Worker Oriented Methods

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Stattar
Words 973
Pages 4
JWA-Chapter 3: Worker-Oriented Methods 1. Introduction a. This chapter focuses on methods that focus on attributes or characteristics that people need to be able to complete their jobs successfully. This kind of information is used to hire qualified people. b. Worker-oriented methods are the most ‘psychological’ of the methods of job analysis. 2. Job Element Method c. This method blurs the distinction between what gets done and what abilities are required to do the job. This method breaks the job down into pieces called elements and are described in terms that job incumbents can easily understand. d. JEM focuses on work-behaviors and the results of this behavior rather than more abstract characteristics. e. An element in JEM is a combination of behaviors and associated evidences. f. Contents of Elements i. Contents cover a broad range of behaviors, including cognitive, psychomotor, and work habits. ii. One of the advantages of JEM over more narrow analytic approaches to job analysis is the use of work habits as elements. g. Steps in the JEM iii. Gathering Information for JEM 1. Usually conducted by a professional analyst and a team of six subject matter experts, who are usually incumbents and supervisors. 2. During the first session, SMEs brainstorm and rate a list of elements that the analyst compiles. A list of job elements and ratings of each will be created. The results of the first session will be put to some particular purpose, such as developing a test or training program. iv. Rating Scales 3. The four scales used include: a. B-Barely Acceptable b. S-Supervisor c. T-Trouble Likely if not Considered d. P-Practical 4. Derived Scales e.…...

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