United States vs South Africa Healthcare

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Monkeybear
Words 1237
Pages 5
AFRICA VS UNITED STATES

In our world each country has a set of standards to follow in order to establish health care insurance for people in different communities. The state contributes about 40% of all the expenditures on health while the public health sector delivers 80% of the population. Many resources are concentrated in the private health sector. These resources see to the health needs of the remaining 20% of the population. Public health consumes around 11% of the government’s total budget. The way the resources are allotted, and the standard of health care delivered, varies from country to country. Although there are similarities between South Africa and the United States regarding healthcare, South Africa remains at a lower level than the United States because of funding, education, medical supplies, and equipment/ machines to complete diagnostic testing.

South Africa has a private and public healthcare system. There are more than 200 private hospitals owned by different private physicians or large corporations. Private hospitals have 24,537 beds while public hospitals have 110,143, according to David Hidler of PHNP. Public health care is free to pregnant women and children under the age of six. Other patients receiving care pay on a fee for service basis. This means that the patient’s pays for only treatment received while under the physicians care. The gross inequity between the two sectors has led health ministers to threaten regulation that requires the private sector to obtain a “certificate of need” from the Department of Health before a major purchase can be made. This includes any MRI scanners, X-Ray machines and any other machinery that may be needed to care for the patient. The focus is to redirect resources that are scarce to areas where they are needed. At this time services are not equally distributed. For instance, there are several MRI…...

Similar Documents

Universal Healthcare in the United States

...Universal Healthcare in the United States Larrissa McBride HCS 235 Monday January 23, 2012 Margaret Meador Universal Healthcare in the United States Healthcare is on the minds of every American in today’s society. Everyone worries about what they will do to afford healthcare and even if they will receive healthcare. America has some of the greatest technological advances and in trained professionals. However, American only ranks 20th in life expectancy and we rank almost the lowest in healthcare availability to its citizens. This causes me to believe that American needs to adopt some type of universal healthcare reform. According to the department of Health and Human Services the United States is one of the only industrialized countries to not give every individual healthcare coverage and access. The United States currently has a system of government sponsored and private insurance companies. The “poor” Americans fall under the care of government based programs. Those who are poor but are considered too wealthy for government sponsored programs are forced to turn to for-profit insurance companies. These for profit companies have strict guidelines and or co-payments and are likely to turn down medical care for any reason they see fit without explanation. I feel that some kind of universal health care system would regulate and control these organizations and could potentially save billions. Currently in the United States a large majority of citizens are uninsured.......

Words: 1312 - Pages: 6

Universal Healthcare System in the United States

...I will argue for a universal healthcare system in the United States through a comparison of feminist ethics and traditional ethics. I find that the following considerations from Virginia Held’s Ethics of Care, and Kant’s view on autonomy provide a convincing argument for universal healthcare coverage. Held In Virginia Held’s Ethics of Care, she makes six distinct statements on care ethics through a feminist point of view. 1.) “Moralities built on the image of the independent, autonomous, rational individual largely overlook the reality of human dependence and the morality for which it calls.” (Camp, 2011:48) Held is describing how interdependence is primary and one is not in control of caretaking relationships. The majority of caretaking relationships are not chosen (parents and siblings) and we have a responsibility of care to these unchosen relations. We are all interdependent on each other, not autonomous. An argument relating to health care according to the view presented by Held on feminine ethics directly confirms the point that we are not autonomous beings: “Children in particular are harmed by familial stress and developmental delays from not receiving health care, both of which can lead to behavioral problems and loss of potential. When one member is uninsured or becomes ill, there is a financial burden put on the rest of the family” (http://www.amsa.org). Universal health care coverage would allow for this family burden of stress and finances to be......

Words: 2444 - Pages: 10

Healthcare in South Africa

...health disparities. South Africa is a nation that has complex health care needs and shortcomings even though it is the second wealthiest nation in Africa. Similar to the United States, with a health care system favoring those of certain ethnicities and social status, many others are left with healthcare that is inaccessible and unaffordable. However, the divide in South America is unlike any other nation. 2011 census data shows the majority of South African’s are African, at 79.2% of the population, colored and white, which make up 8.9%, and Indian and Asian races make up the remaining population at 2.5%. ("South Africa's population," 2014) South Africa is a nation that is infamous for the Apartheid movement that is one of the greatest examples of racial segregation in history. Poverty and inequality created by racial and gender segregation were meant to dismantle the divided social structures with the election of Nelson Mandela’s in 1994. Though the movement made progression relative the state of the affairs prior to his election, enormous gaps in wealth have remained among the black and rural communities relative to the white, urban population. South Africa is considered a middle-income nation, but health outcomes are worse than those of low-income nations in the region. The persistent socio-economic divide between the rich and poor is vast and much of the health problems still facing the nation are poverty related. HIV remains prevalent in South Africa, with 5.6......

Words: 3460 - Pages: 14

Healthcare Spending in the United States

...Healthcare Spending HCS/440 July 24th, 2014 Healthcare Spending The national healthcare spending within the United States keeps increasing annually. The overall deficit keeps increasing due to national healthcare expenditures. In 2012, the healthcare deficit was three trillion dollars. Due to services such as medical treatments and health insurance; the healthcare spending will continue to increase. National Healthcare Expenditures In the United States, the overall projections are primarily based on the National Healthcare expenditures. These projections are measured by the form of services or goods provided. Services may include physician care, hospital care, and clinical services rendered. Goods may consist of necessary prescription drugs and medical equipment. The source of funding for the services performed and the required goods may come from Medicare, Medicaid, private insurance, and out-of-pocket expenses ("National Health Expenditure Projections 2012-2022 ", 2012). Health Care Spending in the United States According to recent studies in the United States, the projected health care spending is to increase by almost six percent between by the year 2022. This is actually a percent faster than the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expected. Researchers thought that the healthcare spending would remain around four percent since the economic recovery was very slow at the time in 2013. There would an increase in cost- sharing requirements for Medicare,......

Words: 1013 - Pages: 5

United States Healthcare

...covering an individual for expensive treatment thus saves the company money and provides stockholders with dividends or capital gain a very dangerous approach to the provision of healthcare coverage. An estimated 62% of individuals’ bankruptcies are related to healthcare bills, and of these,80% had health insurance numbers which would cause widespread revolt among Europeans. The private nature of US healthcare has resulted in pharmaceutical companies directly advertising to consumers the infamously endemic “ask your doctor if MagicMarioMix is suitable for you” tagline. Consumers thus ask their doctors about the advertised drug, and every 1 US dollar spent on advertising by pharmaceutical companies’ results in $4.20 of sales. The quick-fix or one-pill solution approach, rife among Americans, is reflected in the beliefs that pills can solve obesity rather than nutrition or exercise. The cost of drugs in America is much higher than in Germany: each citizen spends an average of 792US$ per year on medicine, accounting for more than 45% of the world’s total pharmaceuticals spending. Among Americans, the dissatisfaction with healthcare is reflected in polls, with one survey having 64% of respondents stated that US healthcare needed universal coverage and among the issues surrounding the American healthcare debate, universal coverage was the top issue. A further poll found 78% of Americans “dissatisfied with the cost of the nation's health care system, including 54% very......

Words: 1004 - Pages: 5

Venezuela vs. United States Economy

...Abstract There are four basic model markets, perfect competition, monopoly monopolistic competition, and oligopoly. This paper analyzes the monopolistic competition model through a case study which is the toothpaste market. This industry represents a clear example of monopolistic competition, and its analysis is used to explain the key characteristics of this market as well as the two main firms that compete in this market in the United Stated. These firms are Procter and Gamble and Colgate Palmolive which represent the majority of the market share in the United States. Finally, it is found that innovation is a key factor in monopolistic competition because it represents the ability to differentiate products and attract more consumers. The main conclusion drawn from this paper is that the monopolistic competition is the most common model in the United States and the technology and innovation advances have allowed organizations to reach these types of markets and maximize profits. Venezuela vs. United States Economy Have you ever though why some countries are richer than others? Or what there is inequality among countries? All those answers are related to the economy of a country and their macroeconomic indicators. Today, macroeconomic is a crucial concept that we can see every day in the news; employment, inflation, and growth are some of those economy indicators. (1) But it is not so easy to say why a country is richer than other; or why the economy of a......

Words: 976 - Pages: 4

United States vs Japanese Government

...United States vs Japanese Government In. 1788 the United States government outline is laid out in the Constitution, making the United States one of the first modern national constitutional republic, with the principle that all people have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. One hundred and fifty nine later in 1947, the Japanese Constitution was formed, following closely in the form of the United States government; with the three principles of sovereignty of the people, respect for fundamental human rights, and renunciation of war. Both of these unique governments are separated into three different powerful branches; the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. However, the way that three branches are ran within these two nations differ. The purpose of this essay is to examine these branches, and identify the differences between the two governments. The executive branch of the United States, is the over seer of the United States. As commander in chief of the U.S. Armed Forces, the president is the leader of the country. The president has the power to convene Congress, appoint ambassadors to other nations; appoint Supreme Court justices and other federal judges, and is expected to carry out and enforce laws of the United States. Meanwhile in Japan, the Executive power falls in the hands of a prime minister. The prime minister is designated by the National Diet, Japan’s legislative branch. The prime minister has the power to present bills to the......

Words: 948 - Pages: 4

United States vs Japanese Government

...United States vs Japanese Government In. 1788 the United States government outline is laid out in the Constitution, making the United States one of the first modern national constitutional republic, with the principle that all people have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. One hundred and fifty nine later in 1947, the Japanese Constitution was formed, following closely in the form of the United States government; with the three principles of sovereignty of the people, respect for fundamental human rights, and renunciation of war. Both of these unique governments are separated into three different powerful branches; the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. However, the way that three branches are ran within these two nations differ. The purpose of this essay is to examine these branches, and identify the differences between the two governments. The executive branch of the United States, is the over seer of the United States. As commander in chief of the U.S. Armed Forces, the president is the leader of the country. The president has the power to convene Congress, appoint ambassadors to other nations; appoint Supreme Court justices and other federal judges, and is expected to carry out and enforce laws of the United States. Meanwhile in Japan, the Executive power falls in the hands of a prime minister. The prime minister is designated by the National Diet, Japan’s legislative branch. The prime minister has the power to present bills to the......

Words: 948 - Pages: 4

United States vs Bass

...concerning the capital charging practices of the government. The District Court settled the discovery motion and then dismissed the notice after the government stated that it would not comply with the discovery order. Supreme Court ruled incorrectly in the United States v. Bass: The rulings of the Supreme Court against the case of United States v. Bass were incorrect because of various reasons; the courts in the United States had charged many blacks with offenses which were death-eligible, which blacks were twice more than the whites. It is more often engaged in a plea bargains with the whites than the blacks. This is a clear indication of the discrimination against black people, thus the rulings of the case of John Bass were influenced by the fact that he belonged to the less fortunate black race. Name: Debbie Reynolds Student id: 70633836 Title: Multicultural Law Enforcement, CJS235 Reach Project number: 40628200 The decision of the Sixth Circuit was contrary United States v. Armstrong, 517 U.S. 456, 465, 116 S.Ct. 1480, 134 L.Ed.2d 687 (1996),whereby the court stated that “any defendant seeking discovery on any selective prosecution claim should provide some evidence of the discriminatory intent and discriminatory effect”. United States v. Jones, 159 F.3d 969, 978 (6th Cir.1998).   To establish discriminatory effect, a defendant “must show that similarly situated individuals of a different race were not prosecuted.” For the evidence of the discriminatory effect, the......

Words: 493 - Pages: 2

Healthcare Issues in the United States

...1 Health Care Issues in the United States Ashley Barnes Dr. George Ojie-Ahamiojie Health Services Organization Management July 15, 2010 2 Describe how health is affected by behaviors, economics and social structure. When it comes to our health, there are numerous factors that play a part in whether or not we stay healthy or not; some factors we can control(physical activity & nutrition), while others are not always up to us to decide (poverty level, income). There are six key factors identified by the Centers for Disease Control(CDC) (2010) that affect the health of individuals: alcohol and drug use, smoking, injury and violence, physical activity and sexual risk behaviors. A majority of these factors an individual can chose to engage in or not, however, economic situation and social structure can impact those decisions as well. For people who are in a less affluent status, they may not be able to purchase the more nutritious option in a grocery store and will have to resort to buying enriched and over processed food products that are less expensive. These types of groceries do not provide the necessary nutrition and with prolonged consumption of these goods, can lead to adverse health effects such as obesity and diabetes. Engaging in behaviors such as drinking, risky sex and violence can lead to issues later in life if started at a young age, and contribute to education and social problems that the United States currently faces (CDC, 2010). ......

Words: 1126 - Pages: 5

Single Payer Healthcare for the United States

...|The Case For Single Payer, Universal Health Care For The United States | | | | | | | | | |Nicole Jones | |April 2011 | |HS 544 Health Policy and Economics | |Fowler | | | Table Of Contents Page Section 1: Executive Summary …………………………………………….. 3 Section 2: Introduction …………………………………………….. 4 Section 3: Literature Review ……………………………………………… 5 Section 4: Problem Analysis ……………………………………………… 10 Section 5: Solutions and Implementations ………………………………………… 17 Section 6: Justification ……………………………………………… 18 Section 7: References ……………………………………………… 20 Executive Summary Almost four decades ago, Canada and the United States had very similar health care systems. Today, they are very different.......

Words: 5173 - Pages: 21

Measuring the United States Healthcare System

...Running head: MEASURING THE U.S. HEALTHCARE SYSTEM  1        Measuring The United States Healthcare System  Luc John Arnaud  HCM 550 ­ Quality and Performance Improvement in Healthcare  Colorado State University ­ Global Campus  Dr. Gloria Wilson  March 27, 2016                        MEASURING THE U.S. HEALTHCARE SYSTEM2    The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is based  in Paris, France, and it is essentially an assembly that comprises over thirty members  (countries) who work with each other and who all share common commitments to  democratic states and market economies. The goal of the OECD is to promote and  improve economic growth, prosperity, sustainable growth, and expansion of each nation  (OECD ­ United States Mission, n.d.). The OECD “tracks and reports annually on more  than 1,200 health system measures across 30 industrialized countries, ranging from  population health status and non­medical determinants of health to health care resources  and utilization” (Anderson, F., Squires, D., 2010, para 1). The article titled ​ Issues in  International Health Policy ​ clearly exposed the fact that the United States of America  fundamentally lacks behind the majority of other developed nations as it’s related to the  efficiency, effectiveness, and solvency of its overall healthcare system industry. The facts  and data within the article come from an analysis of health data from 2006 from the  OECD, ...

Words: 1421 - Pages: 6

Healthcare Issues in the United States

...Health Care Issues in the United States Lori Schaffer Professor Gilliland Health Services Organization July 15, 2011 Health Care Issues in the United States Our health is affected by behaviors, economics, and social structure. Numerous behaviors and lifestyle patterns affect our health, such as: exposure to violence, vehicular accidents, alcohol, drugs, and infectious agents. (Williams/Torrens, p 67) Alcohol consumption and illicit drug use are examples of personal decision making and patterns of behavior that have tremendous adverse effects on health and on the economy. Alcohol abuse can lead to diseases such as cirrhosis of the liver, various cancers, intestinal disorders, and brain function deterioration. (Williams/Torrens, p 68) Drug abuse can lead to violent behaviors, liver, kidney, and brain deterioration. Tobacco abuse is associated with numerous diseases, including cardiovascular disease, lung and oral cancers. The above mentioned dysfunctional behaviors are made by personal choice. Some other behaviors that are detrimental to our health and affect the health care system are food choices. America is one of the heaviest countries, full of individuals that not only are overweight, but have unhealthy eating habits. This, too, can lead to illnesses. There is also the issue of unsafe sexual practices which lead to sexually transmitted diseases. A lot of these diseases go undiagnosed until irreversible damage to one’s health has occurred, such as,......

Words: 1092 - Pages: 5

Healthcare in the United States

...In the United States today, at any given time, there are more than forty-one million people who are without health insurance. The United States Government actuaries states that the healthcare spending in the U.S. will double by 2015-to-more than 12,300 per person and account for 20 percent of the nations GDP. U.S. healthcare costs have made health insurance too expensive for many employers to offer health insurance. Health coverage alone is taking away more than a quarter of worker’s earnings. Fewer employers are offering health insurance in America. Under President Obama, the current administration firmly believes that comprehensive reform should reduce long-term growth of health care costs for businesses and government, protect families from bankruptcy or debt because of health care costs, guarantee choice of doctors and wellness, improve patient safety and quality of care, assure affordable, quality health coverage for all Americans, maintain coverage when you change or lose your job and end barriers to coverage for people with pre-existing medical conditions. Not everyone agrees with the Obama administration. However, there has been major controversy with a new President (Obama), regarding how to fix the health insurance crisis in America. Major health care reform proposals have been the following: (1) single payer plans that call for the federal government to impose health insurance taxes and directly administer health benefits for everyone; (2) universal......

Words: 1865 - Pages: 8

Healthcare Issues in the United States

...of the liver and cardiovascular disease. Sexual Transmitted Disease (STD) such as gonorrhea, AIDS, syphilis, and high levels of infertility, cancer, and other complications are results of bad sexual behavior (Williams & Torrens 2008). Social and economic structure have as consequence for the decision making and patterns of behavior: violent crime, to global social dysfunction, besides many other untoward consequences likewise vehicular accidents, workplace injuries, divorce, poor job performance, poor fetal outcomes associated with fetal alcohol syndrome, spousal and child abuse are also common (Williams & Torrens 2008). Furthermore, economics and social structures affect health in the sense that a person’s ability to access quality healthcare in a timely manner is affected by whether that person can afford to pay health insurance or pay cash on his or her own and that person’s willingness to seek medical help when they believe they need it. These factors are influenced by a person’s income level, education, societal status – married or unmarried - and psychological characteristic such as his/her believe system, also among other things, which have a correlation with his/her social structure. Describe the three stages of medical technology development. A particular new health care technology needs to go through three stages before its actual utilization: “development, diffusion, and implementation”, in this order. So, the process starts with the creation of an idea,......

Words: 1341 - Pages: 6

Glory Sound Prep | Spitfire 720p | 1080p Legendado – Torrent Download (2018) | 11 16 2017-03-29Duck Dynasty - End of an Era, Part 2