving Trees

...Importance of trees Trees are really important in a human being’s life. Without them we, humans, can’t live. Although trees are important, they aren’t cared about and are used unwisely. Trees need to be saved and people should stop wasting paper and such so that we can save as much trees as we can. Trees have a lot of benefits which we should appreciate and care about. Starting off, trees provide the oxygen that we breathe. Without that oxygen, we won’t be able to live. If trees are the ones keeping us alive, shouldn’t we be thankful and help save them? Trees produce a lot of oxygen to keep us alive. “In one year an acre of mature trees can provide enough oxygen for 18 people” (TreePeople). This means that in one year, a bunch of fully developed trees can produce enough oxygen to keep 18 people alive. Trees help us live, so we should help them too. Second, tees help moderate the earth’s temperature. The shade from trees helps cool the earth’s temperature. (eco kids). Without the shades from the trees the earth would be a burning hell. It would be too hot to go outside. Those shades help maintain the temperature and cool it down. The trees do that by absorbing heat, and producing shade. This, again, is another reason we should be thankful to trees. Last but not least, trees provide us with an enormous amount of food that we need to survive. They provide us with food directly and indirectly. Directly, is when we eat fruits or vegetables. We get the fruits from the tree...

Words: 538 - Pages: 3

The Importance of Trees

...Internet that said, “Imagine if trees gave off Wi-Fi signals, we would be planting so many trees and we’d probably save the planet too. Too bad they only produce the oxygen we breathe.” It’s sad how true that statement is, we value access to the Internet more than we value the air we breathe every day. Trees are the one thing that help us survive and people view them as trivial objects more and more each day, underestimating the fact that our destruction of them could lead to a destruction of us. The leaves of trees can come in all different shapes and sizes. They form in bunches and give a sense of hair to the tree, adding a way to differentiate one tree from another. With the leaves, trees give us beauty. There’s not a prettier sight than mid-October, when all the tree’s leaves have changed colors and everywhere you turn there are different types of reds, oranges, yellows and more. The foliage is just one of the many reasons why trees are important, they give us natural beauty. They could be described as a painting in nature just without using brushes, paint or canvases. Tree’s trunks come in all different sizes, some thicker than others, giving protection in a way, to us humans and to animals. Since most trunks are big, hunters usually hide in between them when they’re looking for potential game. They wear camouflage to blend in with the trees, usually in patterns of different types of greens, browns and light mustard yellows. Speaking of game, trees also are the home......

Words: 980 - Pages: 4

Trees

...Trees Most trees around the world are located in the Russian taiga. It is only fitting since Russia is the largest country by far, although lots of trees around the world are being cut down at an alarming rate so it wouldn't be surprising to see the tree population of Russia go down. Trees are a renewable resource- by the planting of more trees even though it takes a few years for trees to get big we still have plenty of them around. Wood is made of tiny fibers called cellulose and the natural glue that holds them together is called lignin. When wood is turned into paper, heat and chemicals dissolve the lignin and the cellulose fibers come out. Byproducts of this process are used in asphalt, paint, chewing gum, detergents and turpentine. Cellulose is used for more than just paper. It is used for dinnerware including melamine in it, toilet seats, tool handles and cellophane. You can also use it to produce helmets, toothbrushes and electrical outlets. Some other you can make from it is nail polish, rocket fuel and industrial explosives. Wood pulping by-products are used for lots of weird things like cleaning stuff, deodorants, hair spray, and even fake vanilla flavorings! We obtain all the wood by cutting down trees with machines, chainsaws, and sometimes axes! Deforestation is the clearing Earth's forests in a big way, often resulting in damage to the quality of the land. Deforestation has many negative effects on the environment. The biggest impact is a loss of habitat for...

Words: 507 - Pages: 3

The Trees

...and bamboos are also trees. Trees tend to be long-lived, some reaching several thousand years old. The tallest known tree, a coast redwood named Hyperion, stands 115.6 m (379 ft) high. Trees have been in existence on the Earth for 370 million years. Trees are not a taxonomic group but include a variety of plant species that have independently evolved a woody trunk and branches as a way to tower above other plants to compete for sunlight. A tree typically has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground by the trunk. This trunk typically contains woody tissue for strength, and vascular tissue to carry materials from one part of the tree to another. For most trees it is surrounded by a layer of bark which serves as a protective barrier. Below the ground, the roots branch and spread out widely; they serve to anchor the tree and extract moisture and nutrients from the soil. Above ground, the branches divide into smaller branches and shoots. The shoots typically bear leaves, which capture light energy and convert it into sugars by photosynthesis, providing the food for the tree's growth and development. Flowers and fruit may also be present, but some trees, such as conifers, instead have pollen cones and seed cones; others, such as tree ferns, produce spores instead. Trees play a significant role in reducing erosion and moderating the climate. They remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store large quantities of carbon in their tissues. Trees and forests......

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Middletown

...Middletown, A study in American Culture and Identity from the 1920’s to the Modern Era Ursulla Duruewuru Middletown studies were mostly interactive sociological case studies of the City of Muncie in Indiana conducted by Robert Staughton Lynd and Helen Merrell Lynd, husband-and-wife sociologists. The Lynds' findings were extremely detailed in Middletown: A Study in Modern American Culture, published in 1929, and in Middletown in Transition: A Study in Cultural Conflicts, published in 1937. Both of which went on to become very popular books and the basis of the Middletown studies. The named the town “Middletown” to guise the actual town that they were working on. "The city will be called Middletown. A community as small as thirty-odd thousand...[in which] the field staff was enabled to concentrate on cultural change...the interplay of a relatively constant...American stock and its changing environment" (1929: p. 8). The word "Middletown" was meant to suggest the average or typical American small city. While there are many places in the U.S. actually named Middletown, the Lynds were mostly interested in an idealized conceptual American type, and concealed the identity of the city by referring to it by this term. Sometime after publication, however, the residents of Muncie began to guess that their town had been the sole subject of the book. They wanted to research over a long period of time, and to check up on how a town might change. They wanted a typical, small......

Words: 1150 - Pages: 5

Trees

...Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay Trees Essay......

Words: 1536 - Pages: 7

Christmas Trees

...Christmas Trees Christmas trees are an icon around this time of year. It doesn’t fail while driving down the road and there’s a car with a tree strapped on the hood. Christmas trees come in a variety of different shapes, size, and color and yes smell. Before starting a Christmas tree farm, one must figure out what type of trees they want to have, or what variety they want. The most common types of trees that would be found in a person’s tree stand would be Douglas fir, Fraser Fir, Noble Fir, Scotch pine, Eastern White Pine, Virginia Pine, Grand Fir, and Eastern Red Cedar. Douglas fir have soft needles with a dark green in color. The needles can reach to an inch in half. The needles have a sweet fragrance when crushed, most common Christmas tress species. The Fraser Fir have branches that face up, with an excellent scent as well. They have a blue-green color. These trees are easy for shipping. Noble Fir are known for their beauty. They have strong branches to hang ornaments, and are used well for wreaths and garland. Scotch pine have needles that are an inch in length and have a bright green color. The needles will not fall off the tree when dry. It is also a common tree because of the freshness it keeps through the holidays. Eastern White Pine have soft green needles. It has a strong scent, and produces decorative pine cones. Virginia Pine is the most unusual as it can tolerate warmer winter temperatures. The tree is smaller than the other varieties, and is more common......

Words: 1373 - Pages: 6

Trees

...cost which makes the production unprofitable 4. High energy cost because of the machines that will produce fiber 5. Continuous cutting of trees which is the major source in producing paper Opportunities of the industry 1. Growth of paper in local consumption because of population growth 2. Cheap price compare to other competing product 3. More cities are complying to total plastic ban in the Philippines which means mostly paper will serve as carrier bag 4. Paper is one of the fastest way used to give information 5. Most paper serves as food container because of its safe composition Threats of the industry 1. There environmental requirements are getting more stringent 2. Increasing competition in other competing materials 3. Innovation of materials in other industry happened while paper retained its traditional uses throughout decades 4. Paper quality is weak that it cannot hold heavy materials 5. The sources of raw material are only limited and may take time to produce Alternative Courses of Action 1. Create own source of wood pulp (through industrial plantation and recycled papers) Advantages * Environmental friendly * Improve country’s wastepaper recovery and recycling rate * Low cost in long term benefits Disadvantages * It takes time to wait for trees to be used in production (5-7 years) * Reforestation would be costly * Costly because another large area of plantation will be needed......

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Binomial Trees

...Problem 1: Binomial Trees and Real Options Suppose that the spot price, 6-month forward price, 12-months forward price and 18-months forward price for wheat are 250, 260, 270.4 and 281.216 cents per bushel, respectively.[1] A farmer has a project that involves an immediate expenditure of $20,000 and a further expenditure of $90,000 in six months. The farmer collects two wheat harvests per year, and if this project is implemented, it will increase wheat that is harvested and sold by 20,000 bushels in one year and in 18 months (as compared to his typical harvest). Assume that there is no uncertainty about the harvests (all uncertainty comes from future wheat prices). The continuously compounded risk-free rate is 5% p.a. a) If the project has no flexibility (a “yes or no” decision), what is the value of the project? Notice that you do not have to use the binomial tree to answer this question. b) Suppose that the wheat price follows a binomial tree process with parameters u=1.1 and d=0.95 (determine y from forward prices and remember to take this variable into account when computing risk-neutral probabilities). Suppose that the farmer can abandon the project in six months and avoid paying the $90,000 cost at that time (in this case, the increase in harvest will be 5,000 bushels per year instead of 20,000). What is the value of this abandonment option? Is this abandonment option a put or a call? What is its strike? Explain. c) Now, assume that there is no option......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4

Fitness Wear | Movies 56 | trailer compilation