With Direct Reference to at Least One Film, How Did Hollywood Address the Paranoid, Hysterical Political Climate of the 50s?

In: Film and Music

Submitted By stephmac191
Words 1685
Pages 7
With direct reference to at least one film, how did Hollywood address the paranoid, hysterical political climate of the 50s?

The Cold War began in 1947 between the USSR and the USA. After World War II, both countries began to distrust each other, as they knew the amount of power each country had in terms of nuclear weapons. Not only did they distrust each other, but they lacked a mutual understanding of each other’s culture. The USA believed in capitalism and the USSR believed in communism. This lack of mutual understanding caused mass paranoia within America as they feared that communists would infiltrate their society. This hysteria was known as the Red Scare which lead to “a range of actions that had a profound and enduring effect on U.S. government and society.” (Red Scare, 2013).

During World War II “moviegoers learned to appreciate cinema for what it was: a powerful delivery system of ideology” (Doherty, 2003, p. 19) and after World War II “Soviet Communism and American Democracy, found its domestic expression in fierce debates over the subversive influence of the popular media.” (Doherty, 2003, p. 21). Hollywood was scrutinized first for allegedly using the film industry to influence the public about communism.
The House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was formed in 1938, and it’s investigations were “frequently focused on exposing communists working inside the federal government or subversive elements working in the Hollywood film industry” (Red Scare, 2013). On September 21, 1947, HUAC “subpoenaed forty-three members of the Hollywood film community to answer charges about communist infiltration in the movie industry” (Friedman, 1984, p. 214). Ten of the Forty-three appeared before HUAC and “refused to answer the Committees questions about their political affiliations” (Friedman, 1984, p. 214). They became known as the Hollywood Ten and…...

Similar Documents

Hollywood Film

...Introduction Our analysis of Hollywood film industry show us the industry as an oligopoly and we decided to analyse its characteristics through the “structure conduct performance of this industry” (SCP) Industrial concentration has been a concern for economics studies, while analysing Hollywood film industry we found a significant amounts of concentration with the largest companies that give them an amount of monopoly power that they use on its benefit preventing new comers, the power is use as a barrier to entry the market is often exercised in ways that harm the all industry. Measures of concentration are important for the analysis of imperfect competition brought by monopolistic markets, and governments use them when are considering antitrust policies and companies merging. These measures provide an indication of the ability of the largest firms to control prices and competition. Monopolies have the advantages of lowering production costs economic of scales and profit maximisations setting mark ups prices that can be one of the reason for unequal market competition and in not much benefit for consumers. Although concentration is problematic in the industry it represent special problem in the movies business because, the big screen operates not only in the market of goods and services but also as ideological diversify market newer and fresher ideas can coming at any time. Brainwashed and manipulation can arise as a consequence of a significant monopoly power......

Words: 1758 - Pages: 8

How to Reference

...How to reference These Harvard-based guidelines are generic and are meant to supplement, not replace, the guidelines given to you for your programme, which are usually provided in your module handbooks. Some subjects make these guidelines available on the portal. You are advised to follow your module/programme instructions exactly for citing and referencing sources, and use this guide for further information only. For further information on a wide variety of sources, consult Pears, R. and Shields, G. (2008) Cite them right: the essential referencing guide. Newcastle upon Tyne: Pear Tree Books. Contents: 1. In-text references / citations This means how to put references in the body of your assignment, and this section includes the following cases: 1. A typical reference - what to include and what not to 2. Incorporating others’ material - words and expressions to use 3. Author's name occurs naturally in the sentence 4. Author’s name does not occur naturally 5. Page numbers - when to use them 6. More than one cited document by the same author(s) in the same year 7. Two authors of one work 8. More than two authors of one work 9. Dictionaries, encyclopaedias or other collaborative works with several authors 10. No originator 11. Newspaper where no author is given 12. Corporate authors or organisations where no individual’s name is indicated 13.......

Words: 4786 - Pages: 20

Family Issues and How It Was Illustrated by Hollywood over Time

...Hollywood has historically been reflecting many issues of the real world, including but not limited to: social, economical, political, and cultural, in their films. When issues in the real world change, the film industry does the same by changing the content in their movies to match the current trends. This essay is going to look at a more specific issue and relating it to certain movies to show that the above statement is correct. Over the past few decades, the value and meaning of family have changed drastically. The family structure, marriage rate, divorce rate, birth rate, how families live, what activities families engage in, and what possessions families own are some of the many factors that have changed with the family value. Revolutions in economies, technologies, politics, rights and the rise of activists played a role in this extreme shift in the family value norm. WWII was a major event that changed the dynamics of family life. During the war, because all the men were going overseas to fight in the war, the women at home were required to work in factories to supply the war effort. This was the first time in history were over half the women in the U.S. had a job outside of their homes. However, it created a problem when the war was over with many unemployed men trying to find jobs. Some women wanted to stay with their jobs but because of the ongoing discrimination against married women with full-time jobs outside of their home, they were socially pressured into......

Words: 1446 - Pages: 6

The Culture Value of Film Culture

...Reflections on The Cultural Value of Film Statistics can be used to show that Britain’s film industry is now the third biggest in the world and a prime destination for inward investment. This success story was heralded by James Purnell, new Minister for the Creative Industries, in a speech to the Institute of Public Policy Research in June this year.[1] But what is the relation of this economic success to the vibrancy and breadth of our film culture? A further look at the statistics provided by the UK Film Council for 2004 shows that last year domestic production fell from 44 films to 27, where domestic is taken to be films made by a UK production company shot wholly or partly in the UK. In 1997, the year when the government set up the Department of Culture, Media and Sport, UK production had been at a record high, and 84 domestic productions were registered. In terms of what UK audiences could see in 2004, beyond American features and American co-productions, the rest of the world share of the market in UK and Ireland was just 2.7%, a figure which betrays the failure of film policy to encourage interest and understanding in the stories of what goes on beyond our shores. Last year also saw the consolidation of companies operating in the exhibition sector and a series of momentous deals which changed the landscape of UK exhibition. In August 2004, Terra Firma acquired both the Odeon and UCI cinema circuits for a total of 580 million pounds, acquiring a 35% share of...

Words: 3815 - Pages: 16

“One” Short Film

...DARUL MUTAKIN 0825435 “ONE” SHORT FILM CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.0 PREAMBLE The project is to produce the first motion graphic short film telling about the Muslims in the future. For information, most of the motion graphic film that is shown in the television, cinemas as well as the new media “Internet” is based on the Western way of life and perspective. The film is produced with the combination of real world videography and CGI (Computer-generated Imagery) technique that will enhance the storyline development. The story is about the revival of Muslims in the future whereby a group of Muslims will be united facing the cruelty of the Zionist. The concept of story that is trying to be highlighted almost similar idea with the film, “Valley of the Wolves : Palestine”, where the Muslims taking down the Zionist. But the different is that, it will take place in different environment, different looks and technology used. 1.1 PROBLEM DESCRIPTION 1.1.1 Background of the problem Based on our research and observation, there is a need in producing a film that can give a great impact on how we live our life and think. It is part of instrument or mechanism to attract people, whether it is a positive message or vice versa. People nowadays depends heavily to the Western sources when it come to this issue, whereas in our perspective, the message that was brought against the Islamic teachings. It somehow leads us to rebel and astray from the right path. Eventually,......

Words: 5027 - Pages: 21

Review on the Effectiveness of Brand/Product Placement in Films and a Comparison Between Brand Placements in Hollywood and Bollywood Films

...Review on The Effectiveness of Brand/product Placement in Films and A Comparison between Brand Placements in Hollywood and Bollywood films Pulidindi Venugopal, Avinash Inuganti, P. Harsha Vardhan, Vedika Kashyap Abstract: The advertisements of products/brands in televisions are experiencing skipping of channel and the marketers finding it difficult to promote their brands or products, effectively. So the marketers are now finding new media to promote their products/brands. One of those media is films. This paper studies the effectiveness of brand placement in films in the minds of consumers, especially in Hollywood and Bollywood films. Key words: Brand placement, Hollywood films, Indian films, Product placement Introduction: India is the world’s biggest film industry and product placement in Indian films is relatively a new concept and films are now turning out to be a powerful media for promoting the brands (Pavan C Patil and P L Bisoyi, 2012). Product/brand placement is defined as “A paid product message aimed at influencing movie (or television) audiences via the planned and unobtrusive entry of a branded product into a movie or television program” (Balasubramanian, 1994). Majority of the product placements are of display and dialogue product placement. Most of the product placements are taken for instance, for which, they are not paid (Alex Walton, 2009). Generally, the duration, number of types of product placements and level of product placement, that......

Words: 3215 - Pages: 13

Week 5- Final Film Critique

...Week 5 – Final Film Critique Byron Phillips ENG 225 Introduction to Film Instructor Hayes 11 May 2015 FINAL FILM CRITIQUE There’s no doubt that Star Wars is one of the most impactful films of all time, having changed the movie-making game ever since it premiered in 1977. It quickly became a global phenomenon and has accumulated some of the most passionate fans in the universe. Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope is a great example to use in order to illustrate the properties discussed throughout the course. In this paper, I will analyze the entire movie. To begin, I will start by giving some basic information about the motion picture, such as the director and type of film. Next, I will provide a brief summary of the film. Lastly, I will identify some limiting factors for the genre. Now that we know what will be covered, let us begin with who set this galactic picture into motion. MP 1. – I will begin be providing some basic information of the film. The full title is Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope. It was created and directed by a young filmmaker named George Lucas. Lucas essentially created a modern universal myth, one that has since spanned six main feature films, not to mention assorted TV spin-offs, animated movies, and an extensive, world-expanding series of books. Director, cinematographer, major actors/actresses. Be sure to describe their roles in the overall design process. o Year of release o Type of film (blockbuster, indie, documentary,......

Words: 1414 - Pages: 6

How Did the Tokugawa Period Contribute to the Economical and Political Success of Modern Japan?

...How did the Tokugawa Period contribute to the economical and political success of Modern Japan? Introduction: Important aspects of the Tokugawa period led to the development of Early Modern Japan. The Tokugawa Shogunate’s evolving economic and political structure became the foundation for the political economy of the rapid modernisation of Japan, which was to follow after. Tokugawa Leyasu, the great Shogun This period between 1603 (when Tokugawa Leyasu became the great “Shogun” of the Tokugawa Shogunate) and 1867 (when Tokugawa Yoshinobu formally returned political authority to the emperor) is also called the Edo Period. Edo is the former name for what is now Tokyo. This period was named after Edo castle, where the emperor lived, and was also the headquarters of the feudal government at the time. This period in Japan’s history has also been interpreted in contrary ways- once dismissed as the “Feudal dark age” it is now looked upon as the “ Golden Age of Peace and Prosperity”, before the arrival of Western imperialism changed Japan’s place in the world forever. For centuries before and after the Tokugawa Shogunate, the Emperor reigned powerless in Kyoto, while military men really ran the country. Edo Castle today [ 1 ] Edo Castle today [ 1 ] Edo Castle today, Chiyoda, Tokyo , Japan Edo Castle today, Chiyoda, Tokyo , Japan Edo Castle c. 1638 What was the structure of the “Four class system” introduced in the Tokugawa Period? The Tokugawa......

Words: 1352 - Pages: 6

Hollywood Paranoia in the 50s

...With direct reference to at least two films, how did Hollywood address the paranoid, hysterical political climate of the 50s? The Cold War began in 1947 between the USSR and the USA. After World War II, both countries began to distrust each other, as they knew the amount of power each country had in terms of nuclear weapons. Not only did they distrust each other, but they lacked a mutual understanding of each other’s culture. The USA believed in capitalism and the USSR believed in communism. This lack of mutual understanding caused mass paranoia within America as they feared that communists would infiltrate their society. This hysteria was known as the Red Scare which lead to “a range of actions that had a profound and enduring effect on U.S. government and society.” (Red Scare, 2013). During World War II “moviegoers learned to appreciate cinema for what it was: a powerful delivery system of ideology” (Doherty, 2003, p. 19) and after World War II “Soviet Communism and American Democracy, found its domestic expression in fierce debates over the subversive influence of the popular media.” (Doherty, 2003, p. 21). Hollywood was scrutinized first for allegedly using the film industry to influence the public about communism. The House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was formed in 1938, and it’s investigations were “frequently focused on exposing communists working inside the federal government or subversive elements working in the Hollywood film industry” (Red Scare,...

Words: 2021 - Pages: 9

Comparing Hong Kong and Hollywood Film Industries

...Cupani Film 262 4/6/14 Hong Kong: An Industry Born on a Budget Hong Kong has often been referred to as the “Hollywood of the East”. Although there are qualities of the Hong Kong film industry, which do indeed resemble those of Hollywood, implying that Hong Kong’s film industry is simply a second-tier version of Hollywood’s is an injustice to the unique industry model that Hong Kong has developed since the mid 20th century. Multiple factors, namely economic, have driven Hong Kong filmmakers to adapt different methods of production and exhibition than Hollywood filmmakers, resulting a in a distinct style of cinema that maximizes profits and controls costs, and has proven itself successful. Many of the unique practices of Hong Kong cinema stem from the industry’s tendency to push films through the production process much more quickly than the typical Hollywood film, and on a much smaller budget. The pace at which Hong Kong films are made is unmatched, proven by director Tsui Hark who went from script to release in less than two moths with his film Chinese Feast. The speed at which these films are released is driven by exhibition. With most production companies throughout Hong Kong film history being vertically integrating, including Shaw Brothers and Cinema City, the goal has been to push as many films through their own theaters as quickly as possible, with rapid turnover rates. Unlike Hollywood films, which can often stay in theaters for a month or longer, Hong Kong......

Words: 2037 - Pages: 9

Analyse How at Least One Key Aspect of Romantic Thinking Is Explored in at Least Two of the Studied William Blake Poems.

...Alliteration draws attention to the detailed physical descriptions of ‘when thy heart began to beat’, revealing a knowledge of the workings of vital organs, a fascination with science and interest in the natural world that was one of the main focus points of the Romantic period. Together, these poems portray the expression of wonder and search for meaning through nature that characterise the Romantic period. Romantic occupation with heightened emotional expression is demonstrated in Blake’s perception of God as an almighty creator, whose nature is the embodiment of majesty and power. He depicts the Tyger as being fierce, and the epitome of God’s wonderful creations. He does this through the use of rhetorical questions, such as ‘And what shoulder and what art could twist the sinews of thy heart’, to communicate his awe of God’s artistry. Yet, Blake also marvels at God’s gentleness, which is illustrated in the Lamb’s persona, which is another aspect of God’s nature. To invite the responder to engage with the gentleness and simplicity of God, Blake uses personal pronouns to juxtapose the Lamb in the lines: ‘He is called by thy name . . . He became a little child’. Blake further defines the intimate nature of the relationship between God and man, which in turn, suggests how the responder can relate to God as both the Almighty creator and also with the simplicity of a child. He conveys this by exploiting the Tyger as a symbol of all of God’s creation, thereby giving the responder......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Fremch Film

...Cinema of France From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia See also: French comedy films Cinema of France | Gaumont palace in Paris, c.1914 | Number ofscreens | 5,653 (2014)[1] | Main distributors | Twentieth Century Fox(14.6%) Warner Bros. (9.8%) UGC (6.9%)[1] | Produced feature films (2014)[1][2] | Total | 258 | Animated | 9 (3.49%) | Documentary | 37 (14.34%) | Number of admissions (2014)[1][2] | Total | 208.9768 million | National films | 91.26 million (44.4%) | Gross box office (2014)[1][2] | Total | €1.33 billion | National films | €563.01 million (43.1%) | Cinema of France refers to the film industry based in France. The French cinema comprises the art of film and creative movies made within the nation of France or by French filmmakers abroad. France is the birthplace of cinema and was responsible for many of its significant contributions to the art form and the film-making process itself.[3] Several important cinematic movements, including the Nouvelle Vague, began in the country. It is noted for having a particularly strong film industry, due in part to protections afforded by the French government.[3] Apart from its strong and innovative film tradition, France has also been a gathering spot for artists from across Europe and the world. For this reason, French cinema is sometimes intertwined with the cinema of foreign nations. Directors from nations such as Poland (Roman Polanski, Krzysztof Kieślowski, and Andrzej......

Words: 10707 - Pages: 43

Case Study- How Hollywood Portrays Arabs

...Case Study- How Hollywood portrays Arabs An Overview of the portrayal Introduction Hollywood has for several decades, set an agenda as well played a propagandist role in showcasing the Arab world and the Middle East in general. This depiction has been greatly impacted by several major political events from the last few decades to a century. Political events such as the creation of the State of Israel, the revolution of the Islamic State of Iran, and the tragic events of September 11, 2001 in the United States have gone a long way to influence Hollywood’s portrayal of Arabs, very often in stereotypical and negative facets. Issues concerning the Middle East have been omnipresent in American society for several decades. There is daily news coverage of Arabs and the Middle East in all forms of media in the United States, including on television and in movies. Hollywood, for many years has depicted Arabs in stereotypical images, villain roles opposite American heroes who tend to save the day. Since the early days of Hollywood, Arabs and Muslims have been depicted overwhelmingly as villains, barbaric, inept, sinister, and incompetent and cowards. How and Why have Arabs been vilified in Hollywood? Ronald Adler and Russell Proctor II, assert that stereotyping can have a harmful effect on interracial communication, hindering professional and personal relationships (86). They also explain that “stereotyping does not always arise from bad......

Words: 1271 - Pages: 6

How Foreign Direct Investment and Management Style Affects Organizations Performance

...their business men and entrepreneurs are out to gather wealth, rather than for business strategy, innovation and style of administration. But yet china has one of the most effective business management approach in the 21st century. The Chinese administration cannot be like the Japanese six sigma or invent new management technique, but offers more skills of business management than companies more occidental could offer. The Chinese businesses offer administration's common imperatives: responsiveness, improvisation and flexibility. These competencies supplies them a critical facet. The Chinese Companies have discovered to handle differently over the past 30 years considering they have to work in a fast paced surroundings. Because of the fast changing business world most of company is still to adjust to the changing business system, whereas the companies have to. These factors outlines the key factors that increase Chinese commitment in Africa. They see it like an opportunity to charge to a new markets and well when a technique influenced via world-wide political explanations. Nigeria is critically primary to China for his geographic location; big unexploited market; and richness in all forms of resources. Kurlantzick, Shinn and Pei (2006) besides it is assumed that Chinese companies are better suited to deal with all the political risk and limitation in many African countries, this is because Chinese companies are used to such environment than compared to western......

Words: 12921 - Pages: 52

Race, Gender, Sex in Hollywood Film

...so tough? How or where does her femininity figure in her toughness? According to Sherrie A. Inness in “Lady Killers, Tough Enough?” what are two ways that Hollywood cinema undermines and punishes tough or powerful women? How is this twice demonstrated in Elizabeth (Shekhar Kapur,1998)? And how does Elizabeth I (Cate Blanchett) re-assess her gender to secure lasting power? Finally, in what way can she be considered according to Inness’s formulation, “pseudo-tough?” It is interesting to note that women in Hollywood are not considered tough even when they play characters that can break and haunt a male protagonist in the film. Sherrie A. Inness in her chapter, “Women warriors and wonder women in popular culture,” mentions that, all women in Hollywood are not as tough as they seem. They repeatedly show the tough and masculine killer nature is nothing but all women or feminine underneath. They are made and designed to be desirable by men, even if they are found in the middle of an intense battle, they show no signs of breaking a sweat, with their beautiful hair flowing in high speed shots and are lithe stylistically to make them look like an Amazon warrior with a ton of sexuality. I found this analogy true and very interesting as we were shown the clip from the Ridley Scot film, Alien. Here we see Ripley, played by Sigourney Weaver, as tough commanding officer of the ship, Nostromo, who is a women (a very distinctive choice among the many science fiction film where most...

Words: 3371 - Pages: 14

DEAD TRIGGER - Offline Zombie Shooter | Kuragehime | alphacam