Assess Sociological Explanations Of The Relationship

  • Outline and Assess Marxists Explanations of Class Inequality

    Outline and assess Marxists explanations of class inequality There are many concerns in sociology as to whether class is still important. Many argue that it is not important as an individual’s identity is based on status, values and intelligence. Postmodernists claim that class is now dead. We can now be defined by consumption (what we spend money on) rather than class. However, others argue that class in still an influence on people’s lives, affecting certain aspects such as health and education

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Relationship Between Globalisation and Religion 33 Marks

    Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between globalisation and religion 33 marks The world today is more interconnected than ever this is known as globalisation. Religion may be related to its global context as when societies and religions come into closer contact with one another there is potential for religious conflict and for religious diversity and change. Due to modernisation we now have more technology so there is big opportunity to be interconnected with other countries

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Relationship Between Globalisation and Religion 33 Marks

    Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between globalisation and religion 33 marks The world today is more interconnected than ever this is known as globalisation. Religion may be related to its global context as when societies and religions come into closer contact with one another there is potential for religious conflict and for religious diversity and change. Due to modernisation we now have more technology so there is big opportunity to be interconnected with other countries

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today (24 Marks)

    Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of the nature and extent of family diversity today (24 marks) On Most Advertisements, the nuclear family is represented as the ideal family . The Nuclear family is a family which entails of a Mother a Father and two children which is portrayed in various different ways to be the most suitable family structure. The idea of the Nuclear Family being the ideal family was studied and expressed in 1967 by Edmund Leach. However

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Views of the Relationship Between Crime and the Mass Media.

    genius of a Sherlock Holmes, offers a false image of policing. Similarly, many sociologists accuse the news media of creating folk devils and of promoting unrealistic fears of crime. Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological views of the relationship between crime and the mass media. Item A refers to a late modern society of which we are surrounded by the mass media, the media consists of any way in which a message can be delivered to a large population for example TV, Newspapers

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  • Assess These Strengths and Weaknesses of Marxists Explanations of Crime

    Assess these strengths and weaknesses of Marxists explanations of crime Traditional Marxism is a structural theory which sees society as a structure in which the economic base determines the shape of the superstructure, which is made up of all the other social institutions, including the state, the law and the criminal justice system. Their function is to serve the ruling-class interests and maintain the capitalist society. Marxists agree that the law is enforced against powerless groups and that

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  • Asses the Sociological Explanations of the Changes in the Status of Children

    Assess the sociological explanations of changes in the status of children (24 marks) Childhood is a socially defined age-status. There are major differences in how childhood is defined both historically and cross-culturally. Some may believe that childhood is biological. The age and development of children are biologically determined as these remain the same throughout time and cultures. But childhood, the way children are viewed and treated, changes throughout time and cultures. This is why childhood

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today. (24 Marks)

    Assess sociological explanations of the nature and extent of family diversity today. (24 marks) In today's society, there are various alternatives from the typical family type. The top examples of these are lone-parent, cohabitation and reconstituted. But there are also some others such as same sex couples, single parent and multi-cultural families. There has been a decrease in the number of nuclear families in the UK and an increase in various other families such as single parent families. But

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today

    Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today In our modern society, there are different types of families including, but not limited to, the nuclear family, single parent family and divorce-extended family. This has caused sociologists to argue about whether this is a bad thing for society. Functionalists and the New Right argue that without pre-set roles in families, for example the male breadwinner and female homemaker, society would fall apart. These groups argue

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Change in Status of Childhood

    Shamiah Patrick-Cooper 13/11/14 ‘Assess sociological explanations of the change in status of childhood’ March of progress sociologists say that childhood has changed dramatically because children have become more valued, protected and educated. Due to the introduction of various laws, children have become more protected, cared for and treated differently to adults. However the conflict view argues that childhood has not improved

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  • Assess the Usefulness of Different Sociological Approaches to Suicide

    Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the usefulness of different sociological approaches to suicide There are many different sociological views which approach suicide. Positivists think that suicide can be explained simply by looking at official statistics and there are distinct reasons for every suicide. Interpretists think that there is a reason behind every suicide and this can be found through qualitative studies. Realists think that there are further structural causes behind suicide

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  • Assess the Sociological Explanations of the Relationship Between Globalisation and Religion.

    because they are not poor. Nanda also rejects the idea that their religiosity is a defence mechanism to modernisation and Westernisation. She argues that their religiosity is due to the ambivalence to new found wealth. This has helped to see the relationship between globalisation and religion as Nanda points out that globalisation has increased the religiosity in India. She also examines the role of Hinduism in legitimating a triumphalist version of Indian nationalism. From a survey it found that

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  • Using Material from Item B and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Differences in the Patterns of Crime

    Item B identifies a pattern in crime statistics; men are more likely to commit crime than women. Statistics say that four out of five convicted offenders in England and Wales are male. However this may not be the case as there are multiple sociological explanations of gender differences that can support each gender committing more crime. The Liberation Thesis (Freda Alder 1975) looks at the link between changing women’s position and patterns in crime. The thesis argues that as society has become less

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Role of the Mass Media in Creating Moral Panics About Crime and Deviance

    Assess sociological explanations of the role of the mass media in creating moral panics about crime and deviance: A moral panic is the process of arousing social concern over an issue, this is often an exaggerated over-reaction by society to a perceived problem, which is usually driven or inspired by the media. In this situation the reaction ends up amplifying the problem out of proportion to its real seriousness. This creates anxiety amongst the general population, and this therefore puts pressure

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Relationship Between Globalisation and Religion

    Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between globalisation and religion Globalisation is rapidly increasing as the world is becoming more interconnected and barriers are disappearing as a result of the creation of global markets and media and culture due to instantaneous communication systems and deregulation of trade and this is also causing a social change to some religions. In India globalisation has been a good thing as it has brought rapid economic growth and has caused it

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  • Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Social Class Stratification (40 Marks)

    Outline and assess sociological explanations of social class stratification (40) Social stratification is any given society's categorization of its people into rankings of socioeconomic tiers based on factors like wealth, income, social status, occupation, and power. Stratification is the relative social position of a person in a given social group. Functionalists such as Durkheim believe that class stratification exists because it is functional and beneficial towards social order and noted that

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today

    Family diversity is the idea that there are a range of different family types, rather than a single dominant one like the nuclear family. It is associated with the post-modernists idea that in today’s society increasing choice about relationships is creating greater family diversity. The modernist view sees society as having a fairly fixed, predictable structure. The modernists see the nuclear family as being the best as it performs certain essential functions. Talcott Parsons saw that the nuclear

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  • Outline and Assess Postmodernist Explanation of Age Inequality (40 Marks)

    Outline and assess postmodernist explanation of age inequality (40 marks) Age explanations have changed over the years and various sociological theories have different explanation on age inequality. In this essay I’m going to analyse various explanation on age inequality by weberians, Marxist, functionalists and postmodernist. Postmodernist are the only theory which is applicable to today’s world. Postmodernists believe that age inequalities have been blurred due to various explanations. Jane Pilcher

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Relationship Between Globalisation and Religion

    Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between globalisation and religion Globalisation is rapidly increasing as the world is becoming more interconnected and barriers are disappearing as a result of the creation of global markets and media and culture due to instantaneous communication systems and deregulation of trade and this is also causing a social change to some religions. In India globalisation has been a good thing as it has brought rapid economic growth and has caused it

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today

    Assess sociological explanations of the nature and extent of family diversity today. Family diversity is the theory that there are many different family types, rather than the nuclear family being the dominant type. However there are many different sociological explanations and two different conflicting views. The modernist view, and the postmodernist view. For example New Right sociologists believe that the nuclear family is the bedrock of society, and is the natural family, unlike lone-parent

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations for the Increasing Number of Religious and Spiritual Organisations and Movements in Society Today.

    Assess sociological explanations for the increasing number of religious and spiritual organisations and movements in society today. (33 marks) In society some people hold religious beliefs without belonging to an organised group, whereas others express their beliefs through membership of a religious organisation. Troeltsch distinguished between two main types of religious organisations – the church and the sect. Churches are large organisations with millions of members, run by a bureaucratic hierarchy

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  • Assess the Sociological Explanations for the Growth of New Religious Movements.

    Assess the sociological explanations for the growth of new religious movements. By: Amy Rashid Over the years, there has been a growth of new religious movements in the society. This growth can be explained in terms of why people chose to join the movements or in terms of wider social changes. Hence, in this essay, I shall discuss several sociological explanations for this occurrence. Firstly, Steve Bruce (1995, 1996) attributes the development of a range of religious institutions, including

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Rise of Religious Fundamentalism (33marks)

    The past century has witnessed the global growth of fundamentalist groups. These include Islamic fundamentalist countries like Iran and Afghanistan, Christian fundamentalists in the USA, Zionist fundamentalists in Israel and Hindu fundamentalists in India. Fundamentalists tend to share the common features of having a world-view that is based on a literal reading and strict adherence to the written word of holy texts. These texts become the source of traditional values and sometimes the content becomes

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  • Sociological Explanation of Gender Differences in Pattern of Crime

    TITLE: outline and assess sociological explanations for gender difference in patterns of crime. What is the relationship between crime and masculinity? Crime can be described as an act that harmful to an individual as well as the society; such acts are against and punishable by the law. While deviance can be described as acting against social norms, for example a boy wearing a skirt would be out of place in the society The sex role theory states that, when young males and females are younger

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of the Rise of Religious Fundamentalism (33marks)

    The past century has witnessed the global growth of fundamentalist groups. These include Islamic fundamentalist countries like Iran and Afghanistan, Christian fundamentalists in the USA, Zionist fundamentalists in Israel and Hindu fundamentalists in India. Fundamentalists tend to share the common features of having a world-view that is based on a literal reading and strict adherence to the written word of holy texts. These texts become the source of traditional values and sometimes the content becomes

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Different Sociological Explanations of Suicide

    using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the different sociological explanations of suicide. (21 marks) Sociologists have explained the suicide phenomena in different ways. For example, while positivists sought to achieve a scientific explanation of suicide, interpretivists sought to demolish it by focusing on the meaning of suicide to those involved and the meanings they attach to it. Durkheim used the positivists approach to explain the suicide phenomena. According to him, our behaviours

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations for the Relationship Between Gender and Religious Practice and Participation. 33 Marks.

    closer to nature. She argues that women become more spiritual and expressive due to this close relationship, leading them to participate more within religion. However, she argues religion is still male dominated with mainly male clergy due to men being the creators of society and women being the creators of the future generation. Davie also argues a similar thing by saying women have a closer relationship to life and death, through things such as child rearing. Therefore being biologically predisposed

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  • Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Difference in Patterns of Crime.

    findings. Nevertheless, her study does provide strong support for the view that criminal behaviour becomes more likely when society’s mechanisms of social control break down. Like Carlen, Heidensohn (1985) uses control theory as the basis to her explanation of why women do commit fewer crimes than men. She argues that male dominated patriarchal societies control women more effectively than they do men, making it more difficult for women to break the law. Control operates at home, in public and at work

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations for Gender Differences in Offending Rates

    class, ethnicity and region. This is shown in the official statistics. In 2001, 167 per 10,000 of the male population were found guilty or cautioned for an offence, compared to 3.7 per 10,000 of the female population. There are different sociological explanations for why men seem to commit more crime than women. Men and women are socialised in different ways and the values they are taught can encourage men to commit crime. Heidensohn (1986) is a feminist who says gender socialisation prompts men

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Changes in the Status of Childhood (24 Marks)

    ‘Assess’ Essay Planning Sheet Name: Essay Title: Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of changes in the status of childhood (24 marks) | Underline or highlight the key concepts, terms and instructions, by identifying these key elements it will allow you to focus on answering the question. It is important to use relevant sociological terminology within the context of you essay. List the key sociological

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  • Sociological Explanations of Social Class Inequality

    that class conflict is an essential part of a capitalist society and they state that it is impossible to introduce reforms which would lessen the inequality produced by capitalism. The Marxists argue that class is determined by an individual’s relationship to means of production and state that inequality is the result of a person’s class. Marxists say that change and conflict are in the middle of the social process and that class conflict is the only thing that will actually lead to a new society

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  • Assess Realist Explanations of Crime and Deviance.

    that other theories have failed to offer a solution to crime. The left realists Lea and Young attempt to give an explanation to street crime, committed by young people in urban areas. These sociologists took a victim survey which suggested that working-class and black people, especially elderly women, have a fear of street crime, as they are often victims of crime. Their explanation of why crime is committed by revolves around three key concepts. Firstly, relative deprivation, which explains how

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  • Assess the Relationship Between Sociology and Social Policy

    Assess the relationship between sociology and social policy Social policy is the actions, plans and programmes of government bodies which aim to deal with a problem or achieve a goal .e.g preventing crime and reducing poverty. Policies are often based on laws that provide the framework within which these agencies operate. The following essay will argue for and against the relationship between sociology and social policy. It can be argued that the relationship between social policy and sociology

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  • Assess the Sociological Explanations of Science and Ideology as Belief Systems (33 Marks)

    set out to try and falsify theories, deliberately seeking evidence that would disprove them. If the evidence from an experiment or observation contradicts a theory and shows it to be false, the theory can be discarded and the search for a better explanation can begin. In science, knowledge claims live or die by the evidence. With regard to this, Popper argues that discarding falsified knowledge-claims is what enables scientific understanding of the world to grow as it is cumulative - it builds on the

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  • Assess the Sociological Explanations of Science and Ideology as Belief Systems

    Science comes from the Latin word meaning ‘knowledge’. Science is a way of looking at the natural world in a systematic and objective way therefore is able to universal laws. An ideology is a system of ideas and ideals and often acts as a foundation for economic or political theories and policies. A belief system is a framework of ideas that people use to explain the world around them. Science is often seen as truer than other belief systems as it can be tested empirically meaning information comes

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  • Using Material from Item B and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Ethnic Differences Both in Offending and in Victimisation (21marks)

    over-representation of offenders from the ethnic minorities because there are a higher proportion of young males in the ethnic-minority population as a whole. Therefore, any argument that says the relationship between ethnicity and crime is the result of deprivation is basically arguing the relationship between social class and ethnicity. A third approach overlaps with the Marxist approach. According to this approach, linked with Gordon, policing, media coverage and political debates all centre

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  • One Explanation of Relationship Formation

    Relationship formation Reward/need satisfaction theory suggests that we become attracted to people who evoke positive feelings as they provide direct reinforcement through operant conditioning. If the presence of an individual leads to a positive outcome, they will be perceived as more attractive. We are thus more likely to repeat these behaviours towards that individual, leading to the formation of a relationship. We also become attracted to people who are associated with positive events through classical

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  • Sociological Explanations

    6: ASSESS SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS FOR THE INCREASING NUMBER OF RELIGIOUS AND SPIRITUAL ORGANISATIONS AND MOVEMENTS IN SOCIETY TODAY. (33 marks.) Since the 1960s there has been massive growth in the number of sects and cults and the number of people belonging to them. For example there is an estimated to be over 800 new religious movements and half a million individuals belonging to these and other non-mainstream Christian churches in the UK. Sociologists have offered three key explanations for

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  • Assess the Explanations for Gender and Crime

    Outline and assess sociological explanations of gender difference in patterns of crime. In this essay, I am going to assess the patterns of crime committed by males and females. Many general theories tend to neglect gender as a factor influencing criminality. There is a common assumption that males often commit more crime than women. The study of criminology have tended to be dominated by males, therefore the studies are done by men about men. The official statistics suggest that gender is perhaps

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  • Assess the Relationship Between Sociology and Social Policy

    Assess the relationship between sociology and social policy In order to understand the role of sociology in relation to social policy, it is important to firstly distinguish between social problems and sociological problems. According to Peter Worsley, a social problem is some piece of social behaviour that causes public friction and private misery and calls for collective action to solve it. According to Worsley, a sociological problem is “any pattern of relationships that calls for explanation

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Different Sociological Explanations of Suicide. (21 Marks)

    Sociologists have explained the suicide phenomena in different ways. For example, while positivists sought to achieve a scientific explanation of suicide, interpretivists sought to demolish it by focusing on the meaning of suicide to those involved and the meanings they attach to it. Durkheim used the positivists approach to explain the suicide phenomena. According to him, our behaviours are caused by social facts; norms and values that exercise a social constraint which surpasses an individual

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations for the Types and Patterns of Green Crime. [21 Marks]

    opposed to directly acting irresponsibly. As South notes, the sinking of the Greenpeace ship in 1985 still has no accountable or prosecuted party, similarly to the Bhopal incident already cited. These two types of green crime carry with them a sociological debate amongst criminologists – Traditional vs green. Traditional criminology is more concerned with primary green crime as traditional criminologists are only concerned with specifically illegal acts. Therefore, traditional criminologists do not

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of Suicide

    Assess sociological explanations of the functions and forms of punishments of offenders. Note- Make sure the points link to the question. Don’t just talk about theory. Write about what it tells you about the forms and purposes of punishment. 1- Define punishment. There are many different forms such as…. There are also many different aims such as…. Punishment is the process that enforces a sentence/ penalty for a crime committed. It is one of the main ways sociologists believe we can prevent

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  • Assess Different Sociological Explanations of Suicide

    Uzochi Ihebuzor Assess different sociological explanations of suicide The study of suicide has a unique place in sociology because it was the subject that Durkheim chose to use in order to demonstrate that sociology had its own distinctive contribution to understanding human behaviour. Early Positivists such as Comte and Durkheim argued that sociology was a science therefore they believed that its studies should mirror that of the natural sciences. They advocated scientific and logical methods

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  • Outline & Assess Socialogical Explanations of Age Inequality

    Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Age Inequality (40 Marks) Most theoretical explanations of age inequality focus on the inequalities faced by the youth and the elderly. Functionalists look at different roles taken on during ageing and have a positive outlook of the stages of ageing as it is believed to benefit society. In contrast, Marxists focus on an underlying class struggle and believe that age is a social construct made to uphold capitalism. However, the Weberian outlook is

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  • Assess the Usefulness of Sociological Approaches to Suicide (21)

    Assess the usefulness of sociological approaches to suicide (21) Durkheim argues our behaviour is caused by social facts; social forces found in the structure of society. Lukes argues social facts have three features; they’re external to individuals, they constrain individuals shaping their behaviour and they’re greater than individuals, they exist on a different level from the individual. Durkheim argues the suicide rate is a social fact. Using quantitative data from official statistics Durkheim

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  • Assess the Usefulness of Different Sociological Approaches of Suicide.

    Assess the different sociological explanations of suicide- (21 marks) Suicide is define different by many sociologists. The overall definition is for an individual to cause harm to themselves, with the intent to kill themselves. Many different sociologists believe in different reasoning to acts of suicide and uses different research methods including qualitative and quantitative data. I will uses sociologists such as Durkheim, Douglas, Atkinson and Taylor to assess this view.  Durkheim takes

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of Changes in the Status of Childhood

    Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of changes in the status of childhood The status of childhood has always been changing with time and in this day and age there are many views over the position of children, being confined, disciplined or controlled by the adult authority. Others say that they are growing up to fast and the distinction between the adults and children is overlapping. Some sociologists believe that childhood is socially constructed, that childhood

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations of Ethnic Differences in Educational Achievement

    Assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in educational achievement. (20) Tony Lawson and Joan Garrod (2000) define ethnic groups as ‘people who share common history, customs and identity, as well as, in most cases, language and religion, and who see themselves as a distinct unit.’ When talking about culture we use terms such as customs, language and religion that is, about all of the things that are learned, shared and valued by a social group. It is a mistake to think of ethnic

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  • Assess the Usefulness of Participant Observation in Sociological Research

    advocating any particular methodological approach. Sociologists such as Ned Polsky and Nigel Fielding have used participant observation to research different topics. This essay will explore the usefulness of the use of participant observation in sociological research, and its drawbacks. One of the most important decisions that participant observers have to make is how to approach the social group they wish to join. They can either choose to be a covert or an overt participant observer. A covert participant

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