In: Business and Management

Submitted By aidil44
Words 5397
Pages 22
International Journal of Business and Social Science

Vol. 2 No. 16; September 2011

Associate Professor Dr. Noor Azina Ismail
Department of Applied Statistics
Faculty of Economics and Administration
University of Malaya
50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
E-mail: nazina@um.edu.my, Phone: +603 79673638
The main objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of graduates’ characteristics on the chance of being employed. A total of 3,025 Malaysian graduates involved in the study and data were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The results show that the employment prospects of graduates with a good command of
English and who possess leadership and technical skills are better when compared to those without these skills.
These findings suggest that steps should be taken to improve soft skills among graduates. The results also show that Indian and female graduates in this study were found to have less chance of being employed compared to the
Malay and Chinese graduates. However, these findings should be interpreted with caution as some of the respondents were not randomly selected, thus suggesting further research towards identifying the relevant factors is required.

Keywords: Unemployment, graduates, logistic regression, mismatch, leadership and technical skills, education


Malaysia‟s economy had been growing at an annual rate of 6.6% for the past three decades; yet unemployment rates have increased from 2.6% in 1996 to 3.6% in 2003 (Department of Statistics, Malaysia, 1996–2003). Young graduates, in particular, experience difficulties in securing their first job and a high proportion of graduates hold a job that does not correspond to their education and expectations. In the last 20 years, the expansion of higher

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