Therapeutic Effects of Corticosteroids

In: Science

Submitted By tonymancan12
Words 1457
Pages 6
NUR 251
March 25, 2011

Objectives
Give three examples of side‐effects that if occur you should immediately contact your doctor.
Name two nursing assessments or interventions when caring for a patient on corticosteroid therapy.

Corticosteroid Therapy Facts
Corticosteroids are any of a class of steroid hormones that either are produced in the adrenal cortex or are synthetic analogues.
Corticosteroids are involved in a wide range of physiologic systems such as stress response, carbohydrate metabolism, protein catabolism, fat metabolism, retention of sodium in the kidneys, immune response and regulation of inflammation, bone development, blood electrolyte levels, and behavior.

Corticosteroid Therapy Facts
The long‐term administration of corticosteroids in therapeutic doses can often leads to serious complications and side effects.
Therapy is reserved for diseases in which there is a risk of death or permanent loss of function, and conditions in which short‐ term therapy is likely to produce remission or recovery.

Corticosteroid Therapy Facts
There are many ways steroids can be delivered, and these include orally, topically, injections or via nasal or bronchial inhalation.
Different types of steroids can be used, and delivery and type may change common side effects.

Effects of Corticosteroid Therapy
Anti‐inflammatory action
As a result, manifestations of inflammation, including redness, tenderness, heat, swelling, and local edema are suppressed.
Immunosuppression
Cause atrophy of lymphoid tissue, suppress the cell‐mediated immune responses, and decrease the production of antibodies.

Effects of Corticosteroid Therapy
Maintenance of normal BP
Retention of sodium and subsequently water increases blood volume and helps maintain BP.
Carbohydrate and protein metabolism…...

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