Transistors

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By xcelsior616
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The Invention and Development of the Transistor

The invention of the transistor was one of the turning points in the development of personal computers. Of the many people responsible for the inception and evolution of the transistor, three men were integral in it’s birth and growth into integrated circuits. These men, William Shockley, Robert Dennard, and Jack Kilby, were some of the founders of the personal computing and electronics industry. Their work within their respective companies involving the transistor has led to the prevalence of the computing devices that exist today. William Shockley was one of the first true inventors of the transistor. He worked for Bell Labs in the 30’s and 40’s. Bell at the time was trying to improve its telephone system and network to allow for a better and cheaper way to operate. While working on what was only theoretical semiconductor amplification at the time, Shockley invented the point-contact transistor and the bipolar junction transistor (Riordan 2012). This revolutionary breakthrough allowed for all other progress with the transistor to be made, and soon the potential for the transistor would be taken into the world of personal computing. Robert Dennard worked for IBM in the late 50’s and early 60’s. In compliance with IBM’s vision he set out to create a better way for a computer to access memory. Thusly, Dennard’s work led him to the creation of the one-transistor cell for dynamic random access memory (DRAM) (Hayes, 2012). This allowed for super dense memory, and the computer to more quickly read binary coding. Dennard’s development would later evolve into miniaturized versions with many transistors taking up the size only one would have. Jack Kilby was one of the inventors of the integrated circuit (the next step in the evolution of transistors). At the time, Kilby was working at Texas Instruments…...

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