Values of Children in Six Cultures

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Frank4ril
Words 2992
Pages 12
Jana Suckow, Daniela Klaus VALUE OF CHILDREN IN SIX CULTURES Pp. 244-245 PROCEEDINGS OF THE SYMPOZIUM ORGANISED BY FACULTY OF SOCIAL STUDIES MASARYK UNIVERSITY BRNO (19-21 SEPT. 2002) 1) Psychological-emotional value of children 2) Economic-utilitarian value of children 3) Social-normative value of children. Psychological-emotional reasons for getting children are for instance; 'to have someone to love and care for', 'because of the pleasure you get from watching children grow' and 'because it's fun to have young children around the house'. Statements such as 'because a child helps around the house', 'to have one more person to help the family economically' or 'children can help when you're old' illustrate the economic-utilitarian dimension. The dimension of social-normative value of children is expressed by items such as 'to carry on the family name' or 'because parenthood improves your standing and betters your reputation among your kin'.

The decision for or against children is embedded in different context levels. Certain institutional conditions, the structures of opportunity, the relational and social network and the individual characteristics of the (potential) parents determine the value of children for the parents. For instance in countries with institutional alternatives for covering the risks of life like illness and unemployment, such as Germany and Israel, regarding this intergenerational relations are not that important. So the economic dimension of value of children is not the most important there.

Journal of…...

Similar Documents

Values in Kancil Stories and the Development of Children Character

...A. Introduction One of the ways to tell and educate the children about moral values is by telling a story. At school, teachers usually tell the students some inspiring stories which usually are fiction, such as fables, legend and other folktales. One of the most famous stories told by teachers and parents is Kancil (Mousedeer) story. Kancil story is kind of fable as the characters in the story are animals. Fables, which frequently feature animal characters, are told with the intention of educating the listener or the reader[1]. The stories which often use animal characters are memorable way of reinforcing moral and ethical precepts and of teaching practical lessons on how to get along in the world[2]. Kancil (Mousedeer) is one of the most famous characters in a fable in Indonesia and some other Asian countries. There are a lot of stories using Kancil as the main character. In Indonesia the story about Kancil is influenced by the culture of the people in one region. Therefore, as Indonesia has a lot of ethnics with their culture, it makes Kancil stories are told in different version and different name based on the language, custom, value and religion of one society. For example, Aceh and other Malay people call Kancil as Pelanduk with the famous story “Hikayat Pelanduk Jenaka”; while in North Sumatera, Bataknese people call it Paes. However, still all the stories about Kancil describe him with the same character. Kancil is usually described as a clever, tricky......

Words: 1664 - Pages: 7

The Culture Value of Film Culture

...Reflections on The Cultural Value of Film Statistics can be used to show that Britain’s film industry is now the third biggest in the world and a prime destination for inward investment. This success story was heralded by James Purnell, new Minister for the Creative Industries, in a speech to the Institute of Public Policy Research in June this year.[1] But what is the relation of this economic success to the vibrancy and breadth of our film culture? A further look at the statistics provided by the UK Film Council for 2004 shows that last year domestic production fell from 44 films to 27, where domestic is taken to be films made by a UK production company shot wholly or partly in the UK. In 1997, the year when the government set up the Department of Culture, Media and Sport, UK production had been at a record high, and 84 domestic productions were registered. In terms of what UK audiences could see in 2004, beyond American features and American co-productions, the rest of the world share of the market in UK and Ireland was just 2.7%, a figure which betrays the failure of film policy to encourage interest and understanding in the stories of what goes on beyond our shores. Last year also saw the consolidation of companies operating in the exhibition sector and a series of momentous deals which changed the landscape of UK exhibition. In August 2004, Terra Firma acquired both the Odeon and UCI cinema circuits for a total of 580 million pounds, acquiring a 35% share of...

Words: 3815 - Pages: 16

American Political Culture & Values

...American Political Culture & Values According to the text book, political culture is a set of beliefs broadly shared, value, and norms regarding on how the political and economic life should be done. The political cultures determine the relationship of citizens to government, to one another, and to the economy. American political culture may share beliefs, values and norms, with other countries, but the amount of configuration of each political culture is unique. No matter how extensive the consensus organization, culture contains values that overlap and conflict; the American political culture is no exception. The values of American political culture are based in the XVIII century philosophy that should heavily influence the founders. In recent years, the values has also been added, some support the original, some conflicts: Liberty is the value of freedom can be the most important source of stimulation for the American Revolution, and it is still a core value today. Freedom is one of the natural rights first cited by John Locke and later by Thomas Jefferson “that among these rights are life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness”; Equality- once again, Thomas Jefferson refers to the basic values of the Declaration of Independence “We hold these truth to be self-evident, that all people are created equal” Although most Americans do not believe that people are equal in every sense of the word, the fundamental belief in equality of opportunity and equal treatment...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Organisational Culture and Values: Google

...ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE AND VALUES GOOGLE INC.   Executive Summary This report investigates the literature findings of incongruence between organisational values and individual values in reflection to how this can affect organisational culture. These are identified as espoused and enacted values of the organisation. Researches for this report draws attention to ways leading companies, such as ‘Google Inc’, manage these common issues through organisational conduct and procedures. Google’s Organisational culture is well known and famous for their innovation, success, creativity and strong value for human resources. This investigation also reveals additional incongruence within the workplace which results in unsatisfied employees and quitting jobs. Nonetheless there is very little known incongruence within their workplace that affects the overall performance as they have a number of mechanisms and ‘lifestyle’ activities to promote the company’s values for individual value. There are a number of recommendations highlighting procedures and practices that organisations can use to reduce the gap between espoused and enacted values. Recommendations feature some of the following: - Defining clear and concise organisational values - Organisational values should reflect beliefs and values of both the organisation and stakeholders - Ensure the work environment reflects those values - Recruit staff who shares similar beliefs and values to the organisation.......

Words: 1989 - Pages: 8

Business Ethics: the Role of Culture and Values for

...Ethics: The Role of Culture and Values for an Ethical Workplace FOURTH QUARTER–2009 Whether in domestic or global companies, ultimately, the commitment to business ethics and the foundation is built through organizational culture, with ethical values reflected in the workplace. Business Ethics: The Role of Culture and Values for an Ethical Workplace Abstract An ethical workplace is established through an organization’s culture, values and leadership. To promote ethical behavior, human resource professionals, people managers and senior management need to be knowledgeable about business ethics—from leadership, codes of conduct and related legislation to compliance training, ethical decisionmaking, and cultural and generational differences around ethics. Transparency, fairness and communication are key for establishing and maintaining an ethical workplace. Introduction In the business world today, issues of trust, respect, fairness, equity and transparency are gaining more attention. Business ethics includes organizational values, guidelines and codes, legal compliance, risk management, and individual and group behavior within the workplace. Effective leadership, with open dialogue and thoughtful deliberation, develops the foundation of an ethical workplace, is woven into the fabric of the organizational culture and is mirrored in ethical decision-making. Toward this end, all organizational leaders have a key role in establishing corporate values and modeling......

Words: 5913 - Pages: 24

Children and Moral Values

...Children and Moral Values Why children today do not have the same moral values as older people? The reason this question is being asked. Because there should be concerns about all this access to information that children have today; is it too much for them? Is there more we should do as the older generations to show our kids better moral values and how to interpret all this information that they’re receiving? With the advent of the Internet and all its resources our children can find out things so much easier than before Google has become an easy do search engine it is making our children lazy at the same time informing them of things that they should not know. Facebook is another one of these things that is misguiding our children. They socialize with adults’, teenagers, and strangers. They're reading the problems that all these people are going through and foresee some of the same thing happening to them. That's why I have asked these questions. How important are moral roles for our children to follow? Good role models are hard to come by these days. Yes there are a lot of people out there that like to guide our children but not all these people are good people; so choose wisely who your children hang out with. This was said in the study I found by Carson. “Children have an innate desire to please their parents and behave well, according to Linda C. Mayes, M.D., and Donald J. Cohen, M.D, authors of "The Yale Child Study Center: Guide to Understanding Your Child."......

Words: 1198 - Pages: 5

American Cultures Values

...American Culture Values Keith Byrd University of Phoenix Ann Fongheiser 1-25-10 American Culture Values American Culture is a combination of history, traditions, holidays, customs, religious beliefs and values. It also encompasses spirits, arts - to include visual, musical, and dance, cinema, literature and food. American Culture has been heavily influenced by the Europeans, British, and other Eastern World Civilizations. Our National holidays, sporting events, military and even our government all have been influenced by Eastern World Civilization. Our architectural designs, cars, fashion, and firearms all have Eastern influences. Calendars are a major influence on holidays and US history and religious traditions. National patriarchs, US history and Religious traditions are all a part of the reason that the United States observes holidays and traditions. National holidays like Washington’s Birthday, Independence Day and Christmas are just a few of the traditions and holidays that are influenced by Religion, National patriarchs and US history. In 1879, Washington's Birthday was declared a National holiday by an act of Congress. In 1968, the Uniform Holiday Act started to commemorate Washington's birthday from February 22 to the third Monday in February, which is now know in the American Culture as "President's Day." Independence Day, also known as the fourth of July, is the day that we celebrate in commemoration of......

Words: 926 - Pages: 4

Culture and Values

...Tashonia Roney Dr. Patricia Jones-Lewis HUM 101 Cultures and Values 27 May 2014 Unit 1: Familial Culture- Tradition and Change Out of all 26 years of my life have severed one devastating blow, which in my opinion, ruined the structure of my family and made it nearly impossible to pass down tradition and values within our used-to-be close knit family. This catastrophe wouldn’t be as devastating to someone who has never experienced the joy of a family home. I would always be so proud of the fact that I had a family home that I moved into since the day I was born. When I was young I crawled and stumbled through those hallways and as I grew older I learned which stairs squeaked and how far to open the door so that I wouldn’t get caught as I left out, unbeknownst to my grandmother. I now realize after all the years of wanting to escape so badly that’s where I learned the most in regards to family traditions and the values that were instilled in me from a young child. That’s where I learned to say my first prayer, after countless Sundays of sitting in the pews with my grandmother. Its so many countless things that I have learned that now my kids will never get to experience, such as waking up at twelve o’ clock in the morning by my uncle on Christmas morning and Thanksgiving cooking by my mom and her siblings, which as their children automatically signed you up for the clean-up crew. I also feel like in the short story “Save me Mickey” you have to find your......

Words: 405 - Pages: 2

Culture Values

...CMS 340/Steen Values Paper: Nigeria 11/30/11 Culture is a pattern of learned behaviors and attitudes that are shared by a group of people as far as shared languages, beliefs, and values that are transmitted from generation to generation. Values are things that are important to you; the most deeply felt beliefs shared by a cultural group. They reflect a shared perception of what ought to be and not what is. (Martin & Nakayama) The relationship between values and behaviors of a culture is that they are intertwined. Ones values and behavior is influenced by their culture in some way if not all. The culture also influences your communication in which determines how you communicate what values are important to you. I would identify myself as a part of the African American culture within the dirty south. I say dirty south because through a bit a traveling, I have found that African Americans in the north, east, or west parts of America are a little different than me. Within my culture as an African American, I identify as a woman, minority, Christian, middle class, a democrat, and a single parent. I wouldn’t say that I fit into the mainstream culture because when I think of mainstream I think of what’s popular and I consider myself mutual because I can always see or find a way to agree with someone else side of the story or point of view. Personally I value family, friendship, and respect of others and individuals. Some values that I might share with the mainstream......

Words: 2672 - Pages: 11

The Raising of Children in Two Cultures

...The raising of children in two cultures. The job of raising children is a tough one .Children don’t come with an instruction manual. As we analyze the backgrounds and the cultural environment that surrounds them we can empathize with the parents who have the responsibility of influencing these young minds. When we look at the attitudes of children in the Caribbean and in the United Kingdom we can clearly see that the social expectations of raising children in the Caribbean contrast greatly with raising children in the United Kingdom. In the Caribbean, there is pressure by parents for their children to find economic success. Parents tend to place high emphasis on early life education. As soon as children are able to help themselves and established learning capabilities, they are placed in pre-schools. The age of these children tends to range from about two to three years old. The average Caribbean child regardless of its social or economic background is groomed by its parents to take advantage of the education offered to make better for itself. Scolding, yelling, slapping, and spanking are considered appropriate and necessary for socializing children. In line with what is fast becoming social norms in the Caribbean, children of all economic backgrounds are taught to try their best to work the system, that is, get a college and university education, get a great job and to earn lots of money. No matter the socio-economic status, race or......

Words: 808 - Pages: 4

Value Ghain and Six Sigma Requirements

...Value Chain and Six Sigma Requirement Lanita Douglas Bus Strategy and Innovation for Competitive Advantage 13 May 2015   Supply chain management is defined as “the design and management of a supply chain network that delivers high-quality products to the right customers at the right time at minimum cost”. On the other hand, six sigma tools are powerful processes used by managers to identify and thus aid in solving the problems evidenced in the supply chain. Six sigma helps in continuous improvement to ensure variation and quality control while improving production and eliminating waste. This way, the six sigma helps in improving the efficiency of the supply chain. Using the six sigma, the supply chain managers have in mind what customers want. They ensure that the define value, deliver it, and maintain accountability for everything they do towards realizing the goals of the customers (Bentley & Davis, 2009). Six sigma ensure value for customers. Value for customers means what customers are willing to pay the company to deliver. Value is effectively measured through increasing quality while minimizing waste. Six sigma helps in “measuring the processes involved in increasing quality while decreasing waste, and establishing variation-reducing controls to ensure a consistent output” (Martin, 2014, p. 37). Using six sigma in the supply chain, supply chain managers ensure that they adhere to the established processes, comply to the requirements, which are based on......

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

Walt Disney Corp. Values and Culture

...Walt Disney Company; Maintaining the Happy Ending Section 1: Company Values and Culture Walt Disney Company’s (here on in denoted with WDC) espoused values are as follows; innovation, quality, community, storytelling, optimist, and decency. While very broad subjects, they continue to define them within their website (http://disneycareers.com/en/working-here/culture-diversity/). Innovation to the WDC means a constant desire to change and update new technology to stay ahead of the curve. Quality standards are set to the highest possible bar, ensuring a lasting product, whether it be a movie, theme park, or show. They cultivate an extensive community of employees, executives, and customers through positive ideas and a focus on “entertainment experience for all generations to share” (http://disneycareers.com/en/working-here/culture-diversity/). They are committed to creating stories that are not only timeless, but inspiring as well. They demand an uplifting attitude focused on their trademarked happy endings. Finally, decency is expected not only from how they treat and are treated by their employees, but also in how their products come along. These espoused values are well translated into their enacted values. They have created their own city, Celebration, Florida, based on these principles and created the first privately zoned and maintained city (Stringham, Miller, & Clark 2010). This city follows their values of innovation, quality, community, optimism, and decency......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

What Dominates Children in American Culture?

...What Dominates Children in American Culture? American culture is dominated by the media which is causing children to become lazy, violent, and less stimulated mentally. Children are influenced by everything that touches their lives. So it’s no surprise that the media plays a major role in molding children. In The Twilight of American Culture, Morris Berman believes that Americans are affected by the decline in the schools systems and are less motivated to read challenging books for stimulating their brain, instead they choose to spend hours watching television and playing video games. Since parents tend to use the television to babysit their children, instead of spending time to get them active, is causing children to become lazy. Obesity is on the rise in American among children. Since children are constantly watching television they are no longer getting adequate exercise. Although television and video games are not one hundred percent responsible for causing children to become aggressive, it still plays a role in forming their aggression. Some children can already have aggression problems, however by watching the violence portrayed in video games and television, they become more willing to express that aggression out on others. Watching too much television can also cause children to become less mentally stimulated. Children would rather receive information instantly instead of taking the time to develop their own view by reading. Berman explains that......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Children and Culture

...Children and Culture HSER 509: Multicultural Issues in Human Services Liberty University Instructor: Dr. Mary Cooper July 3, 2012 Abstract Culture plays a huge impact in everyone’s everyday life. Culture helps in identifying members of a particular group who share the same behaviors, beliefs, traditions and values. Children begin to learn the culture of their family at a young age but don’t necessarily understand that everyone isn’t from the same culture and don’t follow the same traditions and values. This paper is going to explore what impact culture has on the lives of young children. What role culture plays in the lives of children who are being raised by parents who are from two different cultures will also be discussed. Also how these children cultural development are shaped by the diverse group of people they encounter in school and the roles their parents play in their lives. According to Diller (2011), culture is viewed as a lens through which life is perceived (Diller, 2011, p. 5). A child’s first lesson in culture usually comes from the teachings of their parents. Swick (1986) points out that it is in the performance of various roles that parents introduce children to the basics of their culture (Swick, 1986, p. 72). Children also get to learn about culture through watching their parent’s behavior in various situations. Parents are usually the first people who a child can learn about their culture from and once they start school, their......

Words: 2366 - Pages: 10

Introducing Organisational Culture, Values and Behaviour

...Unit 4003 INTRODUCING ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE, VALUES AND BEHAVIOUR 1.1. Determine a framework for analysing organisational culture. The contemporary definition of organizational culture includes what is valued, the dominant leadership style, the language and symbols, the procedures and routines, and the definitions of success that characterizes an organization. Organisational Culture represents the values, underlying assumptions, expectations, collective memories, and definitions present in an organization (Schein, 1992; Cameron & Quinn, 1999). Cameron and Quinn (1999) have developed an organizational culture framework built upon a theoretical model called the "Competing Values Framework." This framework refers to whether an organization has a predominant internal or external focus and whether it strives for flexibility and individuality or stability and control. The framework is also based on six organizational culture dimensions and four dominant culture types (i.e., clan, adhocracy, market, and hierarchy). In addition the framework authors generated an "Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI)" which is used to identify the organizational culture profile based on the core values, assumptions, interpretations, and approaches that characterize organizations (Cameron & Quinn, 1999). The central issue associated with organizational culture is its linkage with organizational performance. Connections between OC and performance have been established....

Words: 4565 - Pages: 19

Coop gegen Kat | Superman viaja al sol (2011) | AdChoice