Theory of Multiple Intelligence

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By DMLEWIS122572
Words 1721
Pages 7
Theory of Multiple IntelliGENCE

PSY/300

April 9, 2012
Instructor: Angelique Grady

In this paper, I will discuss the theory of multiple intelligences, developed by Howard Gardner. There are eight intelligences that Howard Gardener indentified, but I will be discussing three of them that would have an impact on my own personal success. Linguistic intelligence which refers to verbal intelligence, iInterpersonal intelligence is being able to appreciate and identify what others require, and iIntrapersonal intelligence refers to one’s self and their abilities (Smith, 2002, 2008).

“Intelligence is multifaceted; that is, aspects of it can be expressed in many domains.” (Kowalski & Westen, 2011, p. 271) “We can thus define intelligence as the application of cognitive skills and knowledge to learn, solve problems, and obtain ends that are valued by an individual or cCulture” (see Gardner, 1983, p. ?). “It is also to some extent culturally shaped and culturally defined, since cultural practices support and recognize intellectual qualities that are useful in the social and ecological context.” (Kowalski & Westen, 2011, p.274). Gardner did not believe that there was only one inventory for intelligence. He used many criteria to come up with these eight intelligences. These criteria dealt with damage to the brain, and how a portion of the brain could be affected, but the other portion still worked fine. Another criteria area was saervants and prodigies. Savants are people who that have astonishing intelligence in a particular area, and little intelligence when it comes to additional areas. Prodigies are people who that have astonishing intelligence, “early- developing genius,” in a particular area, and normal intelligence when it comes to additional areas. (Kowalski & Westen, 2011, p. 290). The other criteria…...

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