Uniformed Public Services

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Submitted By Piccalily99
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Cardiovascular System

In this assignment I will be talking about the cardiovascular system and what the structures and functions of the body parts are. The cardiovascular system is powered by the main organ: the heart. The heart allows blood to be pumped around the body, supplying oxygen to the working muscles. The blood not only supplies oxygen but nutrients, hormones and cellular waste too.
The heart
The heart is a hard working organ that is said to be roughly the same size as your fist. It pumps bloody around the body, which supplies oxygen and nutrients to the tissues, it also helps remove carbon dioxide and other wastes. It is important the tissue gets a constant supply of nutrients because it keeps it active otherwise they will die. There are four main chambers to the heart, two that are the upper chambers and the other two are the lower ones these are called the atria and the ventricles. The left atrium and the left ventricle make up the left side of the heart and the same goes for the right side, these are separated by a wall of muscle also known as the septum. The heart is covered by a double-walled sac called the pericardium, this protects the heart.
There are two pathways in which the blood travels to different organs depending on what pathway it is. The pulmonary circuit the blood leaves the right ventricle of the heart and travels to the lungs, this then returns as oxygenated blood to the left atrium pf the heart, this all happens via the pulmonary vein. The second pathway is the systemic circuit, this leaves the left ventricle to the aorta, this enters the arteries and capillaries, and this supplies the tissue with oxygen. The blood returns via the veins and back into the heart’s right atrium. The arteries carry the bloody away from the heart, these are always oxygenated apart from the pulmonary artery, if any of these arteries were to get…...

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