Assess The View That Secularisation Has Been A Feature Only Of Modern European Societies

  • The Book Has No Place in Modern Society. Discuss.

    Credits: http://eyeinfection.blogspot.sg/2011/11/gp-book-has-no-place-in-modern-society.html?m=1 Books are symbolic of learning, and the educated. For years now, having a home library was the luxury few could afford. The lucky few who had one were immeasurably proud of it, and rightly so. Today, not only are books beginning to lose the value that they once had in the eyes of Man, their place in society has been increasingly challenged by the newborns of the digital age. New trends such as the

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  • Using Information from Item a and Else Where, Assess the View That ‘the Nuclear Family Functions to Benefit All Its Members and Society as a Whole.’

    information from item A and else where, assess the view that ‘the nuclear family functions to benefit all its members and society as a whole.’ (24 marks) According to Item A the nuclear family is the “ideal family type.” According to Murdock the nuclear family consists of a heterosexual couple that have at least one child. Murdock is a functionalist. Functionalists argue society is based on consensus (agreed norms and values). Consensus is achieved in society through the process of socialisation

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  • Why Art Has Been Feared by Society

    WHY HAS ART BEEN FEARED BY SOCIETY ? A very basic feature of a society is having norms (A standard or pattern, esp. of social behavior, that is typical or expected of a group) . Norms which are supposed to be followed by every member of the society. Anyone who decides to do something 'different' is considered an outcast and is shunned by the other members of the society. And what exactly is art ? Art is an innovation of new ideas , imagination and an escape from the realities of the world. It

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  • Assess the View That Science Has Replaced Religion as the Main Ideological Influence in Society Today.

    Assess the view that science has replaced religion as the main ideological influence in society today. Many argue that the radical social changes brought about by industrialisation have led to religion being undermined by scientific rational thought. For instance, many phenomena, such as earthquakes and diseases, are explained in terms of science rather than through religion. On the other hand, religious thoughts are still dominant in some aspects of life- for instance; many still reject the

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  • Assess View That Cults, Sects and Nam's Are Short Lived

    Assess view that cults, sects and New Age Movements are fringe organisations that are short lived and of little influence in society. Churches and denominations are generally seen as respectable, mainstream organisations, whereas cults, sects and NAM’s are seen as more deviant, which involve belief systems that are viewed as odd or bizarre. The terms ‘sect’ or ‘cult’ have been stigmatised, due to the mass media view on them as controlling, brainwashing and manipulative to its members. Many believe

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  • Using the Material from Item 2b and Elsewhere, Assess the View That the Growth of Family Diversity Has Led to the Decline of the Traditional Nuclear Family

    from item 2B and elsewhere, assess the view that the growth of family diversity has led to the decline of the traditional nuclear family In the past, traditionally families have mostly been the ‘traditional nuclear family’ made up of a married man and woman and at least one child. However there has recently been a decline in the amount of traditional nuclear families and an increase in the amount of diverse families. There are now less people following the traditional view that the nuclear family

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  • Transition to the Modern Society and Socialism’s Role in It

    to overthrow that system and introduce a new one suitable to current economic situation. In the case of Europe, when history rolled its wheel to 1500’s, such a situation applied. In this century, alongside the great discovery, the activities of Europeans was suddenly not confined to the continent and the neighboring waters, but reached great remote oceans and any corners of the world with their vessels and compasses. Trade and commerce grew exponentially as several small nations like Spain, Portugal

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  • Assess the View That the Growth of Family Diversity Has Led to the Decline of the Traditional Nuclear Family

    “Assess the view that the growth of family diversity has led to the decline of the traditional nuclear family.” (24 marks) Before 1970, cohabitation was illegal in certain countries. The law changed and now cohabitation is a common pattern among people around the world, as well as having sex before marriage and having a baby. At least 50% to 60% of couple’s cohabitate, starting from the late 1990’s. This results into the amount of traditional nuclear families decreasing as people want to live

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  • Critically Assess the Extent and Impact of Deskilling in Modern Industrial Societies

    In a capitalist society, production aims to make profits, and means of production is privately controlled. Braveman proposed that capitalism can profit through extraction of surplus value of labour as labour power was directed towards production of commodities, motivating managers to control efficiency and duration of work. Braveman classified deskilling into organisational and technological deskilling. This essay is going to give an introduction, followed by various criticisms and defences before

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  • Assess the View That Religion Has to Adapt to Society or It Will Die Out

    Religion has affected humans in society in many different ways, by rules, traditions and mortality. The most powerful and important role that religion has played within society is how it controlled the human mind for many centuries, brainwashing the people on what to believe and what not to believe, and that is one of the main reasons why religious organisations are changing the rules and trying to adapt to society to win the faith of the people back, as things like New Age Movements and Atheism

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  • Assess the View That Secularisation Has Been a Feature Only of Modern European Societies.

    Assess the view that secularisation has been a feature only of modern European societies. Secularisation, as stated by Wilson, is the process whereby religious beliefs, institutions and practices have lost their social influence. Max Weber concluded that society is undergoing a process of modernisation – a transition from religious tradition to rational and scientific ways of thinking – and rationalisation – the process by which rational ways of thinking have gradually replaced the religious teachings

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  • Asses the View That Religious Fundamentalism Has Significantly Increased in the Last 30 Years (18 Marks)

    Asses the view that religious fundamentalism has significantly increased in the last 30 years (18 marks) Fundamentalism is rooted in words and messages of historical holy texts, such as the Bible or the Koran. Therefore the values of fundamentalism are centred on reaffirming essential truths as expressed in these important texts. However, the question remains as to why fundamentalism is growing at such a pace now. Some theorists, like Bruce, explain its growth primarily in terms of an anti-West

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  • Assess Sociological Views of the Functions of the Family Both for the Individual and for Society

    family structure is like a sub system to society. He says that the family performs four essential functions to meet the needs of society and it's members. These functions are: successful socialisation of the young into society's shared norms and values, the members of the families economic needs are met regularly e.g food and shelter, stable satisfaction of the sex drive with the same partner and finally the reproduction of the next generation without which society would struggle to continue. However

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  • Assess the View That Positivist Methods Are Inappropriate for Investigating Society.

    Assess the view that Positivist methods are inappropriate for investigating society. There are two types of sociologists Positivists and Interpretivists. Positivists assume sociological explanations should be like those of natural sciences and sociologists should use logic, methods and procedures of natural science. They also use structural approaches in their work like how society controls individual behaviour. On the other hand Interpretivism was developed from the work of Weber, Dewey, Cooley

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  • Assess the View That the Growth of Family Diversity Has Led to the Decline of the Traditional Nuclear Family

    Assess the view that the growth of family diversity has led to the decline of the traditional nuclear family. The traditional nuclear family consists of a spouse and a husband with children. Firstly, a reason for the decline in the nuclear family is because of divorce. As divorce has increased there has been a rise in cohabitations. Cohabitations involve an unmarried couple in a sexual relationships living together. Whilst the number of divorces increase the number of cohabitations has also, making

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  • Assess the View That Secularisation Has Been a Feature of Modern European Societies.

    Assess the view that secularisation has been a feature of modern European societies. Proposed by Wilson, Secularisation is where religion loses significance. It has been argued that this has happened recently largely in Europe, where many of the white population in particular, move away from religious beliefs and more towards arguments such as science. However, many argue this isn’t happening, or that it isn’t exclusive to Europe. In addition, it is a highly contested concept, where there are

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  • Assess the View That Secularisation Has Been a Feature of Modern European Societies.

    Assess the view that secularisation has been a feature of modern European societies. Proposed by Wilson, Secularisation is where religion loses significance. It has been argued that this has happened recently largely in Europe, where many of the white population in particular, move away from religious beliefs and more towards arguments such as science. However, many argue this isn’t happening, or that it isn’t exclusive to Europe. In addition, it is a highly contested concept, where there are deep

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  • Assess the View That Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support Functionalist Views of the Role and Functions of Religion in Contemporary Society.

    Assess the view that sociological arguments and evidence support functionalist views of the role and functions of religion in contemporary society. Functionalists see society as based upon consensus, where each institution functions to help society work together as a whole with shared ways of thinking and behaving. One example of this is the Ten Commandments which include a number of the principles highlighted in the U.K law system. As a result of this, functionalists such as Durkheim and Parsons

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  • Assess the View That Interpretivist Methods Are the Most Appropriate Methods for Researching Society

    by being able to emphatise with it. In order to do this, interpretive sociologist use interpretivist methods. In this essay I am going to assess the view that Interpretivists methods are the most appropriate method for researching society by using Interpretivists and positivists debate, ideas such as individual behaviour is influenced by interactions in society, their methods which include personal documents, unstructured interviews and participant observation that creates qualitative data and their

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  • Assess the View That the Modern Family Has Become More Child Centered?

    be a care-free time. Although it is becoming apparent that our society is now a child-centered society, this hasn’t always been the case as sociologists and historians argue that childhood as we understand it today is a relatively recent ‘invention’. Social historian Aries claimed that, in the past, children were ‘’little adults’’ who had the same rights, duties and skills as adults. As evidence of his views he uses paintings from the period, which show children and adults

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  • Assess the View That Secularisation Has Only Been a Part of Western European Societies

    Assess the view that secularisation has been a feature only in modern European societies-33 marks The idea of secularisation implies that there has been disenchantment in social life, that sacred ideas are no longer of any relevance to people and practical matters are emptied of any spiritual significance. Secularisation according to Wilson is the process whereby ‘religious thinking, practice and institutions social significance,’ that people are more interested in leisurely pursuits and that society

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  • Assess the Functionalist View of the Role of Education

    Introduction Assess the role of education form the functionalist perspective Functionalists believe that education performs very important roles for individuals, the economy and the wider social structure. It provides secondary socialisation, passing on shared culture enables individuals to develop their potential and regulates their behaviour. Functionalists argue that education has three broad; socialisation where education helps to maintain society by socialising young people in to key cultural

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  • Assess the View That Religion Is Not in Decline but Simply Changing as a Result of Changes in Wider Society (33 Marks)

    Assess the view that religion is not in decline but simply changing as a result of changes in wider society (33 marks) Secularisation theorists argue that religion is in decline. However, others have argued that religion is not in decline, but it is in fact changing. They believe it is changing in accordance to the changes within society such as greater individualism, consumerism and privatisation, all which present a shift towards postmodern societies. Grace Davie argues that religion isn’t declining

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  • Q. Assess the View That Gender Roles and Relationships Have Become More Equal in Modern Family Life.

    Q. Assess the view that gender roles and relationships have become more equal in modern family life. There are many factors that contribute to the validity of the view that gender roles and relationships have become more equal in modern family life. Some of these factors are; the impact of paid work, the family as a body, domestic violence, the domestic division of labour. It can be argued that gender roles and relations have become more equal, one way this can be seen as though the domestic division

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  • Assess the View That Secularisation Has Been a Feature Only of Modern European Societies

    which describes the loss of importance of the widespread religious lifestyle and the sacred behaviours in front of a scientific point of view on the reality and a non-religious set of values. Indeed philosophical and scientific methods allowed not to consider a concept or a statement as sacred and immutable but they sharpened the social changes. This process has started in Europe during the Age of Enlightenment with the scientific discoveries of physicians and chemicals and with the development of

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  • Assess the Arguments and Evidence for the View That Britain Is Becoming a Secular Society

    Assess the arguments and evidence for the view that Britain is becoming a secular society Sociologists argue that in Britain, there has been an overall steady decline in the importance of religion since the 19th century, which has led some sociologists to suggest there was a ‘golden age’ of religiosity. Many sociologists have proposed explanations for the secularisation thesis, for example Weber, Berger and Bruce. However Postmodernists criticise the secularisation theory as they believe that religion

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  • Discuss the View That Education Has Been Shaped by Interactionist Principles

    Discuss the view that education has been shaped by interactionist principles (20) When analysing education interactionalists focus on the day to day interactions that occur within school. Whereas Marxists and Functionalists tend to focus on the structural sides to society, they examine the relationships between the education system and the individual. Interactionists argue that all people are individuals, we are different in shape and size but also in the way that we think and interpret situations

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  • Assess Marxist View of Society

    Asses the Marxist View of Society Marxists believe that the ideas that people hold are formed by their position in society, and ideology is therefore seen very clearly as the ideas of particular social groups reflecting their interests. The Marxist view is most associated with the view that there is a dominant ideology in society. This is a set of ideas and beliefs held by the most powerful groups and, in particular, of the ruling class in society. Mannheim (1985 1936) generally associated the

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  • Assess Sociological Explanations for the Increasing Number of Religious and Spiritual Organisations and Movements in Society Today.

    Assess sociological explanations for the increasing number of religious and spiritual organisations and movements in society today. (33 marks) In society some people hold religious beliefs without belonging to an organised group, whereas others express their beliefs through membership of a religious organisation. Troeltsch distinguished between two main types of religious organisations – the church and the sect. Churches are large organisations with millions of members, run by a bureaucratic hierarchy

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  • Assess Feminist Views on Religion

    Assess feminist views on the role and function of religion (33 marks) Feminists regard religion as a main component in the perpetuation of patriarchy in contemporary society, it perpetuates oppressive gender roles, marginalises women and ensures male domination is retained. In terms of the structure of religious organisations, feminists point to the fact that they are male dominated, even though women often make up more of the attendees, often men will occupy the more central and sacred positions

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  • Examine the View That Religion Has Positive Functions for Society

    Examine the view that religion has positive functions for society (18 marks) Functionalists demonstrate a positive view of religion, they see religion as a fundamental factor in the maintaining of consensual values. Without religion, Functionalists believe that society would break down. Durkheim suggests that religion is not a belief in Gods, spirits or supernatural but rather a factor that separates the sacred and the profane. Sacred things are believed to hold value and are treated with

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  • Assess the View That Since 2007 the Assembly Has Been Successful in Holding the Executive Committee to Account

    Assess the view that since 2007 the Assembly has been successful in holding the Executive Committee to account In Northern Ireland, holding the Government to account is one of Parliament’s main functions. The Assembly forces the Executive to justify bills, explain their motives and defend their actions; essentially through many mechanisms of scrutiny, that is Committees, Question Time and Debates. The main scrutiny instruments in the Assembly are the Statutory Committees. They hold the Executive

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  • Assess the View That, in Today’s Society, the Family Is Losing Its Functions (24 Marks)

    ‘Assess’ Essay Planning Sheet Name: Essay Title: Assess the view that, in today’s society, the family is losing its functions (24 marks) | Underline or highlight the key concepts, terms and instructions, by identifying these key elements it will allow you to focus on answering the question. It is important to use relevant sociological terminology within the context of you essay. List the key sociological terms that will be appropriate

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  • The Book Has No Place in Modern Society

    Caroline Ann Cresswell 125 Q: The book has no place in modern society In today’s modern society, hard covers and paperbacks have lost its place as a front-runner in the book industry, with new innovation and technology being so rampantly developed and researched all over the world. Actual books might eventually be a thing of the past. With Kindle e-books surpassing the sales of hard copy books in the market today, is that something we should be worried about? The invention of e-books can be

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  • Assess the View That Religion Inevitably Acts as a Conservative Force in Society

    Religion is often seen as conservative in the sense of being ‘traditional’, defending traditional customs, institutions, moral views and roles. Religion upholds traditional beliefs about how society should be organised. Religion is also seen as conservative because it functions to conserve or preserve things as they are. It stabilises society and maintains the status quo. The view of religion is held by functionalists, Marxists, and feminists. Although each of these perspectives see the role of religion

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  • Assess the View That Religious Beliefs and Practices Are Changing to Reflect a New Era of Diversity and Choice. (33 Marks)

    Assess the view that religious beliefs and practices are changing to reflect a new era of diversity and choice. (33 marks) Some sociologists reject the secularisations theory, they are beginning to say that instead of religion declining, it is changing, in terms of changing to reflect a new era of diversity and choice. Sociologists such as Davie argue that religion isn't declining but the need to publicise it is reducing, religion is taking a more privatised form. This can explain the decline

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  • Assess the View That Religion Is Not in Decline but Simply Changing as a Result of Changes in Wider Society (33 Marks)

    Assess the view that religion is not in decline but simply changing as a result of changes in wider society (33 marks) Wilson defines secularisation as when “religious beliefs, practices and institutions lose social significance”. Secularisation theorists argue that religion is in decline. However, others have argued that religion is not in decline, but it is in fact changing. They believe it is changing in accordance to the changes within society such as greater individualism, consumerism, or a

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  • Assess the Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Society as a Whole and as Its Individual Members

    Assess the Functionalist view that religion benefits both society as a whole and its individual members? (18) Functionalists see religion in a positive light and as it is a key institution of society. This differs from the Marxist and Feminist view that religion is there to simply reinforce the oppression. For functionalists, society’s key need is for social solidarity and order enabling members to cooperate. Religion ensures that this is maintained, and individuals do not pursue their own selfish

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  • Assess the View That the Family Has Lost Its Functions

    Assess the view that the family has lost its functions Functionalism is the theory that all parts of a society serve a function which contributes to the survival of the society. Many sociologists argue that modern day nuclear families are becoming less common. Instead of just a couple and their independent children, extended, reconstituted and lone parent families are becoming increasingly more common. Leading, to the loss of traditional family functions in today’s society. Different sociologists

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  • ‘Equity Has Brought Benefits to Many Litigants Who Would Otherwise Have Been Severely Disadvantaged by the Common Law.’ Discuss, with Reference to Decided Cases.

    list-like way. Higher in the band, answers will be more detailed, and different links between pupil sub-cultures and educational achievement will be explored. (b) ‘Opportunities to achieve at school are limited to a few privileged groups.’ Assess this view. [16] 0–6 A few simple points about educational achievement, with no direct links to the question, would fit the lower part of the band. A few assertions about which groups have the better opportunities to achieve at school, with no further

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  • Evaluate the View That Society Is Going Through a Process of Secularisation.

    disappearance of religion (secularisation). For instance, in the nineteenth century it was widely believed that industrialisation and the growth of scientific knowledge would lead to secularisation. This is because, with science many questions can be finally answered, instead of society using religion as an answer for the unknown. For now it is important to look at the definition of secularisation itself. According to the sociologist Bryan Wilson he defines secularisation as the process whereby religious

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  • Assess the Feminist Views on the Role of Religion in Society Today

    Assess the feminist views on the role of religion in society today (18 marks: AO1: 6, AO2: 12) This question is asking you to examine the strengths/limitations of feminism in comparison to other social theories. You will need to critically analyse and evaluate the following claims in your essay. * Feminist theorists argue that religion is a: Instrument of domination A product of patriarchy Serves the interest of men * Women are always unequal to men in terms of: Institutions

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  • Traditional Society and Modern Society

    Traditional Society and Modern Society Tradition and modernity are two differing principles which continue to manifest across the world and there have been societies which have retained these traditional values and others which have shifted either partially or completely towards a modern society. Even though there is no such thing as a completely traditional or completely modern society at the present time, the collision between the two forms of organization has great significance for everyone

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  • Beliefs in Society

    SCLY 3: Beliefs in Society Revision Guide 2009-10 Name: Remember: You have to revise everything, because essay questions will focus on more than one area of the specification. The specification: The relationship between religious beliefs and social change and stability * Functionalism: conservative force, inhibition of change, collective conscience, Durkheim and totemism, anomie; civil religions * Marxism: religion as ideology, legitimating social inequality, disguising exploitation

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  • Assess the View That Interpretivist Methods Are the Most Appropriate Methods for Researching Society

    Interpretivist sociologists would argue their ideas of methodology are the most appropriate methods for researching society. They believe behaviour is influenced by situations in society, and use qualitative data gathered by unstructured questionnaires, unstructured interviews and participant observation. They believe in verstehen- the process of putting yourself into the participant’s shoes. They prefer validity to reliability; they collect qualitative data that creates statistical evidence. There

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  • Assess the View That Positivist Methods Are Inappropriate for Investigating Society.

    social facts they are social constructions. What this means is that people have been involved in producing them and so they may not have the validity that positivists often claim. A good example would be crime statistics. Some sociologists think these accurately measure the level of crime and can tell us which groups are more likely to commit crimes e.g. the working class. But others say the crime statistics are only a small part of all the crimes committed and you cannot base a sociological theory

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess the View That Science Is the Dominant Metanarrative in Society Today. (18 Marks)

    which is the view that knowledge must be based on reason or evidence. With this, some sociologists such as secularisation theorists claim that science has undermined religion by the way we think and see the world. Therefore due to these reason it has overtaken other metanarratives including political philosophies (such as socialism or conservatism), or nationalities (Pakistani, Mauritian or Nigerian for example) and has ultimately become the most dominant metanarrative in society today. In previous

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  • Assess the Nature and Extent of Secularisation in Society Today

    Assess the nature and extent of secularisation in society today. (33 marks) In today’s society there are sociological arguments that say society is becoming more and more secular. A secular society is where religious beliefs and values have lost influence and importance in society. Some seem to think that this has happened in Britain. There is much evidence for this for example statistics show that there has been a decline in the proportion of the population going to church. There has also been

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  • Features of the Aristotelian World View

    Features of the Aristotelian World View The universe is finite, spherical, and eternal (has no beginning and no ending). --Finite because (1) an infinite cosmos would have no center and the universe obviously has a center; and (2) the daily rotation of an infinite cosmos would require that celestial bodies travel an infinite distance in a finite period of time, an absurdity. --Spherical because (1) the perfect shape is the sphere (it contains more volume per surface area than any other shape;

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  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Functionalist Views of the Role of Education in Modern Society (20 Marks)

    Item A and elsewhere, assess functionalist views of the role of education in modern society (20 marks) The consensus functionalist approach is just one of many that attempt to explain the role of education in modern society. Functionalism is based on the view that society is a system of interdependent parts held together by a shared culture or value consensus. Each part of society such as the family, economy and education system performs functions that help to maintain society. Functionalists such

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