Was the Reichstag Fire More Important Than the Enabling Act in Allowing Hitler to Increase His Power?

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Was the Reichstag Fire more important than the Enabling Act in allowing Hitler to increase his power? Explain your answer. [10]

The Reichstag Fire happened on 27th February, 1933. Inside the burning building was found a Dutch communist called Marinus van der Lubbe. He was accused for starting the fire in the Reichstag and was arrested, and after an unfair trial, he was executed. Hitler immediately blamed communists for this. He went to Hindenburg and persuaded him to pass a law called the “Emergency Decree”. This meant that the government were very powerful and that power was wide-ranged. It also took away civil rights and freedom, giving the police a lot of control. But the reason Hitler managed to convince Hindenburg to do this was because he said that this could be the start of a communist revolution which no one wanted. When the next elections took place, in March 1933, over 4 000 communists were arrested by the SA. They also shut down the communist newspaper, broke up any communists meetings and this could all happen because the Emergency Decree was around. Hitler had a lot of control at this point. He had power all over, especially in the police force. If there was someone he didn’t like then he could have them killed. He could do nearly anything he wanted and Hindenburg agreed as he didn’t want a communist attack either. The Enabling law was a part of the Weimar constitution that stated, if two thirds of the Reichstag agreed, that the Chancellor could rule alone. But the difficulty for Hitler was that the Nazi’s didn’t have a majority vote in March 1933, meaning it would be very hard to get even more to vote for this law to be passed. To make it work, he had all the communists removed from the Reichstag. On top of this, the nationalists and socialists agreed with this law. `` On 23rd March 1933, the Enabling Law was…...

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